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Sunday, May 23, 2010

Baron Henry le Scrope

624684. Baron Henry le Scrope

9/29/1312, Henry born in Masham, Yorkshire, England, s/o 1249368. Geoffrey le Scrope & 1249369. Ivette de Roos.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

5/1333, Henry, knighted at the siege of Berwick in Scotland under the Earl of Northampton.

7/19/1333, Henry fought at the battle of Halidon Hill, a small rise of 600 ft. two miles to the north-west of Berwick. Scots under Sir Archibald Douglas defeated by forces of Edward III.

1335, Henry participated in Edward III’s invasion of Scotland. The Scots refused to meet the large force in open battle.

9/7/1336, Henry’s uncle, Henry le Scrope, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and older brother of Geoffrey died, succeeded by his son Richard.

1/13/1338, Henry at the siege of Dunbar castle by William Montagu, earl of Salisbury. [After 5 months the English withdrew.]

6/24/1340, Henry at the battle of Sluys, France. A sea battle – one of the opening conflicts of the Hundred Years' War. During the battle the French navy was devasted, giving the English fleet mastery over the channel.

7/23/1340, Henry at the siege of Tournai, France, with his father and brother William.

12/2/1340, Henry succeeded his father.

3/31/1341, Order to the escheator in the counties of York etc. to deliver to Henry le Scrop, son and heir of Geoffrey le Scrop, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

10/16/1342, Henry called to a Great Council at Westminster.

10/1343, Henry at the sieges of Vannes and of Morlaix in France.          

8/1344, Henry ordered to array 4 men-at-arms and 260 archers in Richmondshire to repulse the Scots.

8/26/1346, Henry, created a knight banneret at the battle of Crecy [with his brothers William and Stephen]. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon.

10/17/1346, Henry in the vanguard at the Battle of Nevill’s Cross. The battle ended with the rout of the Scots and the capture of their king, David II.

8/1347, Henry under the Earl of Northampton at the siege of Calais when it fell.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.

8/29/1350, Henry at the sea-fight with the Spaniards at Winchelsea.

11/25/1350, Henry created 1st Baron Scrope of Masham. [Henry 1st cousin of Richard le Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton.]

1350-91, Henry summoned to parliament.

1350, 1353, 1354, Henry on commissions to treat with the Scots.

1354, Receipt by Sir Henry le Scrope, Governor of the King's lordships about Calais, to John Philippot, merchant of London, for £40 assigned by the King for his expenses in going to Flanders. (S) UKNA.

8/28/1354, “Henry de Scrope Lord of Clifton” an ambassador to the Pope as an arbitrator between the kings of England and France.

11/2/1355, Henry landed at Calais with King Edward with raids into Pas de Calais, Artois and Picady.

1/1357, Henry at the siege of Berwick, Scotland with his brother Stephen.

10/3/1357, Henry a commissioner of the articles of release of Bruce settled at Berwick-on-Tweed.

8/25/1359, Henry as a knight banneret of John of Gaunt went to France prior to the arrival of King Edward.

2/18/1361, Henry named Governor of Picardy, receiving £100 per quarter to be paid in advance; and also named the Captain of the castle of Gusines. [He held this appointment until 1367.]

1362, 1363, 1364, Henry returned to England for parliaments where he was a Trier of Petitions.

6/15/1364 at Calais, Henry le Scrope, governor of Calais to ---: enclosing the results of an inquest concerning sheep in Guînes. (S) UKNA.

7/20/1364, “Henri le Scrop Gouverneur de noz Seignuries de Calsys et de Guynes” and the Earl of Salisbury to arrange a contract of marriage between Edmund of Langley [the King’s son] and Margaret, Duchess of Burgandy.

6/28/1366, Edward III to Henry le Scrope, governor, and Thomas de Brantingham, treasurer of Calais, and William de Routh: commission to inquiry into unlawful export of wool to Zeeland. (S) UKNA.

9/1366, Henry accompanied the Duke of Lancaster into Spain.

4/3/1367, Henry the battle of Najara, Spain with the Black Prince. John of Gaunt, joined with the Black Prince, crossed the Pyrenees mountains in winter, and won the battle. The English were supporting Pedro the Cruel of Castile, who was returned to the throne. An estimated 16,000 soldiers died in the battle.

1369, The plague spread at Calais, France.

8/1369, Henry, a banneret in the retinue of Duke of Lancaster, landed at Calais and fought at the battle of Balingham Hill. With little other success due to the weather, dwindling supplies, and the plague, they returned to England.

11/26/1369, Henry by indenture to the Duke of Lancaster took the office of Captain of the town and castle of Calais with 50 men-at-arms and 50 archers; and supported by 80 men-at-arms and 200 archers of the King.

7/1370, Henry appointed Steward of the King’s household.

1371, Henry appointed Treasurer of the King’s Exchequer.

1373, Henry, Trier of Petitions at parliament.

10/30/1374, Henry granted 200 marks annually by the king inconsideration of his services as a knight banneret.

1377, Henry, Trier of Petitions at parliament.

6/21/1377, Richard II succeeded Edward III as King of England.

8/4/1377, Lord Henry le Scrope summoned to the 1st parliament of Richard II.

1377-78, Particulars of the account of Henry le Scrope of a journey to Scotland. (S) UKNA.

Aft. 7/6/1383, Henry 1 of 9 Resident Councilors to King Richard II.

1383, Henry served with John of Gaunt in Scotland.

8/1385, Henry with King Richard in Scotland.

7/31/1391, Henry died; buried at York Cathedral.

8/5/1392, IPM of Henry Lescrop, knight. London: He was seised of the under-mentioned inn. Parish of St Benet by Pauleswharf. An inn worth 7 marks if let, held of the king in free burgage, as is the whole city of London. He died on 31 July last. Stephen Lescrop, knight, is his son and heir. [Long list of properties in various counties. Stephen’s age given as ‘30 and more’ to ‘42 and more’ in various counties.] (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P740. (S) The Controversy Between Sir Richard Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor, Nicolas, 1832.

Children of Henry and Joan: [5 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Joan le Scrope (7605713), born ~1343 in England.

ii. Stephen le Scrope (312342), born ~1345 in England.

iii. Richard le Scrope, born ? in England.

Richard, Archbishop of York.

6/8/1405, Richard beheaded for his opposition to Henry IV; buried at York Cathedral.

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