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Sunday, August 9, 2020

Baron Robert de Clifford & Maud de Clare

 1249352. Baron Robert de Clifford & 1249353. Maud de Clare

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

9/29/1276, Robert de Clifford born in England, heir & s/o 2498704. Roger de Clifford & 2498705. Isabel de Vipont.

11/6/1282, Robert de Clifford heir to his father; wardship appointed to Edmund of Cornwall, the king’s brother. [Because of intervention by his mother, he was effectively raised by Earl Gilbert de Clare.]

12/12/1282, Writ for IPM of Roger de Clyfford the younger. Rutland: Esenden. The manor, held of the inheritance of Isabel his wife … by service of 1 knight's fee. He had a son of Isabel his wife, named Robert, aged 8. Bedford: … Robert his firstborn son, aged 7, is his next heir. … Westmorland: Bruham. The manor … Heir as above, aged 9 at Easter, 11 Edw. I. … (S) CIsPM.

1286, Robert de Clifford heir to his paternal grandfather. (S) UKNA.

~1288, Maud born in Ireland, d/o 2498706. Thomas de Clare & 2498707. Juliane Fitz Maurice.

5/14/1292, Robert de Clifford heir to his mother; the combined estates eventually making him one of the most powerful barons of his time.

5/20/1292, IPM of Isabel de Clifford, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert de Verteripont. Westmoreland: Appelby. The castle … Burgh under Staynmore. The manor … Kyrkeby Stephan. The manor … Robert de Clyfford her son, aged 18 at Easter last, is her next heir. York: Malteby. The manor … (S) CIsPM.

7/1292, At an inquisition of Isabel, mother of Robert de Clifford, “Robert her son and heir will be 18 on 29 Sept. 1292.”

11/3/1293, Robert de Clifford under age.

7/16/1294, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Hugh de Staneford, deceased, tenant by knight service of Robert, son and heir of Isabel de Clifford, tenant in chief, a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

1295, Robert de Clifford with King Edward I in Wales as his ward.

5/3/1295, Robert de Clifford given livery of his estates.

1295, Robert de Clifford and his aunt Idonia were coheirs to a fourth of the estate of Robert’s greatuncle Richard FitzJohn. (S) UKNA.

[–– Robert de Clifford & Maud ––]

11/13/1295, Robert de Clifford married Maud.

5/20/1296, Pardon, at the instance of Robert de Clifford, … (S) CPRs.

1296, Robert with 2 knights, a trooper, and a retinue of 35 with horses in the Welsh wars.

1/14/1297, Protection with clause volumus, until Midsummer, for the following, going to Brabant, by the king’s command, with the duchess of Brabant :– … Robert de Clifford, … (S) CPRs.

1297, Robert heir to his great-uncle Lord Richard Fitz John.

7/12/1297, Robert captain of the king’s castles in Cumberland. (S) CPRs.

7/1297, Robert I “the Bruce” forced to surrender to Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford at the battle of Irvine. [Henry’s son married Robert’s daughter Iodine.]

11/14/1297, Appointment of William de Dacre … to levy in the county of Lancaster 3000 footmen for service under Robert de Clyfford, captain of the march of Scotland in the county of Cumberland against the Scots who have invaded the realm. (S) CPRs.

7/22/1298, Robert de Clifford at the Battle of Falkirk against William Wallace, “Braveheart”, as a household banneret.

9/26/1298, King Edward I granted Robert Caerlaverock Castle and the lands of Sir William Douglas [in the process initiating a feud which would last a century].

10/1299, Robert and his aunt Idonia received the manors of Moulton, Northants.; Winterslow, Wilts., and the reversion of Shalford, Surrey in the division of the estate of Richard FitzJohn. (S) UKNA.

12/29/1299, Robert, 1st Lord Clifford and Baron de Clifford, summoned to parliament. [The title “by writ” means it was inheritable through male and female lines.]

4/1/1300, … ordered … to cause all and singular of … knights, esquires or others having £40 yearly of land … to provide themselves with horses and arms … be with the king at Carlisle at Midsummer next, ready to set out with him at his wages against the Scots … Westmoreland, with Robert de Clifford. (S) CCRs.

1300, Robert at the siege of Carlaverock.

6/17/1300, Robert de Clifford, Justice of the Forests beyond the Trent. (S) UKNA.

2/12/1301, “Robertus de Clifford Castellanus de Appelby” joined in the Baron’s Letter to the Pope.

4/13/1302, Robert de Clifford, constable of Nottingham castle. (S) CPRs.

7/24/1302, Grant to Robert de Clifford, who has been appointed, during pleasure, to the custody of the liberty of the bishopric of Durham, of 200 marks a year out of the issues … (S) CPRs.

8/28/1303, Grant to Robert de Clifford of the marriage of John, son and heir of John de Nevill, tenant in chief, a minor in the king’s custody.

3/1/1304, Robert with the king made a successful assault on the Scots near Peebles.

3/30/1304, Edward I to Robert de Brus, earl of Carrick: credence for Robert de Clifford who he is sending south of the Firth [of Forth]. (S) UKNA.

1305, Petitioners: Robert de Clifford. Clifford requests that the King allow to him in his wages and arrears due to him from the wars of Scotland when he was keeper of the bishopric of Durham the £257 9s 4d which he and his pledges owe to the King for Gretham. (S) UKNA.

1305-07, Robert de Clifford, keeper of the March of Cumberland, to William de Hamelton: for letters of protection for William de Carlisle. (S) UKNA.

1306-07, William de Carleton to grant land in Carleton by Penrith to Robert de Clifford. Cumb. (S) UKNA.

1306-07, Henry de Percy (60845652) with Robert Clifford and over a hundred calvary in conflict with Robert the Bruce’s forces in Scotland. They were attacked at Kenteir, but repelled the Scottish forces. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P31.

2/22/1307, Henry de Percy with Robert Clifford recovered Tibbers castle.

3/3/1307, Henry de Percy with Robert Clifford took control of Dumfies.

5/5/1307, Licence for Robert de Clifford to enfeoff Robert son of Robert de Clifford and Elizabeth daughter of John de Vallibus, in tail, …. In Elyncham, held in chief, … (S) CPRs.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

9/3/1307, Appointment, during pleasure, of Robert de Clifford to the office of the marshlsea of England. (S) CPRs.

1308, Robert‘s aunt Idoine de Vipont granted her share of Appleby to him [giving him the whole of the estate.] (S) UKNA.

1308, Robert attended the 1st Dunstable tournament.

8/11/1308, Appointment of Robert de Clyfford to be captain and chief keeper of the king’s munitions and men-at-arms, both horse and foot, in Scotland. (S) CPRs.

1309, Robert given approval to crenulate Brougham castle.

3/15/1310, Robert granted a market and fair at Severn Stoke, Worcestershire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

3/19/1310, Robert granted the honor and castle of Skipton by King Edward II [formerly held by Piers Gaveston.] (S) CPRs.

3/20/1310, Robert selected as 1 of 21 “lords Ordainers.” (S) Parliament Rolls, 2005, Edward II.

12/17/1310, Robert de Clifford and Robert fitz Payne given royal permission to meet with King Robert of Scotland at Selkirk. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P51.

1/24/1311, Grant to Robert de Clifford that upon his decease his exectors shall have the administrations of all his moveables without hindrance, … (S) CPRs.

4/4/1311, Sir Henry de Percy and the Earl of Angus, with 200 English men-at-arms and Scottish lords, and Sir Robert de Clifford with 100 men-at-arms, are to survey the castles south of Forth, and do their best on the enemy till the ‘grass’ … (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Scotland, 1887, P40.

1311, Robert appointed in overall command from Bewick. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P50.

1311-12, Writ to Payne Tibetot, Justice of Chester, to pay £200 to Robert de Clifford: Ches. (S) UKNA.

3/1312, Robert de Clifford to Edward II: his meeting with the sheriff of York; the capture of John de Heslerton and Gerard Salvayn; his movements; the transfer of Heslerton to Nottingham. (S) UKNA.

1312, Robert one of 5 barons involved in the capture of Piers Gaveston, besieging him at Scarborough castle.

12/16/1312, Safe-conduct, … for Robert de Clifford, and his followers, who are to meet, … come without arms and caparisoned horses. (S) CPRs.

2/27/1313, Aquittance to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Guy, earl of Warwick, Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford, for jewels, horses, and other things, late of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

10/16/1313, Robert de Clifford received a pardon in the death of Piers de Gaveston.

6/24/1314, Robert de Clifford, slain at the battle of Bannockburn during a charge of the English vanguard; buried Shap Abbey, Westmorland. On day 1, Robert Lord de Clifford and Henry de Beaumont, with 300 men-at-arms, made a circuit upon the other side of the wood towards Stirling castle, keeping the open ground, but were driven back. The 2nd day the vanguard attacked. [The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, demanded no ransom for his body.]

[–– Maud ––]

9/24/1314, Edward II ordered the 'keeper of the king's victuals' at Carlisle Castle to "deliver a tun of wine to the executors of the will of Sir Robert de Clifford, who is with God, for the interment of Sir Robert's corpse."

11/1315, Maud abducted by John le Irish, keeper of Barnard castle. A force of 40 men-at-arms headed by Sir William de Montagu, and included Sir Robert de Welle, as well as 3 other knights rescued her. (S) CPRs.

[–– Robert de Welle (11820750) & Maud ––]

Bef. 12/16/1315, Maud married [without license] Sir Robert de Welle, widower.

… See 11820750. Robert de Welle for the rest of Maud’s story.

1327, Maud died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P215. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901.

Children of Robert de Clifford and Maud:

i. Roger de Clifford, born ~1302 in England.

1314, Roger became the ward of Sir Bartholomew Badlesmere.

3/1320, Roger going overseas with his uncle Bartholomew Badlesmere [going to the pope with Hugh Despenser the Elder on Edward II's business.]

3/16/1322, Roger fought against the king’s forces at Boroughbridge where he was wounded and captured. He was condemned to death and held at York. His estates were forfeited.

4/1322, Roger Clifford and Bartholomew Badlesmere executed as contrariants.

1322, “ … by the forfeiture of Roger de Clifford … John de Crumwelle (Cromwell); Idonia, wife of John de Cromwell; Robert de Clifford; Roger de Clifford, son and heir of Robert de Clifford …” (S) UKNA.

ii. Iodine de Clifford (30422827), born ~1303 in England.

iii. Robert de Clifford (624676), born 11/5/1305 in England.

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