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Monday, May 9, 2011

Baron James de Audley & Joan de Mortimer

5910466. Baron James de Audley & 5910467. Joan de Mortimer

12/2/1313, James born in Kneesal, Nottinghamshire, England, heir & s/o 11820932. Sir Nicholas de Audley & 11820933. Joan Martin. [Kneesal a dower right of his mother.]

1/7/1314, James baptized, his cousin James de Audeley his godfather.

~1314, Joan born in England, d/o 1249358. Earl Roger de Mortimer & 1249359. Joan de Geneville.

11/28/1316, James’ father died.

12/9/1316, Grant to Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemore, king’s kinsman, for his service in Ireland, of the marriage of the son and heir of Nicholas de Audele, tenant in chief, a minor in the king’s custody. (S) CPRs.

1322, James heir to his great uncle, Sir John Giffard, 2nd Lord Giffard.

1322, James’ mother died.

3/8/1321, Writ from Edward II to Henry Lescrop and his colleagues, justices … James [Daudeleye (Audley)], son and heir of Nicholas Daudeleye; Nicholas Daudeleye (Audley); (S) UKNA.

4/1/1324, Safe conduct … sheriff of Southampton, appointed to conduct Joan, wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wigemore, [to the castle of Skipton in Cravene, co. York] … Joan the daughter to the priory of Semplyngham, co. Lincoln, …. (S) CPRs.

1325, James’s wardship had been given to Ranolph de Camoys

1326, James coheir to his uncle William Martin, inheriting the barony of Barnstaple, Devon, and the castle and lordship of Newport, Pembrokeshire.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

2/12/1327, IPM of John Giffard, otherwise John de Brymmesfeld. Gloucester: … John son of Fulk le Straunge and of Eleanor (5910053) his wife, sister of the said John Giffard, and James son of Nicholas de Audeleye, son of Katherine (23641865), another sister of the said John Giffard, are his next heirs; and the said John le Straunge (2955026) was aged 19 years at Christmas last, and James de Audeleye (5910466) aged 14 years at Michaelmas last. (S) CIsPM. [1322, John hanged for treason at Gloucester.]

[––James & Joan––]

5/1328 at Hereford, James married to Joan in a double ceremony, with Beatrice Mortimer marrying Edward de Brotherton, a grandson of Edward I. Queen Isabella and her son Edward III were present. [Note that James and King Edward III were of the same age and likely close friends.]

1328, Writ of certiorari for IPM of John Giffard of Brymesfeld. [See2/12/1327] John Lestrange was 21 years old at Christmas then last past, and the said James was 14 years old at Michaelmas then last past… (S) CIsPM.

6/13/1330, Grant to James Daudele and Joan his wife, in fee tail, with remainder, … surrendered by the said James to the king, namely, the castles of Helegh, Rougechastel and Lannendevery, the manors [13 listed] … a moiety … and houses and rents without Aldregate, London, with knights’ fee, advowsons and other appurtenances. (S) CPRs.

1330-31, James, son of Nicholas Daudele, who is under age, states that the king delivered his wardship to Roger de Mortimer, formerly Earl of March, who took him to Chancery and made him make a recognisance to him for 10,000 marks. Because of Roger's forfeiture, the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer are having this sum levied from his lands and chattels. He requests a writ to the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer to discharge him of this sum, as he was under age when he made the recognizance. (S) UKNA.

7/19/1333, James with Edward III at battle of Hallidon Hill in Scotland. A small rise of 600 ft. 2 miles to the north-west of Berwick, Northumberland. Scots under Sir Archibald Douglas defeated by forces of Edward III.

2/6/1335, Proof of age of James, son and heir of Nicholas de Audeleye. Nottingham: Joland de Nevile, knight, aged 60 years and more, says that the said James was born at Knesale, co. Nottingham, and was baptized in the church there, and that he was 21 years of age on Monday next after the Circumcision last, and Sir James de Audeleye, kinsman of the said James, together with John de Crumbewell and Agnes de Mosters, lifted him from the sacred font in the church of All Saints, Knesale; … (S) CIsPM.

9/12/1335 at Edinburgh, Whereas James Daudele during nonage … in the custody of Roger de Mortuo Mari, late earl of March … made a recognizance of 10,000 marks … the king in consideration of the premises and also of his great and costly labours in his company in the war of Scotland, has pardoned the said 10,000 marks. (S) CPRs.

11/17/1335, James Daudele granted a fair at Llandovery, Wales to be held at the manor. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1337, James Daudelegh (Audley). … requests that he can enfeoff Brocton and Egemondon with his manors of Blagdon and Torrington and that they are able to re-enfeoff Audley and his wife, … Joan [Daudelegh (Audley)], wife of James Audley. (S) UKNA.

1340, James in Scotland as Governor of Berwick and Justiciar of Edward’s lands in Scotland.

Joan died.


By 1342, James married 2nd Isabel Malbank, d/o William. (S) Notes and Queries, 1869, P44.

1343, James heir to his aunt Eleanor Martin, widow of Philip de Columbers, to the barony of Barnstaple.

1343, James went overseas on the King’s affairs with his cousin the younger Hugh, Earl of Gloucester.

10/21/1345, The battle of Auberoche, France, commanded by Henry Grosmont, earl of Derby. The successful attack was launched as the French were having their evening meal. Derby used this opportunity to seize more towns in the region including Montségur, and to conduct successful sieges against La Réole and Aiguillon.

1345, An account of the wages of the men-at-arms and others in the retinue of James de Audley with Henry, Earl of Derby, in Guienne and Gascony. The account is for 197 days, from April 26, when they started from Iord Audley’s castle of Helegh, co. Stafford, until the last day of November following, each knight receiving 2s. per diem, each squire Is., and each mounted archer 6d. In the list of squires occur the names of John de Swynerton and John de Whitmore, with those of other tenants round Newcastle, … ; and the evidence shows that they returned in safety to Staffordshire, where they received their wages of war. … James de Audley being their mesne or mediate lord. (S) Antiquary, Walford, 1896, P288.

7/12/1346, James with King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

1346, King Edward stopped at Crecy and took up defensive positions.

8/26/1346, James in the vanguard of the Black Prince at the battle of Crecy. [The next year James gaves testimony about the death of a knight of Arundel in the battle.]

8/26/1346, The battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

9/1346, James at the beginning of the siege of Calais. [Lasted until 8/1347.]

5/1347, James was, with some 30 other commanders, on the English side of the Channel looking to replace dead horses.

8/9/1347, Commission to James Daudeley, William Pypard, … under testimony of John de Stonore, chief justice … (S) CPRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

10/2/1348, James heir to his Longespee cousin, Alice de Lacy, Countess of Lancaster and Leicester.

4/23/1349, James a founding member of the Order of the Garter.

3/1350, James summoned, with a dozen of his rank, to advise the King on the safety of the country.

4/20/1353, James officially exempted from attendance at parliaments and from military service, so long as he still provided fighting men in the numbers his estates warranted, and led them himself if England was threatened. (S) CPRs.

12/31/1353, James attended a tournament with the Black Prince at Eltham.

1353-4, James de Audeleye, lord of Heighley [in Audley, co. Stafford] to The King: Quitclaim of the manor of Winkleigh: Devon. (S) UKNA.

11/20/1354, Whereas James Daudekey, knight, lord of Heleygh, indicted of some trespasses, extortions, … in the counties of Gloucester and Somerset, at Bristol submitted to the king’s grace and made fine with him by £2000 … made oath … pardoned £1000 … and because James and Nicholas, his son, have made a recognizance before him … aquits the said James and his mainpernors of the said fine of £2000. (S) CPRs.

12/2/1354, General pardon to James de Audeley of Helegh, knight. The like pardon to Nicholas son of James de Audeley of Helegh, knight.

3/1355, James attended the tournament at London hosted by the king.

9/1355, James left England from Plymouth with the Black Prince on an excursion into France.

9/26/1356, King Edward sent his son Prince Edward, the Black Prince, on a raid into the heart of France. At the battle of Poitiers, James was injured and the Black Prince came to him in the field where he was laying bleeding. The English captured King John II of France and killed 2000 French knights. (S) Journal of the British Archaeological Association, V2, 1896, P226.

11/12/1357, Commission of peace … James de Audeleye of Hele, … Devon. (S) CPRs.

10/1359, James with King Edward’s army again invaded France.

10/1359, King Edward, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.]

7/8/1360, Commission of oyer and terminer to James de Audelegh of Heylee, … (S) CPRs.

7/13/1360, Pardon, for good service done in the war in France in the company of James Daudele, to … Richard Fraunkelyn of Cherleton. (S) CPRs.

3/8/1364, Commission of peace … James de Audeleye of Hele, … Devon. (S) CPRs.

5/10/1366, Commission of peace … James de Audeleye of Helegh, … Devon. (S) CPRs.

1369, James’ famous cousin James, 10 years younger, Knight of the Garter, and close friend of the Black Prince, died of disease in Poitou.

By 1374, Isabel died.

5/15/1374, Whereas the king lately granted licence for James de Audelegh of Heleye to enfeoff certain persons of the castle and lordship of neuport in Camois, held in chief, … to regrant the same to him and Isabel, his wife … James has surrendered the same … to grant the premises to Nicholas de Audeleye and Elizabeth, his wife … (S) CPRs.

1375-6, James Daudeley (Audley) of Heleigh … Daudeley requests that right be done to him concerning the custody of the heir of Raleigh which came into his hand after the death of Raleigh who held by knight service from Daudeley in Devon and Somerset. (S) UKNA.

7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.

7/20/1377, Association of Richard Sergeaux, Thomas Peverell, … James de Audelee, Roger Lestraunge of Knokyn, … commission of array for the county of Cornwall. (S) CPRs.

8/4/1377, Lord James de Audley of Heleith summoned to the 1st parliament of Richard II.

1385, James wrote his will, his only surviving son was Nicholas: “I, James Audley, Lord of Roug Castle, make this my last will and testament in the 9th year of King Richard II, 1385. … My body to buried in the quire of my Abbey at Hilton, before the high altar, if I die in the Marches, but if I depart out of this life in Devon or Somersetshire, …” (S) Journal of the British Archaeological Association, V2, 1896, P226.

4/1/1386, James, 2nd Lord Audley died at Heleigh, Staffordshire; buried at Hulton Abbey.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P33. (S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4. (S) The Black Prince, Jones, 2018.

Family notes:

·         5/11/1390, IPM of Ralph de Basset of Drayton, knight. Devon: Loretta late countess of Leicester [no children], gave the under-mentioned manor [Toustoke] to Maud (189134935) her niece, … to Joan [recte Eve (94567467)] her daughter and heir, … to Joan (11820933) … to James Daudelee (5910466) her son and heir. (S) CIsPM.

·         11/8/1407, IPM of Fulk Fitzwaryn at Stafford: John Kynardessey by a fine of 1314–15 gave to Nicholas de Audeley (11820932), knight, and Joan Lacy (born ‘Martin’, 11820933), countess of Lincoln, his wife, the castle of Heighley, with the park, the vill of Betley, the manors of Tunstall and Horton, and 30s. rent in Over Longsdon, to hold to them and the heirs of Nicholas. They held the premises all their lives, and afterwards James Lord Audley (5910466), their son and heir, held them. He married Joan (5910467) daughter of the earl of March, and had a son Nicholas (b/o 2955233) late Lord Audley, and daughters, Joan [de Audley, (2955233)] grandmother of John Tuchet (738808), knight, now Lord Audley, and Margaret (s/o 2955233)  formerly the wife of Roger Hilary, knight. Joan (5910467) wife of James died and he married Isabel [Malbank] and had a daughter Margaret, formerly the wife of Fulk Fitzwaryn. Nicholas (b/o 2955233) the son died without heirs of his body, and so the premises descended to John Tuchet (1477616) and Margaret wife of Roger Hilary; John Tuchet (738808) as son of John, son of Joan, sister of Nicholas son of James; and Margaret (s/o 2955233) wife of Roger as the other sister of Nicholas son of James by Joan his first wife. John Tuchet and Margaret entered the premises after the death of Nicholas, and held them until Fulk Fitwaryn, as son of Fulk, son of Margaret [d/o (5910466) & Isabel Malbank) wife of Fulk Fitzwaryn, claiming to be a co-heir through Margaret his grandmother, daughter of James and Isabel, his 2nd wife, entered a third part and held by intrusion without title until he died; but he being a minor at the death of his father, the third part was taken into the hands of Richard II and remains in the present king’s hand. (S) CIsPM.

Children of James and Joan: [2 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Joan de Audley (2955233), born 1332 in England.

ii. Nicholas de Audley, born ~1334 in England.

Nicholas, 3rd Lord Audley, married Elizabeth Beaumont, d/o Earl Henry Beaumont & Alice Comyn.

7/22/1391, Nicholas died childless.

7/30/1391, IPM of Nicholas Audelegh of Helegh, knight. Somerset: … manors &c. in fee tail jointly with Elizabeth his wife, who is still living … He died on the feast of St. Mary Magdalen last without heir of his body. John son of John Tochet, aged 20 years and more, and Margaret wife of Roger Hillary, knight, aged 40 years and more, are his next heirs, the former being son of John Tochet son of Joan one of his sisters, and the latter being his other sister. London: … messuage in the parish of St. Gregory … to be sold after the death … Heirs …, John Tochet being 20 years old on the feast of St George last. Gloucester: … Hereford: … Salop: … Stafford: … Wilts: … Devon: … (S) CIsPM.

1401, Elizabeth died. (S) CCRs, 2/7/1401. “Elizabeth who was wife of Nicholas de Audeley knight at her death held”.

iii. Margaret de Audley, born ? in England.

Margaret married Sir Roger Hillary.

Children of James and Isabel: [4 sons, 1 daughter]

iii. Margaret de Audley, born ? in England.

Margaret married Fulk Fitzwaryn.

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