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Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Baron Nicholas de Segrave & Lady Maud de Lucy

 121688174. Baron Nicholas de Segrave & 121688175. Lady Maud de Lucy

1236-38, Maud born in Kent, England, d/o §§Geoffrey de Lucy & Nichole ?, Knt., of Newington in Kent.

12/17/1238, Nicholas born in England, s/o 243376348. Gilbert de Segrave & 4997461. Amabil de Chaucombe. (S) Magna Britannia Antiqua & Nova, Cox, 1738, P590.

1252, Maud’s father died. (S) Rolls of Arms Henry III, Tremlett, 1967.

1254, Nicholas’ father died.

12/17/1254, Nicholas, age 16, identifed as the hier to his father Gilbert. (S) 5 Papers, Parlaiment Lords, 1876, P7.

[––Nicholas & Maud––]

By 1255, Nicholas married Maud.

4/18/1258, Nicholas de Segrave gave homage to the king for his lands. (S) 5 Papers, Parlaiment Lords, 1876, P7.

3/28/1259, Protection with clause, until Midsummer, for Nicholas de Sedgrave, going on pilgrimage to Pontigny. (S) CPRs.

10/28/1259, Of those who are crossing with the king to France and have protection … Nicholas de Segrave … (S) CPRs. [French King Louis and Queen Margaret hosted a family Christmas gathering in Paris that included King Henry III and Queen Eleanor. Margaret and Eleanor were sisters.]

12/7/1261, Notification that the king has made peace with the barons, and they are not to be charged with anything unless any of the following have not put his seal to the said peace withing 15 days, … [Roger Bigod] the earl Marshal, [Simon de Montfort] the earl of Leicester, [John (23639780)] the earl of Warenne, Roger de Mortymer (4997432), Hugh le Despenser (11819496), William Bardolf (243382144), John de Burgo, Henry de Hastinges (11820100), John le Fiz John, Robert de Vespont, William de Muntchenesy, John le Fiz Alezn (47279552), Nicholas de Segrave (121688174), Geoffrey de Lucy. (S) CPRs.

1262, Indenture of fine made at Warwick in 5 weeks of Holy Trinity, between Walter de Laungeleye and Alice his wife, plaintiffs, and Nicholas de Segrave. (S) UKNA.

1263, Nicholas de Segrave summoned to receive the Order of Knighthood from the king. (S) 5 Papers, Parlaiment Lords, 1876, P7.

6/29/1263, The Manor of Isleworth hosted a gathering of Earl Simon de Montfort’s rebellious noblemen who held a conference with the King that sowed the seeds for England’s first true Parliament.

1263, Nicholas a leader in the revolt of the barons of Nottingham against Henry III. (S) The Historians’ History of the World, 1907, William, P381.

4/6/1264, King Henry attacked Northampton. Nicholas escaped and fled to London, where is was proclaimed commander by the citizens.

4/18/1264, Nicholas with Gilbert de Clare and Henry de Hastings at the siege of Rochester. [The siege was lifted when a large Royalist force arrived.]

5/14/1264, At the Battle of Lewes, Nicholas led the unit of Londoners that were attacked and routed by Prince Edward in the initial stages of the conflict. King Henry was captured by the barons. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary. (S) The History of England: From the Earliest Times to the Death of George II, Goldsmith, 1771, P371.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

1264-68, Nicholas de Segrave, custodian of the forest between the bridges of Oxford and Stamford. (S) Medieval Fish, Vs1-2, Aston, 1988, P53.

12/24/1264, Nicholas, Baron Segrave, summoned to Montfort’s parliament.

1/14/1265, Simon de Montfort held a parliament in London that included 2 burgesses from each town, and 2 knights from each shire [county].

2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … Nicholas de Segrave, … going … to Dunstaple to tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.

8/4/1265, Nicholas wounded and captured at the battle of Evesham.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. [Queen Eleanor had sent archers from her mother’s county of Ponthieu in France.]

1/12/1266, Letters patent granting to Edmund of Lancaster the lands etc. forfeited by the earl of Leicester and Nicholas de Seagrave. (S) UKNA.

9/30/1266, Grant for life to Ralph le Butiler of the manor of Knyton late of Nicholas de Segrave, the king’s enemy, … (S) CPRs.

10/31/1266, Nicholas pardoned under the Dictum of Kenilworth. The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years.

5/12/1270, … Protection with clause volumus, for four years from Easter, for Robert de Ufford, crusader, who is going with the King and with Edward the king’s son to the Holy land. The like for the following crusaders … Nicholas de Seagrave … (S) FRsHIII.

8/19/1270, Nicholas left on the 8th crusade with Lord Edward. [Nicholas left John de Digby as his attorney.]

11/10/1270, Nicholas, with Edward, arrived in Tunis. [The French had already made a treaty and were prepared to leave.]

1/15/1271, King Edward and the crusaders returned to Sicily. [Nicholas’ name appears on a list of crusaders for 1271. (S) Inst. of Hist. Research, Vs48-49, 1975, P132.]

By 5/1271, King Edward moved his forces to Acre; waiting for support to arrive [which never came.]

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while returning from crusade.

1273, King Edward traveled over land through Italy, across the alps, and into Savoy, where he was met by English prelates and barons.

8/1274, King Edward and the English [likely including Nicholas] returned home.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

7/21/1276, Ralph de Crumbewelle acknowledges he owes the merchants of Luca 1,000 marks if Nicholas de Sedgrave fails to pay. (S) CCRs.

1277, Barons, knights, and tenants made their proffer of service before Sir Bartholomew Baldesmere, lieutanant to the constable of England, and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, marischal of the king’s host. (S) Desc. View of the County of Northumberland, Mackenzie, 1825, P323.

1277-95, … Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Lady Maud his wife. … (S) UKNA.

8/7/1278, Order to cause Roger de Mowbray, imprisoned in that castle [Windesore] for certain trespasses … and for a contempt done to the king, to be delivered to Maurice de Berkley, Nicholas de Sedgrave, Emeric de Sancto Amando, Ralph Basset, … and John de Sancto Johanne, who have mainperned to have him before the king. (S) CCRs.

1279, Nicholas de Segrave has 11v. in the vill of Stanton in socage, which belong to the manor of Stantone. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, P204.

1280-90, An outbreak of sheep scab devastated the flocks of England.

6/28/1283, Nicholas summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

9/8/1284, Charter of grant to Thomas de Clare of a weekly market … Witnesses … Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster, Richard de Bruce, Reginald de Grey, Nicholas de Segrave, … (S) Cal. of Doc.s Relating to Ireland, 1879, P526.

1/23/1285, Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster, and Nicholas de Segrave contracted to sell 50 sacks of woll for delivery over 2 years, each sack to be a “great sack” of Ireland of 42 stones of woll. (S) English Wool Market, Bell, 2007, P169.

10/20/1286, Order not to molest Nicholas de Segrave for the trespasses … during the time of the disturbance in the realm … the king has pardoned him. (S) CCRs.

10/24/1287, Letters of protection for Nicholas de Segrave, traveling to Ireland.

5/18/1288, Grant … to Nicholas de Segrave of the custody, during the minority of the heirs, of the lands of William de Ferrariis, tenant in chief, in Groby, Neubotle, Farndon, Fairsted, Boulton and Leylond, … (S) CPRs.

1289, Nicholas de Segrave still owed 200 marks on his fines by the Dictum of Kenilworth in 1266. (S) 13th Century England, Coss, 1986, P5.

9/1290, Nicholas a commissioner of oyer and terminer in Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire.

1291, Nicholas a commissioner of oyer and terminer in Warwickshire.

4/17/1292, Nicholas given letters of protection, staying in Scotland on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

1292, Receipt by Nicholas de Segrave, castellan of Dumbarton and Ayr, for 40£. received from the Chamberlain of Scotland and his associate in part payment of his wages. Edinburgh. (S) UKNA.

7/14/1292, Nicholas de Seagrave, the elder, granted a market and fair at Mountsorrel, Leicestershire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

10/18/1293, Nicholas de Segrave, the elder, acknowledges he owes Master William de Pykering £20. (S) CCRs.

5/28/1294, Geoffrey de Segrave, clk., granted custody of the squestration in the church of Bonington’ at Thorpe by Sir Nicholas de Segrave. (S) Register of John le Romeyn, V1, Brown, 1913, P321.

11/25/1294, Nicholas witnessed a royal charter.

2/13/1294-5, Stephen de Segrave, clk., granted custody of the squestration in the church of Bonington’ at Thorpe, presented by Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knt., his father. (S) Register of John le Romeyn, V1, Brown, 1913, P325.

8/1295, Nicholas summoned to parliament.

11/12/1295, “Nicholas de Segrave, the elder: Huntingdonshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire” died. (S) UKNA, IPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P176. (S) History of the County of Derby, Pt1, Glover, 1829, P398. (S) DNB, V51.

Family notes:

·         Bef. 12/3/1235, Geoffrey de Lucy Knt., of Newington in Kent, married Nichole, a widow.

·         6/11/1239, Geoffrey granted a market and fair at Weybridge, Surrey. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

Children of Nicholas and Maud:

i. John de Segrave (4997378), born 1256 in England.

ii. Nicholas de Seagrave, born ? in England.

6/13/1282, William le Botiller of Werinton owes to Nicholas de Segrave, the younger, 20 marks. (S) CCRs.

Bef. 1/20/1297, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Lord Segrave, of Stowe, Northamptonshire, married Alice de Armenters (11819505), widow of Gerard de Lisle. [See Alice.]

iii. Eleanor Segrave (60844087), born ~1270 in England.

iv. Geoffrey de Segrave, born ? in England.

6/18/1304, Grant to John de Segrave the younger, in consideration of the service of him and of John de Segrave the elder, of the marriage of some heir who has £500 a year of land … to Geoffrey de Segrave, brother of John de Segrave the elder, … marriage … £200 a year of land. (S) CPRs.

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