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Thursday, May 27, 2010

Sir Philip Wentworth & Mary Clifford

950660. Sir Philip Wentworth & 950661. Mary Clifford

3/13/1422, Mary’s father died.

By 1422, Mary born in England, d/o 1901322. John Clifford & 1901323. Elizabeth Percy.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

1424, Philip born in England, heir & s/o 1901320. Roger Wentworth & 1901321. Margery Despenser.

6/30/1446, “Margery Hovell of Nettlestead, widow; and Roger Wentworth, esquire, Margery Lady Roos his wife, Philip Wentworth, esquire, their son, …” (S) UKNA.

1447, Philip married Mary. [Sir William Dugdale, did not assign any daughters to John, 7th Lord Clifford and his wife. However, the fact that the Seymours were claiming such a royal descent in the 1530s is the earliest evidence for a Wentworth–Clifford marriage. The marriage is documented in the 1558 & 1612 Visitations of Essex, and in the 1561 Visitation of Suffolk.]

1447, Philip M.P. for Suffolk.

11/9/1447, Philip appointed Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.

12/1448, Philip Wentworth, late Sheriff, renders a further account, showing the payment to John Lidegate, monk of Bury St. Edmund’s ... (S) Early English Text Society, Iss66, 1894, P30.

8/12/1449, “Debtor: Thomas, Lord Roos. Creditor: Roger Wentworth, esquire, Philip Wentworth, esquire, …” (S) UKNA.

11/1449 at Parliament, [Issue of voiding patents in the duchy of Lancaster] … “Nor to the grant or grants made by us by our letters patent to Philip Wentworth, esquire for our body, or to anything granted by us to him alone, or granted by us to him and any other person or persons jointly with him, or be prejudicial in any way to any of them thereupon; but that the said letters patent thus made shall be good and effective according to the tenor of the same.” (S) Parliament Rolls, Henry VI, November 1449.

5/1450, Philip, Constable of Llanstefan castle.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

By 1455, Sir Philip knighted, his shield, ‘Sable a Chevron between three leopards faces Or.’

4/20/1455, Philip Wentworth, knight, and William Skolys to John Forneset, enfeoffment of land in Tybenham. (S) UKNA.

5/22/1455, Philip carried the royal standard at the 1st battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, considered the 1st battle of the 30-year War of the Roses. He is said to have dropped the royal standard and fled as the center collapsed. (S) Henry VI, Seebohn, 1922, P256. Yorkists against an army of King Henry VI. The Duke of Somerset, the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Clifford, plus about 50 other notable Lancastrians, were killed in the fighting.

7/1455 at Parliament, A bills put in by Philip Wentworth, was under active consideration in the second and third sessions, but had to be brought back to the next parliament. “Provided also that this petition and act of resumption shall not extend or be prejudicial to Philip Wentworth, knight, with regard to our grant or letters patent made by us to him, to be bailiff and our escheator of Staincliffe in Craven, in the county of York, and the wapentake there, for term of his life, with the traditional and customary fees and wages for the same office”. (S) Parliament Rolls, Henry VI, July 1455.

1457, Philip sent on embassy to Scotland.

8/5/1457, Philip and others chosen to offer the king’s obedience to the Pope.

11/28/1457, Letters of attorney to Philip Wentworth, knight, going abroad. (S) Parl. Papers, V44, 1887, P423.

1458, Philip, his mother Margery and his children “of both sexes” received a papal indult to choose their confessor.

11/1459, “Philip Wentworth, knight … Wentworth states that following the death of Fastolf of Broke Hall that he defended the rights of the king in the lands, and bought the marriage of the heir for himself. …  Wentworth prays that the letters patent and the record of the agreement be annulled.” (S) Parliament Rolls, Henry VI, November 1459.

12/20/1459, Philip appointed Chief Steward of Clare and Constable of Clare Castle.

7/10/1460, Philip fought at Northampton, a Yorkist victory. Yorkist forces numbering over 20,000 faced a smaller royal army with their backs against the river Nene. The battle lasted less than an hour. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI captured.

2/17/1461, 2nd battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire – a Lancastrian victory. King Henry was rescued at the battle.

3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir.

3/29/1461, Philip fought at Towton, a Yorkist victory. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle between Towton and Saxton in Yorkshire. Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

1461, Philip fled to Scotland with the King and Queen, and was attained in the next parliament.

6/28/1461, Edward IV, age 19, replaced Henry VI as King of England in London. [1st Yorkist King.]

11/1462, Philip held Dunstanburgh for Margaret of Anjou with Sir Richard Tunstall and John Morton.

4/25/1464, Philip and his son Henry at the Battle of Hedgeley Moor, in the forces of the Henry, Duke of Somerset. The Duke of Somerset’s men were quickly defeated at a heavy cost.

5/14/1464, Philip at the battle of Hexham, Northumberland, taken prisoner by Yorkists. Yorkist John Neville had about 3000 men. Lancanstrians, the Duke of Somerset and Lord Hungerford’s men were quickly defeated at a heavy cost. Philip’s son Henry was also taken prisoner.

5/18/1464, Philip, with 6 squires, beheaded at Middleham castle, Yorkshire. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995, P326.


1465, Edward IV again captured Henry VI and put him in the Tower of London.

Mary died, buried at the Friars Minor at Ipswich, Suffolk.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P614. (S) N&Qs, Iss167, 1853.

Children of Philip and Mary:

i. Henry Wentworth (475330), born 1448 in England.

ii. Margaret Wentworth, born ? in England.

Margaret married Thomas Cotton.