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Sunday, October 3, 2010

Sir John de Segrave & Christine de Plesey

4997378. Sir John de Segrave & 4997379. Christine de Plesey

1256, John de Seagrave born in England, s/o 121688174. Lord Nicholas de Seagrave & 121688175. Maud de Lucy.

~1260, Christian born in England, d/o 9994758. Hugh de Plessey & 9994759. Isabel Biset.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]

[––John & Christian––]

~1278, John married Christian.

7/5/1278, Roger de Mortuo Mari, lord of Wigmore, and Sir John de Segrave. Roger has granted to John and his issue the abutment and fishpond of his mill of Stottesdone above Roger's land in his chase of Wyre, which mill is situated above the water of Doules which divides Roger’s land from John’s. (S) UKNA.

7/24/1281 at Kingswood, Roger de Kingeswode; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Roger has granted to John and Christine all his lands and holdings at Kyngeswode, in equal exchange for 105 a. of land and wood at Cherle and the water-mill of Cherle and 9 marks. (S) UKNA.

1285-86, Account of muster of John de Segrave, knight baronet, during his stay in Scotland. (S) UKNA.

3/3/1286, Writ to: Sheriff of Lincs Sent by: Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk. . Debtor: John de Segrave, knight, of Lincs. Debitor … (S) UKNA.

10/24/1287, John de Seagrave, going to Ireland, nominating … (S) CPRs. [Near the end of a civil war in Thomond.]

1286-1290, John summoned to parliament.

10/1/1290, Agnes and Mary, daughters of Roger de Kyngeswode; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. … have granted to John and Christine a messuage with a curtilage and toft and croft called Calurecroft, … (S) UKNA.

8/6/1291, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for the following, staying in Scotland on the king’s service … John de Segrave. (S) CPRs.

11/1292, John de Segrave named in a petition of Alice de Hyntes, widow of Richard, about attacks on her property [in Ludlow, Shropshire.] (S) UKNA.

1294-5, John’s father Nicholas died.

4/17/1296, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by John de Segrave, touching person who, during his absence in Scotland … broke his park … at Kingeswode, co. Salop, … (S) CPRs.

12/23/1289, The manor including a wood called Somerdeby-wode, … by the grant of Sir Edmund de Bassingburn, …, to Sir John de Segrave 4d., and to the prior of Durem' 4d. (S) IsPM of Edward I.

9/1297, At Rochester, … to prepare plans for the defense of the coast against French attack. Others attending included John de Seagrave and Edmund de Mortimer.

7/22/1298, John at the battle of Falkirk. (S) In Freedom’s Cause: A Story of Wallace and Bruce, Hently, P105.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

8/27/1298, John de Saint John of Langham [s/o Roger], wrote a letter in which he referred to John de Seagrave, 2nd Lord Seagrave, as his cousin, about an up-coming meeting at Roxburgh. (S) Doc’s Illustrative of the History of Scotland, V2, Stevenson, P305.

1/18/1299, Robert de Crendon, knight, and Margery his wife; and Sir John de Segrave, son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Segrave. (S) UKNA.

7/3/1299, For William le Vavasur, …, Maurice le Brun, Robert de Leyburn, James de Leyburn, … in Scotland: issued by John de Segrave lieutenant of the Marshal of England. (S) UKNA.

1300, Gift with warranty from Sir John de Segrave, knight, … (S) UKNA.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … John de Segrave, …” (S) UKNA.

1300, John at the siege of Caerlaverock castle, Scotland. (S) UKNA, “Certificate of John de Segrave, lieutenant of the Marshal, that Thomas de Cirencestria and Edmund de Haccumbe were present in person at Caerlaverock.”

1301-02, Receipt of John de Segrave [Lieutenant] for compensation to the Marshal of England [Earl of Norfolk] for beasts taken in the Scotch war. (S) UKNA.

1301, John de Segrave and Sir Geoffrey his brother. John has granted to Geoffrey all the lands and rents which he has in Wisebeche; to him and his issue, rent a rose a year. Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Henry de Segrave, and Simon de Segrave, Sir Alan la Souche [married to John’s sister Eleanor], William le Ferers, Hugh le Plesi [Christian’s brother], Thomas son of Robert le Nevile. (S) UKNA.

12/2/1301, John mentioned in a grant of Robert of Eukeston. (S) UKNA.

3/19/1301, Licence for John de Segrave to crenellate his dwelling-place of Breteby, co. Derby. (S) CPRs.

1302, King Edward I sent John, Govenor General and commander of Edinburgh castle, with an army to Scotland.

9/17/1302, King Edward I informed Henry de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, of the appointment of John as Lieutenant of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Edinburgh, Linlighgow, Selkirk and Roxburgh. (S) UKNA.

1302-03, Receipt by Archibald de Levingeston, sheriff, to Robert de Wynepol, clerk, for 102s. 2d. balance of an imprest of £30 made by John de Segrave for the works of the castle at Linlithgow. (S) UKNA.

8/5/1302, Appoinment of John de Segrave to the custody, during pleasure, of the castle of Berwick-on-Tweed. (S) CPRs.

1/3/1303, Grant to the barons, knights, … county of Northumberland, … all knights, serjeants, esquires, … all foot men between the ages of 18 and 60 who can bear arms, should be at Werk-on-Tweed, … to do what Sir John de Segrave, the king’s lieutenant in Scotland, may direct, … (S) CPRs.

2/24/1303, John, with 30,000 soldiers, lost the 1st of 3 battles of Roslin Muir to Sir Simon Fraser [executed as a traitor in 1307] and John Comyn who had 10,000 soldiers. The Scots initially attacked in the early hours while the English were still sleeping. John de Seagrave surrendered rather than have his men slaughtered. The captured knights were ransomed. (S) A Chronological Abridgment of the History of Great Britain, Moleville, 1812, P469.

4/22/1303, John de Nevile, son of Stephen de Nevile, of Wymeswold, and Sir John de Segrave. John de Nevile has quitclaimed to John de Segrave all the lands and holdings which were of Sir Theobald de Nevile, knight, in Twiford. (S) UKNA.

2/1304, John de Seagrave defeats William Wallace in battle at Happrew, near Peebles. Wallace and Fraser escape.

4/1304, King Edward started the 90-day siege of Stirling castle. King Edward first used the Warwolf siege engine, the largest trebuchet ever constructed, in a successful siege.

8/1304 at Weymuster, John de Segrave lord of Segrave, and John de Mohun, lord of Dunsterre, agreed that John de Mohun, eldest son of the latter is to marry Christiana, daughter of the former, who is to dower … 100 marks a year … to be given back to John de Mohun the father, for the maintenance of John and Christinana.  John de Mohun the father, after his death, shall leave … £600 a year … John de Segrave shall pay John de Mohun the father £400 sterling, … Witnesses: Payn Tibetoft, … Nicholas de Segrave, … Stephen de Segrave, knights, … (S) CPRs.

1304, “Privy seal to Robert de Brus, earl of Carrick, and his associates, excusing their attendance upon the king since, with John de Seagrave, they are fighting his enemies, and urging them to further efforts.” (S) UKNA.

5/1/1304, “Grant to Jn. de Segrave and w. Christiana that if they die their heirs may have custody of the lands of late Edm., Earl of Cornwall, saving dower to Margaret.” Same date: “Grant to him and w. Christiana and Exors. the Kt. Fees and advowsons late of Hugh de Plessetis.”

2/2/1305, Licence for John de Segrave, the elder, to crenellate his manor of Calvedon, co. Warwick. (S) CPRs.

3/23/1305, … people mentioned: Edward I, King of England; John de Segrave (Seagrave), keeper of the land of Scotland south of the sea; John de Sendale (Sandale), chamberlain of Scotland; … (S) UKNA.

4/1/1305, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for John de Segrave and Stephen and John his sons and Geoffrey de Segrave [John’s brother], going to Scotland on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

8/1305, William Wallace [Braveheart] was betrayed by John Short, handed over to Menteith, who handed him over to John de Seagrave, the warden south of the river Forth, who took him to London, “a tortuous journey which took 17 days”. (S) Blind Harry’s Wallace translated by William Hamilton, 1722, republished by E. King, 1998.

8/15/1305, Appointment of John de Segrave, … to deliver the gaol of the city [London] of William le Waleys … the said John de Segrave, in whose custody the said William is by the king’s pecial mandate, is to product the said William … (S) CPRs.

8/23/1305, John delivered William Wallace to Edward I at Westminster, who executed him.

11/7/1305, “John de Segrave states that the King had granted him the wardship of the body and lands of Hugh de Plesci, son and heir of Hugh de Plescy, and that it has been found by inquisition before the Escheator that Margaret, widow of Hugh de Plescy the father [brother of Christian – died in 1301], took more than her reasonable dower from these lands.” (S) UKNA.

1306, John [de Segrave] states that, when he was taken prisoner at Roslin [in 1303], the king's castle was furnished with the king's goods and his own, but when he returned it was empty. He demanded an inventory from the constable, but received nothing, and seeks redress. (S) UKNA.

7/6/1306 at Berwick-upon-Tweed, King Edward I and John de Segrave. Edward has granted to John all the lands, holdings [etc.] which belonged to Simon Fraser on the day he seceded from fealty to the king and joined Robert de Brus. (S) UKNA.

1307, John, Justice of forests of Trent and northward, and Governor of Nottingham castle. (S) Notes about Notts, Brown, 1874, P116.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

1308, Order for allowances to John de Segrave, warden and justiciar of Scotland. (S) UKNA.

5/23/1308, Grant to John de Segrave,… to the custody of Nottingham castle. (S) CPRs.

10/1/1310, John de Segrave, keeper of the barony of Lydel. [Formerly held in dower by Joan, widow of John Wake during minority of son Thomas.]

10/26/1310, Ordained by the king and his council at Lynliscu that Sir John de Segrave will remain at Dumfres and in the valleys of Anaund' and of Nith' and in the land of Gawey, to guard the same, and will retain in his company 60 men-at-arms, from 26 Oct. for 1 year, and will take 1,000 marks for wages, horses and all other expenses for himself and his 60 men. (S) UKNA.

6/18/1311, Mandate to John de Segrave son and heir of Nicholas de Segrave to pay to queen Margaret the arrears of the rent of £12 … by his father for the manor of Kynton, co. Warwick. (S) CPRs.

1311, John made warden of Annandale, Scotland. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P51.

9/1312, John restored as Justice of forests of Trent and northward for life [John had to surrender the office to Piers Gaveston in Oct., 1310]. (S) UKNA.

5/1314, Edmund earl of Arundel; and Sir John lord of Segrave and Christine his wife. Edmund has granted to John and Christine, … the manors and vills of Rependon and Tikenhale … the hundred of Rependon, … Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir Guy earl of Warwick, Sir Ralph Basset, Sir John de Somery, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Robert de Holand, Sir John de Mohun, Sir Henry Tregoz. (S) UKNA.

8/29/1315, Gift to John de Segrave the elder of £1,000 in aid of his ransom from the Scots and other losses which he sustained in the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

10/26/1315, John de Seagrave granted a market and fair at Fen Stanton, Huntingdonshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

7/14/1316, Edward II, king of England To: the prior and convent of Canterbury Cathedral … Witnesses: … Aymer de Valentia, earl of Pembroke; Hugh le Despenser, senior; John de Segrave, senior; Robert de Monte Alto; Bartholomew de Badelesmere; John de Crumbwelle, steward of the household. (S) UKNA.

6/24/1317, John lord of Segrave and John son of Henry de Glaseley. … granted … the watercourse called le Ee running from the [fee] of John de Segrave to the mill of John de Glaseley in Prestecote, and John de Glaseley has granted to John de Segrave a rent of 2s. a year from the mill. (S) UKNA.

11/8/1318, John de Seagrave, the elder, granted a market and fair at Alspath, Warwickshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

11/30/1321, Writ of aid for John de Bello Campo of Somersete and John Meriet appointed to assemble, if necessary, all the horse and foot … The like for the following counties: … John de Somery, John de Segrave, the elder, Ralph Basset and Peter de Monte Forti in Warwick, Leicester and Stafford. (S) CPRs.

1322, John de Segrave commanded the royal garrison of Nottingham castle during the rebellion of Thomas, earl of Lancaster. (S) UKNA.

7/20/1322, Protection for John de Segrave, the elder, going with the king. (S) CPRs.

10/14/1322, king Edward, fought the battle of Byland [20 miles north of York] against Robert Bruce, and was nearly captured by the Scots invading south at Rievaulx abbey; primarily by treachery of Andrew Harclay. This defeat compelled Edward to recognize Scottish independence [which would become official in 1328.]

6/1/1324, Pardon to Stephen de Segrave in consideration of a payment to be made by the said Stephen and John de Segrave, his father, of the escape of Roger de Morturo Mari of Wygemor, a rebel, from the Tower of London, when the said Stephen was keeper thereof, of which escape the said Stephen was indicted before the king. (S) CPRs.

7/3/1324, Protection … for John de Segrave, the younger, going to the duchy of Aquitaine on the king’s service with John de Segrave, the elder. [ Son Stephen also given protection. The son John would die in Gascony.]

8/1324, King Edward began the War of Saint-Sardos with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

11/8/1324, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for John de Segrave the elder, staying in the duchy of Aquitaine on the king’s service. By K. (S) CPRs.

9/14/1325, Protection with clause volumus for 1 year for Stephen de Segrave, staying in the duchy of Aquitiane with John de Segrave. (S) CPRs.

9/1325, John died.

10/4/1325, IPM of John de Segrave, the elder. Oxford: Henton … Buckingham: La Penne. The manor … Northampton: Chaucumbe. The manor … John son of Stephen de Segrave, his kinsman, aged 9 and more, is his next heir. Salop: Stottesdon. The manor … Stephen de Segrave, aged 40 and more, is his next heir. Huntingdon: … Nottingham: … Derby: … [many properties in varous counties] (S) CIsPM.

[––Christiana––]

11/29/1325, Writ of dedimus potestatem for receiving attorneys to receive the dower of the Christiana. (S) CIsPM.

12/12/1325, IPM of Stephen de Segrave. … held jointly with Alesia his wife … John his son, aged 10, is his next heir. … Stephen, who died before he had sued his right before the king as heir of John de Segrave, and are in the king’s hand … Warwick: … Langeleye by knight’s service, whereof 28s. 10.25d. are assigned to Christiana, late the wife of John de Segrave the elder, in dower. … Leicester: Segrave. The manor … (S) CIsPM.

1326, “Christiana de Segrave, widow of John de Segrave … requests that a writ be sent to the justices of the Bench to proceed in the process so that she is not delayed in her dower, as she brought a writ of dower against Alice de Segrave to vouch to warranty, but John son of Stephen is a minor and his lands and body are in the king's hand.” (S) UKNA.

8/13/1326, Revocation … church of Keggeworth, in the diocese of Lincoln, … found by inspection … the same belongs to Christiana late the wife of John de Segrave, tenant in chief, having been assigned to her by the king in dower. (S) CPRs.

9/24/1326, To … Order not to intermeddle further with the manor of Stottesdon, and to restore the issues thereof to Christiana, late the wife of John de Segrave, as the king learns by inquisition taken by the escheator that Hugh de Plescy, grandfather of Hugh de Plescy, granted the manor, in the time of Henry III., to the said John de Segrave and Christiana in free marriage, to have to them and the heirs of their bodies, and that Christiana continued her seisin thereof jointly with John until the time of his death. (S) CCRs.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

11/16/1329, To the mayor and sheriffs of London. … suit in the husting of London by writ of right between Christiana, late the wife of John de Segrave, demandant, and Thomas de Furnival, the elder, and Elizabeth his wife, tenants, concerning a messuage and two shops in London. (S) CCRs.

5/8/1331, Christian died.

(S) Burke’s Extinct Peerages, PP386–388. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P387.

Family notes:

·         Christian is sometimes given as d/o Hugh de Plessy, s/o Hugh & Joan. A chronology of events shows that this is highly improbable, if not impossible.

Children of John and Christine:

ii. Ellen de Seagrave (2498689), born ~1279 in England.

iii. Stephen de Seagrave (5910164), born ~1281 in England. [His son John the heir]

iii. John de Segrave, born ~1285 in England.

6/18/1304, Grant to John de Segrave the younger, in consideration of the service of him and of John de Segrave the elder, of the marriage of some heir who has £500 a year of land … to Geoffrey de Segrave, brother of John de Segrave the elder, … marriage … £200 a year of land. (S) CPRs.

John married Juliana Daverenches, granddaughter of John de Sandwich, husband of Agnes de Averenches, coheiress of her mother Matilda de Averenches, inheriting the manor of Folkstone in Kent.

1312, “John Segrave the younger … Request for acquittance of debts owed in the Exchequer … Juliana [Segrave], wife of the petitioner.” (S) UKNA.

6/17/1320, “John de Segrave (Seagrave) the son states that a writ has been issued by the Exchequer to distrain his wife to answer for the withdrawal of their service in the Scottish war in the time of the King's father; but that her lands were then in the hand of the present King. He requests a writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer to inform the King if these lands were in his seisin at that time; and if so, that they might be ordered to acquit Juliana of these distraints … Juliana Daverenches, wife of John de Segrave.” (S) UKNA.

By 3/3/1327, John died; his nephew John, son of his brother Stephen, was his heir. (S) CPRs.

(S) The Hist. & Antiq’s of Harwich and Dovercourt, Taylor, P148.

iv. Eleanor de Segrave (5910501), born ~1290 in England,

5/25/1304, Nicholas son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Cryel, knight, and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Segrave. Nicholas has received from John, …, £400. … Nicholas son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Criel and Eleanor daughter of Sir John de Segrave, lord of Segrave. Nicholas will take to wife Eleanor and will enfeoff her in all his lands and holdings in Leicestershire … Croxton … (S) UKNA. [Held by his grandfather in 1246.]

v. Christian de Seagrave (30422275), born ~1295 in England.

8/1304 at Weymuster, John de Segrave lord of Segrave, and John de Mohun, lord of Dunsterre, agreed that John de Mohun, eldest son of the latter is to marry Christiana, daughter of the former, who is to dower … 100 marks a year … to be given back to John de Mohun the father, for the maintenance of John and Christinana.  John de Mohun the father, after his death, shall leave … £600 a year … John de Segrave shall pay John de Mohun the father £400 sterling, … Witnesses: Payn Tibetoft, … Nicholas de Segrave, … Stephen de Segrave, knights, … (S) CPRs.


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