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Thursday, December 2, 2010

Earl John de Veer & Countess Elizabeth Howard

950706. Earl John de Veer & 950707. Countess Elizabeth Howard

4/23/1408, John born in England, 2nd s/o 1901412. Richard de Vere & 1901413. Alice Sergeaux.

6/11/1410, Elizabeth born in England, heir & d/o 1901414. Sir John Howard & 1901415. Joan Walton.

Bef. 10/26/1410, Elizabeth’s father died in the Holy Lands while she was an infant [possibly before she was born].

1417, John age 9 at the death of his father. John became a ward of the king in the governance of Thomas, Duke of Exeter.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

12/13/1424, Elizabeth age 14 at the death of her mother.

1/24/1425, Writ for IPM of Joan wife of Thomas Erpyngham, Knight. Cambridgeshire: … She died on 13 December last. Elizabeth her daughter, who survives, is her next heir, aged 14 years and more on 11 June last. … Essex: Little Oakley, the manor and advowson … Maldon and Woodham Mortimer, 8 messuages, 7 shops, … Suffolk: … East Bergholt, a messuage, … Norfolk: … (S) CIsPM.

3/1/1425, Grant from heir to heir, … of the marriage of John son and heir of Richard, late earl of Oxford, deceased, being a minor in the king’s ward to the following persons, who have lent the king the following sums …  Ralph Cromwell, knight, 250 marks, … Walter Hungerford, knight, 250 marks, and John Tiptoft, knight, 250 marks …

1425, Elizabeth’s grandfather, Sir John Howard, secured for her the hand of John de Vere, the young earl of Oxford, who had refused a marriage proposed to him by the King’s Council in order to wed her. Sir John settled on Elizabeth many of the family properties near Lynn and all of the former de Boys manors; and he assured John de Vere that she would inherit the Plaiz and Walton estates of her parents.

1425, John married Elizabeth, without licence, “by the advice of the said late duke” [Thomas of Exeter] , for which John was fined 3000 marks.

2/18/1426, John de Vere knighted at Leicester.

1429, John, knt., 12th Earl of Oxford, baronial seat at Hedingham castle.

11/6/1429, Henry IV crowned king of England.

1430, John, earl of Oxford, to “move and persuade” notable persons of the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire to lend the king money for his voyage to France to “make a speedy end of his wars there.”

1431, John named to the Privy Council.

10/9/1433, William Dorset of London fined for not appearing in court over a debt to John de Veer, earl of Oxford.

1434, John, Chief Commissioner of Essex.

1435, John given license to travel to the Holy Land.

7/26/1435, Commission to John Tyrell, knight … for the muster of Richard, earl of Warwick, and John de la Veer, earl of Oxford, and their retinues.

1436, John served in France, participating in the rescue of Calais. An army of 10,000 men under Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester approached Calais, the Duke of Burgundy had no option but to raise the sieges of Calais and Guînes and withdraw.

11/17/1436, Elizabeth, countess of Oxford, heiress to her grandfather Sir John Howard. (S) Topo. Hist. of Norfolk, V7, 1807, Shereford.

2/20/1437, Inspeximus and confirmation, … to John, earl of Oxford, kinsman and heir of Walter de Crepping …

3/22/1437, John asked for relief from paying the last £300 of his marriage fine.

11/6/1437, Elizabeth granted land in Essex to John Porter.

1439, John, Justice of the Peace in Essex, Hertford, and Cambridge.

5/16/1441, John sailed from Portsmouth to France with York.

9/16/1442, … John earl of Oxford. Recognisance for 500 marks, … and John Halle shall deliver up in chancery all charters, evidences, writings and muniments concerning lordships, manors, lands etc. of the earl and of Alice countess of Oxford his mother which are in their keeping … (S) CCRs.

3/16/1445, Grant to Richard Veer, knight, of 22£. 4s. parcel of the relief due in the Exchequer by John, earl of Oxford, and Elizabeth, his wife, kinswoman and heir of John Howard, knight, the elder, and Margaret his wife, to wit, daughter of John, son of the said John and Margaret, …

1449, John a guardian of the truce with France and Scotland.

6/15/1450, Commission to John, earl of Oxford, … to array and try all men at arms … in Norfolk, …

3/4/1452, Restitution to John, earl of Oxford, … of the keeping of the park and houses of Haveryng … as freely as any of his ancestors … have pertained time out of mind.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

4/13/1454, John one of the commissioners appointed to create Prince Edward as Prince of Wales.

1454, John and others assigned to keep the seas for 3 years.

5/23/1455, John arrived to late to support King Henry IV at the 1st battle of St. Albans. [The battle was fought the previous day.]

11/1460, John granted retirement from military service.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

1462, John, a Lancanstrian and supporter of King Henry VI, and his eldest son [Aubrey] arrested for treason on the accession of King Edward IV. [John, in communication with the exiled royal family in Scotland, was planning to feign support for King Edward and then kill him.]

2/23/1462, John de Vere, earl of oxford, tried by John Tiptoft, earl of Worcester, and convicted of treason.

2/26/1462, John beheaded, and Elizabeth imprisoned.


5/28/1462, Elizabeth granted her freedom.

1471, Most of the family estates granted to Richard, Duke of Gloucester [later King Richard III.]

By 12/1472, Elizabeth lived at the nunnery at Stratford le Bow. From there Elizabeth was taken by the Duke of Gloucester to Stepney, and from there to Walbroke.

1/1473, Under duress, Elizabeth conveyed lands [28 manors] to Richard, Duke of Gloucester. (S) The Last Days of Elizabeth Coutness of Oxford, The English Historical Review, 1988.

3/21/1473, Elizabeth countess of Oxford, to the king. Bond in £3000 payable at Easter next or levied etc. in London and elsewhere. (S) CCRs. [Condition, that if the aforesaid countess appear personally daily before the king in Council at Easter next, wherever he may be, and within three days after due warning given to her by the king, to answer certain matters pending against her, until she be dismissed from the council.]

1473, Elizabeth was returned to the nunnery.

1475, Elizabeth, Lady Scales, died at Stratford Nunnery; buried at Austin Friars in London.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P860. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995. (S) CPRs.

Children of John and Elizabeth: [5 sons, 3 daughters]

i. John de Vere, born 1442 in England.

1462, John appointed Lord Great Chamberlain.

John married Margaret Neville, d/o Richard, earl of Salisbury & Alice de Montagu, sister of Richard, “the Kingmaker”.

1464, John, 13th Earl of Oxford by King Edward IV.

1469, John arrested for plotting against the King, then pardoned, and fled to exile in France.

1470, with the return of Henry IV, John appointed Constable of England.

4/14/1471, John a commander at the battle of Barnet; where his brother-in-law, earl of Warwick died, after which he fled to Scotland, then France. With the aid of King Louis IX, John became a pirate against the English.

1474, John imprisoned in the fortress of Hammes, near Calais.

1484, John escaped and went to the court of exiled Henry Tudor [VII].

8/22/1485, John commanded the center at the battle of Bosworth, a Lancastrian victory where King Richard III was killed.

1485, John appointed Lord High Admiral and Constable of the Tower.

1486, The conveyances made to Richard III by John’s mother were anulled by parliament.

6/16/1487, John commanded the center at the battle of Stoke Field.

6/17/1497, John a commander at the battle of Blackheath [aka battle of Deptford Bridge.]

3/10/1315, John died; his nephew John de Vere his heir [s/o Sir George de Vere & Margaret Stafford].

ii. Jane de Vere (475353), born ~1445 in England.

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