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Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Lord Robert de Scales & Katherine de Ufford

2955074. Lord Robert de Scales & 2955075. Katherine de Ufford

1312, Robert de Skales born in Norfolk, England, s/o 5910148. Robert de Scales & 5910149. Egeline de Courtenay.

~1326, Katherine born in England, d/o 1249346. Robert de Ufford & 1249347. Margaret de Norwich. [6/11/1381, Katherine’s parentage is documented through the will of her brother, William d’Ufford, earl of Suffolk.]

3/20/1325, Robert’s father died.

4/4/1325, IPM of Robert de Scales alias de Scalys. Essex: Rewenhale. The manor held jointly with Egelina his wife, who survives, of the gift of Isabel de Scales … Robert his son, aged 13 and more, is his next heir. … (S) CIsPM..

5/10/1325, Grant to Egelina (Robert’s mother), late the wife of Robert de Scales, tenant in chief, for a fine of 200 marks … of the marriage of Robert, son and heir of the said Robert, a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

3/25/1332, Commission of certiorari de feodis for Robert de Skales. Norfolk: Hokewold. The advowson of the church of St. Mary is of the inheritance of Robert son and heir of the said Robert, a minor and in the king’s wardship …  Isabel, (11820297) late the wife of Robert de Scales grandfather of the same Robert son of Robert, holds in dower of his inheritance … [knights fees listed] … (S) CIsPM.

1332, “Robert de Scales, son and heir of Robert de Scales. … Scales request that he be granted his lands which are held by his mother (Egeline) at fee farm, he being a ward in the king's keeping and 20 years old.” (S) UKNA.

2/4/1333, Pardon to … Robert de Scales, … pursuant to the statute … obtained by force and duress after the exile of the Despenses, of £100 required from them … to procure the release of … John Inge imprisoned by him in Southwark … (S) CPRs.

5/22/1334, Licence for … to grant to Robert de Scales … manor of Heselyngfeld, co. Cambridge, … (S) CPRs.

[––Robert & Katherine––]

By 1335, Robert married to Katherine.

4/2/1335, Robert de Skales had license from the king to enfeoff William de Lalleford, parson of the church of Rivenhall, Essex, … for them to re-grant it to him, Katherine his wife and heirs. (S) CPRs.

1335-6, Robert served in Scotland.

1335, King Edward into Scotland in support of Edward Balliol. The Scots refused to meet the large force in open battle, and instead ravaged towns throughout Scotland.

1336, Siege of Dunbar castle by William Montagu, earl of Salisbury. [After 5 months the English withdrew.].

1337, “Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk; William de Bohun; John de Segrave; Robert de Scales; John de Beauchamp of Somerset … Claim by the petitioners that they hold their manors in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire by knight service …” (S) UKNA.

10/1/1337, Protection with clause volumus, … going with Robert de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, beyond the seas on the king’s service … Robert de Scales. … (S) CPRs.

10/6/1337, Robert son of Robert de Scales, going beyond the seas on the king’s service, has letters … (S) CPRs.

11/1337, King Edward, claiming the throne of France through his mother, began the 100 Years War with the battle of Cadzand, a Flemish island.

1338, Robert served in Flanders.

7/1338, King Edward, unable to provoke a battle with Philip VI of France by his various invasions of France, decided to attack Flanders, which was economically tied to England through the wool market.

3/1340, Robert “Scales requests remedy so that he is not disinherited as it was found by inquisition following the death of [Robert de] Tudenham …” (S) UKNA.

2/25/1341, Robert summoned to parliament.

10/28/1341, Robert de Scales in a lawsuit with Robert son of Thomas de Todenham [a minor] … CCRs.

11/26/1342, Licence … for Robert de Scales to enclose a way leading from the highway beneath his dwelling-place in Middleton towards the south, on condition that the make his own soil another way of the same length and breadth as convenient for passers by. (S) CPRs.

12/1/1343, Licence for … to enfeoff Robert de Scales, ‘chivaler,’ … in Haselyngfeld, held in chief. (S) CPRs.

7/12/1346, King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/26/1346, Robert fought in the 1st division at Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards.

9/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais. [Ended 8/1347, held by the English until 1558.]

1/1/1347 at Calais, Pardon to John Pouger By K. and testimony of Robert de Scales. (S) CPRs.

8/1347, Robert at the fall of Calais, where he was a knight banneret.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.

By 1351, Katherine died in the plague. (S) Robert not listed with a wife in 1/17/1351 record, no mention in IPMs.


Robert married 2nd ? [Daughter born in 1354.]

1/17/1351, Indult to the Robert de Scales, knight, of the diocese of Norwich, to choose confessors, who shall give them, being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguards. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 200.

1351-2, “Licence from Sir Robert de Scales to 5 named feoffees to grant lands at Barkway and Anstey to the prior of Biggin.” (S) UKNA.

1356, Robert fought again in France.

9/19/1356, Battle of Poitiers in France. Edward, the Black Prince, defeated a larger French and allied army led by King John II of France, leading to the capture of the French king, his son, and much of the French nobility. By treaty, England was permitted to annex much of western France. In addition, France would pay a ransom of 4 million ├ęcus for the king.

11/17/1360, Commission to Robert Scales, … bishopric of Ely … to find by inquisition in the county the names of evildoers … (S) CPRs.

2/5/1362, Commission de walliis et fossatis to John Bardolf of Wirmegeye, Robert de Scales, … parts of Mersshland, co. Norfolk, … (S) CPRs.

4/9/1361, IPM of Robert de Tudenham. Suffolk: Ereswelle. The manor, held of Robert de Scalis by service of 2 knights’ fees. (S) CIsPM.

1367, “Manor of Felbrigg, advowsons of Felbrigg and Runton, and rents and services in Letheringsett, Baconsthorpe, Metton and Thorpe Market … Conveyed by Roger de Felbrigg and Elizabeth his wife to Sir Robert de Scalys, Sir Robert Howard [married to daughter Margaret], Sir John de Seckford et al.” (S) UKNA.

11/7/1367, Roger son of Robert de Scales, knight, going beyond seas by the king’s licence … (S) CPRs.

8/13/1369, Robert, 3rd Lord Scales, knight, of Cambridgeshire, Essex, Suffolk, and Norfolk, died.

[––Post Mortem––]

9/14/1369, IPM of Robert Scales, knight. Cambridge: Haselyngfeld. The manor … He died on Monday before the Assumption last. Roger Scales, knight, his son, aged 22 years and more, is his heir. Essex: Rewenhale. The manor … heir, aged 22 years on 27 January last, … Suffolk: … Norfolk: Berton Byndich. The manor … Ilsyngton. The manor … Howe. The manor, of no value because of sea-flooding. … Middelton. 2/3rds of the manor … (S) CIsPM.

7/14/1372, Writ of mandamus for Robert de Scales, knight. Hertford: Neweseles in Berkwey. The reversion of the manor … He died on 13 August, 43 Edward III. Roger de Scales, knight, aged 27 years on 1 February last, is his son and heir. (S) CIsPM.

6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, son of the Black Prince, succeeded Edward III as King of England.

Family notes:

·         2/15/1382, Katherine coheir to her brother William d’Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P435. (S) Gen. Memoris of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley, Waters, 1878.

Children of Robert and Katherine:

i. Roger de Scales, born 1/22/1346 in England.

Roger, 4th Lord Scales, married (738779) Joan de Northwood.

1382-83, Roger a coheir of William, earl of Suffolk.

1386, Manors of Felbrigg, Aylmerton, Banningham, Stirston next Stanford in Norfolk, Brisworth in Suffolk, and Sharpenhowe cum Streatley in Bedfordshire and all other lands formerly of the late Sir Roger de Felbrigg, except manor of Howe iuxta Brooke in Norfolk leased by Lord Roger de Scalys, Sir Robert Howard, … for 2 years. (S) UKNA.

1386, Roger died.

ii. Margery de Scales (1477537), born 1347 in England.

Children of Robert and ?:

iii. Elizabeth de Scales, born 1354 in England.

Elizabeth married Sir Roger de Felbirgg.

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