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Sunday, July 24, 2011

Lord Reginald de Grey & Maud fitz Hugh

11820096. Lord Reginald de Grey & 11820097. Maud fitz Hugh

~1235, Reginald born in England, s/o 23640192. Sir John de Grey & 23640193. Emma de Glanville.

By 1237, Maud born in England, d/o §§William fitz Hugh & Hawyse de Longchamp, d/o §§Henry de Longchamp of Wilton, Herefordshire. (S) Hist. of the Castles of Herefordshire, Robinson, 1869, P143. (S) Battle Abbey Roll, 1889.

7/31/1237, Maud’s father died.

8/29/1257, Reginald granted a market and fair at Wilton, Herefordshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

[––Reginald & Maud––]

~1258, Reginald married to Maud, acquiring Wilton castle, Herefordshire.

~1259, Sir Reginald de Grey son of John de Grey gave the manor of Henlow, Bedford, to the Warden Abbey. (S) Hist. of Bedford, V2, 1908, Henlow.

1264, The manor of Alconbury was seized by Sir Reginald de Grey. (S) Hist. of Huntingdon, V3, 1936, Alconbury-cum-eston. [Reginald still held the manor in 1265.]

1266, Reginald succeeded his father.

3/18/1266, Commitment during pleasure to Reynold de Grey of the counties of Nottingham and Derby and the castle of Nottingham [and to repair the castle]. (S) CPRs.

8/27/1266, Reynold de Grey, constable of the castle of Nottingham, delivered … 1 balistam de trullio and 4 balistas ad duas pedes of the king’s baliste in his keeping in that castle. (S) CPRs.

1/30/1268, Reynold de Grey to deliver Northampton castle to John le Moyne. (S) CPRs.

2/11/1272, Whereas … robbers, on horseback and on foot … Reynold de Grey … has pursued  … and captured one Roger Godberd, their leader and master … (S) CPRs.

5/29/1272, Mandate to Reynold de Grey, justice of Chester, … (S) CPRs.

10/15/1272, Protection with clause volumus, until Michaelmas, for Reynold de Grey, gone beyond seas.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward’s coronation as King Edward I.

10/16/1274, Guncelin de Badelesmere named Justicia of Chester, replacing Reginald de Grey. (S) Cheshire in the Pipe Rolls, 1158-1301, Mills, 1938, P114. [Reginaldus de Grey demisit Justiciariam Cestrie cui successit Guncelinus de Badelesmere. (S) Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, at Chester, 1887.]

1276, Reginald de Grey, lord of La Leye, held land of the honor of Wahull of John de Wahull.

11/12/1276, Reginald at parliament.

6/6/1278, Grant to Reginald de Grey, for a fine of 15 marks, of the custody during  the minority of the heir, of the lands late of John de la Mare, … with the marriage. (S) CPRs.

9/17/1278, To Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester. Order to permit Reginald de Grey to take dead brushwood in his own woods within the forest of Cheshire, and to carry it away and burn at this pleasure. (S) CCRs.

4/27/1279, Writ of aid directed to all persons of the counties of Nottingham, Derby, Leicester, Warwick, Lancaster, and Chester, for Reginald de Grey, appointed principal keeper. (S) CPRs.

1279, The Abbot of Woburn held 1½ virgates in free alms of Reginald de Grey, and Reginald of the abbey of Ramsey. (S) Hist. of Huntingdon, V2, 1932, Hemingford Abbots.

11/12/1280, Reginald de Grey, son and heir of John de Grey, has shown the king that whereas the late king committed to John and afterwards to him the counties of Nottingham and Derby during pleasure … (S) CCRs.

11/14/1281, Reginald appointed Justice of Chester, as well as Captain in Chester and Flynt. (S) CPRs.

3/25/1282, Reginald de Grey, justice of Chester, to support Roger de Mortuo Mari in support of Roger de Clifford who had been attacked by Welsh malefactors [led by Davydd ap Llywelyn] by night at the castle of Hawardyn and captured. (S) Cal. of Various Chancery Rolls, 1277-1326.

10/23/1282, Edward I granted the castle of Ruthin and the lordship of Dyffryn Clwyd (earlier name for the lordship of Ruthin) to Reginald de Grey, Justiciary of Chester. (S) CPRs, 5/21/1328. [As a Marcher Lord, Reginald governed with little interference from the crown.]

12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]

12/12/1282, Protection for John de Wahull with Reginald de Grey in the king’s service in Wales.

6/28/1283, Reginald summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what shoud be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. [The Parliament held at Acton Burnell, near Shrewsbury, when David III was condemned to be hanged, drawn and quartered – ending the Welsh rebellion.]

9/2/1283, Custody of David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales, given to Reginald to hold as prisoner.

3/17/1284, Reginald de Grey sending a ship to Ireland to buy corn and victuals and to return to Chester, for the maintenance of himself and his family. (S) CPRs.

1284, Reginald de Grey is holding 1 fee in Flitton and Silsoe of John de Wahull. (S) Hist. of Bedford, V2, 1908, Flitton cum Silsoe.

2/26/1286, Pardon to Reginald de Grey and John de Grey and their households, of their trespasses in taking deer … counties of Nottingham, Northampton, Huntingdon and Rutland during the late troubles in England. (S) CPRs.

1286, Reginald de Grey held 2 parts of a hide in Hemingford, Huntingdon, held by serjeanty. (S) Hist. of Huntingdon, V2, 1932, Hemingford Abbots.

4/15/1287, Protection … Reginald de Grey staying in Wales on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

6/1287, Rhys ap Maredudd began a rebellion in south Wales. Edmund, earl of Cornwall, was ordered to suppress the uprising.

8/15/1287, Reginald, with Roger L’estrange, and an army of 6,700 joined the earl’s forces of 4,000 at Rhys ap Maredudd’s castle of Dryslwyn and began a siege.

9/5/1287, The castle was captured; but Rhys escaped. [Archeological work showed that they built a trebuchet to attack the castle.]

5/11/1288, An inquisition taken before the lord Reginald Grey Justice of Chester. (S) UKNA.

2/20/1290, Inspeximus and confirmation of a chirograph between John de Sancto Johanne, lord of Hannak, and John de Monte Alto … Witnesses : Sir Reginald de Grey, Sir John de Grey his son, Sir Richard de Boys, …, Sir Roger de Loukenore, … (S) CPRs.

1/11/1291, Mandate … to cause the body of the daughter and heir of Henry Pecche, tenant in chief, whose marriage the king has granted to Robert de Haustede and Margery his wife, to be brought to Chester and delivered to Reginald de Grey, the justice of Chester, or his consort. (S) CPRs.

3/22/1294, Petitions to the king; … people mentioned: Reginald de Grey, Justice; …; Ralph Basset, knight; …; William de Ayntre (Aintree); …; Roger de Monte Alto (Mouhaut), grandfather of Roger de Mouhaut; Roger de Monte Alto, (Mouhaut); Llewelyn [ap Gruffudd], Prince of Wales. (S) UKNA.

1294, Reginald de Grey had 5000 soldiers at Rhuddlan. (S) Journal of Med. Hist., V37, N3.

1295, Reginald de Grey is holding 1 fee in Flitton and Silsoe, summoned to Parliament as Lord Grey de Wilton. (S) Hist. of Bedford, V2, 1908, Flitton cum Silsoe.

8/12/1295, Protection for William de Brichulle the younger, clerk, going beyond seas on the service of Reginald de Grey. (S) CPRs.

2/1296, Reginald involved with the Burgesses of Flint because “the town was burnt in the last war by Grey’s order to preserve the castle.” (S) UKNA.

8/27/1297, After the king’s crossing to Flanders, Edward, the king’s son, supplying the king’s place in England, in the castle of Tonebrigge, in his chamber there, in the presence of Sirs Reginald de Grey, … and Guncelinus de Badelesmere, knights, and of … delivered to the said Sir John de Langeton, the chancellor, the seal … (S) CPRs.

9/11/1297, The English loss at Stirling. English forces under the command of John, Earl of Surrey, were defeated at the battle of Stirling Bridge by Sir William Wallace.

10/23/1297, Appointment … to levy footmen … to retain these in the king’s service against the Scots … Reginald de Grey, justice of Chester, for 4,000 men … (S) CPRs.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Reginald de Grey, …” (S) UKNA.

2/12/1301 at Lincoln, Reginald joined in the barons’ letter to the Pope.

7/22/1301, Sir Reginald de Grey, John de Grey his banneret, 3 knights and 23 horsemen in the retinue of Edward, prince of Wales in Scotland.

9/8/1301, Scots using Comyn of Badenoch’s estate as a base, attacked Lochmaben, and then menaced the main English force at Bothwell [commanded by Lord Edward]. The Scots had 240 men-at-arms and 7000 foot soldiers. (S) A History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 2009, P82.

7/20/1304, The fall of Stirling castle in Scotland, the Scottish leaders were imprisoned in various castles in England.

2/6/1307, Pardon to Reginald de Grey, in consideration of the service in the last war of Scotland of John his son, of £151 19s 6d … (S) CPRs.

1308, Reginald de Grey alias le Grey died. (S) Journal of the House of the Lords, V124, 1892. (S) CPRs.

4/5/1308, IPM of Reginald de Grey alias le Grey. Derby: Schirlond. The manor … John his son, aged 40 and more, is his next heir. Chester: Rushton. The manor … Torpurlegh. A moiety, held of Richard Down by service of a rose. … Ruffin. The castle, the whole cantred of Deffrincloyd, and three towns in the cantred of Englefeld, … Essex: Purlee. The manor, with the hamlet of Gibbecrak’ … Buckingham: La Waterhall. The manor … Eton. The manor … Gloucester: Kempeleye. The manor … Hertford: … Middlesex: … Huntingdon: Gilling. The manor … Heir … aged 50. Hereford: Wiltone on Wey. The castle with the adjacent hamlets … (S) CIsPM.

Family notes:

·         7/18/1321, William fitz Hugh owes money to John de Blomville to be paid in Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire.

·         Henry de Longchamp, s/o §§Hugh de Longchamp, s/o §§Hugh de Longchamp.

·         1200, Henry de Longchamp paid scutage for 1 knight’s fee

·         1205, The grant of Wilton castle and manor confirmed to Henry de Longchamp by King John, with consent of Henry’s elder brother Geoffrey. The castle which Hugh, his grandfather gave to Hugh, his father to hold to him and his heirs by 1 knight’s fee. (S) Wilton Castle, Tweed, 1884, P9.

Child of Reynold and Maud:

i. John de Grey (5910048), born ~1260 in England.

ii. Maud de Grey (30422349), born ~1270 in England.