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Sunday, November 13, 2011

King Stephen V of Hungary & Regent Elizabeth the Cuman

23638814. King Stephen V of Hungary & 23638815. Regent Elizabeth the Cuman

1238, A “monstrous and inhuman race of men” [Tartars], with a leader called Khan, was overunning far eastern Europe.

10/18/1239, Stephen born in Buda, Hungary, s/o 47277628. King Bela IV of Hungary & 47277629. Maria Laskarina.

~1239, Elizabeth born in Hungary, d/o 47277630. Chief Koten of the Cuman. [Their tribe arrived in Hungary in 1238.]

1241, Elizabeth’s father assassinated. [Elizabeth’s name likely came after her father converted to Christianity in 1239.]

4/11/1241, Stephen and his family fled to Trau, Dalmatia, after his father’s troops were defeated by the Mongols at the Battle of Mohi.

Summer/1242, The Tatars withdrew from Hungary on news of the death of their Great Khan Ogotaj. [Modern evidence also indicates that a sever winter had diminished the Tartars ability to sustain warfare.]

1245, Stephen crowned as a Junior King, given Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.

1246, A royal charter identifies Stephen as King, and Duke of Salvonia. [Royal govenors administered his lands.]

[––Stephen & Elizabeth––]

By 1254, Stephen married Elizabeth.

1257, Stephen’s father ceded him the government of Transylvania when Stephen threatened war.

1258, Stephen appointed Duke of Styria.

1259, Stephen attacked Carinthia in retaliation of Duke Ulrich III of Carinthia's support of the Styrian rebels.

6/25/1260, Stephen crossed the river Morava to invade Ottokar's realm.

7/12/1260, Stephen defeated at the battle of Kroissenbrunn. [His father’s supporting forces arrived late.]

1260, Stephen returned to Transylvania.

3/31/1261, The Duchy of Styria was ceded to the King of Bohemia at the Peace of Pressurg [Vienna].

1261, Stephen joined with his father in attacking Bulgaria. [Most of the Cuman tribe had moved to Bulgaria after the assassination of Chief Koten.] Stephen’s father returned to Hungary after seizing Vidin. Stephen laid siege to Lom on the Danube, and advanced as far as Tirnovo in pursuit of Tsar Constantine Tikh of Bulgaria. The Tsar avoided direct confrontation, and Stephen withdrew his troops from Bulgaria by the end of the year.

11/25/1261, Stephen holding the lands east of the Danube.

1262 in Pozsony, By agreement with his father, Stephen took control of the kingdom east of the Danube.

1264, Stephen at war with his father seized his mother’s and sister’s estates. Stephen’s father captured Stephen’s wife and son.

Aft. 8/1/1264, Stephen’s father’s army, under the command of his sister Anna, crossed the Danube. Stephen retreated to the castle of Faketehalom. Anna besieged and captured S├írospatak, and seized Stephen's wife and children.

3/1265, Stephen defeated his father’s army at the battle of Isaszeg.

3/23/1266, Stephen and his father comfirmed the 1262 peace agreement in the convent of the Blessed Virgin on Marguerite Island.

6/1266, Stephen invaded Bulgaria, seized Vidin, Pleven and other forts, and routed the Bulgarians in 5 battles. Stephen began to use ‘King of Bulgaria’ in his charters.

1267, Stephen and his father held a assembly of nobles and prelates of the Kingdom of Hungary at Esztergom.

1267, A double marriage alliance between King Stephen and King Charles I of Sicily. Stephen's son, Ladislaus was to marry Charles's daughter, Elisabeth; and Charles's namesake son (11819406) to maarry Stephen's daughter, Maria.

1268, Stephen successfully attacked Bulgaria, becoming King of Bulgaria. (S) Encyclopedia Britannica.

1269, Stephen made an alliance with Charles I of Anjou [Future king of Sicily.]

5/3/1270, On his father’s death, Stephen became King of Hungary.

5/17/1270, Stephen crowned king.

8/1270, King Stephen allied with Prince Boleslaw V of Poland against the king of Bohemia.[Stephen was in Cracow at the invitation of his sister Anna to join an allicance against Ottokar.]

9/1270, While visiting Miholjance, Stephen was gifted with the “Holy War Sword of the Scythians.”

10/16/1270, Stephen concluded a peace agreement with Ottokar II of Bohemia.

12/1270, Stephen made a raid into Austria.

1/1271, Stephen and his court witnessed a miracle attributed to his deceased sister Margaret, a Dominican nun of Rabbit Island. Stephen sent an envoy to Pope Gregory seeking sainthood for Margaret. (S) Holy Rulers and Blessed Princesses, Klaniczay, 2002, P224.

5/1271, Ottokar of Bohemia invaded Hungary.

7/2/1271, Stephen had to relinquish claims to Styria, Carintha, Carniola and the Windish March.

8/25/1271, Stephen granted privileges on the Spis Saxons, exempting them from the jurisdiction of Spis county.

8/6/1272, Stephen died on Csepel Island, Hungary, while raising an army to rescue his kidnapped son Ladislaus; buried next to his sister in the Dominican convent on Marguerite Island.

[––Elizabeth––]

1272, Elizabeth became regent while her son was a minor.

1273-74, A nobles’ revolt occurred against Queen Elizabeth Cuman; capturing and imprisoning Elizabeth.

9/1274, Supporters freed Queen Elizabeth from prison.

5/1277, Elizabeth’s son declared of age to take over the rule of the kingdom.

Elizabeth died.

(S) Slovak History, Bartl, 2002. (S) The Realm of St. Stephen, Engel, 2005.

Children of Stephen and Elizabeth:

i. Elisabeth of Hungary, born 1255 in Hungary.

Elisabeth married King Stefan Uros II Milutin of Serbia.

ii. Catherine of Hungary, born ~1257 in Hungary.

Catherine married King Stefan Dragutin of Serbia.

iii. Maria of Hungary (11819407), born 1258 in Hungary.

iv. Anna of Hungary, born ~1259 in Hungary.

5/3/1270, On the death of her father, Anna seized the royal treasury any fled to Bohemia.

Anna married Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos.

v. Ladislaus IV of Hungary, born 8/5/1262 in Hungary.

8/26/1278, Ladislaus a victorius commander in the battle of Marchfeld over Ottokar II.

7/10/1290, Ladislaus assassinated.


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