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Monday, December 19, 2011

Baron Robert de Holand & Lady Maud la Zouche

30422042. Baron Robert de Holand & 30422043. Lady Maud la Zouche

~1283, Robert born in England, heir & s/o 11819862. Robert de Holand & 11819863. Elizabeth de Samlesbury.

1290, Maud born in England, coheir & 2nd d/o 60844086. Alan la Zouche & 60844087. Eleanor de Seagrave.

1298, Robert fought at the battle of Falkirk, attending Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, as a “vellettus”.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

1304, Maud’s father, having no male heirs, give reversions of some of his property to his grand-nephew William la Zouche (1249366), born Mortmer, of Richard’s Castle. Alan granted reversion of the properties of the manors of Ashby-de-la-Zouche, Swaresey, and Fulhoum, Shropshire; and Treve, Sussex. (S) Colonial Chesapeake, V2, Cavanagh, 2017, P2180.

9/1305, Robert a knight.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

[––Robert & Maud––]

By 1310, Robert, chief councilor of Thomas, earl of Lancaster, married Maud.

6/17/1311, Licence to Robert de Holland to crenellate his dwelling-house of Meleburne. (S) CPRs.

1/25/1312, Madate to Payn Tybotot to deliver the office of justice of Chester, the castles of Chester, Rothelan and Flint and county of Flint, … to Robert de Holand, granted during pleasure, … (S) CPRs.

1313, Robert acquired manors from John Harcourt and Robert Willoughby.

10/16/1313, Pardon to Robert de Holand, adherent of Thomas, earl of Lancaster, … whether on account of the capture, detention, or death of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

1314, Maud’s father died.

3/27/1314, Maud, wife of Sir Robert de Holand, age 24 at the IPM of her father. (S) CIsPM. [She was co-heiress with her sisters of properties not alienated in 1304 to William la Zouche de Mortimer.]

9/28/1314, Order to deliver to Robert de Holand and Matilda his wife, youngest daughter and co-heiress of Alan la Zusche, tenant in chief, … with the assent of Nicholas de Sancto Mauro and Ellen his wife, eldest daughter and co-heiress of the said Alan … the following of … knight’s fees, 1 knight’s fee in Sutho Wincestre, in the county of Huntyngdon, which Oliver la Zusche holds, … (S) CCRs.

1314-21, Robert summoned to parliament by writ.

2/12/1315, Order to deliver to Robert de Holand and Matilda his wife, … a third of a fee in Chynnore  which Oliver la Zusche holds, … (S) CCRs.

4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices. [The regulations were suspended in the parliament of 1316.]

3/26/1316, Licence of the alienation in mortmain by the king’s kinsman, Thomas, earl of Lancaster, … and also for anniversaries for himself and Robert de Holand every year, after their deaths, in the cathedral church of Worcester. (S) CPRs.

8/27/1316, Grant to Robert de Holand and his heirs, of all lands in the Marches of Wales, late of Giffin de la Pole. (S) CPRs.

4/15/1317 at Winchester, A select assembly summoned to consider 'certain arduous and urgent affairs touching the king and the state of the realm', (the archbishop of Canterbury, bishop of Exeter), earls (Lancaster, Hereford), barons (Robert de Holland, Hugh Despenser the Elder and Hugh Despenser the Younger), and royal judges (William Bereford, William Inge, Henry le Scrope). (S) Parliament Rolls, 2005.

7/15/1318, Robert given license to crenellate his manor of Bagworth, Lancashire. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 11/26/1318, Thomas, earl of Lancaster exchanged properties with Robert de Holand and Matilda his wife. (S) CPRs.

10/22/1318, Pardon to ... Nicholas de Segrave, Robert de Holand, Stephen de Segrave, William le Latimer, Fulk Lestrange, William Tuchet, … knights, of all felonies and trespasses committed before 7 August last, adherents of Thomas, earl of Lancaster. (S) CPRs.

5/12/1319, Grant by Thomas, earl of Lancaster and Leycestre, steward of England, to Roger Beler, for his good service, … withesses:- Robert de Holand, … Stephen de Segrave, … (S) CPRs, 5/25/1319.

1319, Many rebel barons with the earls of Lancaster and Hereford assembled at Sherborne in Elmedon [Hampshire], swearing allegiance to the reformation of the realm.

2/3/1320 at Pountfreyt, Robert granted the castle of Thorpe Waterville by Earl Thomas. (S) CPRs, 2/22/1320.

1/25/1321, Licence for Robert de Holand to enfeoff Thomas, earl of Lancaster, of his manors of Holand, Hale, Orel and Samlesbiri, … re-grant … and also by the service of distributing every year for the souls … to the poor coming to the manor of Holand … at Christmas … oaten flour, and meat, beef, hog or mutton, to the value of 10£ … (S) CPRs.

11/15/1321, Licence for Robert de Holand and Matilda his wife to assigned the manor of Brackele and Halse, co. Northampton, … successive remainders Robert son of the said Robert de Holand … Thomas his brother, Alan brother of Thomas, … (S) CPRs.

2/26/1322, Bidau de Saviniaco conducting to the Tower of London Aline, the wife of John de Moubray, and her son, and the daughter of Robert de Holand, arrested in the company of Aline. (S) CPRs.

3/4/1322, Safe-conduct for Robert de Holand, coming to the king by his command and about to go against the contrariants. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, Robert fought for Earl Thomas of Lancaster at the battle of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, surrendering to the King. His lands were forfeit. The rebel forces of about 700 knights and men-at-arms, against about 4,000 in the royal forces. An effective use of longbow against calvary. [Rebeling barons lost and retreated to Tutbury castle.]

5/28/1322, Commission on information that William Trussel and William his son, Roger la Zusche … Robert de Holand, … with others entered the manors of … co. Leicester, … committed divers trespasses … (S) CPRs.

6/23/1322, … Robert de Holand, being charged with being and adherent of Thomas, sometime earl of Lancaster, surrendered to the king’s will, … (S) CPRs. [Robert imprisoned at Northampton, but escaped.]

1322, Robert believed to have played a treacherous part in the death of Earl Thomas.

1/28/1324, William Trussel and William his son, Roger la Zouche and Ralph his son, … Robert de Holand, … accused of entering the manors of Hugh le Despenser, earl of Winchester, at Lughteburgh, … co. Leicester. (S) CPRs.

1/20/1327, King Edward II abdicated in favor of his son, Edward III.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

2/18/1327, Pardon, at the request of Henry de Bello Monte, the king’s kinsman, to Robert de Holand for escaping from prison at Northampton. (S) CPRs.

3/20/1327, Grant to Matilda wife of Robert de Holand, at the request of the queen, of the manor of Hals and Bracle, co. Northampton, … to hold for the support of herself and her children … (S) CPRs.

12/23/1327, Under King Edward III, Roberts lands restored.

10/7/1328, Robert, knt., 1st Lord Holand, captured at Boreham Wood, Essex, by patrons of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and beheaded. His body was buried at Grey Friars, Preston, Lancashire. [1346, John Tebbe of Threngeston pardoned in the death for services in Gascony.]

[––Maud––]

11/10/1329, Licence for Mary, late the wife of Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, to demise to Matilda, late the wife of Robert de Holand, her interest in the castle oand manor of Thorpwatervyll, … (S) CPRs.

1330, The Lilbourne, Northamptonshire market held by Matilda who was the wife of Robert de Holand. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

12/15/1330, Exemplification of letters … appointing Robert de Holand to the office of justice of Chester, … oath taken in the Chancery by Matilda, wife and executrix of the said Robert, that the original letters patent are lost … (S) CPRs.

1331, Maud coheir to her great-aunt Emeline Longespee, widow of Sir Maurice Fitz Maurice.

2/8/1332, Commission of oyer … on complaint by Matilda late the wife of Robert de Holand that John de Charnels, … carried away her goods, as well as 600 charters, 200 bonds, 100 chirographs and tallies and divers muniments, at Thorpe Watervill, co. Northampton, and assaulted her servants there. (S) CPRs.

9/28/1334, Debtor: Maud {Matilda}, who was the wife of Robert de Holand [of the Liberty of Winchester]. Creditor: John, Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of England. Amount: £300. (S) UKNA.

10/22/1334, Maud late the wife of Robert de Holand to grant rent in Steeple Lavington to the warden of the chapel of St. Katherine, Wanborough, retaining land. Wilts. (S) UKNA. (S) CPRs.

1335-6, Indenture between Henry, Earl of Lancaster, and Maud de Holand relating to the manors of Bagworth and Broughton of which he is seised during the minority of Robert son and heir of Robert de Holand: (Leics). (S) UKNA.

3/12/1336, Matilda late the wife of Robert de Holand, going on pilgrimage to Santiago, … (S) CPRs.

5/23/1340, Licence for Henry le Fitz Roger to enfeoff Matilda de Holand of the manor of Cheuton, co. Somerset, … to regrant the same in tail to him and Elizabeth his wife, … (S) CPRs.

5/22/1341, Licence for Henry le Fitz Roger to enfeoff Matilda, late the wife of Robert de Holand, of 2 parts of the manor of Chuton, co. Somerset, … and the reversion of the third part of which Hugh le Despenser now holds for the life of Matilda, wife of Nicholas de Etecombe by demise of the said Nicholas and Matilda, and for her to regrant the same to him and Elizabeth his wife in fee. (S) CPRs.

6/28/1346, Licence for Maud late the wife of Robert de Holand to enfeoff her son, Thomas de Holand, of the manor of Hals, Brackeleye and Kyngsutton, co. Northampton, said to be held in chief. (S) CPRs.

5/31/1349, Maud died; buried at Brackley, Northamptonshire.

6/3/1349, IPM of Maud, late the wife of Robert de Holand. Stafford: She died on Whitsunday last. Robert de Holand, her son, aged 30 years and more, is her heir. Buckingham: Little Broghton by Aylesbury. The manor, … Derby: Dalbury. The manor … Berks: Denford. The manor, including a mill … Leicester: … Bagworth and Thorneton. The manors … Northampton: Hals and Brackele. The manor … Kyngessutton. The manor, with the hundred of Sutton … Wilts: Wamberwe. The manor … Lancaster: Holand. The manor … Torysholm. The manor … (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P430. (S) The Chronicle of Lanercost, Maxwell, 1913, P236.

Children of Robert  and Maud:  [4 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Robert de Holand (7605700), born 1311 in England.

ii. Thomas de Holand (1477428), born ~1314 in England.

iii. Matilda de Holand, born ~1316 in England.

Matilda married John de Mowbray. [Divorced.] (S) CPRs.

11/3/1332, Licence for John de Moubray, lord of the island of Haxiholm to grant to Matilda daughter of Robert de Holand, for life, the manors of Ryasshe, ... (S) CPRs.

Matilda married Sir Thomas de Swinnerton.

iv. Elizabeth de Holand (15211021), born ~1320 in England.


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