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Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Baron Peter de Brus & Lady Helwise de Lancaster

23641014. Baron Peter de Brus & 23641015. Lady Helwise de Lancaster

Bef. 1198, Peter born in England, s/o 47282028. Peter de Brus & 47282029. Agnes ?.

~1200, Helwise born in England, d/o 47282030. Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid & 47282031. Helwise de Lancaster.

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England. Louis of France also claimed the throne.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

~1218, Peter married Helwise.

Bef. 1/17/1222, Peter’s father died.

2/3/1222, To the sheriff of Yorkshire. Peter de Brus, son and heir of Peter de Brus, has made fine with the king by £100 for his relief of the barony formerly of Peter, his father, which he held of the king in chief, and by 40m.  for having the wapentake of Langbaurgh which falls to him by hereditary right. … Order to cause Peter to have full seisin without delay of the aforesaid barony and wapentake with their appurtenances. (S) FRsHIII.

6/2/1223, Peter de Brus agreed to the rights of the canons of Guisborough as granted by his father. The priory to feed 500 poor yearly on anniversary of Peter's father, and 500 on anniversary of his mother. (S) UKNA.

6/1224, King Henry began a siege of the castle of Bedford, lasting 3 months.

6/20/1224, Peter at the siege of Bedford castle. [Held by Falkes de Breaute, fell on 8/14.]

8/15/1224, On submission of Bedford castle, William de Bréauté [and possibly others] was hanged.

8/17/1224, Order to the barons of the Exchequer that since the king has given such respite to Peter de Brus from the 20m. which he ought to have paid to him at Easter last past. (S) FRsHIII.

1227, Peter had licence to hold a market at Skelton on Monday. (S) Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V13, 1895, P246.

1230, Peter served in Poitou with King Henry III.

4/30/1230, from Portsmouth, King Henry invaded Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle. [Returning in October.]

7/17/1234, The king has granted to his beloved and faithful Peter de Brus that if he will render presently at the Exchequer 3 m. of the 63 m. which he owes the king. (S) FRsHIII.

12/17/1234, Yorkshire. Patrick of Westerdale gives the king 1 mark for attainting 12 jurors by 24 knights in the assize of novel disseisin that Peter de Brus arraigned against the aforesaid Patrick. (S) FRsHIII.

9/27/1237 at York, Acceptance of a marriage contracted between Peter son and heir of Peter de Brus, and Hilary eldest daughter of Peter de Malo Lacu, also a marriage contracted between Peter son and heir of the said Peter de Malo Lacu and Joan, eldest daughter of the said Peter de Brus. (S) CPRs.

6/10/1240, Richard of Cornwall (23640580), younger brother of King Henry, led English knights off on the 6th crusade. Peter departed on the crusade with Peter de Mauley (486765080).

1240, Peter, Lord of Skelton, died at Marseille, France on the trip to the Holy Land. Peter’s body was returned to England; buried at Guisborough. [The crusading fleet left from Marseille.]

10/11/1240, Yorkshire. Order to the sheriff of Yorkshire to take all the lands formerly of Peter de Brus in his bailiwick into the king’s hand and to keep them safely until the king orders him otherwise. (S) FRsHIII.


Bef. 1247, Helwise died.

(S) History and Topography of the city of York, Whellan, 1859, P813. (S) The Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V1, 1892, P139. (S) The Brus Family in England and Scotland, Blakely, 2005.

Children of Peter and Helwise:

i. Peter de Brus, born ~1219 in England.

1237, Peter married to Hilaria de Mauley, d/o 486765080. Peter de Mauley II & 486765081. Isabel de Turnham.

11/15/1240, Concerning a fine made for Peter, son of Peter de Brus. Peter, son and heir of Peter de Brus, has made fine with the king by 200m. for his relief of the lands … to have seisin of all lands that the aforesaid Peter held of the king in chief and of which he was seised as of fee on the day he set out on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. (S) FRsHIII.

1241, Hilary’s father died.

1246-47, Peter the heir to his maternal uncle William de Lancastre [coheir with Walter de Lindsey, son of his maternal aunt Alice.] (S) Rec’s Relating to the Barony of Kendale, V1, 1923.

6/1/1267, Exemption for life, at the instance of Peter de Brus, of Robert Maucovenaunt, from being put on assizes, … (S) CPRs.

9/21/1268, Peter granted a fair to be held at the manor of Kendale, Westmorland. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

9/28/1272, IPM of Peter de Brus. York: [to Margaret] Scelton ... of the king in chief for 15 knights' fees … Westmoreland: Kirkeby in Kendal castle, with the whole of Kendal [to La Dereyne] excepting the dale of Kentemere, which is assigned to Sir John de Bella Aqua and La Dereyne his wife, and with the advowson of the priory of Konigesheved, and ¼ of wreck in the sea in Cliveland … [to Lucy] Karleton in Baune manor, with the marriage of La Dereyne, wife of Sir John de Belewe. Thorpe de Arches and Waleton manor, with the park, rents, &c. Tibetorp manor. … The advowson of Moneketon priory, and ¼ of wreck in Cliveland … [to Agnes] Daneby manor with the forest. Lelhom and Wolvedale. Manselinges with the farm of Thomas de Wolvedale. Brocton manor and Skinergrive, and the boats of Skinergrive, rents, &c. Jarum with the rents and fishery. Great Morsom, with rents, &c. The forest of the chace of the dales, … Kirkebrun manor and Suthbrune with the mills, &c. … A fourth part of wreck of sea … (S) CIsPM.

ii. Joan de Brus, born ~1221 in England.

1237, Joan married to 243382540. Peter de Mauley III. [Brother of her brother Peter’s wife.]

Bef. 1249, Joan died. [Without surviving heirs – not named in the IPM of her brother Peter.]

iii. Lucy de Brus (47281181), born ~1223 in England.

iv. Agnes Brus (11820507), born ~1230 in England.

v. Laderina de Brus (121690515), born ~1235 in England.

vi. Margaret de Brus (23641489), born by 1240 in England.