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Monday, December 6, 2010

Baron Richard Fiennes & Dame Joan Dacre

950712. Baron Richard Fiennes & 950713. Dame Joan Dacre

~1425, Richard Fenys born in England, s/o 1901424. Sir Roger Fiennes & 1901425. Elizabeth Holand.

1433, Joan born in England, coheir & d/o 1901426. Thomas Dacre & 1901427. Elizabeth Bowet.

6/1446, Richard married Joan. [The marriage arranged by his father. Richard’s younger brother Robert married to Joan’s sister Philippe.]

4/1448, Fine between Thomas Hoo the younger ... querents, and Thomas Dacre, knt., and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants, ... manors and advowsons, ... to ... Thomas and Elizabeth for life. With remainder ... to Robert Fenys and Philippa his wife ... remainder to in default to Richard Fenys and Joan his wife ... (S) IPM of Joan, late the wife of Richard Fenys de Dacre, Knt., 10/23/1486.

Bef. 11/18/1449, Richard’s father died.

7/25/1450, John Brykenden of Ashburnham husbandman, ..., entered Richard’s close and buildings at Ewhurst, consumed £40 worth of crops and threatened his tenants.

2/9/1452, Commission … the king’s adversary of France is about to come in person with a great army … to find out who will contribute to the execution of the king’s purpose at his own costs … to John, earl of Arundel, John, earl of Worcester, … Richard Fenys, Thomas Hoo, … in Surrey and Sussex. (S) CPRs.

10/20/1452, “… Surrey … Endorsement: Richard Fiennes {Fenys}, Sheriff, …”. (S) UKNA.

1452, Richard, High Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex. (S) UKNA.

Aft. 11/8/1452, Richard knighted.

Bef. 1/5/1457, Thomas, father of Joan, died before his father, Thomas, 6th Lord Dacre.

Bef. 1458, Joan heir to her sister Philippe, wife of Sir Robert Fiennes.

1/15/1458, The death of Thomas, 6th Lord Dacre, Richard heir. Humphrey, a younger son of Thomas, 6th Lord Dacre, contested the award.

11/7/1458, Richard declared Baron Dacre of the South in right of his wife by patent of King Henry VI. Joan inherited about 60 manors. (S) UKNA, Danny Archives.

1459-1482, Richard summoned to parliament as Baron Dacre.

1459, Joan age 26.

1460, “… John Neville, of Middleham, knight; …; Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England; …; Richard Fenys of Herstmonceux, knight; …” (S) UKNA.

1460-65, “Richard Fenys, knt., Lord Dacre, and Joan his wife, daughter of Thomas Dacre, knt., and Elizabeth his wife. v. John Heydon …”. (S) UKNA.

7/10/1460, Richard fought at the battle of Northampton, a Yorkist victory, for the earls of Warwick and March. Yorkist forces numbering over 20,000 faced a smaller royal army with their backs against the river Nene. The battle lasted less than an hour. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI was captured.

2/17/1461. Richard, a Yorkist, fought at the 2nd battle of St. Albans. In a snow storm, half the Yorkist forces were killed. King Henry VI was left sitting under a tree for the Lancastrian forces. Warwick and the Duke of Norfolk escaped.

3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir.

3/29/1461, Richard a commander of Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage, began the battle of Towton, Yorkshire. In 6 hours thousands fell to the sword, lance, and spear. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995, P279.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

11/18/1461, Richard Quatmayns, esquire, ..., querents, and Richard Fenys, knight, and Joan, his wife, deforciants. The manor of Ascote. Richard Quatmayns, ... have given them 200 pounds sterling. (S) Feet of Fines, Oxfordshire.

7/30/1462, Commission to … Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, … to levy sums of money … and to find able watchmen … (S) CPRs.

Aft. 9/1464, Richard, Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, wife of Edward IV; and Sheriff of Sussex.

1465, Sir Richard Fenys received £6 13s 4d as Steward of the Castle Lordship and Rape of Pevensey. (S) Household of Queen Elizabeth Woodville, Myers,

10/13/1466, Richard. Fenys, kt., and wife Joan (heiress of Thomas Dacre, kt., deceased) granting manors [named] in Cumberland, Westmoreland, Lincolnshire, and Lancashire which had been taken into the King's hand at the attainder of the said Thomas. Dacre, kt., deceased. (S) Essex Records Office, D/DL F161.

10/13/1470, Henry VI restored to the throne.

10/27/1470, Commission to the king’s kinsmen George, duke of Clarence, and Richard, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, Hugh Courtenay, knight, John Arundel, knight, … to enquire into felonies, … Cornwall … Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, John Fenys, knight, …” (S) UKNA.

4/11/1471, Edward IV entered London and took King Henry prisoner.

4/14/1471, Richard fought at the battle of Barnet fighting for Edward IV. Kind Edward IV defeated and killed Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, “the Kingmaker.” A heavy fog limited visibility. A combined total of 1000 knights died. Both handguns [relatively new] and cannon were used during the fight.

5/4/1471, Richard fought at the battle of Tewkesbury, a Yorkist victory. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked and the Lancastrians were routed.

2/8/1473, “Humphrey Dacre, who was convicted and of high treason in the parliament … later pardoned, … asks that the acts attainting them might be considered null and void … Thomas, Lord Dacre, father of petitioner; …; Ralph, Earl of Westmorland, father of Philippa Dacre; Richard Fenys, Lord Dacre, knight; Joan, wife of Richard Fenys; …” (S) UKNA.

1473, Richard awarded the title Baron Dacre of the South by King Edward, Joan’s uncle Humphrey received most of the estates. [This effectively made Joan the “Baroness” of the family.] (S) UKNA, Danny Archives.

1473, Joan’s uncle Sir Randolph Dacre had his attainder reversed, giving Joan additional lands.

4/8/1475, “… the said Richard Fenys, Knight, in right of the said Johane his wife, and the heires of her bodie lawfullie begotten, be repute, had, named and called the Lord Dacre, … keepe, have, and use the same seat and place in everie of Our Parliaments, as the said Thomas Dacre, Knight, late Lord Dacre, had used and kept.” [The Thomas Dacre being referred to is the grandfather.] (S) Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, V5, P320.

1475, Richard, Privy Councillor to the Queen.

1477-1483, Richard Fenys of Dacre, knight, on commissions for peace in Sussex. (S) CPRs.

10/24/1478, “Letter of attorney … By James Hawte, … to Sir Thomas Grey, knight, Marquis of Dorset; Sir Anthony Wydvyle, knight, Lord Rivers; Sir William Hastings, knight, Lord Hastings; Sir Richard Fynys [Fiennes] knight, Lord Dacre; Sir Walter Devereux, knight, Lord Ferrers; …”. (S) UKNA.

1482, Richard, Baron Dacre, summoned to parliament.

6/26/1483, Richard III succeeded Edward V as King of England.

11/25/1483, Richard died, leaving his grandson Thomas as heir.

11/4/1484, IPM of Richard Fenys in Sussex.


1484, Grant to Joan Fenys, lady Dacre, Richard Fenys esq. and Thomas Oxenbrigge, gent. of the custody of all the landed properties of Richard Fenys, kt., late lord Dacre. (S) CPRs.

8/22/1485, Henry VII succeeded Richard III as King of England.

10/13/1485, Joan wrote her will: My body to be buried in the quire of All Saints at Hurstmonceaux, between the high altar and the tomb of Sir Richard Fynes, Knight, my late husband; to Thomas son of Sir John Fynes, Knight, ... To Edward Fynes, brother of the said Thomas ... to Elizabeth Lady Clinton, and Thomas Fynes, my son and daughter, all my chattels. I appoint my sons Thomas and William Fynes, and Thomas Oxenbridge, my executors. (S) Testamenta Vetusta, Nicholas, 1826, P390.

2/13/1485, IPM of Richard Fenys, knight, Lord Dacre. He was seised of the under-mentioned manor and lands &c., and died 25 November, 1 Richard III. Thomas Fenys, aged 14 years and more, is his kinsman and heir, to wit, son of John Fenys, knight, his son. Kent: Manor or lordship of Codeham, with all the lands &c. pertaining thereto, worth 20 marks, held of the king in chief by knight-service. (S) CIsPM.

3/8/1486, Joan died, leaving her grandson Thomas as heir.

10/23/1486, IPM of Joan, late the wife of Richard Fenys de Dacre, Knt, widow. [See 4/1448 record.] Her heir, her grandson Thomas, age 16.

(S) UKNA. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P731. (S) GBPRO, Roll Series, 1877, P109.

Children of Richard and Joan: [5 sons, 1 daughter]

i. John Fiennes (475356), born 1447 in England.

ii. Sir Thomas Fiennes, born ? in England.

Thomas marrie Anned Urswick, widow of John Doreward.

1480, Thomas sheriff of Sussex. (S) UKNA.

1485, Sir Thomas, Lord Dacre, fought at the battle of Bosworth for the Yorkists.

2/8/1525, Thomas died.

iii. Elizabeth Fiennes, born ? in England.

Elizabeth married John, 6th Lord Clinton.

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