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Sunday, December 18, 2011

Earl William de Burgh & Countess Maud of Lancaster

30421182. Earl William de Burgh & 30421183. Countess Maud of Lancaster

9/17/1312, William born in Ireland, heir & s/o & 60842364. John de Burgh & 2498691. Elizabeth de Clare.

1313, William’s father murdered in Ireland.

~1314, Maud born in England, d/o 5909946. Earl Henry Plantagenet & 5909947. Maud de Chaworth.

1322, Elizabeth (2498691) captured at her castle of Usk; imprisoned at Barking abbey with her children. [William de Burgh (30421182), Isabel de Verdun (1249345), Elizabeth d’Amory (15211385).] (S) CCRs.

3/16/1322, To the abbess of Berkyngg'. Order to cause the body of Elizabeth de Burgo, late the wife of Roger Damory, within her abbey, to be kept safely, and not to permit her to go out of the abbey gates in any wise until further orders. (S) CCRs.

1326, William succeeded his grandfather.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

2/3/1327, Commitment to William de Burgh, son of John de Burgh and kinsman and heir of Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster in Ireland … lands late of the said earl in England, … the king's kinswoman, Elizabeth de Burgo (his mother), lady of Clare, of the county of Essex, having mainprised for the said William. (S) CFRs.

2/5/1327, Grant to the king's kinsman, William de Burgh, son of John de Burgh, kinsman and heir of Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster in Ireland, of the wardship of the castles and lands and of the liberty of Ulster, late of the said earl, his grandfather in Ireland, to hold until his lawful age. (S) CFRs.

 [––William & Maud––]

Bef. 11/16/1327, By papal dispensation, William married to Maud. [related in 3rd and 4th degrees.]

12/10/1327, Willelmo de Burgh, a minor, summoned to parliament in England.

1/21/1328, Order to cause William de Burgh, son and heir of John de Burgh, kinsman and heir of Richard de Burgh, late earl of Ulster in Ireland, to be discharged of the extent of the castles, lands, and liberty of Ulster, which were in the king's hands by reason of the heir's minority, … the king took his homage for the lands that the said earl, his grandfather, held of the late king in chief, and to discharge Elizabeth de Burgo (his mother) of her mainprise for payment of the extent. (S) CCRs.

1328, William de Burgo fitzJohn fitzRichard, earl of Ulster, with his wife, arrived in Ireland; holding a third part of all the lands of the earl of Gloucester, on the mother’s side.

1329, War broke out in Ireland between English lords Marurce Fitz Gerald, earl of Desmond, and William de Burgo, earl of Ulster. Brian O’Brien led a thousand soldiers in aid of John Darcy, justiciary, and Maurice Fitz Gerald. (S) Historical Memoir of the O’Briens, O’Donoghue, 1860, P129.

1330, Lord William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, led a nurerous army of Ulstermen against Brien O’Brien.

1331, The English parliament appointed William de Burgh, earl of Ulster, Lieutenant of King Edward III in Ireland.

1332, William de Burgo governor of Althone, Ireland.

1332, William de Burgo, the “brown earl” of Ulster, bricked his cousin [or uncle] Walter de Burgo [an English knight] into a dungeon of then-under-construction Greencastle, co. Donegal, where he starved to death. [The story is that William suspected Walter of having an affair with his wife. This was supposedly the incident that led to his murder. Walter’s skeleton is now part of the Derry City Coat of Arms.]

1332, King Edward III issued a writ of aid for Roger, prior of Saint John of Jerusalem, to William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, and others … (S) A View of the Legal Institutions, Lynch, 1830, P97.

6/6/1333 a Sunday, William, knt., 3rd Earl of Ulster, Lord of Connaught in Ireland, Lord of Clare, Suffolk, murdered at Le Ford [now Belfast] by Sir Richard de Mandeville and others. [300 of Sir Richard de Mandeville’s followers were executed for the murder.]

7/12/1333, IPM of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster. Buckingham: … He died a minor and in the king’s wardship. Elizabeth, his daughter, aged 1 year on 6 July last, viz.—the eve of St. Thomas the Martyr, is his next heir. Essex: … Surrey: … Carlow: … Louth: … Karlyngford. The castle and manor … Meath: Rotouth. The barony … Munster: Tyrouglas. The castle and manor … Antrim: Donnendergale]. The manor, including an old castle thrown down and waste from the time of the war of the Scots … Down: Northburg. The manor, including a castle … Galway: Loghry. The castle and manor … Connaught: [multiple cantreds] … Ulster: [list of knights’ fees]. (S) CIsPM.


1333, Maud fled to England.

8/15/1333, Commitment during pleasure to Maud, late the wife of Willliam de Burgo, earl of Ulster, tenant in chief, of the keeping of the manor and lands late of the earl in the counties of Essex and Surrey, by reason of the minority of Elizabeth his daughter and heir. (S) CFRs.

11/28/1333, Matilda late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, executrix of his will, staying in England, has letters nominating … in Ireland … (S) CPRs.

11/22/1335, Matilda late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, staying in England, has letters nominating … in Ireland … (S) CPRs.

9/30/1336, Grant to Walter de Holywod … for his service in overcoming Richard de Maundevill, knight … who, in sedition, murdered William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, … (S) CPRs.

3/3/1337-8, the King granted Maud lands in England in exchange for her lands in Ireland.

4/12/1337, Matilda late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, staying in England, has letters nominating … in Ireland … (S) CPRs.

3/3/1338, Matilda, countess of Ulster, … does not receive any profits … in dower in Ireland as she dare not oth to that land for fear of the felons who lately murdered her husband … granted … 200 marks yearly … (S) CPRs. [Multiple payments recorded in CCRs.]

4/22/1338, Licence for Henry, earl of Lancaster, to grant for life to the king’s kinswoman, Matilda, late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, of the manor of Melborune, co. Leicester. (S) CPRs.

10/14/1338, Matilda late the wife of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, staying in England, has letters nominating … in Ireland … (S) CPRs.

4/8/1339, … the king … committed to his kinswoman, Matilda de Burgo, countess of Ulster, the custody of the manor of Grove and other lands of the abbess [Fontevrault] … (S) CPRs.

1342, Maud [in England] seised of a castle in the island of Inchoun called Castellum de Northburth [in Ireland.] (S) Acts of Archbishop Colton, 1850, P68.

2/10/1343, Sir Ralph de Ufford appointed Justiciary of Ireland.

Bef. 8/8/1343, Maud married Sir Ralph de Ufford, s/o 2498692. Baron Robert de Ufford & 2498693. Cecily de Valoines.

1/13/1343, Matilda de Lancastria, countess of Ulster. On behalf of Henry earl of Lancaster her father, and Eleanor Beaumont her sister, that their confessor may give them plenary remission at the hour of death.

8/6/1343, Matilda de Lancastrie, countess of Ulster. That to her and her husband, Ralph de Ufford, their confessor may give plenary remission at the hour of death. [Granted.]

9/2/1343, Matilda de Lancastrie, countess of Ulster, present at the papal court [at Avignon.] To absolve her from her vow of visiting Santiago de Compostella. [Granted on condition of founding a chapel in England.]

1344, Maud returned to Ireland with Ralph, Justiciar of Ireland.

7/1345, Ralph and Matilda entered Dublin in great pomp under the banners of England, taking up residence at the priory of the Hospitallers at Kilmainham.

4/9/1346, Ralph died at Kilmainham castle with Maud in residence at the time. [Maud secreted her treasures in her husbands coffin.]

5/2/1346, Maud left Ireland a 2nd time and escorted her husband’s body back to England, where he was buried at the Augustinian monastery of Campsey Ash, Suffolk.

10/16/1347, Maud became an Augustinian canoness at Campsey, Suffolk where by grant of the king she founded a chantry for the souls of William de Burgo, formerly earl of Ulster, and Ralph de Ufford, and for Elizabeth de Burgo and Matilda de Ufford, daughters of the countess, and for John de Ufford and Thomas de Hereford, knights, then living, … (S) Notes & Queries, V11, 1885, P330.

1358, Maud was visited at Campesse by her daughter Elizabeth with her 3-year old granddaughter Philippe.

4/3/1364, On the part of sister Matilda, late countess of Ulster, canoness of Campsey. Whereas in childhood she purposed to enter the order of Minoresses, but after the death of her last husband she was professed at Campsey, where she finds she cannor stay with peace of her soul, the pope is prayed to grant her licence to betake herself to the Minoresses. (S) Cal. of Entries in the Papal Registers, V1, 1896.

1364, Maud transferred to the order of St. Clare.

6/29/1368, Maud a legatee of her brother-in-law Robert de Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk. Maud was given a ring which once belonged to her brother Henry, Duke of Lancaster.

5/5/1377, Maud died; buried with her 2nd husband at Campsey Priory, Suffolk.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P153. (S) Book of Howth, 1871, P327. (S) History of the Viceroys of Ireland, Gilbert, 1865.

Child of William and Maud:

i. Elizabeth de Burgh (15210591), born 7/6/1332 in Ireland. [Heir]

Child of Ralph and Maud:

i. Maud de Ufford, born 1345 in Ireland.

5/28/1350, Maud married to Thomas de Vere, Earl of Oxford, s/o Earl John de Vere & Maud de Badlesmere.