Monday, July 26, 2010

G22: 2954872

2954872. Baron Thomas de Berkeley & 2954873. Margaret de Mortimer

Search for Edward II

1296, Thomas born in England, heir & s/o 1249354. Maurice de Berkeley & 1249355. Eve la Zouche.

~1308, Margaret born in England, eldest d/o 1249358. Roger de Mortimer & 1249359. Joan de Geneville.

6/24/1314, Thomas and his father at the battle of Bannockburn on the losing side of King Edward II.

1317, Thomas a member of the retinue of Roger de Mortimer against the Scots.

5/10/1319, Thomas married Margaret. Her maritagium included £2000 in money.

3/7/1320, Thomas de Berkeley, his brother Maurice, with John Mautravers pardoned for arresting the king’s coroners in Gloucester.

1320, Maurice de Berkeley, Seneschal of Gascony, traveled to France with his sons Thomas and Maurice, and with son-in-law John Mautravers.

3/16/1321, Thomas taken prisoner at the battle of Boroughbridge; fighting with Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and the Marcher Lords, against King Edward II and the Dispensers.

5/28/1322, Commission of oyer and terminer to … that … Thomas de Berkele, … Maurice son of Maurice de Berkele, and Thomas son of Maurice de Berkele, with others, entered the manors … took and led away horses … other trespasses. (S) CPRs.

4/1/1324, Safe conduct … sheriff of Southampton, appointed to conduct Joan, wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wigemore, [to the castle of Skipton in Cravene, co. York] … [daughter] Margaret to the priory of Shuldham, co. Norfolk, …. (S) CPRs.

5/1326, Thomas’ father died while imprisoned by King Edward II. Thomas age 30.

10/16/1326, Thomas released from Pevensey castle by usurping Roger de Mortimer and Queen Isabella. [Thomas’ family members were also released. Thomas’ father-in-law, who was also his 2nd cousin, was Queen Isabela’s lover.] Thomas was restored the right to Berkeley castle; and the Queen sent great quantities of wheat, oats, and other provisions [taken from nearby lands] to fortify the castle.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

3/21/1327, Thomas, and his brother-in-law John Mautravers, received charge of deposed King Edward II from Henry of Lancaster. Removed from Kenilworth, Edward was taken to Berkeley castle.

4/3/1327, Thomas and John Mautravers, by indenture, received joint and equal liability for deposed King Edward II who was imprisoned at Berkeley castle. John and Thomas were to be given £5 a day for expenses [the annual expenses for most knights.]

4/30/1327, Writ for aid for Thomas de Berkele, Maurice de Berkele and John Maltravers, whom the king is sending to the castle of Bristol for armour, etc., to be used in the northern parts. (S) CPRs.

7/3/1327, Thomas exempted from serving in the Scottish campaign because he was “charged with special business of the king.”

7-8/1327, Thomas charged with hunting down and arresting men responsible for trying to free King Edward II.

9/21/1327, King Edward II [supposedly] murdered at Berkeley castle. Thomas wrote letters to both King Edward III and his mother Queen Isabella informing them that King Edward II had died. [Interestingly Thomas and John continued to be given £5 a day for expenses while looking after the body.]

Thomas was arrested and put into the custody of Ralph de Neville. Thomas was released after 12 knights swore he was at Bradley and extremely ill at the time Edward II died. [Other evidence indicates this is likely not the truth – his father-in-law was the Queen’s lover.]

3/1328, Thomas and Margaret began living has husband and wife.

1328, Thomas with King Edward III in an expedition against the Scots.

1329, Thomas 1st summoned to parliament.

1329, Thomas confirmed by the King with the Castle and Berkeley Hernesse, with a market on any day of his choosing, and a mint with “a moneyer of his own.”

4/25/1330, at Beverstone, Quitclaim of John Inge, knight, to Thomas, lord of Berkeley and Margaret, his wife. Manors of Beverstone and Over. Witnesses: John Mantravers jun., Maurice de Berkeley, John de Beaumond, knights, Robert de Aston … (S) UKNA.

11/26/1330 at parliament, Roger de Mortimer, Thomas de Berkeley, Thomas Gurney, William Ockley, and Simon Bereford accused of the murder of King Edward II. [Note that John Mautravers was not indicted.] Thomas was tried and acquitted by a jury of 12 knights for his complicity in the murder. Thomas was indicted on a minor charge of appointing Thomas Gurney and William Ockley, who were convicted, to watch the king.

1331, Thomas, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, given money for an old debt owed to him by King Edward II, purchased, with his brother Maurice, large land holdings including Beverstone castle and manor, and the manors of Over and Monewdon, Suffolk, from Sir Thomas Apadam.

1335, John Mautravers “the king’s enemy” returned to England and met, among others, Thomas and Maurice de Berkeley, William Montacute, and John Moleyns.

1336, Thomas, Chief Warden of Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, and Herefordshire.

3/16/1337, “Judgement given by the king in his Parliament held at Westminster on Monday after the feast of St. Matthias the Apostle that Thomas de Berkeleye is guiltless of any part in the death of Edward II.”

5/5/1337, Margaret died; buried at St. Augustine’s, Bristol.

1340, Thomas Marshall of the English Army in France.

1342, Thomas Captain of the Scottish Marches.

1342, Thomas rebuilt the great high tower in the north part of the keep of Berkeley castle at a cost of £108.3s.1.25d.

1345, Thomas received a papal indult for plenary remission.

8/26/1346, Thomas a commander of the English forces at the battle of Crecy.

5/30/1347, Thomas married 2nd widow Katherine de Clivedon (15210347). [4 sons.]

12/2/1348, Thomas granted a fair at Newport, Gloucestershire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1/10/1349, Licence for Thomas de Berkele to enfeoff … reminders to Maurice de Berkele, his son, in tail male, … and Katharine, his wife. (S) CPRs.

12/12/1351, Pardon to Thomas son of Maruice de Berkele, the elder, for acquiring … the manors of … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1360, Thomas called to parliament for the last time.

7-8/1361, Thomas sent on an embassy to Pope Innocent VI.

10/27/1361, Thomas, “the Rich”, 3rd Lord Berkeley of Gloucestershire died; buried in Berkeley Church.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P72.

Family notes:
• 1384, Katherine, Lady Berkeley, found a Chantry in the parish for a Chaplain and his successor perpetually to pray at the altar of St. Andrew for the good estate of herself and of Thomas, Lord Berkeley and the Lady Margaret his wife.

Children of Thomas and Margaret: [4 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Maurice de Berkeley (1477436), born ~1330 in England.

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