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Saturday, September 4, 2010

G22: 3802866

3802866. Duke Thomas of Woodstock & 3802867. Eleanor de Bohun

1/7/1355, Thomas born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, s/o 1477424. King Edward III & 1477425. Philippa of Hainault.

~1362, Eleanor born in England, d/o 7605734. Humphrey de Bohun & 7605735. Joan Fitzalan.

6/8/1376, Thomas’ eldest brother, the Black Prince, died.

8/24/1376, Thomas married Eleanor.

1377, Confirmation for Thomas of Woodstock, earl of Buckingham, of grants … of 300£ pension during the minority of Eleanor his wife; …, all during the minority of the heirs of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex. (S) UKNA.

6/21/1377, Thomas father, King Edward III, died leaving his grandson Richard as heir.

7/16/1377, Thomas, age 22, created 1st Earl of Buckingham at the coronation of his nephew King Richard II [who was age 10 at the time.] Grant for life to Thomas de Wodestok, earl of Bukyngham, the king’s uncle, for supporting his rank, of 1,000£ yearly … if Eleanor his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Humphrey de Bohun, late earl of Hereford, die without issue … (S) CPRs.

1377-79, Accounts of Thomas, earl of Buckingham, constable of England, of wages of soldiers engaged in two expeditions at sea. (S) UKNA.

4/1380, Thomas invested as a Knight of the Garter.

6/22/1380, Thomas, Earl of Essex, in right of his wife.

7/19/1380, Thomas, named the king’s Lt. in France, landed at Calais with 5000 men, about half archers, from where he advanced on Burgundy and cut a path through northern France in minor skirmishes. Thomas besieged Nantes, but failed to take the town. (S) Chronicles of England, France, Spain … Froissart, P263.

3/1381, Thomas and his army returned to England.

1381, Thomas took part in suppressing the Peasant’s Revolt.

5/1382, Petitioner: Thomas of Woodstock Earl of Buckingham. The Earl of Buckingham and other captains … for the last voyage in Brittany make two requests: … (S) UKNA.

1384, King Richard II created Eleanor de Bohun a Lady of the Garter. [The highest English honor a woman could receive .]

8/6/1385 at Hoselow Lodge, Tividale, Thomas created 1st Duke of Gloucester. [Thomas was marching with Richard II into Scotland.]

1386, Thomas headed the barons who forced King Richard to dismiss Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk as Chancellor.

12/1387, Thomas defeated the Earl of Oxford at the battle of Radcot.

2/1388, Thomas the leader of the 5 Lords Appellant who secured conviction of the king’s councilors for treason in the “Merciless Parliament”.

3/1388 at Shenley, Hertfordshire, Thomas godfather to Thomas Montague, s/o Earl John Montagu.

1388, Thomas, Duke of Gloucester requests that, whereas the King granted him £1000 yearly in maintenance of his estate of Buckinghamshire and £1000 yearly in maintenance of his estate of the duchy of Gloucester until he is provided with lands and tenements in England to that value, that the King grant him the manors, lands and tenements of Vere, la Pole and others now in the King's hand by reason of forfeiture. (S) UKNA.

5/1389, Thomas and the Lords Appellant disbanded by Richard II who declared himself of age.

Thomas made peace with King Richard.

1/21/1390, John of Gaunt and his brother Thomas appointed to the Privy Council of Richard II.

1391, Thomas made Lt. of Ireland. (S) Journal of Society of Archivists, V7, 1983.

10/1392, brothers John of Gaunt – Duke of Acquitaine , Thomas of Woodstock – Duke of Gloucester, and Edmund of Langley – Duke of York, met at John’s house in London.

1393-94, Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, and Eleanor his wife to Pleshey College (John Kirkston, master): Conveyance by final concord of 15 acres of land in Pleshey and the advowson of the church: (Essex). (S) UKNA.

1394, Thomas accompanied King Richard II to Ireland.

1/1396, Thomas was strongly opposed to his brother John’s marriage to his mistress Katherine Swynford. [Eleanor was especially opposed because Katherine, of humble birth, then “outranked” her.]

7/11/1397, Thomas arrested by King Richard II at Pleshey castle, Essex.

1397, Thomas imprisoned at Calais, France.

8/17/1397, Justice Sir William Rickhill sent to Calais to obtain a confession from Thomas.

9/8/1397, Thomas murdered at Prince’s Inn, Calais, France; buried at Westminster Abbey, London. [Probably on the orders of King Richard II.] Thomas was smothered between 2 feather beds by John Hall. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of England, V1, Campbell, 1849, P127.

10/28/1397, Duchess Eleanor attended the wedding of Richard II near Calais, France. Eleanor was given a gold livery collar to wear to the wedding.

1399, Eleanor died; bequesting a large number of books in her will. [Her brass plate gives death as 10/3/1399, but these plates, which were added later, have often been found to have wrong dates.]

(S) The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women, McCash, 1996, P237.

Children of Thomas and Eleanor:

i. Humphrey Plantagenet, born 1381 in England. [Heir]

1399, Humphrey died leaving his sister Anne as his heir.

ii. Anne of Woodstock (1901433), born 4/1383 in England. [Eldest daughter]

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