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Monday, April 18, 2011

Lord Adam Banastre & Margaret Holand

5909930. Lord Adam Banastre & 5909931. Margaret Holand

~1275, Adam born in England, s/o §§Thomas Banastre & Joan ? s/o §§Thomas Banastre & Hawise de Bethune, d/o §§Thomas de Bethune. (S) Rcds. Relating to the Barony of Kendal, V2, 1924, Farleton.

~1285, Margaret born in England, d/o 11819862. Robert de Holand & 11819863. Elizabeth de Samlesbury.

Aft. 1299, Adam’s father died.

[––Margaret & John––]

Margaret 1st married Sir John de Blackburn of Wiswell.

2/25/1301, “…  Witn. Robert de Lathum, William de Dacre, knights, …, Adam Banastre, …” (S) UKNA.

6/25/1303 at York, Between Robert de Shireburn, plaintiff, and Joan, formerly the wife of Thomas Banastre, deforciant of the manor of Little Syngelton, and 4 messuages, 1 mill, 16 oxgangs, and 116 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, and 20 acres of wood, in Thornton, Broghton, Dilleworth, and Billesburgh … to hold for her life … remainder to William Banastre and the heirs male of his body, to hold as aforesaid; remainder to Adam, brother of William, and the heirs male of his body; remainder to the right heirs of Joan … (S) Final Concords for Lancashire, Pt1, 1899, no.125.

Aft. 1303, Adam’s mother died.

[––Margaret & Robert––]

Margaret married 2nd Robert de Hepwell.

1304, Robert died. [No children.]

 [––Adam & Margaret––]

~1305, Adam married Margaret.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

1307-8, Sir Adam Banastre gave Sir William Banastre, his brother, a rent of £16 11s. 6½d. from his manors, &c., of Broughton, Salefield, Heath Charnock, Adlington, Duxbury and Shevington. (S) Bretherton, A Hist. of the Co. of Lancaster, V6, 1911.

5/28/1310, “Quitclaim: Roger of Shutilesworth … -- homage due to Adam Banastre, lord of the fee, for his properties in Shevynton -- Given at Wigan.” (S) UKNA.

3/16/1310 at London, King Edward agreed “of his free will” [historically known to be “under duress”] to the formation of the Lords Ordainer, a group of 8 earls  11 bishops, and 13 barons, during the period of their authority, lasting 1 year from 29 September 1310. The Ordainers were to have full powers to reform the states both of the kingdom and of the king's household. (S) Parliament Rolls, 2005, Edward II. [The earls of Lancaster and Lincoln were Ordainers.]

1311, Adam Banastre, holding of the Earl of Lincoln a ploughland in Aighton.

2/1312, The Ordainer barons revolted, including Earl Humphrey de Bohun.

1312, Adam Banastre alone was defendant to a claim for a messuage and land put forward by Henry son of Robert Atte Hall of Aighton.

6/19/1312, Piers Gaveston, sometime Earl of Cornwall, King Edward’s favorite, was executed at Blacklow Hill, Warwickshire, by the earls of Lancaster, Hereford and Arundel. [The law of unintended consequences. 7 Earls would be executed in a short 18 year span  – the last English earl having been executed 236 years before.]

1313-14, The manor of Aightong held by  Adam Banastre, Margaret then his wife, and Denise widow of Ralph de Mitton.

4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices.

10/8/1315, The supporters of Sir Adam Banastre met at Wingates, Westhoughton, and took an oath to live and die together. Their first objective was to capture Adam Radcliffe and his brothers; but the party sent on this particular mission murdered Sir Henry de Bury in the process.

10/22/1315, Adam’s followers assembled again at Charnock Richard and set off for Wigan, calling at Standish Church on the way to pick up additional supporters. The group spent that night in Wigan commandeering food for their use. A raiding party was despatched to Clitheroe where they captured the castle and 40 lances. Meanwhile the main force set off for Liverpool, via Knowsley.

10/25/1315, Adam’s followers attacked Liverpool castle without success.

10/27/1315, Adam’s followers attacked Halton Castle situated near the River Mersey by lighting fires at the gates; and a further 50 haketons with 100 lances and 100 basinets were captured.

10/31/1315, Sir Adams forces had reached Manchester where they claimed that what they were doing was in the King’s name.

11/4/1315, Adam’s army reached Preston where they quickly overcame a small force sent to halt them; killing Sir Walter le Vavasour in the exchange. Reinforcements arrived, a large contingent of about 300 men, acting for the Earl of Lancaster. The forces were led by Sir Edmund de Nevill of Middleton, Sir William Dacre, and Sir John (5909928) and Sir Nicholas de Harrington. After a short battle lasting less than one hour Sir Adam’s troops were completely overrun and put to flight.

11/12/1315, Commission of oyer and terminer to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Edmund, earl of Arundel, Fulk le Estraunge … on information that Adam Banastre and many others of the county of Lancaster, … commit homicides, arsons, larcenies and other crimes daily … (S) CPRs.

11/1315, Adam, captured at Charnock Richard, beheaded at Leyland Moor, Lancashire, for treason by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and his favourite Sir Robert Holland. [Brother of Margaret.]


1321, Margaret widow of William de Winkley and of Robert Atte Hall claimed a messuage, &c., against Margaret widow of Adam Banastre.

1323, William de Marclan had held two messuages and two acres of land and half an acre of meadow in Wigan of the rector by the service of 12d. yearly, and other lands in Shevington of Margaret Banastre. (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V4, 1911, Wigan.

1324-24, Richard son of Henry de Clitheroe claimed common of turbary in Aighton against Margaret widow of Adam Banastre.

1325, Roger de Kuerden released the land to Margaret Banastre. (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V6, 1911, Cuerden.

1327, Robert de Clitheroe complained that Margaret widow of Adam Banastre had impounded his plough cattle.

1329, Henry de Ferrers claimed the manors of Bolton and Chorley, with exceptions, against Robert son of Robert de Heppehale, and Margaret, late wife of Adam Banastre. (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V5, 1911, Great Bolton.

1329, Margaret settled the manor of Aighton on her children.

1347, Margaret in possession of Aighton [for life], but her 4 daughters had succeeded.

7/1352, John son of Hugh de Hacking claimed 2 messuages, &c., in Aighton … called the representatives of Margaret Banastre to warrant him.

9/1354, Sir William de Ferrers claimed the manors of Bolton and Chorley, with exceptions, against certain persons including Margaret Banastre. (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V5, 1911, Great Bolton. [William made a claim the previous July against her daughter and son-in-law.]

By 1355, Margaret died. [Margaret’s heirs holding Aighton manor.]

(S) Hist. of Lancaster, V7, 1912, Mitton. (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V6, 1911, Chorley.

Family notes:

·         Margaret, sister of Robert de Holand, held the manor of Bolton, Lancaster, previously held by William de Ferrers, brother of Robert de Ferrers (d.1287). (S) Hist. of Lancaster, V5, 1911, Great Bolton. [She had 4 daughters, each receiving a 4th of Bolton.]

(S) Ancestry of John Barber White and His Descendants, White, 1913, P109.

Family notes:

·         1278, Thomas de Banastre the bailiff of William de Ferrers. [Note Ferrers in suits with Banastres.]

·         11/16/1299, Thomas Banastre with Henry de Craystok, clerk to assemble 2,000 men in co. Lancaster and to bring them to him at Newcastle-on-Tyne. (S) CPRs.

·         10/24/1317, Thomas Banastre in the king's prison at Lancastre for the death of Henry de Bury. [Henry de Bury was killed in Adam’s uprising. Thomas’ realtionship to Adam unknown.]

Children of Adam and ?:

i. John Banastre, born ? in England.

6/5/1306, Between John, son of Richard Banastre, plaintif … remainder to William, son of John, son of Richard Banastre, and the heirs of his body, to hold as aforesaid; like remainder to John, son of Adam Banastre, and the heirs of his body, with remainder to the said Richard and his heirs. (S) Final Concords for Lancashire, Pt1, 1899, no.144.

ii. William Banastre, born ? in England.

6/4/1307, John, son of Thomas de Assheton, plaintiff, … like remainder to William, son of Adam Banastre, and the heirs of his body … (S) Final Concords for Lancashire, Pt1, 1899, no.152.

Children of John and Margaret:

i. Alice de Banastre, born ~1300 in England.

Alice married Sir Robert de Shireburne. [Her 4th stayed in the family until 1632.]

1342, Robert died.

1353, Alice  granted to Sir John Tempest and Katherine his wife the crops growing on certain of her lands.

ii. Agnes de Banastre, born ? in England.

Agnes married twice [No children.]

1336, Agnes settled her 4th on the children of her sister Katherine [eldest son Robert.]

iii. Joan de Banastre, born ? in England.

Joan married Sir Thomas de Arden. [~1360 her 4th went to Sir William de Ferrers.]

Child of Adam and Margaret:

i. Katherine Banastre (2954965), born ~1310 in England.

[Katherine’s 4th descended in her line until 1574.]

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