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Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Duke Thomas Mowbray & Countess Elizabeth Fitzalan & Sir Robert Goushill

738770. Duke Thomas Mowbray & 738743. Countess Elizabeth Fitzalan & 738742. Sir Robert Goushill

1360-65, Robert born in England, heir & s/o 1477484. Nicholas de Goushill & 1477485. Joan ?.

3/22/1366, Thomas born in England, s/o 1477540. John de Mowbray & 1477541. Elizabeth Seagrave.

1366, Elizabeth born in Arundel, Sussex, England, d/o 1477486. Richard Fitzalan de Arundel & 1477487. Elizabeth de Bohun.

6/17/1368, Thomas’ father died.

4/1372, “Writ of intendendo directing Ralph Basset to deliver John and Thomas, sons of John Mowbray in ward to Blanche Wake.” (S) UKNA.

1/1376, John and Thomas’ wardship granted to their mother Elizabeth, and her mother, Margaret Marshal, Countess of Norfolk. (S) UKNA.

Bef. 1/29/1376, Thomas’ mother died.

6/21/1377, Richard II succeeded Edward III as King of England.

[––Elizabeth & William Montague––]

Bef. 12/1378, Elizabeth 1st married Sir William Montague. [No children.]

[––Thomas & Elizabeth le Strange––]

Thomas 1st married Elizabeth le Strange, d/o John, s/o John, s/o 2955026. John le Strange & 2955027. Ankaret le Boteler.

8/6/1382, Sir William Montague killed at a tilting match at Windsor.


1382, Thomas heir to his older unmarried brother John.

2/12/1382, Thomas created Earl of Nottingham after the death of his brother.

5/8/1383, Thomas de Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, granted a market and fair at Epworth, Lincolnshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

1383, Thomas invested as a Knight of the Garter.

8/23/1383, Elizabeth le Strange died. (S) UKNA, IPM: Elizabeth, late the wife of Thomas (Mowbray), earl of Nottingham, daughter and heir of John Lestraunge of Blakemere (Blake Mere), knight: Gloucestershire, Buckinghamshire, Wiltshire, Shropshire, Warwickshire.

[–––Thomas & Elizabeth –––]

12/9/1382, Licence for William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, to enfeoff … manor of Mertok, co. Somerset, … to grant him the reversion, on the death of Elizabeth daughter of Richard, earl of Arundel, of the manor of Kynnynghale, co. Norfolk, held in chief, she holding the same, for life, by demise of the said earl of Salisbury … remainder to John de Monte Acuto, knight, in fee simple. (S) CPRs.

7/1384, Thomas married Elizabeth Fitzalan.

1384, Thomas with the Earl of Northumberland and 2000 lances and 6000 archers marched by Berwick and Roxburgh into Scotland, “leaving nothing unmolested as far as Edinburgh.”

6/30/1385, Thomas, 6th Baron Mowbray, created Marshal of England for life by Richard II.

8/1385, John, duke of Lancaster, led an expedition into Scotland attacking Edinburgh. [A French force of about 1500 was known to have landed in Scotland.] With the Scots avoiding a confrontation against a large army, they pillaged the area and found Edinburgh deserted. [Richard, Earl of Arundel and Thomas de Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, had a combined force of around 200 men-at-arms and 300 archers. Thomas is Richard’s son-in-law.]

1386, Richard II created Thomas Mowbray as Earl Marshall and made the office hereditary. [The 1st use of the title “Earl Marshall”.]

3/24/1387, Thomas, in the fleet of his father-in-law Admiral Richard Fitzalan off Margate, defeated a combined Flemish, French, and Spanish fleet, taking no less than 100 ships, great and small, all laden with wines, comprising 19,000 tons. (S) Chaucers Prologue to Canterbury Tales, Eckhardt, 1990.

3/13/1388, [Thomas Mowbray], Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave. Whereas his lord the Earl Marshal granted to Thomas de Etton an annual rent of £20 from his manor of Thresk (Yorks) for certain services and dues, Thomas [de Etton] has discharged his lord of 10 marks a year of the £20 until the time when his lord's estate is increased by inheritance from the countess of Norfolk, to whom he is the heir apparent. (S) UKNA.

6/12/1388, Thomas 1 of 5 “Lords Appellant” in opposition to King Richard II. Grant to Thomas, duke of Goucester, Henry, earl of Derby, Richard, earl of Arundel, Thomas, earl of Warwick and Thomas, earl Marshall, of £20,000 on condition that the said 5 lords should Have this sum for their costs and expenses in saving king and kingdom. (S) CPRs.

1390, Thomas competed in a well-documented tournament in Calais, France against French knights.

1391, Thomas Governor of the Castle of Werke in France.

6/27/1391, Thomas [Mowbray] earl marshal and of Nottingham to John de Holande, earl of Huntingdon and chamberlain to the king: Settlement for a marriage between Thomas, son and heir of the earl Marshall, and Constance daughter of the earl of Huntingdon. (S) UKNA.

1393, Thomas named King’s Lieutenant of Calais. [Eventually named Governor of Calais.]

1393, Thomas participated in a tournament at Smithfield, near London, against Scotish knights.

1394, Thomas accompanied the king to Ireland.

6/26/1396, Permission for the foundation of the Carthusian house of Axholme by Thomas Mowbray was granted. (S) UKNA.

9/29/1396, Thomas created Duke of Norfolk and Knight of the Garter [His grandmother Margaret Plantagenet, was the same day created Duchess of Norfolk.]

9/21/1397, Thomas, as Earl Marshall, executed his father-in-law at the Tower.

1398, The Duke of Hereford accused Thomas of uttering treasons.

9/16/1398, Thomas and the Duke of Hereford met at Coventry to settle their quarrel. Richard II stopped the match and banished both men. (S) Shakespeare’s Richard II. [Robert Goushill appointed Thomas’ attorney.]

10/1398, Thomas left England.

10/15/1398, Robert de Goushill named an attorney in a writ of banished Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. (S) Shakespeareana Genealogica, French, 1869, P75.

1399, Thomas’ grandmother Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, died.

9/29/1399, Thomas, Earl of Nottingham, Duke of Norfolk, died of the plague in Venice, Italy. [In 1533 his ashes were returned to England.]

 [–––Robert & Elizabeth –––]

1380-81, Robert Gousell a member of the retinue of Sir William Windsor during a muster roll. (S) Baronage Reign of Richard II, Fildes, 2009, P344.

8/10/1384, John de Sighelstorn and wife Cicely to Stephen Frankish of Elstanwyk and wife Isabel property: Messuage ... Witn. ..., Robert de Goushill, ... Given at Hombleton. (S) UKNA.

3/12/1385, the King orders the arrest of Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder and his son Robert Goushill to answer the suit brought by William Birkes accusing the Goushills of threatening him with the loss of life and limb.

8/17/1386, Nicholas Goushill, knight, of Hoveringham and his son Robert Goushill owe a debt of 22 pounds to Robert Wells of London. (S) UKNA.

1390, Robert Goushill receives the King’s pardon for alleged outlawry and other felonies through the supplication of Thomas Mowbray. 

1/18/1393, Robert’s father died.

[––Robert & Joan––]

Aft. 8/1395, Robert 1st married Joan, widow of Sir Ralph Bracebrugge.

1396-97, Robert Goushill Sheriff of Warwickshire.

1397, Thomas gave Robert Goushill a £20 annunity for life from his manor of Willington. [11/1399 the grant confirmed by King Henry IV.]

1397, King Richard II appointed Sir William Bagot and Robert Goushill to seize into his hands the goods and chattels of Thomas the late Earl of Warwick.

10/15/1398, Robert de Goushill named an attorney in a writ of banished Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. (S) Shakespeareana Genealogica, French, 1869, P75.

1398-99, Robert Goushill, Sheriff of Warwick and Leicester. (S) UKNA.

7/4/1399, Henry Bolingbroke landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.]

9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.

10/13/1399, At the coronation of King Henry IV, Robert Goushill pleaded for the return of the banished Duke Thomas. [He did not know that the Duke had already died.]

12/18/1399, Commission of array … Thomas, earl of Warwick, William de Clynton, ‘chivaler,’ William de Asteley, Thomas de Asteley, ‘chivaler,’ Robert Goushill, Thomas Syvill, … county of Warwick. (S) CPRs.

1400, Joan, wife of Robert Goushill died.

2/23/1400, King Henry IV made a grant to his kinswoman Elizabeth, the wife of the late Duke of Norfolk, of the remaining goods of the late Duke as well as clearing the debts that the Duke had owed to the deposed Richard II. [Robert Goushill also stated to share in the goods of the deceased Duke.]

[––Robert & Elizabeth––]

1400, Elizabeth married 3rd Robert Goushill without license.

8/19/1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth for her illegal marriage.

9/28/1401, Elizabeth pardoned for her marriage and her lands restored.

1403, Robert & Elizabeth held rents from Nottingham castle. (S) Topo. Hist. Nottingham, Curtis, 1844, P27.

7/21/1403, Robert knighted shortly before the battle of Shrewsbury, Shropshire. (S) N&Qs, 1906, P4.

7/21/1403, Sir Robert slain at the battle of Shrewsbury; buried at Haveringham, Nottingham. (S) [Sir Robert was wounded in the battle and murdered for his purse and ring. The culprit was later captured and executed. The arms of Sir Robert Goushill would be placed in the Shrewsbury Battlefield Church, erected as a memorial by King Henry IV for whom Robert fought.]


8/6/1403, IPM of Robert: heirs are his daughters Joan and Elizabeth, aged 2 years and 1 year respectively. [A 3rd daughter, Joyce, was born after his death as identified in a 1407 lawsuit.]

1403-04, IsPM: Robert Goushill, knight: Sussex, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Huntingdonshire, Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Rutland, Northamptonshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Yorkshire, Herefordshire, Shropshire. (S) UKNA.

Bef. 4/18/1411, Elizabeth married 4th Sir Gerard Ufflete. [No children.]

10/14/1415, Elizabeth coheir to her brother Thomas. IPM of Thomas: London. He died on 14 Oct. last. Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, Joan Beauchamp and Margaret Arundell are his sisters and next heirs, all aged 30 years and more. Kent. … Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, wife of Gerard Ufflete, knight, aged 30 years and more; Joan lady Abergavenny, aged 30 years and more; and Margaret wife of Roland Lenthale, knight, aged 24 years and more, are his sisters and heirs. (S) CIsPM.

1420, Sir Gerard died.

7/8/1425, Elizabeth, Countess of Norfolk, died; buried with Sir Robert at Haveringham, Nottingham.

(S) Transactions, Leicestershire Arch. And Arch. Soc., 1874, P309. (S) A Royal Descent …, Sharp, 1875, P5. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P338, P602.

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth:

i. Margaret Mowbray (369385), born 1388 in England.  

ii. Isabel Mowbray, born ? in England.

Isabel married Henry, s/o 156168. Lord William Ferrers & 156169. Phillippe Clifford.

Isabel married 2nd James, 6th Lord Berkeley.

Children of Robert and Elizabeth:

i. Joan Goushill (369371), born 1401 in England.  

ii. Elizabeth Goushill, born 1402 in England.

Elizabeth married Sir Robert Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk.