1366, William Gascoyne born in Harewood, Yorkshire, England, s/o 1477128. Sir William Gascoigne & 1477129. Elizabeth Mowbray.
1370, Joan born in England, eldest d/o 1477130. Henry Wyman & 1477131. Agnes Barden. (S) York. Arch. Journal, V6, 1881, P372.
6/21/1377, Richard II succeeded Edward III as King of England.
3/11/1390 Commission of peace … Robert Nevill of Horneby, knight, … Hugh Huls, William Gascoigne, … within the town and liberties of Beverley and Ripon, co. York. (S) CPRs.
1397, King Richard II appointed William’s father William a King’s Serjeant. [This helps differentiate between them.]
10/1/1397, Grant by William Tyngle and Henry Faldyngworth to William Gascoigne, ..., of lands tenements, etc., in Hertesheued (Hartshead, Yorkshire), ... a grant in trust for John Bradelay. (S) UKNA.
9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.
1399, William’s father William appointed Chief Justice of the Court of the King’s Bench, and was knighted.
6/16/1400, Writ to Thomas de Neville, Lord Furnival, Robert Neville, ..., knights, William Gascoigne, ..., Richard Norton, ..., to inquire into the customary annual render of one thrave of corn from each plough due to the master and brethren of St. Leonard, York. (S) UKNA.
6/7/1401, Debtor: Thomas del Stocks, the elder, of Elton … Creditor: William Gascoigne, … Amount £20. Before whom: Mayor of the Staple of Westminster. (S) UKNA.
7/22/1403, Commission to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, Henry fitz Hugh, … William Gascoigne … to assemble all men in the counties of York and Northumberland to go with the king to resist Henry, earl of Northumberland, and other traitors, who have risen in insurrection. (S) CPRs.
1406, Letters patent granting to Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham, William Gascoigne and William Keteryng free warren at Barnoldswick, co. York. (S) UKNA.
1408, William Gascoigne, Nicholas Gascoigne, Richard Gascoigne, John Amyas of Shitlington, Robert Mauleverer, and John Mauleverer to grant the manor of Bramham to the prior and convent of Nostell. York. (S) UKNA.
2/25/1409, Lease by Thomas Claysshe, to Robert Best of Bridgwater, Somerset, Joan, his wife, … Witnesses: William Gascoigne, … (S) UKNA.
1412, Joanna Gasciogne ‘Domina Johanna Gascon’, admitted to Corpus Christi Guild of York.
3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.
1413, William fought in Ireland with John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury.
7/26/1415, William Gascoygne to The King: Quitclaim of his right in the Manor of Barnoldswick (Bernolswick) which the King has from Thomas Longley, Bishop of Durham, and which the Bishop, the grantor, and others, had from Kirkstall Abbey: (Yorks, W.R). (S) UKNA.
8/13/1415, King Henry V’s force of 12,000 landing at the mouth of the Seine at Harfleur.
10/25/1415, William fought at the battle of Agincourt in northern France in the army of King Henry V. .] The English longbows gave “a terrifying hail of arrow shot.” French estimate of their own dead of 4,000 would imply a ratio of nearly 9 to 1 in favour of the English.
1419, William, “on the continent”, made his will. [A common practice for those expecting to go into battle.]
Bef. 10/1419, William knighted. (S) Govt. and Political Society, Punshon, 2002.
12/17/1419, William heir to his father.
3/22/1421, English at the battle of Beauge in Anjou, France. A major defeat for the English in the Hundred Years war under the leadership of Thomas, Duke of Clarence, s/o Henry V.
5/19/1421, William granted to Henry del Chaumber, … citizens of York, all his manors, lands … in the county … (S) IPM at Wentworth, 4/14/1423.
6/1421, King Henry V returned to England with 4000 men, resupplied, and returned with 20,000 to France to relieve the Duke of Exeter at Paris.
8/6/1421, The individuals of the May grant regranted the manors of Thorp Arch, Shipley, and Cottingley to William Gascoigne and Joan his wife, and the heirs of his body. Thorp’s value £16, Shipley £10, and Cottingley 10 marks. (S) IPM at Wentworth, 4/14/1423.
10/6/1421, King Henry began the siege of Meaux, France.
3/28/1422, William, of Gawthorp, died [likely at the siege of Meaux, which did not end until 5/9/1422.] (S) Publ. of the Sureties Soc., V41, P402.
6/2/1422, William’s will proved. “In Dei nomie, Amen. ... Ego Willielmus Gascoigne miles ... Executores Johannam uxorem meam, ...” (S) Publ. of the Sureties Soc., V41, P403.
7/7/1422, Writ for IPM of William Gascoigne, ‘chivaler’; York. (S) CFRs.
(S) Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V6, 1881, P372. (S) Publications of the Thoresby Society, V17, P131. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of England, V1, Campbell, P142.
· There is a contemporary “William Gascoigne” active in the rolls, of Bridgewater, Dorset.
Child of William and Joan:
i. William Gascoigne (369282), born 1405 in England.