Monday, December 6, 2010

G20: 950712

950712. Lord Richard Fiennes & 950713. Joan Dacre

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~1425, Richard “Fenys” born in England, s/o 1901424. Sir Roger Fiennes & 1901425. Elizabeth Holand.

1433, Joan born in England, coheir & d/o 1901426. Thomas Dacre & 1901427. Elizabeth Bowet.

6/1446, Richard married Joan.

1448, … to Thomas Dacre and Elizabeth for life, then (a) the advowsons, the manors in Norfolk and Northales, Cove and Bewflory to remain to Richard Fenys, esquire, and Joan his wife, one of their daughters, and heirs of body of Joan, … (S) Feet of Fines for the County of Sussex: V3: 1916.

7/25/1450, John Brykenden of Ashburnham husbandman, James Tysehurst of Ashburnham Yeoman and Thomas Colyn of ashburnham labourer, entered Richard’s close and buildings at Ewhurst, consumed £40worth of crops and threatened his tenants.

2/9/1452, Commission … the king’s adversary of France is about to come in person with a great army … to find out who will contribute to the execution of the king’s purpose at his own costs … to John, earl of Arundel, John, earl of Worcester, … Richard Fenys, Thomas Hoo, … in Surrey and Sussex. (S) CPRs.

10/20/1452, “… Surrey … Endorsement: Richard Fiennes {Fenys}, Sheriff, …”. (S) UKNA.

Aft. 11/8/1452, Richard knighted.

Bef. 1458, Joan heir to her sister Philippe, wife of Sir Robert Fiennes.

1/15/1458, the death of Thomas, 6th Lord Dacre, Richard heir. Humphrey, a younger son of Thomas contested the award.

11/7/1458, Richard declared a baron in right of his wife by patent of King Henry VI. Joan inherited about 60 manors.

1459-1482, Richard summoned to parliament.

1459, Joan age 26.

1460, “… John Neville, of Middleham, knight; …; Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England; …; Richard Fenys of Herstmonceux, knight; …” (S) UKNA.

1460-65, “Richard Fenys, knt., Lord Dacre, and Joan his wife, daughter of Thomas Dacre, knt., and Elizabeth his wife. v. John Heydon …”. (S) UKNA.

7/10/1460, Richard fought at the battle of Northampton, a Yorkist victory, for the earls of Warwick and March. Yorkist forces numbering over 20,000 faced a smaller royal army with their backs against the river Nene. The battle lasted less than an hour. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI was captured.

2/17/1461. Richard, a Yorkist, fought at the 2nd battle of St. Albans. In a snow storm, half the Yorkist forces were killed. King Henry VI was left sitting under a tree for the Lancastrian forces. Warwick and the Duke of Norfolk escaped.

3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir.

3/29/1461, Richard a commander of Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage, began the battle of Towton, Yorkshire. In 6 hours thousands fell to the sword, lance, and spear. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995, P279.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

7/30/1462, Commission to … Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, … to levy sums of money … and to find able watchmen … (S) CPRs.

Aft. 9/1464, Richard, Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, wife of Edward IV; and Sheriff of Sussex.

10/13/1470, Henry VI restored to the throne.

10/27/1470, Commission to the king’s kinsmen George, duke of Clarnece, and Richard, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, Hugh Courtenay, knight, John Arundel, knight, … to enquire into felonies, … Cornwall … Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, John Fenys, knight, …” (S) UKNA.

4/11/1471, Edward IV entered London and took King Henry prisoner.

4/14/1471, Richard fought at the battle of Barnet fighting for Edward IV. A heavy fog limited visibility. A combined total of 1000 knights died. Both handguns [relatively new] and cannon were used during the fight.

5/4/1471, Richard fought at the battle of Tewkesbury, a Yorkist victory. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked and the Lancastrians were routed.

1473, Richard awarded the title Baron Dacre by King Edward.

2/8/1473, “Humphrey Dacre, who was convicted and of high treason in the parliament … later pardoned, … asks that the acts attainting them might be considered null and void … Thomas, Lord Dacre, father of petitioner; …; Ralph, Earl of Westmorland, father of Philippa Dacre; Richard Fenys, Lord Dacre, knight; Joan, wife of Richard Fenys; …” (S) UKNA.

1473, Joan’s uncle Sir Randolph Dacre had his attainder reversed, giving Joan additional lands.

4/8/1475, “… the said Richard Fenys, Knight, in right of the said Johane his wife, and the heires of her bodie lawfullie begotten, be repute, had, named and called the Lord Dacre, … keepe, have, and use the same seat and place in everie of Our Parliaments, as the said Thomas Dacre, Knight, late Lord Dacre, had used and kept.” [The Thomas Dacre being referred to is the grandfather.] (S) Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, V5, P320.

1475, Richard, Privy Councillor to the Queen.

1477-1483, Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, on commissions for peace in Sussex. (S) Calendar of Patent Rolls.

10/24/1478, “Letter of attorney … By James Hawte, … to Sir Thomas Grey, knight, Marquis of Dorset; Sir Anthony Wydvyle, knight, Lord Rivers; Sir William Hastings, knight, Lord Hastings; Sir Richard Fynys [Fiennes] knight, Lord Dacre; Sir Walter Devereux, knight, Lord Ferrers; …”. (S) UKNA.

1482, Richard, Baron Dacre, summoned to parliament.

11/25/1483, Richard died, leaving his grandson Thomas as heir.

3/8/1485, Joan died, leaving her grandson Thomas as heir.

(S) UKNA. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P731.

Children of Richard and Joan: [5 sons, 1 daughter]

i. John Fiennes (475356), born 1447 in England.

ii. Sir Thomas Fiennes, born ? in England.
Thomas marrie Anned Urswick, widow of John Doreward.
1480, Thomas sheriff of Sussex. (S) UKNA.
1485, Sir Thomas, Lord Dacre, fought at the battle of Bosworth for the Yorkists.
2/8/1525, Thomas died.

iii. Elizabeth Fiennes, born ? in England.
Elizabeth married John, 6th Lord Clinton.

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