Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: note that there may be multiple spellings from different sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
~1210, Hugh born in England, heir & s/o 19989616. Baldwin Wake & 19989617. Isabel de Briwere.
1213, Hugh’s father died.
7/27/1214, Grant to William Briwere [Hugh’s maternal grandfather] of the custody of the land and heir of Baldwin Wake with the marriage of Isabella, daughter of the same William, widow of the said Baldwin. (S) The History of the Borough of Chesterfield, Yeatman, 1890, P237.
~1215, Joan born in England, coheir & d/o 19989618. Nicholas de Stuteville & 19989619. Devorguilla of Galloway.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
11/18/1228, Hugh Wake … collecting his scutage by his hand, to be rendered at the Exchequer in the octaves of Hilary, to the sheriffs of Huntingdonshire , Northamptonshire , Buckinghamshire , Hertfordshire , Lincolnshire and Rutland. (S) Fine Rolls of Henry III.
4/30/1230 from Portsmouth, King Henry invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.
1230, Hugh fought with King Henry I in Brittany.
10/1230, Henry abandoned his invasion and returned to England. [The Earls of Pembroke, Chester and Albemarle remained with their forces and were able to prevent the French forces taking much additional territory.]
6/10/1233, Hugh Wake, nephew and one of the heirs of William Brewer junior [died bef. 2/25/1233], has made fine by 100 m. for having his portion that falls to him … the king has taken the homage of the same Hugh … £22 12s. that he owes him for his ancient debts, … Because Hugh has given the king surety by Phillip d’Aubigny and William de Percy for rendering the aforesaid debts … Hugh to have full seisin of the manor of Chesterfield with appurtenances, …
10/1233, Joan’s father died.
10/19/1233, Order to P. de Rivallis to cause Hugh Wake, who married one of the daughters and heiresses of Nicholas de Stuteville , and William de Mastac , to whom the king gave another daughter and heiress of the same Nicholas, to have full seisin of all the lands formerly of the same Nicholas.
11/8/1233, The fine of Hugh d’Aubigny for having his lands. Pledges of the said Hugh … John fitz Geoffrey for 100 m … Warin de Munchesney for 100 m. … Bertram de Criel for 20 m. … William Mauduit for 40 m. … William Bardolf for 50 m. Thomas of Moulton for 50 m. Hugh Wake for 50 m. … John de Vieuxpont for 50 m. John de Vaux for 20 m. Payn de Chaworth for 40 m. … William de Percy for 200 m. …
6/12/1233, William de Percy has made fine with the king by 500 m. for having the custody of his five daughters, certain of the heirs of William Brewer junior , …, and by Hugh Wake ….
1234-5, “Hugo Wack” claim sesin of the “manerio de Cotingeham” in a claim of “Eustachius de Estutevilla”.
6/4/1234, Because Hugh Wake and Joan, his wife, and William de Mastac , to whom the king has given the marriage of the youngest daughter and other heir of Nicholas de Stuteville , have made waste against the king’s prohibition of the woods of the manor of Cottingham , … the aforesaid Hugh, his wife, and William to be before the king wherever he will be in the octaves of Trinity to hear his judgement … against Eustace de Stuteville. [Judgement in favor of Eustace, who had paid £1000 for seisin.]
9/2/1234, Prohibition … tournament at Northamption … to go to … or any other … W. Longespe. … Ralph de Touny. Philip Basset. … Hugh Wake. John de Grey. Richard de Grey. (S) CPRs.
1235-6, Peter Danesy held half a knight's fee in Rutland of the barony of Hugh Wake. (S) Cottesmore with Barrow, A History of the County of Rutland, V2, 1935.
7/26/1236, Fines and amercements before W. Raleigh . Yorkshire. From Hugh Wake , for the same with Dervorguilla, who was the wife of Nicholas de Stuteville , 1 m.
12/18/1239, Fine of Walter son of Robert. Pledges for this fine. William Longespée for 60 m. Hugh Wake for 40 m. ….
1240, Confirmation with warranty from Hugh Wak to Stephen de Segrave of all that land which he has in Bringelawe by the gift of Robert de Stutevill with all its appurtenances, to hold for the service of one knight’s fee. (S) UKNA.
6/10/1240, Richard of Cornwall, younger brother of King Henry, led English knights off on the 6th crusade.
10/8/1240, The English arrived at Acre; fighting no battles, but managing to negotiate for the release of prisoners, and the burial of Crusaders killed at a battle in Gaza in 1239. They also helped the Duke of Burgandy rebuild the defenses at Ascalon, and secured Jerusalem for the Church.
1241, Hugh died in Jerusalem.
11/2/1241, Joan, wife of Hugh Wake, has made fine with the king by £100 for having her seisin of the lands formerly of Eustace de Stuteville, her cousin, which fall to her by hereditary right. Because Joan has given the king surety for £50 of the aforesaid £100 for her relief, … , order to cause Joan … to have full seisin of all lands and tenements …. [Similar writ on same date for castle of Liddel.]
By 12/18/1241, News of Hugh’s death reached England [Order to the sheriff of Nottinghamshire to take into the king’s hand all lands formerly of Hugh Wake in his bailiwick, to cause them to be extended …] .
Bef. 12/24/1241, Joan pledged a fine of 10,000 marks for the custody of Hugh’s lands and children’s marriages. (S) The Reign of Herry III, Carpenter, 1996, P92. [Item Johanna Wake que fuit uxor Hugonis Wacke habet custodiam Hugonis Wacke. (S) Liber Feodorum.]
1/2/1242, The king has granted to Joan, who was the wife of Hugh Wake , custody of all lands formerly of Hugh, her husband, to have to her or to whom she will wish to assign them until the legal age of Hugh’s heirs, together with the marriage of the heirs, and that she may marry herself freely and without impediment to whom she will wish as long as he is at the king’s faith, for the 9000 m. by which she made fine with the king, to the king’s use, and for 1000 m. for the queen’s gold.
11/8/1242, The king has granted to Joan Wake that she is to render £50 to him at the Exchequer at Hilary in the twenty-seventh year and another £50 at Easter in the same year of the £100 by which she made fine with him for her relief. (S) CPRs.
Bef. 2/5/1243, Joan 2nd married Hugh le Bigod, s/o Earl Hugh le Bigod.
6/12/1253, Commission to Hugh le Bigod, … to pay yearly to Thomas de Sabaudia … 500 marks of the 700 marks … of the fine which Joan Wake his wife made with the king for the wardship of the land and heir of Hugh Wake, for the marriage of the heir, and for her marrying whom she would … (S) CPRs.
12/10/1254, Hugh le Bigod and Joan his wife granted a market and fair at Kirkby Moorside, North Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
12/13/1254, Mandate to Hugh le Bigod to pay out the fine which he renders yearly [for Joan] … (S) CPRs.
10/28/1258, Whereas the king sold to Joan … wardship of the land and heir [Baldwin] … before Hugh le Bigod took her to wife, no dower to the same Joan, … the heir is now almost of age, … the lands [of Hugh] … how much are they worth yearly … and assign her dower to the said Hugh and Joan … (S) CPRs.
7/12/1264, Grant to Joan wife of H. le Bigod of the manor of Cotingham and Kirkeby Moresheved for the maintenance of herself and her household which the said Hugh stays beyond seas. (S) CPRs.
4/1276 Joan died. (S) Record of her son Baldwin.
(S) Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, Sharon, 1997, P183. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P87. (S) Fine Rolls of Henry III.
·In 1993, the Leon Levy Expedition, under the direction of Prof. Lawrence Stager of Harvard University, made discoveries at the site of ancient Ashkelon, which is located 40 miles south of Tel Aviv on the Mediterranean coast. In 1156 the city fell to crusaders under King Baldwin III of Jersulem; but eventually retaken by the Moslems. In 1192, Richard the Lion rebuilt the military fortress at the site. The wars continued and in 1241 the Earl of Cornwall refortified the site. During one of these crusades, as discovered in 1993, a knight made multiple carvings of his heraldic shield over arabic works inscribed in stone – the heraldic shield of Sir Hugh Wake, likely this Hugh.
Children of Hugh and Joan:
i. Baldwin Wake (4997404), born ~1236 in England.
ii. Hugh Wake (30422152), born by 1241 in England.