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Monday, May 23, 2011

Lord Henry de Percy & Lady Mary of Lancaster

15210584. Lord Henry de Percy & 15210585. Lady Mary of Lancaster

1320, Mary born in England, d/o 5909946. Henry Plantagenet & 5909947. Maud de Chaworth.

1323, Henry born in Seamer, Yorkshire, England, s/o 30422826. Henry de Percy & 30422827. Iodine de Clifford.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

[––Henry & Mary––]

1334, Henry, age 11, married to Mary, age 14, at Tutbury castle, Staffordshire,.

8/14/1334, Licence for Henry de Percy to grant to Henry his son and Mary, daughter of the king’s kinsman, Henry, earl of Lancaster, in tail male, the manors of Foston, co. Leicester, and Tadecastre and Pokelynton, co. York, … (S) CPRs.

6/24/1340, Henry fought at the sea battle of Sluys.

6/24/1340, Battle of Sluys, France. A sea battle – one of the opening conflicts of the Hundred Years' War. During the battle the French navy was devasted, giving the English fleet mastery over the channel. In a 9-hour battle the English attacked 166 French ships at their moorings.

10/1341, Henry de Percy at the siege of Nantes in Brittany. [Henry’s father was involved in the wars in Scotland.]

3/1343, Henry going abroad with the Earl of Arundel in the King’s service.

5/4/1345, John de Mowbray served with Henry de Percy on a commission of oyer and terminer about the murder of John Denton, Mayor of Newcastle.

9/22/1345, Mary’s father died; his heir Mary’s brother Henry of Grosmont, [earl of Derby and duke of Lancaster].

8/26/1346, Henry fought at the battle of Crecy.

8/26/1346, The Battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

9/4/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais. [Ended 8/1347, held by the English until 1558. Calais fell when King Philip failed to support their siege and retreated.]

1347, Henry at the siege of Calais.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

1349, Henry de Percy [the father] wrote his will leaving 1000 marks sterling to his son Henry de Percy should he wish to make an expedition in his name to the Holy Land. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., 1866, P416.

1349, Henry in Gascony under the Earl of Lancaster.

8/1350, Henry fought at the naval victory of Winchelsea over the Spanish. Using grappling hooks and bording tactics, the English destroyed most of the Spanish vessels. King Edward’s ship was sunk.

2/26/1351, Henry’s father died.

2/16/1356, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Richard Tempest, ‘chivaler,’ … convent of Salleye … for the souls of Henry de Percy, deceased, father of Henry, now lord of Percy. (S) CPRs.

3/6/1351, IPM of Henry de Percy. … Sussex: Petteworth, Sutton, Doneketon and Heyshete. The manors … He died on 26 February, 26 Edward III. Henry his son, aged 30 years, is his heir. … York: … gave them to Henry de Percy the younger and Mary his wife … [very long list in multiple counties] (S) CIsPM.

9/6/1357, Henry, Lord Percy and Ralph, Lord Neville, appointed as representatives of the Black Prince to a treaty between his father the King and the nobles of Scotland. (S) Britannia Biographies.

10/1359, King Edward, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.] Henry a banneret, paid 4s a day, with 12 knights, paid 2s a day, 56 esquires, paid 1 s a day, and 70 mounted archers, paid 6d a day. (S) History of the Famiyl of Wrottesley, V1, 1903, P130.

9/1/1362, Mary died; buried at Alnwick, Northumberland.

[––Henry––]

2/1/1363, Licence, at the request of Henry de Percy, for Richard Tempest, knight, … perpetual chantry … (S) CPRs.

2/3/1363, Whereas the walls of the castle of Berwick on Tweed  are in need of repair … the king has appointed Henry de Percy, keeper, … (S) CPRs.

12/28/1363, Commission to Henry de Percy, Ralph de Nevill, … to make inquisition in the county of Northumberland … (S) CPRs.

3/8/1364, Commission of peace … Henry de Percy [named in multiple areas] … (S) CPRs.

1/20/1365, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Henry de Percy to the prior and convent of Neuburgh … (S) CPRs.

By 5/1365, Henry married 2nd Joan de Orreby. [1 daughter - Mary]

8/24/1365, Henry’s mother died.

9/1365, IPM of Idonia late the wife of Henry de Percy. York: [manors] Lekngfeld, Semer, Nafferton, Catton, Bouyngton, Kyrkelevyngton, Clethop, Gikeleswik, … Henry de Percy, knight, aged 40 years and more, son of Henry de Percy and herself, is her heir. (S) CIsPM.

4/1366, Henry invested as a Knight of the Garter.

12/28/1366, Whereas Henry de Percy ‘le piere’ by charter, lately enfeoffed William de Neuport … with remainder to Henry, his son, in fee ; … Cletop, … which Idonia, the grantor’s grandmother, held in dower … should remain to the said Henry son of Henry, in fee, … Henry, after receiving the attornment of Idonia, re-granted the remainder to the said Henry ‘le piere’ for life, and Idonia attorned to him, … (S) CPRs.

5/4/1367, Commission of oyer … on complaint by Henry de Percy, the elder, … entered his free chace at Routhbery, co. Northumberland, … (S) CPRs.

5/18/1368, Henry, 3rd Lord Percy died; buried with Mary.

[––Joan––]

10/22/1369, IPM of Joan late the wife of Henry de Percy, ‘le piere.’ [multiple counties] Lincoln: … Mary, daughter of the deceased and the said Henry de Percy, aged 2 years and more, is her heir. London: … The present Henry de Percy, aged 26 years, is son and heir of her said husband, and the reversion belongs to him. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P652.

Children of Henry and Mary:

i. Henry de Percy (7605292), born 11/10/1341 in England.

ii. Thomas de Percy, born ~1343 in England.

Thomas, 1st Earl of Worcester.

1403, never married, Thomas beheaded after the battle of Shrewsbury.

7/25/1403, Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to receive the head of Thomas de Percy, earl of Worchster, who lately rose in insurrection, and place it on the bridge of the city to stay there as long as it will last. (S) CPRs.

Child of Henry and Joan:

i. Mary de Percy, born 1367 in England.


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