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Friday, January 6, 2012

Baron Henry de Percy & Lady Iodine de Clifford

30422826. Baron Henry de Percy & 30422827. Lady Iodine de Clifford

2/2/1299, Henry born in Leconfield, Yorkshire, England, heir & s/o 60845652. Henry de Percy & 60845653. Eleanor Fitz Alan.

~1303, Iodine born in England, d/o 1249352. Robert de Clifford & 1249353. Maud de Clare.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

6/24/1314, Iodine’s father killed at the battle of Bannockburn; her brother Roger the heir.

10/1314, Henry’s father died.

10/8/1315, Writ for IPM of Henry de Percy. [very long list] … Sussex: … Coutershou, held of the earl of Arundell by service of 21 knights’ fees … Northumberland: … Heir as above aged 13 years and 9 months. … [most common age] … (S) CIsPM.

5/1/1316, The King committed to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, the custody of all the said Henry’s lands in co. York during the minority of Henry, son and heir, rendering £400 yearly … (S) CCRs.

11/13/1318, The king granted to Henry de Percy, son and heir of Henry de Percy … a minor in the king’s wardship, the custody of the castle and manor of Alnewyk, which belonged to Henry’s father at his death, … (S) CCRs, 5/18/1324.

6/3/1320, Order to pay to Edward, earl of Chester, the king’s son, 200 marks, … due from Henry for the custody of the lands of Henry de Percy in co. York during the minority of the heir, … Eleanor [Henry’s mother], late the wife of Henry de Percy, … surrendered the custody thereof … (S) CCRs.

5/24/1321, Assembly of the northern lords at Pomfret, under the earl of Lancaster “… de Pontefracto ad mandatum comitis Lancastriae … videlicet ipse comes primo cum suis, Thomas de Multone, Thomas de Fournivalle, …, Henricus filus Hugonis, …, Henricus de Percy, Johannes de Marmillone, … barones et banoretti ; … (S) Chronicles of the Reigns of Edward I and Edware II, 1882, P61.

11/26/1321, To Thomas de Burgh, escheator … Order to cause Henry de Percy, son and heir of Henry de Percy, … to have seisin of his father’s lands, except knights’ fees and advowsons of churches, … although he has not yet proved his age … (S) CCRs.

[––Henry & Iodine––]

By 1322, Henry married Iodine.

3/16/1322, Iodine’s brother Roger captured at the battle of Boroughbridge and executed at York; her brother Robert succeeding.

5/1/1322, To Henry de Percy. Order to cause ordinance to be made by some of his men in whom he can confide that all  his men and tenandts, horsemen and footmen … between the ages of 16 and 60, shall provide themselves with arms … they be ready to set out against the Scots if they enter the realm. (S) CCRs.

7/20/1322, To Henry de Percy, constable of Scardeburgh castle. Order to receive … the king’s prisoners, and to cause them to be kept safely in that castle. (S) CCRs.

3/8/1323, To Thomas de Burgh, escheator … Order to deliver to Henry de Percy, son and heir of Henry de Percy, … his knights’ fees and advowsons of churches, which were retained in the king’s hands when he took Henry’s homage … although he had not then proved his age, as he has now proved his age … (S) CCRs.

4/1323, Henry knighted at York.

7/1/1325, Henry, son of Henry, granted a fair at Pocklington, Yorkshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

11/1325, Queen Isabella sent word from France that she would not return to England until the “intruder” [Hugh le Despenser] between her and her husband had been removed.

1326, King Charles of France was not happy with his sister Queen Isabella, who had fallen in love with Roger de Mortimer.

9/24/1326, Roger and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joining up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

10/1326, Henry joined Queen Isabela against the Despensers.

11/16/1326, Hugh le Despenser with King Edward and others captured in Glamorgan, Wales hiding in Neath abbey.

1/13/1327, The lords mentioned came to the Guildhall, and in the presence of the Mayor, Aldermen and a great Commonality to the oath to safeguard Isabella, Queen of England, and Edward, eldest son of the king of England and heir-apparent, in their cause against Hugh le Despenser the younger and Master Robert de Baldock, … Earls: … Barons: Roger de Mortuo Mari, Hugh Daudele, … Henry de Percy, … William de Roos, … (S) CPRs.

1/18/1327, Gilbert de Alton, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Henry de Percy, knight, 700 marks, … (S) CCRs.

1/20/1327, Edward II abdicated in favor of his son.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

2/15/1327, Henry de Percy, the king’s kinsman, granted a market and fair at Topcliffe, North Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

9/5/1327, The K. commands that the £330 3s 4d owing to Henry de Percy for the 159 men-at-arms and 200 hobelars, with whom he accompanied on the Marches of Scotland for 25 days in July and August be defrayed. (S) CDsRS, 1887, P169.

10/9/1327, Henry and William de Denum appointed to treat for peace with the Scots. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P245.

1328, Henry’s mother died.

1328, The King granted Henry the reversion of Warkworth castle.

1/10/1329, Order to cause Henry de Percy and the other executors of the will of Eleanor (60845653), late the wife of Henry de Percy … (S) CCRs.

1329, Henry founded a chantry for his soul.

10/18/1330 at Nottingham castle, King Edward III, along with his courtiers captured his mother Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer [who was soon executed.] Isabella was escorted to Windsor where she was placed under house arrest.

12/1330-2/1331, Henry de Percy recovered his possessions in Scotland under the Treaty of Northampton. [The lands of Thomas Wake, baron of Lydel, and Henry de Beaumont, earl of Buchan, were restored soon after.]

1331, Henry an envoy to France to treat for peace.

8/9/1332, The King hearing that Henry de Beaumont was preparing to invade Scotland in violation of the peace, appointed Henry de Percy warden of the March, with plenary powers to prevent breaches of the peace in York and 4 other northern counties. (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relanting to Scotland, 1887, P192.

11/21/1333, The K. to Henry de Percy his cousin. Commands him on his highest peril to deliver the castle of loghmaban to Henry de Beaumont, earl of Buchan, and Ralph de Neville, steward of the household, … [Henry in a dispute with Edward de Bohun, the K.’s cousin over the castle – to be settled in parliament.] (S) CDsRS, 1887, P198.

8/14/1334, Licence for Henry de Percy to grant to Henry his son and Mary, daughter of the king’s kinsman, Henry, earl of Lancaster, in tail male, the manors of Foston, co. Leicester, and Tadecastre and Pokelynton, co. York, … (S) CPRs.

2/19/1335, Henry granted the lands of Patrick de Dunbar IV, earl of March, in Northumberland. [The earl had rebelled against King Edward II.] (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relating to Scotland, 1887, P207.

1335, King Edward going into Scotland in support of Edward Balliol. The Scots refused to meet the large force in open battle. King Edward instead ravaged towns throughout Scotland.

1336, Henry de Percy received 200 marks from the Exchequer for services in Scotland.

2/14/1337, Henry de Percy, knight, and Idonia, wife of Henry de Percy, each received a papal indult for plenary remission. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg’s, V2, 1895, Regesta 124.

4/28/1338, Henry de Percy asks protection for his companion Monsire William Brous, who is in the K.’s service at the siege of Dumbarre. (S) CDsRS, 1887, P232.

1340, Henry Percy with Gilbert Umfraville, Ralph Neville, and Anthony Lucy, at their own costs, hired 210 men-at-arms and 220 archers to serve against the Scots. (S) The History of the Borough, Castle, and Barony of Alnwick, V1, 1866, P123. [King Edward was invading Hainaut.]

1341, Henry with the King at Newcastle, Scotland; and at the siege of Stirling.

By 1342, Henry de Percy gave up Lochmaben and Annandale and received the castle and constabulary of Jeddeworthe, the forest and other lands there, worth 400 marks yearly, by service of a goshawk, with 500 marks from the customs of Berwick-on-Tweed, and the keeping of its castle.

1343, Henry a commissioner for the Truce of the Marches; and to treat with Sir William Douglas, the knight of Liddesdale.

1345, Henry, with a force of 30,000, repelled a Scottish invasion under the command of Sir William Douglas.

8/20/1346, Proclamation of array, archbishop of York, Henry de Percy and Ralph de Neville to command the forces in the north. (S) English Hertiage Battlefield Report, Neville’s Cross, 1995.

10/17/1346, While Edward III was fighting in France, Henry commanded the right wing division at the victory of Neville’s Cross, just west of Durham, against the invading Scots. King David II was captured and ransomed for 100,000 marks.

4/20/1347, William de Plumpton, of the retinue of Henry de Percy, to go in his company to the march of Scotland for the defence thereof. (S) CFRs. [A large English force was at the siege if Calais, France.]

9/1347, Donkal Makduel [Duncan Macdowell], a captured Scot, handed over to Henry de Percy and Ralph de Neville at York castle. (S) The Anonimalle Chronicle, Galbraith, 1970, P159.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

9/1349, Henry de Percy wrote his will leaving £200 to satisfy claims that might be made throughout England for debts, and leaves 1000 marks sterling to his son Henry de Percy should he wish to make an expedition in his name to the Holy Land. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., 1866, P416. (S) Fasti Eboracenses, V1, 1863, P446.

1350, Henry commissioned to treat with the Scots for a final peace.

2/26/1351, Henry, 2nd Lord Percy, Baron of Topcliffe, Yorkshire and Alnwick, Northumberland, died at Warkworth; buried at Alnwick.


3/6/1351, IPM of Henry de Percy. … Sussex: Petteworth, Sutton, Doneketon and Heyshete. The manors … He died on 26 February, 26 Edward III. Henry his son, aged 30 years, is his heir. … York: … gave them to Henry de Percy the younger and Mary his wife … [very long list in multiple counties] (S) CIsPM.

4/3/1352, Order to escheator in the county of Northumberland [and York, Lincoln, Salop, Sussex, London], to deliver to Henry de Percy, son and heir of Henry de Percy, the lands whereof his father was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death, saving to Idonea late the wife of Henry de Percy, the father, her reasonable dower; as the king has taken his homage. (S) CFRs.

4/4/1352, To escheator in the county of York. Order to take the oath of Idonia late the wife of Henry de Percy, tenant in chief, that she will not marry without the king's licence, and to deliver to her the manors in that county which the king has assigned to her to hold as dower. (S) CCRs. [Like order in Northumberland.]

8/24/1365, Iodine died, buried at Beverly Minster.

9/1365, IPM of Idonia late the wife of Henry de Percy. York: [manors] Lekngfeld, Semer, Nafferton, Catton, Bouyngton, Kyrkelevyngton, Clethop, Gikeleswik, all held in dower of the inheritance of Henry de Percy, son and heir of Henry de Percy and herself. … She died on 24 August last. Henry de Percy, knight, aged 40 years and more, son of Henry de Percy and herself, is her heir. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P652. (S) The History of the Borough, Castle, and Barony of Alnwick, 1866. (S) The Archaeological Journal, V41, 1884, P338-40.

Children of Henry and Iodine: [5 sons, 4 daughters]

i. Henry de Percy (15210584), born 1323 in England.

ii. Eleanor de Percy (7605651), born ~1325 in England.

iii. Maud de Percy (15211413), born ~1330 in England.