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Thursday, October 14, 2010

Baron William de Fiennes & Blanche de Brienne

4997434. Baron William de Fiennes & 4997435. Blanche de Brienne

~1245, Guillaume de Fiennes born in Normandy, France s/o 23639794. Enguerrand de Fiennes & 23639795. Isabelle de Conde.

1252, Blanche, alias « Madeleine », born in France, d/o 9994870. Jean de Brienne & 9994871. Jeanne de Chateaudun.

[––Blanche & William––]

2/1266, Settlement of marriage of William and Blanche.

1269, William de Fenles married Blanche. (S) Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique, V1, 1683, P686.

1/24/1270, Simple protection with clause volumus, for 5 years for William de Fenes, going to the Holy Land. (S) CPRs.

3/14/1720, Mesaire Guillaume de Fiennes, a knight of the royal household, left with King Louis IX on the 8th crusade. (S) Chronicles of the Crusades, Devizes & Joinville, 1903, P535.

1270, William, who was in parts beyond the sea, heir to his father.

7/2/1270, Louis’ crusader ships left the coast of Provence heading for Tunis.

7/21/1270, Louis’ crusader fleet arrived in Tunis. After easily taking the port, they attacked Carthage, 15 miles from Tunis, but did not enter the city. Very quickly, a plague [likely typhus] decimated the crusader forces.

8/25/1270, King Louis died on the 8th crusade at Carthage.                              

11/11/1270, The crusader fleet left to return to France. There was a storm and 40 ships were lost and they were forced into the port of Trapani. They decided to return by land rather risk another storm at sea.

11/16/1272, King Henry III of England died.

1275, William paid £1000 to Humphrey de Bohun to marry his sister Maud. [He borrowed the money from his kinswoman, Eleanor of Castile, Queen of King Edward I – who also was on the 8th crusade.]

6/15/1275, Martock is leased for 3 years … so the Q may recover a portion of the £1000 she agreed to pay as dowry for William de Fiennes’ dau., who is to m. the e. of Essex’ h. (S) Eleanor of Castile, Parsons, 1997, P189.

1277, William summoned against the Welsh.

6/1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

3/21/1279, William de Fenes given custody of the county of Ponthieu, France. (S) CPRs.

1280, William held the market at Martock, Somerset, previously held by his father. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

5/28/1281 at Westminster, Letters for William de Fenles, nominating William Amesas his attorney for 2 years. (S) CPRs.

1281, Abbeville in Ponthien; mandate of intendence, respondence, and obedience addressed to the mayor, echevins, burgesses, and commonalty in favour of William de Fenles to whom the custody of the said comte has been committed during pleasure. (S) Records of Edward I.

1282, William sold his lordship of Coton to Robert Burnel, Bishop of Bath and Wells. (S) Hist. of the Co. of Cambridge, V5, 1973.

8/2/1282, William summoned to serve against the Welsh.

12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]

1284, Isabel held Wendover of her son William.

1285, Order to cause Blanche, wife of William de Fenes, to have in that forest 12 leafless oak stumps for her fuel, of the king's gift. [William overseas.] (S) CCRs.

2/24/1286, William de Fyenles, going beyond seas, nominating … (S) CPRs.

4/20/1286, Order to cause William de Fenes, son and heir of Ingeram de Fenes, to be acquitted of 12 marks … as the late king pardoned Ingeram the debt of William de Fenes, his father, of £32 for 5 scutages, and 5 marks for licence to agree, and £6 of the aid to marry the said king's daughter, and 15 marks for many defaults. (S) CCRs.

7/16/1290, The King pardoned all the debts of William due to his father. (S) CCRs. [Usually pardoned for good service.]

9/21/1291, Simon de Throp held the the manor of Thorp, co. Northampton, of half a knight's fee of William de Fenles. (S) CPRs.

6/6/1292, IPM of Hugh de Curteney. Devon: Writ of certiorari to enquire concerning the lands &c. which the said Hugh held beyond the 400 marks of land which the king lately committed in wardship to William de Fenes until the lawful age of the heir, and beyond the dower of his wife. (S) CIsPM.

4/1293, Proceedings on the claim of William de Fiennes to overlordship over Philip de Montgomery in respect of half a knight's fee at Thrupp near Daventry. (S) Parliament Rolls, 2005.

1/14/1294, Protection with clause volumus, William de Fyenles, going beyond seas, nominating … (S) CPRs.

1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.

9/1/1294, William summoned to serve in Gascony.

9/29/1296, William heir to Isabel de Fiennes [his mother] and receives Wendover Manor.

7/7/1297, William summoned to serve in France. King Edward I agrees to cover his losses when he has to return captured French prisoners in an exchange.

1299, William, baron of Fiennes [Pas de Calais] and Tingry, restored his English lands; and served as a hostage during negotiations between England and France.

6/24/1300, William, at the siege of Calais, summoned to serve against the Scots.

1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland.

6/11/1302, Blanche, “Dame de Louplande”, died in Loupland, Maine, France.

7/11/1302, William slain at the battle of Courtrai [aka Battle of the Golden Spurs], West Flanders, Occidential, Belgium. William was supporting a Flemish ground force against a mounted French force. The Flemish forces were victorious.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P467. (S) Plantagenet Ancestry, P155.

Family notes:                                                                             

·         Fiennes, a French seigneurie, 1 of 12 of the county of Guisnes, Picardy, near Ponthieu – the maternal inheritance of Queen Eleanor. From the time of King John the Fiennes had possessed the manor of Clapham in Surrey and other lands in England.

·         Martok was given to William de Fiennes by William, s/o King Stephen of England.

·         “Fiennes” and “Feinnes” are both common spellings in genealogical records. “Feinnes” is not found in the UKNA database. “William de Fiennes” is found 16 times for the appropriate period of this William. Other spellings: Fenlis, Fenles, Fienles, Fienes, Fienlies.

·         At William’s IPM he is called: “Willielmus de Fyenes als Fenes als Fyenles.” (S) Notes and Queries, 1871, P437.

Children of William and Blanche: [1 son, 2 daughters.]

i. Margaret de Fiennes (2498717), born 1270 in Normandy.

ii. Joanna de Fiennes (5909719), born ~1275 in Bolonois, France.

iii. John de Fiennes, born 1277 in Normandy, France. [Heir]

John married Isabelle, d/o Guy de Dampierre, Count of Flanders.

11/7/1300 at Rothelan, in the church of the Friars Preachers, Sir John de Fienes did homage and fealty for lands which he holds of the prince [Edward II] in the county of Ponthieu. (S) CPRs, 3/5/1344.

1302, John age 25 when his father died. [John lived on his fife of St. Omer in Picardy, France.]

1302, Walter de Medburn v. John de Fyenles in Kersaulton. (S) Feet of Fines, Surrey.

12/26/1309, Licence, for fine of £20 … for Robert de Fyenles to enter, after feoffment by John de Fyenles, his brother, upon the manor of Wendovre, held in chief. (S) CPRs.

5/20/1317, To the mayor, men, and whole community of St. Omer. Request that they will desist from wasting the lands of the king's kinsman John de Fienles, … By K. (S) CCRs.

11/23/1317, … John de Fienles in order to make their profit thereof, the said John and the men of the count of Flanders, asserting that the wool aforesaid belonged to the merchants of St. Omer and Calais, took it by force and arms … as appears by the letters of John de Bello Monte, marshal of France. … John replied that he would, out of reverence for the king and love of the count, satisfy the said merchants for the wool if the king would cause the value thereof to be levied of the said John's goods and chattels within this realm at fitting terms. (S) CCRs.

3/24/1318, Letter from the Mayor and citizens of London to Edward II, stating that they had written to John de Fyenles on behalf of their fellow-citizen, Adam Hunteman, requesting restitution of or compensation for wool that he took from him in St-Omer, and carried off to Guines; but that John did little or nothing on this, and did not reply to them. (S) UKNA.

1323, Roger de Mortimer sought refuge in Picardy with his brother’s-in-law John and Robert before going on to Paris.

1323, Isabelle died.

12/26/1324, Protection for John de Fenles, who was born of France, notwithstanding the late ordinance for taking of the bodies and seizing of the goods of the men of that power. Safe conduct for him until Easter. (S) CPRs.

9/27/1334, John de Fienles, going beyond seas, has lettes nominating … (S) CPRs.

1337, The English possessions of John were confiscated because of his allegiance to France. John and Robert held French allegiance in the war with England.

1340, Jean de Fiennes, widow of Isabelle de Dampierre, died. (S) Plantagenet Ancestry, P156.

Child: Jeanne de Fiennes married Jean de Chatillon, count of Saint-Pol. (S) PA, P156.

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