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Monday, August 10, 2020

Baron John de Mowbray & Lady Aline de Brewes

 5910160. Baron John de Mowbray & 5910161. Lady Aline de Brewes

9/4/1286, John born in Yorkshire, s/o 11820320. Roger de Mowbray & 11820321. Rose de Clare.

1289, Aline born in England, d/o 11820322. Baron William de Brewes & 11820323. Mary ?.

1297, John’s father died. John inherited the manor of Melton Moubray.

[––John & Aline––]

1297, At Swansea, Glamorgan, John married to Aline, age 8.

11/29/1297, Grant to William de Brewosa, staying with the king in Flanders, of the marriage of John son and heir of Roger de Moubray, tenant in chief, so that he may be married to Alina his daughter. Mandate to Roesia, late the wife of the said Roger, to deliver the said John. (S) CPRs.

1298, John, son and heir of Roger Mowbray, in custody of Edmund, earl of Conrwall, held 5 virgates and 1 messuage with profit of market and fairs in the manor of Melton Mowbray. (S) Topo. Hist. of Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P126.

2/20/1304, John, son and heir of Roger de Moubray, tenant in chief, a minor in the king's ward, (S) CFRs.

7/23/1305, Commission of oyer, … touching the persons who entered the chaces of Kirkeby Malesard and Niddresdale, co. York, … of the inheritance of John de Moubray son and heir of Roger de Moubray, a minor in the king’s custody, … (S) CPRs.

2/23/1306, Grant to John de Moubray of the custody, during the minority of the hier, of the lands in England late of John Comyn of Badenagh … (S) CPRs.

5/22/1306, Sir John, 1 of 267 knighted by King Edward I in London at Westminster abbey.

1307, Livery of lands granted to John de Mowbray. (S) Journal of the House of Lords, V108, P195.

8/26/1307-5/15/21, John summoned to parliament.

2/25/1308, John attended the coronation of King Edward II.

1308-19, John summoned against the Scots on multiple occasions.

4/1309, John present at the Dunstable tournament in which 235 knights participated in retinues, and 70 independently.

2/7/1310, Licence, upon fine, for John de Moubray, to demise to Miles de Stapelton, for life … in the manor of Hovyngham, … (S) CPRs.

8/23/1311, Order to tho same to deliver to John de Moubray, kinsman and heir of Maud de Moubray (23640641), the lands which Roger le Strange [step-grandfather], deceased, held in chief by the courtesy of England of the inheritance of the said Maud, his wife, grandmother of John, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

7/10/1312, Appointment during pleasure of John de Moubray to be keeper of the city of York and of the entire county of York, for the preservation of the peace … with power to inflict punishment … (S) CPRs.

9/25/1313, Commission of oyer and terminer to John de Moubray and Adam de Middleton, … at Foston by Great Kelke, co. York, … (S) CPRs.

3/23/1314, John appointed Captain and Keeper of Newcastle and the county of Northumberland. [At a time when there were many Scottish incursions into England.]

2/26/1315, Commission to John de Moubray, Henry le Scrope, John de Insula, … county of York. (S) CPRs.

1315, John had licence to enfeoff the manor of Melton Moubray. (S) Topo. Hist. of Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P126.

8/5/1316, William de Braose and John de Mowbray and Alina his wife granted a market and fair at Bramber, Sussex. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

11/13/1316, The king lately, by fine of £200 made by John de Moubray, granted licence to William de Brewosa the elder to grant his manors of Knappe, … and 3,000 acres … co. Sussex, which Mary de Brewosa holds, for her life, in dower of his inheritance to … to regrant the same to the said William … remainder to John de Moubray and Aline his wife … 40 knights’ fees … (S) CPRs.

9/18/1317, John granted the town and borough of Scarborough in Yorkshire [and soon after the custody of the castle.] (S) CPRs.

10/25/1317, Writ of aid for John de Moubray, constable of the castle of Scardeburgh … (S) CPRs.

11/30/1317, Appointment during pleasure to John de Moubray to be keeper of the Isle of Haxholme. (S) CPRs.

3/1318, the King ordered John and William de Ros of Helmsley to seize the castle of Knaresborough, Yorkshire.

1318, William, John’s father-in-law, conveyed the baronies of Bramber and Gower on John.

4/4/1319, John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of Gower; and John his eldest son and Maud, the son's wife. John has granted to John and Maud the manors of Kyrkeby Malasart, Burtone in Lounesdale and Hovyngham, to them and their issue, saving to John [the father] the right to hunt when he wishes. Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir William de Roos of Helmsley, William le Latymer, Edmund Dayncourt, ... (S) UKNA.

10/26/1320, Hugh le Despenser (2954874) convinced the King to dispossess John of the baronies because he had obtained them without license [which was not required since he was a Marcher lord]. This led to a confederation of the Lords Marcher, headed by the Earl of Hereford, the Mortimers, and John against the Despensers. (S) Edward II, Werner, 2017, P138.

11/13/1320, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to go in person to the land of Gower in the march of Wales, which John de Moubray acquired of William de Bruosa, who held the same in chief, and entered without licence … (S) CFRs.

5/4/1321, The Marcher lords, wearing special green tunics, attacked the Despensers’ castle at Newport, which fell 3 days later.

8/20/1321, Pardon, with the assent of Parliament, … to John de Moubray, knight, for resisting … unable to take into the king’s hand the land of Gower in the March of Wales, which the said John had acquired without licence from William de Brewosa … (S) CPRs.

1/1322, John at the siege of the King’s castle of Tickhill in support of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster; causing orders for his arrest. (S) CPRs.

2/26/1322, Aline and son John imprisoned in the Tower. (S) CPRs.

3/11/1322, Writ of aid for Edmund, earl of kent, … and John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, appointed to arrest Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … John de Moubray, Bartholomew de Badelesmere, Roger de Clifford, John Giffard of Brymesfeld, Henry Tyes, John de Wylyngton and Henry de Wylyngton, and all of their company, and to besiege and take the said Thomas’ castle. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, John taken prisoner at the battle of Boroughbridge in Yorkshire. Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and the Marcher Lords, against King Edward II and the Dispensers. The rebel forces of about 700 knights and men-at-arms, against about 4,000 in in the royal forces. An effective use of longbow against calvary. [Rebeling barons lost and retreated to Tutbury castle.] (S) The Chronicle of Lanercost, Maxwell, 1913, P236.

3/23/1322, John, 2nd Lord Mowbray, Baron of Axholme, Lincolnshire, taken to York and hanged; his estates forfeit. John buried at Friars Preachers, York.


1323, Aline granted into the custody of her family enemy Hugh le Despenser.

6/16/1324, Hugh, earl of Winchester, forced Aline to grant him custody of Bramber and other estates of her father totaling 21.25 knight’s fees. [This continues over several records.] (S) CPRs.

11/24/1326, Earl Hugh le Despenser executed for treason.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1327, After the fall of the Despensers, Aline recovered her estates.

By 1327, Aline married 2nd Sir Richard de Peshale.

1327, A commission appointed to investigate the complaint of John de Mareschall, who had been robbed, abused, and imprisoned by Alina and Sir Richard de Peshale in their castles of Swansea and Oystermouth. (S) Inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Galmorgan, Royal Commission in Wales, 2000, P247.

10/28/1328, Grant to Roger de Swynnerton of what pertains to the king of the marriage of Alina, late the wife of John de Moubray, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.

10/22/1329, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take from Richard de Pessale and Aline his wife security … (S) CFRs.

2/22/1330, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take security from Richard de Pessale and Aline his wife for the issues of certain lands in the county of Sussex. (S) CFRs.

1/10/1331, Grant to Richard de Peshale and Aline his wife, late the wife of John de Moubray, by assent of the prelates, earls, barons and other magnates and chiefs in the present Parliament, of the manors of Knappe, Shorham, Horsham, Beaubusson and Brembre and 3,000 acres of wood in Brembre, co. Sussex, and 50 knights' fees. (S) CFRs.

6/29/1331, Commission … touching alleged oppressions by Richard de Peshale and Alina his wife, daughter and heiress of William de Brewosa, late lord of the land of Gower, … (S) CFRs.

1331, Aline died.

7/21/1331, Commitment to John de Moubray, for a fine of £300 … of the wardship of the lands which Aline, late the wife of John de Moubray, father of the said John, held of the latter's inheritance, and which have been taken into the king's hand by her death. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P599.

Child of John and Aline:

i. John de Moubray (2955080), born 11/29/1310 in Yorkshire, England.

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