Thursday, July 14, 2011

G24: 11817120 Neville-Monmouth

11817120. Geoffrey de Neville & 11817121. Joan de Monmouth

Search for Minority of Henry III

~1190, Geoffrey “Fitz Robert” born in Raby, Durham, England, s/o 23634240. Lord Robert Fitz Maldred & 23634241. Isabel de Neville.

~1200, Joan born in England, d/o 23634242. John de Monmouth.

Geoffrey adopted the name “Neville” because of his mother’s vast estates including Brancepeth, and Sheriff-Hutton in North Yorkshire, and land in Lincolnshire.

Geoffrey appointed seneschal of Poitou by King John.

1216, Geoffrey, a royal chamberlain, appointed Sheriff of Yorkshire by King John. [Geoffrey would hang men in Yorkshire without reference to the king’s judges on the grounds that he had behaved like that in Gascony.]

10/28/1216 at Gloucester, Henry, 9 years old, crowned King Henry III.

5/1217, Order to the sheriff of Lincolnshire to take into the king’s hads the manor of Laceby, which Geoffrey de Neville held by bail of King John. (S) FRsHIII.

5/1218, Geoffrey, Sheriff of Yorkshire, again appointed seneschal of Poitou to replace the Archbishop of Bordeaux who was going on crusade. Geoffrey went to Poitou leaving Simon of Hale of Lincolnshire, his under-sheriff, in charge in York. [Geoffrey was unable to pay any money at this time into the exchequer from the farms of Yorkshire because of the war that had been going on amongst the barons.]

3/13/1219, Letter from King Henry III: “It is commanded to G. de Nevill, seneschal of Poitou and Gascony that he make sure by his power that the lady queen Berengaria and all those she might have brought with her, have a safe and secure conduct to cross through Poitou and Gascony towards Spain if they wish to, both going and coming”. (S) Patent Rolls of Henry III.

4/1219, Geoffrey, seneschal of Poitou and Gascony, in formed the King and his council of the plight of Elyas Ridel, lord of Bergerac; informing the king that he would lose his lands to King Louis without help being sent. Geoffrey also informed the king of the the devastation caused by his barons causing discontent with his rule.

5/1219, Geoffrey informed the king and council of incursions by Hugh de Lusignan, specifically against the town of Niort. Geoffrey informed the king, that if nothing was done, he would leave for the Holy land on June 24th.

7/24/1219, King Henry III informed Geoffrey that he was to obey Hugh de Lusignan in the King’s affairs.

8/1219, Geoffrey, “compelled by great want of money”, was planning to return to England. Hugh de Lusignan loaned Geoffrey 160 marks so that he could stay in France. [Geoffrey owed £904, including £414 from farms and £223 from amercements in York.]

11/1/1219, Geoffrey returned to England, landing at Dover; and leaving his deputy the rents of Poitou and Gascony amounting to £50.

1219-20, Geoffrey, with the earl of Salisbury and others, was an advisor to Pandulf, the Bishop of Norwich in his dealings with Hubert de Burgh.

5/8/1220 at York, Geoffrey, a norther loyalist during the barons rebellion, was a pledge for the £100 fine of William of Lancaster [William de Albini].

9/14/1220, Because of the 1220 tax, Geoffrey summoned an assembly of earls, barons, and free men to York, where only stewards of the magnates came declaring “their lords knew nothing about giving this aid and tallage to the king.”

12/1220, Hubert de Burgh, the earl of Chester, Geoffrey de Neville, Philip de Albini, William de Cantilupe, Brian de Lisle, Hugh de Vivonne, and others wrote a letter to the Pope warning against returning to England a person whom he had earlier excused for “immense malice”.

5/7/1222, The “writ of liberate” by the royal council made important concessions to Geoffrey de Neville, the earls of Chester and Pembroke and the Count of Aumale.

6/13/1222, Geoffrey de Neville and Richard de Alençon have made fine with the king for having the custody of the land and heir of Alexander de Neville by rendering the £100. (S) FRsHIII.

6/24/1222, Sheriffs were given a specific list of demesnes that should be taken into the king’s hands including some belonging to Geoffrey. [The list was of 49 properties of 37 individuals.]

7/14/1223, King Philip of France died.

8/1223, Geoffrey sent to Hugh de Lusignan to negotiate a peace agreement; and was appointed seneschal of Poitou.

1/1224, Geoffrey returned to England with Hugh’s response, which was a demand for more concessions.

5/6/1224, 2,000 marks were provided to Geoffrey to outfit a force of at least 15 knights of the king’s household to be sent under his command to La Rochelle.

6/1224, Geoffrey and the knights reached La Rochelle.

7/15/1224, Geoffrey commanded the knights under Frenchman Savari de Mauleon as King Louis began the siege of La Rochelle.

8/3/1224, La Rochelle, as decided by it citizens, surrendered to King Louis of France. The English knights, commanded by Geoffrey, were allowed to go free.

2/11/1225 at Westminster, Geoffrey a signer of the Magna Carta and the Charter of the Forest. [Essentially a reaffirmation of the charters of 1217. These would be reaffirmed as written again in 1237, 1253; and by Edward I in 1297.]

3/1228, … demand of £15 that [the sheriff of Yorkshire] makes by summons of the Exchequer from Geoffrey de Neville and Eudo de Longvillers for Roger de Montbegon, so that it might be inquired then before the barons of the Exchequer whether they themselves ought to pay the aforesaid debt. (S) FRsHIII.

12/1231, Order to the sheriff of Lincolnshire to place in respite the demand he makes from Geoffrey de Neville from his land in Cadney for a murder fine. (S) FRsHIII.

11/13/1232, Geoffrey de Nevill has letters directed to his knights and free tenants requesting them to make hima reasonable aid to discharge his debts. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 9/29/1242, Geoffrey died.

(S) The Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990.

Family notes:

·         A Geoffrey de Neville, s/o Ala de Neville, died in 1225, leaving  a son John as heir. The specific roles of each of the persons of the same name cannot be assured. It is highly likely that the two persons have been mixed in the above account.

·         12/1229, The king has granted to Geoffrey de Neville and his wife, Mabel, that, of the 7 m. 40d. which are exacted from them by summons of the Exchequer for the prest of Poitou made by King John to John Malherbe [Malhert], Mabel’s uncle, …

Children of Geoffrey and Joan:

i. Robert de Neville (243382592), born ~1225 in England.

ii. Geoffrey de Neville (5908560), born ~1230 in England.

iii. Agnes de Neville (243381893), born ~1232 in England.