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Thursday, June 9, 2011

Lord Robert Bourchier & Margaret Prayers

7605728. Lord Robert Bourchier & 7605729. Margaret Prayers

~1300, Robert de Burghcher born in England, s/o 15211456. John de Bourchier & 15211457. Helen de Colchester.

~1305, Margaret born in England, heir & d/o 15211458. Sir Thomas Prayers & 15211459. Anne de Essex.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1328, Robert heir to his father.

1329, Robert a Knight of the Shire for Essex in parliament.

1330, Robert granted free warren for his 21 lordships in Essex.

1330, Robert a Knight of the Shire for Essex in parliament.

1332, Robert a Knight of the Shire for Essex in parliament.

1336, Robert granted a license for a park at Halstead.

1337, Robert with King Edward III at the battle of Cadsant, France, an attack by sea. The locals and soldiers saw them coming. The French attached the ships with archers. The English landed with battle axes, sword and lances. Wryneck, Earl of Derby, s/o Henry of Lancaster, was wounded. The English archers then decimated the French. More than 3000 French soldiers were killed.

1339, Robert a Knight of the Shire for Essex in parliament.

12/14/1340, Robert appointed Chancellor of England. [Robert, an opponent of Robert Stratford, then chancellor.]

12/17/1340, Be it remembered that on 14 December the Great Seal was delivered to Robert de Burghcher, the chancellor, … at the Tower. (S) CPRs.

12/20/1340, Grant to Robert de Burghcher, the chancellor,… charges incumbent on him … by reason of his office … of £300 yearly … and £200 towards purveyances of plate and other things necessary for the office. (S) CPRs.

1/13/1341, “Hugh del Audele (Audley), Earl of Gloucester … [Robert Bourchier], Chancellor.” (S) UKNA.

1/21/1341, Gift to Robert de Burghcher, the chancellor,… of 100£ yearly … (S) CPRs.

1/27/1341, Commission of oyer … on complaint by Robert de Bourghchier that … entered his free warren at Retyngdon, co. Essex, and hunted therein, and carried away his goods there with hares, rabbits, pheasants and partridges from his warren. (S) CPRs.

3/3/1341, Robert, chancellor, returned to London from a trip to visit the king at Norwich.

4/2/1341, Licence in mortmain for Robert de Burghcher, the chancellor, to found a college or chapelry of seculars in the town of Halstede, co. Essex, … out of the abundance of the king’s affection for the said Robert … (S) CPRs.

4/1341, Robert generated a proclamation under the Great Seal to be read in all churches charging ex-chancellor John Stratford with misappropriation of the king’s funds. Robert and the King withheld a writ of summons for John Stratford to parliament. [John showed up anyway with a train of priests.]

1341, Robert refused to sign a bill of the House of Commons to obey the Magna Carta; although he did seal it and deliver it to the Lords and Commons. [Robert suggested the King revoke the writ as soon as parliament adjourned.]

6/3/1341, Robertus Bourghchier granted the right to crennelate his house into a castle.

8/20/1341, Assignment to Robert de Burghcher, the chancellor, of £401 10s for wages for himself and 70 men-at-arms, including 2 bannerets and 18 knights, of 25 armed men and 100 archers … (S) CPRs.

10/1341, Robert dismissed as chancellor, Sir Robert Parnyng [treasurer] replacing him. (S) Syllabus (in English) of the Doc’s relating to England, 1869, P324.

10/12/1341, Grant to Robert de Burghcher of the custody of the lands late of John de Claydon, … with the marriage of the said heir. (S) CPRs.

5/8/1342, Pardon to Robert de Burghcher, knight, and John his son, for acquiring to them … from John Giffard of Bures and Eleanor his wife, … manor of Morden, co. Essex … (S) CPRs.

7/6/1343, Commission of oyer and terminer to William Scot, Ralph de Stafford, Robert de Burghcher, … (S) CPRs.

9/18/1343, Master John de Burghchier, archdeacon of Essex, acknowledges that the owes to Robert de Burghchier, knight, £600. (S) CCRs.

7/20/1344, Commission of the peace … Robert de Burghcher } Essex. (S) CPRs.

3/18/1345, Pardon to Robert de Burghcher, in consideration of his good service especially in attending continually at his own charges upon the business of the council at London after that he had been removed from the office of chancellor, of the £8 which he should render at the exchequer yearly for the custody of the lands late of John Damory, … and of the £22 which he owes to the king for the marriage of the said heir. (S) CPRs.

7/12/1346, King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/15/1346 at La Hogue, Pardon, for good service done to the king and especially at the present time in his passage to Normandy, … John Hood. By K. and testimony of Robert de Burghcher.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/26/1346, Robert fought at the battle of Crecy under the Black Prince. North of Paris, Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

1/2/1347, Pardon to Robert de Burghcher of £100 of prest money lately delivered to him for his expenses in going on the king’s service to Brittany. (S) CPRs.

8/16/1347, Licence … county of Essex … for Robert de Burghcher to bring into cultivation a road in the field of Stanstede, between land of his on either side … which leads from Halstede towards Colne … to the house of John atte Hacche … provided that he make another road on his soil for public use. (S) CPRs.

9/25/1347 at Calais, power to Ralph, baron of Stafford, Reginald de Cobham, John Darcy and Robert de Burghcher to treat with the cardinals of Naples and Clermont of peace with Philip de Valois and his allies. (S) CPRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

8/1348, Robert Bouchier, leader of the retinue of Joan, d/o Edward III, as she travelled to Castile to be married.

8/20/1348 in Bordeaux, where the plague had hit, Robert died.

(S) Irish Pedigrees, O’Hart, 1892, P55. (S) Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal, Campbell, 1847, P194.

Family notes:

·         6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349. [Usually 2-3 wills were executed in the town of Colchester, Essex, each year. In the 2 years 1349-50, 111 wills were executed.].

·         5/2/1412, Licence, for 100 marks … to found a perpetual chantry … in the church of Halsted for the souls of Robert de Bourghchier, knight, and Margaret late his wife, John de Bourghchier, knight, and Maud late his wife, Bartholomew Bourchier, knight, and Margaret and Idonia his late wives … chantry called ‘Bourchiereschantrie’ … (S) CPRs.

Children of Robert and Margaret:

i. Robert Bourchier, born ? in England.

11/1348, Robert summoned to parliament.

3/1349, Robert summoned to parliament by writ.

1349, Robert, Lord Bourchier, died of the plague; buried at Stansted.

ii. John Bourchier, born 3/12/1329 in Sible, Hedingham, Essex, England.

John, Lord Bouchier, Knight of the Garter, governor of Gaunt.

5/21/1400, John died, age 71.

iii. William Bouchier (3802864), born ~1332 in England.

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