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Monday, August 24, 2020

Baron William de Beauchamp & Lady Maud de Braose

 243393920. Baron William de Beauchamp & 243393921. Lady Maud de Braose

~1110, William born in England, s/o 486787840. Walter de Beauchamp & 486787841. Emmeline d’Abitot. (S) A Survey of Worcestershire, Pts2-3, Abingdon, 1894, P536.

~1120, Maud de Braose, d/o 159916036. Philip de Breuse & 159916037. Aenor de Totenies.

1131, Walter’s son William de Beauchamp confirmed in his father’s lands [Elmley castle, Gloucester], and office of Dispenser. (S) Colonial England, Holt, 1997, P134.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; and starting a civil war.

1138, William’s brother Walter joined the entourage of Waleran, count of Meulan, and King Stephen’s Lieutenant in Normandy.

1139, Waleran, count of Meulan, created earl of Worcester by King Stephen. [William had his own claims to the castle and shrievalty of Worcester.]

9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England.

10/1139, King Stephen, at Worcester, conferred on William de Beauchamp the shrievalty of Worcester, and fief of Gloucester, forfeited by Milo, constable of Gloucester, owing to his revolt. (S) A Cotteswold Shrine, Baddeley, 1908, P10.

11/1139, William de Beauchamp defended Worcester castle against the forces of Empress Matilda.

1139-40, William de Beauchamp changed allegiance to Empress Matilda.

2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln. [Waleran de Beaumont’s capture, who had escaped, likely a result of the defection of William de Beauchamp, sheriff of Worcester.]

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

1141 at Oxford, Empress Matildis by letters patent restored to William de Beauchamp the castle and honour of Tamworth, to hold as freely as Robert le Despenser, brother of Urso d’Abetot enjoyed. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, Stapleton, P99. [William grandson of Urso.]

7/30/1141, Empress Matilda granted William de Beauchamp the office of sheriff of Worcester. “Also I give and concede to him the lands and inheritance of his close relatives who have been against me in my war and are not able to come to terms with me, unless another of his closer relatives shall have served with me in the war.”

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester; her brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, captured.

11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester.

12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King, and held a Christmas court. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]

[––William & Matilda––]

~1143, William married Matilda.

1145, Waleran, count of Meulan, wrote to William de Beauchamp, sheriff of Worcester, telling him of his imminent departure on crusade. Waleran appointed William to the lordship of Worcester. (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P287.

7/3/1147, A letter of Pope Eugenious to 4 English prelates naming John the Marshall, with William Martel, Hugh de Bolbec and William de Beauchamp as being accused of plundering the lands of Abingdon and of exacting forced labor for castle-building. (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P86. [‘… Willelmus Martel, Hugo de Bolebec, Willelmus de Bellocampo, Johannes Marescallus …’  (S) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Round, 1892, P416.]

Bef. 1148, William de Bello Campo quitclaimed to the prior and monks of the Church of St. Mary Worcester the forestage of Tibritune. (S) Historia Regum Britanniae of Geoffrey Monmouth, P82.

4/13/1149 at the castle of Devizes, ‘Henry, son of the Duke of Normandy and Earl of Anjou. … Know that I have restored to the church of Sarum … in the presence of Roger Earl of Bedford, Patrick Earl of Sarum, John Fitz-Gilbert, …, W’m de Bello Campo, Elias Giffard, Roger de Berkley, John de Saint John, Hubert de Valibus, Thomas Basset, … (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V40, 1884, P146.

1149-54, William de Andeville, a monk of Christ Chruch, Canterbury, excommunicated William de Beauchamp for breaking down the walls of the cemetery and robbing the church. (S) History of Evesham, May, 1834, P59. [William de Andeville had attacked William’s castle of Bengeworth.]

6-7/1150, King Stephen, in an attempt to reduce the influence of Waleran, count of Meulan and earl of Worcester [who was in residence in Normandy], attacked the city of Worcester garrisoned by William de Beauchamp. King Stephen’s forces ravaged the country side, but were not able to take William and his forces in the castle.

6-8/1151, King Stephen again besieged Worcester, now supported by William de Beauchamp. Robert, earl of Leicester [brother of Waleran], captured William and “kept him in close confinement.” (S) FMG. [Roger, earl of Hereford, was instrumental in William’s release.]

1/1153, Duke Henry [s/o Empress Matilda] landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships.

1153, King Stephen took the castle of Tamworth from William de Beauchamp and restored it to Robert Marmion.

12/19/1154, Henry II [s/o Empress Matilda] succeeded King Stephen of England.

By 1155, William replaced by William Comin as sheriff of Worcester. (S) Proceedings – Battle Conference, 1991, P97.

5/1155, William de Beauchamp with King Henry II as the siege of Bridgnorth during the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer.

8/1155 at Worcester, William de Beauchamp witnessed a royal charter to the Norman abbey of St. Martin at Troarn, Bayeux, France.

11/1255, Staffordshire. William de Beauchamp, fermor of Trentham, has paid £15 to Geoffry Monk in the Camera Curiae.

1/1156 at Dover, William de Beauchamp witnessed a royal charter to Christ Church, Canterbury.

1156, William de Beauchamp, farmer of the royal manor of Bisley.

1156-1163, William de Beauchamp high sheriff of Gloucester. (S) History of Gloucester, Atkyns, 1803, P61.

1157, William the sheriff of Warwickshire and Gloucester.

1157, ‘Wills de Bello Capo’ at Trentham in Staffordshire with revenue of £30. (S) FMG.

1157, William de Beauchamp with King Henry at Worcester. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V2, Eyton, 1855, P64.

4/1158, William de Beauchamp and Manasser Biset with the King at Worcester. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V2, Eyton, P64.

1158, William de Beauchamp, farmer of the royal manor of Bisley, assumed the shievalty and accounted for the old farm pro Walter of Hereford. (S) Accession of Henry II, Amt, 1993, P43.

1159, William de Beauchamp accounts for the Fermorship of Trentham. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P27.

1159, William de Beauchamp accounted for the farms of Robert fitz Hugh in Warwickshire. (S) Restoration and Reform, White, 2000, P138.

By 9/1160, William de Beauchamp rendered accounts to king Henry II for sums expended upon the armour of the king of the islands, in Worcestershire; and in Gloucestershire, for his allowance. (S) Lords of the Centrial Marches, Holden, 2008, P152. [Sheriff also of the county of Hereford.]

By 1162, ‘Henry King of England … to his Sheriff and Minister of Salopescire … that ye cause a recognition to be made … let William de Beauchamp see the doing thereof. – Witness: Mannasser Biset, Dapifer. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V2, Eyton, 1855, P64.

6/1164, Worcestershire. Pro vino Regis … Idem Vicecomes (Willelmus de Bellocampo) reddit compotum de verteri firma de Gloucestria.

9/1164, William de Beauchamp, sheriff of Worcestershire, accepting the ferm of Trentham of £30. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P38.

6/1165, Worcestershire. William de Beauchamp, the Sheriff, charges – In liverae obsidum remanentium £13 10s 8d. …

1165, Herefordshire. Sheriff William de Beauchamp charges – Et Radulfo de Grosmund £8 5s 6d ad liveracionem Servientum de Grosmund …

3/1166, King Henry left England from Southampton. The defence of the country was left to sheriffs Geoffrey de Vere and William de Beauchamp, assissted by Richard de Luci and the Earl of Arundel. (S) Red Book of the Exchequer, Pt2, Hall, 1896, P-CXCIX.

1166, William de Beauchamp of Worcestershire an exception to under-reporting of knights [reporting 7] in servitude in the inquest of that year. (S) Feudal England, Round, 1895, P243.

1167, By writ of Richard de Luci, William de Bello Campo rendered £4 3s 8d for privisions for the castle of Chirk.

1169, William, sheriff of Worcester.

1170, William died; buried at Worcester. (S) Annales Monastici, V4, 1869, P65. [Hugh Poer replaced his as sheriff of Worcester.]

(S) CH&I.H.II.. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010.

Child of William and Maud:

i. Matilda de Beauchamp (39979545), born ~1145 in England.

ii. William de Beauchamp (121696960), born ~1148 in England.

iii. Emma de Beauchamp (486787713), born ~1151 in England.

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