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Sunday, August 14, 2011

Lord Philip le Despenser & Joan de Cobham

15210568. Lord Philip le Despenser & 15210569. Joan de Cobham

4/6/1313, Philip born in Lincolnshire, England, heir & s/o 30421136. Philip le Despenser & 30421137. Margaret de Goushill.

1313, Philip’s father died.

~1320, Joan born in England, d/o 30421138. Lord John de Cobham & 30421139. Joan de Beauchamp.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1337, Philip le Despenser demanded the manor of Parlington, which had been leased by his grandfather to Sir John de Crombwell and Idonea, his wife with conditions. (S) Publications of the Thoresby Society, V17, 1908, P291.

6/13/1339, John de Cobeham, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Thomas de Ho, knight, and to Philip le Despenser, 500 marks; to be levied … in co. Kent. (S) CCRs. [Philip and Thomas owed John 300 marks in Hertford.]

[––Philip & Joan––]

6/1339, Philip married Joan.

8/24/1341, Order … to received 22 sarplars of wool from Philip le Despenser … retaining every 10th sack for themselves and Philip for their labor, … taken non-customed [arrested with forfeit] in a ship at Hernyngflote in Philip’s demesned in the parts of Holand, co. Lincoln, … (S) CCRs.

10/18/1342, Philip at the Abbey of Nusum on the day of his son’s birth. (S) Proof of age of son Philip. [The next day he went to Gedenay where his son was born.]

9/12/1343, Commission to Nicholas de Rye, Philip le Despenser, … to make inquisition in the county of Lincoln … (S) CPRs.

10/28/1343, Philip appointed to replace John de Bolyngbrok to keep the peace in parts of Holand, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

1/6/1344, Philip le Despenser, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Hugh de Hastyng, knight, £20; to be levied etc. in co. Lincoln. (S) CCRs.

1/28/1344, Licence … for the alienation in  mortmain by Margaret [Philip’s remarried mother] late the wife of John de Roos … to celebrate devine service … Holy Trinity, Gedeneye, for the good estate of her, Hawisia, her mother, and Philip le Despenser and Joan, his wife, for their souls when they are dead and for the souls of their ancestors and heirs, of Ralph de Goushill, Philip son of Hugh le Despenser, John son of William de Roos of Hamelak and John de Ory ; granted at the request of the said Philip le Despenser. (S) CPRs.

12/12/1344, Commission to John de Wylughby, Robert de Covill, Philip le Despenser, … to keep the king’s peace and the statutes of Winchester and Northampton, in the county of Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

1345, The Earl of Derby, with the Earl of Pembroke, 40 knights [including Philip] and squires, and 300 men-at-arms and archers, sent to defend Aiguillon from an invading French force. At the castle they joined about 120 soldiers already there. The duke of Normandy began a siege. The French attempted to build a bridge over the adjoining rever Garonne, but the English delayed construction by repeated attacks on the workmen. The Duke used battering engines to cast stones into the fortress, and siege towers, higher than the walls. The English were able to destroy them with “martinets” which cast large stones. [The were plenty of stones available from the French attacks.]

1/18/1346 by Calais, Pardon, for good service in the war in France, … Philip le Despenser, knight. (S) CPRs.

2/11/1346, Philip le Despenser states that Hugh le Despenser the father, his grandfather, gave and granted to Philip his son, Philip's father, certain lands and tenements, namely Barrow in Cheshire, Parlington in Yorkshire, Alkborough in Lincolnshire, for Philip and the heirs of his body to have and hold. (S) UKNA.

7/12/1346, Philip in the army of King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/15/1346, Pardon, for good service done to the king and especially at the present time in his passage to Normandy, … Thomas son of John de Elkyngton of Louthe. By K. and testimony of Philip le Despenser. (S) CPRs.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/26/1346, Sir Philip fought at the battle of Crecy.

8/26/1346, The Battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

6/8/1347, [While Philip is in France.] Whereas at the suit of Philip son and heir of Philip le Despenser showing that a plea has long been pending between him and Queen Philippa for the manor of Parlyngton, co. York, which Hugh le Despenser (d.1326) the father, late lord of that manor, gave to Philip (d.1313) his son, father of the said Philip (b.1313), for himself and the heirs of his body, by virtue of which grant Philip son of Hugh died seised of the manor, when Hugh resumed it and demised it to John de Crombwell to hold for life …  [the Queen] seised it after John's death … admit Philip to verify the said gift and possession … (S) CCRs.

9/4/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais.

1347, Philip at the siege of Calais. (S) Crecy & Calais, 1898, P35.

8/1347, Calais fell when King Philip failed to support their siege and retreated.

7/10/1348, Commission of oyer and terminer to William Basset, Thomas de Metham, Philip le Despenser, … (S) CPRs.

7/27/1348, Release from William Grmari to Sir Philip le Despenser ... Witnesses, Sir William de Scargil, William de Raygate, ... (S) Yorkshire Deeds, V1, Brown, 2013, P2.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349. [Usually 2-3 wills were executed in the town of Colchester, Essex, each year. In the 2 years 1349-50, 111 wills were executed.].

8/22/1349, “Philip le Despenser: Essex, Yorkshire, Lincolnshire” died. (S) UKNA, IPM.

9/19/1349, Writ for IPM of Philip le Despenser in York, Essex, liberty of Holderness, Lincoln. (S) CFRs.

[––Joan––]

10/4/1349, Writ for IPM for Margaret de Roos (30421137). Lincoln: Gowsill, or Gouxill. [Goushill.] A messuage with a garden and croft, 110a. arable … [many properties] … She died on 22 July last. Philip le Despenser her son, who died on 22 August last, aged 22 years, was her heir. … Market Staynton and Alkebarow, which he held, conjointly with Joan his wife, by the said Margaret’s gift. Philip [son of the said] Philip, [aged 7 years at the feast of St. Lucy next, is his] heir. (S) CIsPM.

11/4/1349, To escheator in co. Essex. Order not to intermeddle further with a tenement called Cameyshalle, restoring the issues thereof to Joan late the wife of Philip le Despenser, as the king has learned that Philip at his death held the said tenement jointly with Joan of the grant of Margaret de Roos (30421137). (S) CCRs.

1/20/1350, Joan took a vow of chastity.

2/7/1350, To Saier de Rocheford, escheator in co. Lincoln. Order to deliver to Joan late the wife of Philip le Despenser, tenant in chief, all the lands assigned to her in that bailiwick, … (S) CCRs. [A third assigned in dower.]

7/8/1350, Comfirmation of the sale by Queen Philippa to Joan, late the wife of Philip le Despenser, knight, of the custody of 2 parts of the lands late of the same Philip during nonage of the heir, with the marriage of the heir, … (S) CPRs.

1352, Joan received a papal indult for a portable altar.

1357, Joan died; buried at Newhous Abbey, Lincolnshire.

5/15/1357, Commitment to Ralph de Nevill of the wardship of all the lands which Joan late the wife of Philip le Despenser held of the inheritance of Philip, son and heir of the said Philip, a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P612.

Children of Philip and Joan:

i. Philip le Despenser (7605284), born 10/18/1342 in England. [Heir]

ii. Hawise le Despenser, born ? in England.

Hawise married Sir Andrew Luttrell.

8/1/1401, Philip le Despenser [the son] wrote his will: …; to his sister, Lady Luterell, a gilt bowl and cover, …. (S) Histories and Antiquities of Suffolk, Gage, 1838, P4.


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