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Sunday, May 23, 2010

Lord John de Hardreshull & Margaret de Stafford

625026. Lord John de Hardreshull & 625027. Margaret de Stafford

8/24/1291, John Hardredeshill born in Warwickshire, England, s/o 1250052. William de Hardreshull & 1250053. Juliana de Haech.

1303, John, age 10, heir to his father.

1/20/1304, Grant to Nicholas Malemeyns, king's yeoman, to the use of his daughter, of the marriage of John son and heir of William de Hardredeshull, tenant in chief, and in the case of the death of John, of the marriage of the next heir. (S) CPRs.

6/25/1306, Grant to John de Wysham of the custody, during the minority of the heir, of the lands in Kelleseye and Hardreshull, which Joan de Chaunceux [John’s paternal grandmother] held in dower of the inheritance of John son and heir of William de Hardredreshull, tenant in chief.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

12/12/1312, To …, escheator this side Trent. Order to deliver to John de Hardredeshull, son and heir of William de Hardredeshull, tenant in chief, seisin of his father's lands, as he has proved his age and done homage. (S) CCRs.

1314, John attended the king on his expedition into Scotland. John served with a horse valued at 40 marks. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P250.

6/24/1314, John captured at the Battle of Bannockburn by the forces of Robert Bruce. A victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. With Edward II were Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and the earls of Hereford and Gloucester. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day.

9/15/1314, To William de Bereford and his fellows, justices appointed to take assizes in the county of Warwick. Order not to take assizes concerning John de Hardredeshull, lately captured by the Scotch rebels, until he be delivered from prison or until ordered by the king. (S) CCRs.

[––John & Maud––]

~1316, John 1st married Maud, d/o Nicholas Malemeyns. [1 daughter, Beatrice, of full age in 1349 – said to be 30 years and more, married Otto de Grauntsoun, knight.] (S) 7/20/1349, Writ for IPM of Nicholas Malemayns. [Nicholas died leaving no male heirs. Another daughter of Nicholas married William de Hardeshull and left a 4-year-old daughter Margaret as his heir. Another daughter, Pernell, who was married to Thomas de Seyntomer, had a daughter Elizabeth, age 8, who was also an heir. Elizabeth had a sister Alice, age 7, also his heir. (S) CFRs.]

1317, John in a suit involving the presentation of nuns to the house of Polesworth.

1320, “Sigil. John. De Hardreshaul” of Hartshill conveyed lands in Annesley; witnessed by his cousin Philip de Hardreshull of Clavord.

~1320, Margaret born in Staffordshire, England, d/o 1250054. James de Stafford & 1250055. Margaret de Stafford.

1321, Roger [de Pedwardine] made over the manor of Burton, with all his knights fees in the county of Lincoln, to his son Roger: “To our beloved and faithful John de Hardreshull, lord of the manor of Saleby and Thoresthorpe, Roger, son of Walter de Pedwardine, knight greeting. I have granted to my dear son Roger de Pedwardine and his heirs the manor of Burton near Helpingham together with the knights fees which I had in the county of Lincoln together with your services to me for the manor of Saleby and Thoresthorpe.”

3/16/1322, John at the Battle of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. Rebel barons with Thomas, earl of Lancaster defeated by King Edward II.

1322, John, knight, appointed with Nicholas de Grey to govern the castles of Melburn, Derbyshire, and Dunington, Leicester.

10/31/1322, John on a Commission to array all men of military age in co. Warwick.

8/31/1323, Order to cause dower to be assigned to Matilda, late the wife of Giles Randolf ... seised on the day when he married Matilda ... he alienated them to John Haunsard and Juliana his wife [John’s mother] and John their son, and to the heirs of their son 14 years ago ... the tenements are held of John de Hardhull by the service of 2 marks yearly. (S) CCRs.

5/9/1324, John summoned to the Great Council.

6/15/1324, John sent to “the Duchy of Aquitaine” on the king’s service. King Edward began the “War of Saint-Sardos” with his brother-in-law King Charles of France. (S) CPRs.

1326, Philip de Hardreshull of Clavord purchased the manor of Hartshill from John; but resold it back to him the same year.

12/1/1326, John made keeper of the castle of St. Briavell's and forest of Dene.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

1327, John obtained a licence for a priest to celebrate divine service within his manor of Hardreshull.

1327, John appointed Governor (Warden) of the castle of St. Briaval, and ward of the forest of Dean in Gloucester. (S) UKNA.

9/3/1327, John, by fine of 100£, sold his manor of Hardreshull to Philip de Hardreshull of Clavord.

1330, John de Hardreshull rebuilt the stone castle of Hartshill, Warwickshire, enclosing the bailey with an irregular polygonal curtain wall, pierced by cross-shaped loopholes.

1/17/1331, John nominated attorneys, going beyond the seas on the King's service. [King Edward III went on a secret visit to France.]

10/8/1331, John de Hardeshull; ...; John othe Grene (Green) of Buxton; ...; James Coterel; Nicholas Colpeper (Culpepper); ... (S) UKNA.

1332-35, John had military summons.

7/1333, King Edward defeated David II and the Scots at Hallidon Hill in Scotland; then captured Berwick-upon-Tweed. The Scots were led by Sir Archibald Douglas, regent for King David. The attacking Scots were felled by the English archers. The English men-at-arms then mounted their horses and completed the rout. [This would become a favorite tactic of the English forces.]

1/1334, ‘John de Hordeshull’ attended the tournament at Dunstable.

1336, John served with a horse valued at 20 marks. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P250.

[––Margaret & Thomas––]

1338, Margaret 1st married to Thomas de Erdeswick. [There is a widow of the Balliol college library in Oxford which shows ‘Erdeswick impaling Stafford’, with the inscription “Thomas Erdeswik Margaret Staford 1338.”] (S) Inventory of the Hist. Monuments in the City of Oxford, 1939.

1338, James de Stafford gave Thomas son of Thomas de Erdeswick and Margaret daughter of the said James all his manor of Sandon, Staffordshire, in return for an annual rent of 100 marks.

6/16/1338, John de Hardredeshull, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Richard Byroun, knight, 300 marks, to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Warwick. (S) CCRs.

1340, John attended parliament.

1341, John de Hardreshull levied a fine of the manor of Ashton, Northamptonshire, which he purchased from Philip de Hardreshull of Clavord. (S) A Short Hist. of Ashton, Russell, 2002.

6/10/1342, Richard Biron, knight, puts in his place Adam de Lymbergh and John Biron to prosecute the execution of a recognisance for 300 marks made to him in chancery by John de Hardreshull. (S) CCRs.

7/3/1342, Debtor: John de Hartshill {Hardeshull}, knight, of Warwicks. [held Hartshill and Ansley in Hemlingford Hundred], ... Amount: £266 13s. 4d. ... (S) UKNA.

11/13/1342, Sir John de Hardreshull, knight banneret, with 3 knights, 8 esquires, and 6 horse archers prior to King Edward’s departure from England. [John and his retinue were with King Edward in Brittany at Christmas.]

3/15/1343, John summoned to parliament at Westminster.

1343-44, John de Hardeshull, Keeper of Brittany. (S) UKNA.

Maud died.

[––John & Margaret––]

By 1344, John married Margaret.

8/26/1346, John at the Battle of Crecy, north of Paris in the division of Prince Edward. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards.

1347, John captured in Brittany.

1347, John de Hardreshull held a fourth part of a knight’s fee of the manor of Ashton, of William Mauduit. (S) A Short Hist. of Ashton, Russell, 2002.

6/16/1348, John surrendered to the Fleet prison and was pardoned for his outlawry in Gloucester, for non-appearance (on the pleas of Queen Isabel) to render account for the time he was her bailiff and receiver in the town of St. Briavell's.

1349, “Johannes de Hardreshull dominus de Salebie” with a charter of Adee de Welle.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349. [England would lose about a third of its population, France about a fourth.]

8/16/1349, John presented to the church of Ashene of the rectory of Rode.

7/1350, Robert Griffyn sued John de Hardreshull and Margaret his wife for the abduction of Thomas, son and heir of Thomas de Erdswick. [Thomas is Margaret’s son by her first marriage.]

1351, “S. Joans de Hardredishull, Dominus de Hardreshul et Anseley” conveyed lands in Annesley.

1356, Johes de Pipe, clericus, enfeoffed John de Hardreshull, and Margaret his wife, in ye Manor of Great Sandon.

1357, A fine settles on Sir John de Hardeshull, kt., and Margaret his wife, and her heirs, two parts of Sandon Manor. (S) 30 Ed. III, V11, P168.

1360, Sir John Hardreshull of Hardreshull, Warwickshire, gave the manor of Great Paxton to Robert Spigurnell. (S) Hist. of Huntingdon, V2, 1932.

5/1361, John levied a fine and settled Hardreshull and Onsle on Margaret and himself and their issue.

1365-66, John de Hardeshull, knight to William Jabet: Quitclaim of lands, etc., in Stockingford, late of Nicholas de Lylleburne. (Warw.) (S) UKNA.

1366, John resettled Hardreshull, Onsley, and Monewood on trustees.

5/1/1367, John living.

1369, John died.

6/18/1369, Order to the escheator in the county of Lincoln to take into the king's hand the lands whereof John de Hardeshull, ' chivaler ', who held in chief, was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death. (S) CFRs.


Bef. 6/18/1369, John of Hardreshall, co. Warwick, Militis, died; buried as Ashton church. The manor of Ashton went to Elizabeth, eldest of his 3 daughters.

1374, in Staffordshire, Margaret, formerly wife of John de Hardeshull, knight, sued Margaret de Stafford for the manor of Amelcote which William son of William de Stafford had given to William de Stafford, knight, for his life, with remainder to James de Stafford, and to the heir of his body and which should descend to her as daughter and heir of James. … [continues with the story of how William the grandfather had given the manor to James, but William, James’ father had ejected him from the manor and regranted it to James’ brother John and his wife Margaret.] (S) Collections for a Hist. of Staffordshire, V13, 1892, P109.

(S) 1619 Visitation of Kent. (S) A Hist. of the co. of Warwick, V4, 1947. (S) A Hist. of the County of Huntingdon,V2, 1932. (S) Manduessedum Romanorum, Bartlet, 1791, P55.

Family notes:

·         John Colepeper, esq. the son, kept his shrievalty at Bayhall in the 39th, 40th, and 43d years of king Edward III. and married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir John Hardreshull, of Hardreshull, in Warwickshire. (S)

·The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, V5, 1798.

Child of John & Maud

i. Beatrice de Hardreshull, born ~1318 in England.

Child of Thomas & Margaret

i. Thomas de Erdswick, born ? in England.

Children of John and Margaret:

i. Elizabeth Hardreshall (312513), born ~1350 in England.

ii. Margaret Hardreshull, born ? in England.

Margaret married Sir Richard Talbot.

Bef. 1367, Margaret died; her sister Elizabeth her heir. [Saleby held by Thomas Culpeper in 1427.]

iii. Joan Hardreshull, born ? in England.

Joan married Sir James de Burford.