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Friday, August 28, 2020

Baron Henry de Audley & Lady Bertrade de Mainwaring

 94567456. Baron Henry de Audley & 94567457. Lady Bertrade de Mainwaring

~1185, Henry born in England, 2nd s/o §§Adam de Audley.

~1190, Bertrade born in England, d/o §§Ralph de Meisnilwarin.

1194, Henry witnessed a deed.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1204, Henry’s father died, son Adam his heir.

Bef. 1210, Henry went to Ireland and served with Hugh de Lacey.

1211, When his older brother Adam was killed, Henry inherited some lands he held in Dunley as well as being given his brother’s Constableship of Cashel, becoming Lord of Audley. (S) 13th Century England IV, 1992, P191.

1211, Henry de Audley admitted that castle-guard service at Newcastle for the tenure of Tunstall and Chesterton was due to the crown. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V11, 1908, P239.

1211-12, Henricus de Alditheleg, tenet quatuor virgatas terrae in Bradewell et Thurfredesfeld et reddit per annum … (S) Domesday Studies, Eyton, 1881, P88.

1214, Henry became a follower of the Earl of Chester.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

1215, Henre de Audelee distinguished himself in the cause of King John during the barons war. (S) History of Fulk Fitz Warine, Wright, 1855, P215.

1216, Henry Deputy Sheriff of Staffordshire and Salop, of the Earl of Chester.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

1217-18, Robert de Praeres witnessed a grant from Earl Ranulf to Henry de Audley. (S) Ireland and Britain, Frame, 1998, P45.

5/15/1218, Pledges of Robert Marmion in court … taken by Ralph de Neville … Henry of Audley for 30 m. (S) FRsHIII.

1219, Henry de Audley founded Hulton abbey. (S) The Reliquary, V25, 1885, P113.

2/7/1220, King Henry directs the men of Stafford to give aid to Henry de Audley in fortifying Shrawardine Castle. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V10, 1860, P96.

7/2/1221, Mandate to the justiciary of Ireland … assise of Mort d’ancestor, which Ivo de Dunlere arraigned against Henry de Audley, touching 1 carucate of land in Dunleer, … (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1875, P152.

10/29/1222, Rutland. The king has granted to Henry of Audley the custody of the land formerly of Warin de Glapion in Cottesmore with its appurtenances for as long as it pleases the king, for the seisin of which land Robert de Coudray, who is dead, had made fine with the king by 50 m. at the pledge of William de Cantilupe, Stephen of Seagrave and Walter Daiville. (S) FRsHIII.

1223, Henry founded Hulton Abbey and endowed it with land, some of which he had inherited from his mother. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, 1900, P103.

3/9/1224, Order to the sheriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire to take the manor of Newborough into the king’s hand without delay, which Henry of Audley holds by bail of King John. (S) FRsHIII.

1225, Henry made Governor of Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth Castles  with responsibilities for the repairs to the defences and living quarters as well as the carriage of food and war materials to the King. (S) Beauties of England and Wales, Britton, 1813, P227.

1226, Henry made Constable of Kermadyn Castle (Carmarthen), Governor of Cardigan Castle, and allowed him to fortify a castle of his own at Redcastle, near Hawkstone. Henry built his sandstone castle at Heley on a steep hillside. Young King Henry III was sufficiently interested to give Audley 12 hinds towards stocking the park, a fenced enclosure, sometimes large enough to hunt in, where animals, mostly deer, were kept.

9/10/1226, Order to Henry of Audley to take Newborough into the king’s hand with its appurtenances. (S) FRsHIII.

3/23/1227, The burgesses of Shrewsbury give 300m. for their tallage assessed upon them by H. of Audley and John Bonet. (S) FRsHIII.

5/2/1227, King Henry III, of age, confirmed to Henry all the lands he had previously held, including some that had been given him by the Earl of Chester. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V11, 1908, P240.

1227, King Henry gave Newport to Henry de Audley.

1228, Henry de Audley, through his attorney William Rufus, prosecuted several persons over rights in Newport.

6/15/1229, Henry de Audley, Hugh Dispenser, … Robert Aguillun, … witnesses to an inspeximus of a charter of King Henry II. (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1875, P253.

11/7/1229, Henry de Audley sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire, given custody of castles of Salop and Brug.

4/30/1230, Henry and his brother William, not much younger, accompanied the young King took to France, sailing from Portchester to St. Malo; invading Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.

9/17/1230, The King granted Henry the manor of Ford in Salop in fee farm for a rent of £12 per annum. (S) FRsHIII.

10/1230, King Henry abandoned his invasion and returned to England.

10/28/1231, By the fine of £20 that Nicholas de Neville made with the king, for which he has given the king surety by Henry of Audley, Hugh Despenser, … (S) FRsHIII.

1232, Henry the heir of Nicholas de Verdon. (S) The Thomas Book, Thomas, 1896, P197.

1233, Henry gave his son Ranulph as a hostage to guarantee fealty, who was placed in the custody of Hugh le Despenser.

12/30/1233, Order to the barons of the Exchequer to permit Henry of Audley, who is in the king’s service at Shrewsbury, to have peace from the debts that are exacted from him. (S) FRsHIII.

7/1/1234, John fitz Alan with Thomas Corbet, Henry de Audley, to take possession of the castles on the Marches in custody of Peter de Rivaux, by laying siege if necessary.

1236, Henry de Audley sent with Hugh le Despenser and Stephen de Segrave to take charge of Beeston castle. (S) Magna Britannia, V2, 1810, P548.

11/9/1236, Association of … and Henry de Audithelegh with Hervey de Stafford and Fulk son of Warin to receive and make amends for attacks committed in the time of the truce between the king and L. prince of Abberfrau. (S) CPRs.

1237, Henry Constable of Chester and Beeston castles, appointed after the death of the last Earl of Chester, John of Huntingdon. (S) Lestrange Records, LeStrange, 1916, P103.

1237, Henry went twice to meet the Welsh Prince Llewellyn, to treat for peace.

3/8/1238, The king commands him to provide for the sufficient defence of the march, so that the lands of the king or of himself may not by his default suffer danger, and if necessary he may resist Llywelyn the Great at an opportune season: written to Walter de Clifford (23640214), … Thomas Corbet, … John Lestrange (121697006), H. earl of Hereford, Henry de Aldithele (94567456), John de Monemue (23634242), Ralph de Mortuo Mari (9994864), … William de Stutevill (47281514), John son of Alan (94559104). (S) CPRs.

3/9/1238, John Lestrange accompanied Henry de Audley to treat with Llywelyn. (S) CPRs.

7/8/1238, Notification of the prorogation of the truce of L. prince of Aberfran and lord of Snaudon … for the observance … the king has caused Henry de Aldithele, John Lestrange, … king’s clerks, to swear on his soul. (S) CPRs.

1239, Henry involved in a lawsuit with the Erdington family over the lordship of Shawbury since 1236, lost the suit. (S) (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V10, 1860, P175.

1240, Henry de Audley quitted all his right in Stanway to Madoc de Sutton in exchange for a share of Weston under Red Castle. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V4, 1857, P91.

Bef. 1241, Henry appointed Constable of the King’s castle in Newcastle-under-Lyme, conveniently near to Heley, and with the manor of Newcastle included; paying a rent of £69 a year.

1241, The King visited Henry at Newcastle-under-Lyme.

8/7/1241, John fitz Geoffrey and Henry de Aldithelegh to conduct David son of Llewelin in coming to the king at Shrewsbury. (S) CPRs.

5/17/1242, Protection with clause volumus for Saer de Wahull, so long as he be with the king beyond seas. The like for:- Henry de Auddeleye, Thomas de Neuport } who are with Saer de Wahul. (S) CPRs.

5/20/1242, King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

7/22/1242 at Saintes, the 2 armies met with the superior sized French force winning.

9/20/1242, For Henry of Audley. Order to the sheriff of Staffordshire to place in respite the demand for 10½ m. (S) FRsHIII.

7/11/1245, Mandate to … by letters close … Hugh de Venables, Henry de Aldithelegh, Thomas Corbet, John fitz Alan, Ralph Basset of Periton, Roger de Sumery … D. son of Llwewlin has given seige to the castle of Dissard … to rescue the said castle. (S) CPRs.

11/8/1245, John le Strange, Fulk Fitz Warin and Henry de Audley appointed to arbitrate claims of Griffith ap Madoc and Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn over lands in Dendover.

10/1246, Henry died holding 19 manors in Staffordshire and 8 in Salop.

(S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey, Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4. (S) Transactions, Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883.

Children of Henry and Bertrade: [5 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Alice de Audley (9981229), born ~1215 in England.

ii. James de Audley (47283728), born ~1220 in England. [2nd son]

iii. Amice de Audeley (23640211), born ~1225 in England.

iv. Emma de Audley (30424227), born ~1230 in England.

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