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Tuesday, June 1, 2010

Sir Thomas Charnel & Maud Garnet

1055434. Sir Thomas Charnel & 1055435. Maud Garnet

~1310, Thomas de Charnels born in Lincolnshire, England, eldest  s/o 2110868. Sir Nicholas de Charnel.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

1331, Maud born in England, coheir & d/o 2110870. Sir Henry Garnet & 2110871. Joan ?.

1343, Thomas Charneles represented Leicester in parliament. (S) A Topo. Hist. of the County of Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P-XXIV.

1344, Thomas Charneles represented Leicester in parliament. (S) The House of Lords, 1879, P139.

[––Thomas & Maud––]

4/10/1345, John Darcy the son (le fitz), knight, querent, and Henry Gernet' (2110870), knight, and [Joan], his wife, deforciants. The manors of Asshewell' and Henkstworth'. Henry has acknowledged the manors to be the right of John, as those which John has of [his] gift. John has granted to Henry and Joan the manors and [has rendered them to them in] the court, to hold to Henry and Joan, of the chief lords [for the lives] of Henry and Joan. And after the decease of Henry and Joan the manors shall remain to John de Sautre [Darcy, 7605028] and Margery, his wife, and the heirs of the body of Margery, to hold of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs, successive remainders (1) to Thomas de Charnels, knight, and Maud, his wife, and the heirs of the body of Maud, (2) to Margaret, sister of the same Maud, and the heirs of her body and (3) to the right heirs of the aforesaid Henry. (S) Feet of Fines, Hertfordshire.

1345, The manor of Ashwell settled upon Henry Gernet and Joan his wife, to hold for life with reversion to John Darcy le Fitz (7605028) and his wife Margery, to Thomas de Charnels (1055434) and his wife Maud, and to Margaret sister of Maud, successively, Margery, Maud and Margaret being daughters of Henry and Joan. (S) Hist. of Hertford, V3, 1912, Ashwell.

6/1/1345, Writ for IPM of Henry Gernet. Essex: Wenyngton. The manor held jointly with Joan his wife, who still survives, … Alvythele. A messuage, 120a. land, … Alvythele and Reynham. 20a. land … High Estre and. Bernston. A messuage, … Asshindon. A messuage, … He died on 28 April last. His daughters, Maud aged 14 years, Margery aged 13 years, and Margaret aged 4 years, are his next heirs. (S) CIsPM.

Bef. 2/14/1346, Thomas de Charnels, chivaler, and others charged with having “arrayed in a manor of war … within the Hospitium of Lionel the King’s son [Lionel was present when the raid occurred], … had feloniously broken by night into the manor house of Beaumes, near Redyng, and had killed Michael de Poynges, the uncle, and Thomas le Clerk, of Shipton, and had forcibley abducted “rapuerunt” Margery, formerly wife of Nicholas de la Beche, at that time wife of Gerard de L’Isle, … (S) Collections for a Hist. of Staffordshire, V14, 1893, P72

5/1/1347, Order to the sheriff of Lancaster, … to cause to be arrested … Thomas do Charnels, ' chivaler,' … [many named] … indicted … of the rape of Margery late the wife of Nicholas de la Beche, and of the death of Michael de Ponynges ' le uncle ' and Thomas le Clerk of Shipton … (S) CFRs.

6/8/1347, Thomas pardoned “on testimony by Henry, Earl of Lancaster” because he was “wholly innocent”. [John Dalton had implicated several innocent men. John was eventually pardoned by the King “for good service”.] (S) CPRs, V22, P544.

1/30/1349, Sir Thomas de Charneles, of the retinue of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, given protection for lands in cos. Leicester and Warwick for service in France.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.

1350, Sir Thomas Charnels, Knt. released to Ralph Lord Stafford all his interest in the manor of Rokeby, Leicestershire. (S) The Hist. of the Town and School of Rugby, 1826, P18.

6/1/1350, Thomas Charnels, knight, acknowledges that he owes to John de Staunton, knight, 40 marks ... to be levied in Essex. (S) CCRs.

3/22/1352, Grant from Sir Thomas Charnels to Arnald, rector of Wennington, of a toft in Wennington, abutting on grantor's land. (S) Essex Archive Office, D/DL T1/158.

1352-55, "Thomas Charnels, knight … Charnels requests that he might be granted protection for the time that he is in the king's service in the company of de la Vach.” (S) UKNA.

1355, Sir Thomas Charnels in [the Black Prince] Edward of Woodstock’s army going to Normandy, in the middle column, commanded by the Prince. (S) Anatomy of a Chevauchee, Madden, 2014, P432.

9/9/1355, King Edward and Henry, duke of Lancaster, sail for Normandy from Plymouth, with the Black Prince who had been appointed lieutenant in Gascony; to oppose raids by the count of Armagnac.

11/2/1355, King Edward III landing in Calais, proceeds on raids into Pas de Calais, Artois and Picady.

9/19/1356, Battle of Poitiers in France. Edward, the Black Prince, defeated a larger French and allied army led by King John II of France, leading to the capture of the king, his son, and much of the French nobility. By treaty, England was permitted to annex much of western France.

11/26/1357, Commitment to William, bishop of Ferns, and Thomas de Asteleye, —by mainprise of John Charnels, clerk, and Thomas Charnels, ' chivaler,' of the county of Leicester, … (S) CFRs.

6/30/1361, Thomas Charnels, ‘chivaler,’ going to Ireland, has letters nominating … for one year. (S) CPRs.

Aft. 7/1361, Thomas’ father died.

1362-1365, Thomas of Elmesthorpe, Leicestershire, died.


1366, Widow Maud sold her half of the manor of Wennington to Sir John Gildesborough, husband of her sister Margery.

Maud [apparently] instituted lawsuits in support of her daughter’s inheritance.

2/10/1370, St. Peter’s, Rome, “To the archbishop of Canterbury. Mandate to summon those concerned, and make order touching the legitimacy or illegitimacy of Matilda called ‘Charnelles,’ of London, who falsely asserts that she is the legitimate daughter of the late Thomas Charnelles, donsel, eldest son of the late Nicholas de Charnelles, knight, of the diocese of Lincoln, whose lawful heiress Joan, wife of Robert called ‘Charnelles’ alias Mariscall, has, with her husband, petitioned the pope touching the inheritance, Matilda being too powerful to be cited in the lay courts of the city and diocese of London.” (S) Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers, V4, P84.

11/6/1377, John Charnels states that a Maud Charnels sued by writ of scire facias in Common Bench against John Marchal to recover the manors of Elmesthorpe, Bilton and Swepstone, … to disinherit John Charnels in future; the manors still being in the king's hand. He asks that he might be called to hear Maud’s suit … order to proceed to execution of judgments in favour of Maud, daughter of Thomas Charnels, notwithstanding the malicious suggestion by John Charnels that he had enfeoffed the Black Prince with these manors. (S) CCRs. [John ‘Charnells’ was of Bedworth.]

4/20/1388, Quitclaim of the manor of Wenyngton, a messuage … co. Essex, … which John de Gildesburgh acquired of Maud who was wife of Thomas Charnels knight and Elizabeth her sister, … (S) CCRs.

9/29/1409, Maud died.

(S) Victoria County Hist. of Essex, V7, P182.

Child of Thomas and Maud:

i. Maud Charneles (527717), born ~1360 in England. [Heir]

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