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Saturday, September 25, 2010

Sir John de Soules & Hawise ?

4990606. Sir John de Soules & 4990607. Hawise ?

~1250, John de Soulys, born in Scotland, 2nd s/o 9981212. Sir Nicholas de Soules & 9981213. Annora de Normanville.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

1282, John “by treachery” got possession of Cruggleton castle [SE Scotland] while a guest of its owner William Kerlie. [William escaped, but through multiple attempts could not recover his castle.]

1283, Sir John an envoy to Paris to negotiate King Alexander III’s marriage to Yolande de Dreux.

3/19/1286, Alexander III, King of Scotland, died in a fall from a horse. The Guardians awaited the arrival of the infant Maid of Norway, the last descendant of the Canmore dynasty.

8/2/1288, Warrant for payment of £20 to John de Soulys, knight. Edinburgh. (S) UKNA.

1289, Warrant from the Guardians to the Chamberlain of Scotland to pay John de Soulys, knight, his fee. (S) UKNA.

11/6/1289, By the Treaty of Salisbury, the return of the Maid of Norway as Queen was arranged. [d/o Queen Margaret of Scotland, d/o King Henry III.]

2/4/1290, Receipt by John de Soulys, knight, for a sum received from the Chamberlain of Scotland. (S) UKNA.

3/14/1290, John and his brother William present at the parliament in Brigham which confirmed the Treat of Salisbury.(S) The Records of the Parliament of Scotland.

1290, The Maid of Norway died and immersed Scotland in crisis. There were 14 competitiors for the crown.

6/13/1291, at Upsettlington, John and others magnates of Scotland swore fealty to King Edward I.

9/22/1291, Grant to John de Senles of the wardship of the lands late of Hugh Luvel (4990604), tenant in chief, until the full age of [the heir of] the said Hugh. (S) CFRs. [John’s daughter married to Hugh’s son.]

9/24/1291, Order … and to deliver 2 parts of Hugh’s lands to John de Soulys, to whom the king has committed the custody thereof during the minority of Hugh’s heir. (S) CCRs.

2/6/1292, Grant to John de Soules, in extension of a recent grant to him of the custody, … of the lands of Hugh Lovel, … during the minority of the heirs, … (S) CPRs. [Same date:] John de Soules, going to Scotland, nominating … and Robert Luvel for 3 years. (S) CPRs.

3/28/1292, Protection with clause volumus for John de Soules, staying beyond seas, for 1 year. (S) CPRs.

11/6/1292, John Balliol selected as King of Scotland; a solution that was never accepted by the next best claimant, Robert Bruce of Annandale.

11/16/1292, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for John de Soules, going to Scotland. (S) CPRs.


By 1293, John married 2nd Margaret, d/o Merleswain, s/o Waldeve, s/o Merlswain; widow of Hugh de Perisby.

2/9/1293 at Scone, John de Soules, knight, who was ‘infeft’ by Margaret, who was the wife of Hugh de Perisby, in a 4th part of the barony of Ardrossan, comes before the lord king and says that the said Margaret infeft him therein to be held in chief of the lord king, and he offered the lord king his homage.

11/7/1294, Tower of London, Grant to John de Soulys of the custody, during the minority of the heir, of the lands which Eva [Eleanor] Lovel, deceased, held in dower of the inheritiance of Hugh Lovel … with the advowson of the church of the manor of Storketon. (S) CPRs.

7/3/1295, John an envoy to France to negotiate the marriage of Edward Baliol with a daughter of Charles, brother of the French King.

1295, John fell out of favor with the king.

10/3/1295, Appointment … to the custody … of the lands late of Hugh Luvel, … granted to Joh de Soules, but taken … for divers causes ; … (S) CPRs.

10/1295, John sent a letter to the King of France.

4/27/1296, The Scottish army was defeated at the battle of Dunbar by King Edward.

7/10/1296, John Balliol, King of Scotland, captured in the churchyard Stracathro in Angus. [John was released in 1299 to exile to his family’s estates in France.]

1299, John de Soules named “custos regni Scottiae” by John Baliol.

6/10/1299, … charged to prevent the bishop of St. Andrews, … John de Soules, knight, and other of the king’s enemies of Scotland, and who are now in Flanders ready to cross to Scotlan, from putting to sea, … (S) CPRs.

2/23/1300, Sir John de Soulis, identifying himself as “custos regni Scocie”, sent a letter to the King of France. (S) The Guadians of Scotland and a Parliament at Ruhterglen, Sayles, 1927.

1300, John commanded the siege of Stirling castle which he took from the English.

5/1301, Ingram de Umfraville, John Comyn and William Lamberton resigned as joint guardians of Scotland and were replaced by John de Soulis, knight, as sole Guardian. [John appointed because he wasn’t part of either the Bruce or Comyn camps, and was a patriot. John continued in this role during the Wars of Scottish Independence, 1301-04. 70 years later the historian Fordun called him feeble and ineffectual.]

5/21/1301, John, Guardian of the kingdom of Scotland, addressed a letter to Pope Boniface.

9/8/1301, John, using Comyn of Badenoch’s estate as a base, attacked Lochmaben, and then menaced the main English force at Bothwell [commanded by Prince Edward].  John and Sir Ingelram de Umfraville had 240 men-at-arms and 7000 foot soldiers. (S) A History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 2009, P82.

1/1302, King Edward and John agreed to a 9-month truce.

1302, John an envoy to Paris to address a possible Anglo-French treaty which was not to include the Scots. In his absence, John Comyn was appointed Guardian.

5/1303, King Edward mounted a major invasion of Scotland. [John de Soulis was still in France. Edward forced most of Scotland in submission. Bruce remained at large, John was defiant in exile in France, and William Wallace was still at large. Edward declared that John and others in exile could not return until William Wallace was captured – the only commoner to defeat Edward in battle.]

5/25/1303, John’s and his wife is mentioned in a letter from the king of France.

1303, John identified as a Scottish commissioner in Paris.

2/9/1304, Return as to the seizure of castle and barony of Durisdeer and lands in Westerkirk and Philipston held of Ingelram de Gynes by John de Soules, a fugitive. (S) UKNA.

2/9/1304, John excepted from the conditions of the capitulation at Strathurd by Edward I. It was provided that he should remain in exile for 2 years.

2/21/1304 at Dumferline, Safe-conduct, until Ascension, … the king in Scotland, for … those … [coming] into the king’s peace, their horses, baggage and other goods … John de Soules, knight …. (S) CPRs.

4/1304, King Edward started the 90-day siege of Stirling castle. King Edward first used the Warwolf siege engine, the largest trebuchet ever constructed.

5/1304, Sir William Oliphant, in charge of the castle at Stirling, asked permission of King Edward I, who personally was in charge of its siege, to send a message requesting authority to surrender to his master, Sir John de Soules. [Edward refused, King Edward eventually took the castle.]

8/13/1304, King Edward's answer to messages sent by the commonalty of Scotland concerning an amnesty to John de Soules. 

Bef. 1305, John permanently banished to France by King Edward.                                    

1305, Maragret de Soulis requests grant of the town of Liddel [Cumberland]. (S) UKNA.

John died in France. (S) Melrose Charter.                 

(S) Robert Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland, Barrow, 2005. (S) Caledonia, V2, Chalmers. (S) POMS.

Family notes:

·         John, a younger son, was not a wealthy land owner, having only the upland barony of Westerkirk in Eskdale; and in right of his wife the barony of Ardross on the Fife coast.

·         The records of John de Soules, knight, nephew of John, can be confused with his records, especially after 1300.

Child of John and Hawise:

i. Muriel Soules (2495303), born ~1283 in Scotland. [Heir]

1305, Richard Lovel, who has married the daughter and heir of John de Soules, requests the king's grace concerning the manor of Old Roxburgh, which belonged to the aforesaid John. (S) UKNA.

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