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Sunday, August 1, 2010

Sir John Tuchet & Joan de Audley

2955232. Sir John Tuchet & 2955233. Joan de Audley

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

7/25/1327, John Tochet born in England, heir & s/o 5910464. Sir Thomas Tuchet & 5910465. Joan ?.

1332, Joan born in England, d/o 5910466. Lord James de Audley & 5910467. Joan de Mortimer.

1345, Sir John Tuchet, serving in Gascony under Henry, Earl of Derby, sent with the Laurence, Earl of Pembroke and 40 other knights and squires, and 300 men-at-arms and archers, to defend Aiguillon from an invading French force. At the castle they joined about 120 soldiers already there. The duke of Normandy, son of the king of France, arrived with a large French force and began a siege. The French attempted to build a bridge over the adjoining rever Garonne, but the English delayed construction by repeated attacks on the workmen. The completion of the bridge did not give the French the advantage they sought, so the Duke sent for battering engines which were used to cast stones into the fortress. The next attempt by the French was to use siege towers, higher than the walls, to be brought to the castle from the river. The English were able to destroy them with “martinets” which cast large stones. [The were plenty of stones available from the French attacks.]

1346-7, John represented his father in France, serving as a knight in the retinue of William de Bohun (2954974), Earl of Northampton.

7/12/1346, Edward landed an invasion force of 10,000 in Normandy, which march north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crowbowmen pursued.

8/16/1346, William de Bohun attacked accross the bridge over the Seine at Poissy against militia guarding the north bank. William, with the Earl of Warwick, led the crossing of the Somme at Blanche-Taque to secure the northern bank, allowing the English army to cross.

8/26/1346, The English won a major victory at the battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. Earl William de Bohun commanded the right wing.

1/28/1348, John Tochet, knight, and Walter de Folevill acknowledge that they owe to Master Henry de Caumpeden £40; to be levied etc. in co. Derby. (S) CCRs.

8/18/349, John’s father died.

9/8/1349, IPM of Thomas Tochet, knight. Salop: Legh Cumbreye. The hamlet … He died on 18 August last. John his son, aged 22 years at the feast of St. James last, is his heir. (S) CIsPM.

1351, John did homage for his father’s lands.

1355, John served in Gascony with Thomas de Beauchamp (624678), Earl of Warwick, constable of the army of Gascony. (S) Anatomy of a Chevauchee, Madden, 2014, P429.

9/9/1355, King Edward and Henry, duke of Lancaster, sail for Normandy from Plymouth, with the Black Prince who had been appointed lieutenant in Gascony; to oppose raids by the count of Armagnac.

11/2/1355, King Edward III landing in Calais, proceeds on raids into Pas de Calais, Artois and Picady.

9/19/1356, Thomas de Beauchamp commanded the vanguard Battle of Poitiers in France. Edward, the Black Prince, defeated a larger French and allied army led by King John II of France, leading to the capture of the king, his son, and much of the French nobility. By treaty, England was permitted to annex much of western France.

12/15/1357, John Tuchet is appointed to keep the peace and the said statutes in the county of Derby. (S) CPRs.

4/28/1358, Commission of peace … Henry Grene, John Tuchet, … in the county of Derby. (S) CPRs.

6/23/1362, John, Knt. of Markeaton, Derbyshire, killed in a battle with the Spanish-French fleet off La Rochelle, which upset England’s mastery of the English channel.


11/23/1392, Inquisition relating to the manor of Tawstok: Johanna another of the sisters of [Nicholas d’Audelee Chivaler] and her grandson John Tochet son of John as heirs.

By 1400 Joan died; her grandson John Tuchet her heir.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P831.

Children of John and Joan: [2 sons]

i. John Tuchet (1477616), born ~1348 in England.

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