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Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Merchant William Lynne & Dame Alice Stokes

738754. Merchant William Lynne & 738755. Dame Alice Stokes

~1370, William Lynes of Bassingborne, Cambridgeshire.

~1390, Alice born in Kent, England, d/o §§Thomas Stokes.

~1405, William, a London woolman and grocer, married Alice. They lived in a tenement on Mincing Lane, London.

1405, William’s shipment of wool was shipwrecked. Dover customs officials were ordered to allow him to reload and take the wool to the Calais staple with a 2nd customs payment. (S) CCRs.

2/26/1407, Memorandum of a mainprise ... by Thomas Mayuelde citizen and grocer, William Lynne [wolmongere], Robert Colbroke 'irnemonger' and John Eylesham 'grocer,' all of London, to have Geoffrey Wymunde before the king and council ... touching certain matters to be laid against him by the king. (S) CCRs.

William and Alice Lynne purchase together a house called ‘le Weyngehous’ for the weighing of wool and duty assement.

1412, William’s income from land in London assessed at 40s annually.

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.

1413, A ship with cargo of William was taken at sea by a Calais ship and brought to Sandwich. The ship was ordered to release the vessel. CCRs.

10/1/1420, Thomas Broun, grocer ... to abide by the arbitration of ... and William Lynne and William Michell, grocers, in all matters in dispute ... (S) Cal. of Plea and Mem. Rolls.

8/6/1421, William wrote his will, leaving money in his will for repair of Rochester bridge in Kent. William’s will left Alice his quay and messuage called the Wool Wharf, and lands and tenements in 3 London parishes, for life, as long as she remained unmarried.

By 12/4/1421, William died. [All 5 of his children under age.]

[––Alice––]

10/31/1421, Alice Lynne took the vow of chastity before Henry Chichele, archbishop of Canterbury, in the chapel of his manor of Lambeth; associated with Carrow Abbey. “I, Alice Lynne widowe a vowe to god perpetuel chastite of my body fro yis tyme fortheward ...”

1422, Alice and the executors of William’s will pledged that the £1,750 patrimony of their 5 children would be paid in 2 years. (S) BHO, Cal. of Letter-Books of the City of London.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

3/1/1423, £700 paid by Alice to the Chamberlain towards the patrimony. Alice’s sister Marion Leyton accompanied her, along with executors of William’s estate. (S) BHO, Letterbooks of the City of London.

1423, Grant to Alice Lynne of London, widow, ... the trunage of wools in the port of London shall always be at a house now belonging to her called ‘le Weynghous’ ... she shall receive £4 yearly.

2/19/1424, Guardianship of her 2 sons given to Alice, daughters Alice and Margaret were in the guardianship of Thomas Catworth [1443, grocer and Mayor of London], and daughter Beatrice in the guardianship of William Trymnel, mercer. (S) BHO, Letterbooks of the City of London.

4/7/1430, “Debtor: John Knyvet, knight. Creditor: Lady Alice Lynne. Amount: 1000m.” (S) UKNA. [Daughter Anne’s father-in-law.]

1436, London lay subsidy roll. Margaret Berkeley [richest widow] – income £160 yearly, Alice Lynne [4th richest] – £43 yearly. [Based on tenements – Alice made money on the wool market.]

1438, Grant to Alice Lynne of London, widow, and her son John ... the trunage of wools in the port of London shall always be at a house now belonging to her called ‘le Weynghous’ ... she shall receive £4 yearly.

3/26/1442, Debtor: Richard Bienamour, of Barking in Essex. Creditor: Alice Lynne, widow, and John Lynne [of London]. Amount £100. (S) UKNA.

1458, Alice wrote he will.

1/26/1462, [Renewal] Grant to Alice Lynne of London, widow, ... the trunage of wools in the port of London shall always be at a house now belonging to her called ‘le Weynghous’ ... she shall receive £4 yearly. (S) CPRs.

1470, ... property lying ‘between the tenement of Dame Alice Lynne on the north and Thomas Horsham on the south.”

Bef. 10/6/1480, Alice died. (S) Will proved.

(S) Medieval London Widows, Barron, 1994, P171.

Family notes:

·         The names of 2 women associated with the London scribe and book-collector, John Shirley, appear in a manuscript containing works of Hoccleve and Lydgate. Shirley has written the names "Margarete & Beautrice" above his own; Margaret Lynne was Shirley's 2nd wife, and Beatrice Cornburgh  was her sister. The name of Beatrice's husband Avery also appears in the manuscript. Beatrice also gave a psalter to Dame Grace Centurio, a minoress of London. Margery and Beatrice were the daughters of William Lynne, a London woolman and grocer, and his wife Alice. (S) Women’s Use of Religious Literature in Late Medieval England, Dutton, 1995, P63.

Children of William and Alice:

i. John Lynne, born ~1406 in London, England.

John married successively 2 sisters of Alice’s husband.

John a merchant of London.

1486, John died.

Children:

·         George Lynne, noted astronomer and antiquary. 1742, George died.

·         Walter Lynne, a medical writer and inventor.

ii. Margaret Lynne, born ? in London, England.

2/1432, John Shirley appointed controller of the subsidy of tunnage and poundage.

Bef. 1441, Margaret married an elderly John Shirley [his 2nd, a well-known scribe and bibliophile.]

1441, John made his will naming Margaret as executrix.

iii. Alice Lynne (369377), born ~1416 in London, England.

iv. Beatrice Lynne, born ? in London, England.

Bef. 4/19/1429, Beatrice married to Thomas Oxney.

Beatrice married Avery Cornburgh [eventually keeper of the great wardrobe.]

v. Robert Lynne, born ? in London, England.


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