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Monday, August 24, 2020

Comte Robert III de Dreux & Comtesse Eleanor de Saint Valery

 189125342. Comte Robert III de Dreux & 189125343. Comtesse Eleanor de Saint Valery

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

1185, Robert [III] born in France, s/o 47277614. Comte Robert II de Dreux & 47277615. Yolande de Coucy.

1192, Aanor born in France, heiress & d/o §§Seigneur Thomas de Saint Valery & Dame Edela de Saint Aubin of Ponthieu. (S) FMG. [See Family notes.]

1208, ‘Robertus comes, dominus Drocarum et Braye, et Yolendis comitissa uxor mea’ donated property to Notre-Dame, Paris, with the consent of ‘Roberti filii nostri.’ (S) FMG.

[––Robert & Eleanor––]

1210, Robert contracted in marriage to Eleanor by King Philip Augustus of France.

1210, William of Ponthieu with Philip of Dreux, bishop of Beauvais, Renaud, bishop of Chartres, and Robert III, Count of Dreux, joined the crusade against the Albigensians. (S) Histoire d’Abbeville et du Comte de Ponthieu Jusqu’en 1789, Louandre, 1883, P131.

1212, Robert served with Prince Louis.

1/27/1213, Robert’s brother Pierre married Alix of Brittany and became duke of Brittany in her right.

Bef. 7/27/1214, Robert captured by the English army of King John as part of the besieged garrison of Nantes in Brittany.

7/27/1214, Robert [the father], commander of the left wing of the army of King Philip Augustus at the battle of Bouvines. Robert was given custody of the William, English Earl of Salisbury, who had been captured at the battle.

9/8/1215, King John wrote a letter several Bishops asking about the possible exchange of William, earl of Salisbury, for Robert, son of Robert, Comte de Dreux; identifying Robert as a cousin of the King of France.

2/10/1216, A letter was sent to Robert [the father] directing him to come to Whitsand on the Saturday after Ash Wednesday so that a treaty for the exchanged of prisoners could be made.

1216, Robert [the father] exchanged William, earl of Salisbury, for his son Robert.

5/20/1216, Prince Louis of France crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops.

6/2/1216, Prince Louis proclaimed King in London. (S) A Primary History of Britain, Smith, 1873, P66.

10/18/1216, King John of England died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

[––Robert succeeded––]

12/28/1218, Robert succeeded his father, Count of Dreux and Braine.

1219, Eleanor’s father died.

1220, Robert, Comte de Dreux, siezed in right of his wife of Isleworth in England [as well as Tetbury, and several fiefs in Ponthieu]. (S) The Conqueror and His Companions, V2, Planche, 1874, P211.

12/1220, A charter about the rights of navigation by ‘Robertus comes Drucocensis, dominus Sancti Walerici et … Aaenors uxor eiusdem.’ (S) FMG.

1221, On the death of Guillaume, count of Ponthieu, King Philip assigned its custody to Robert of Dreux, a royal cousin. (S) Aristocratic Life in Medieval France, Baldwin, 2002, P59. [Robert retained custody until 1231, when the county was given to the husband  of Guillaume’s daughter Marie, Simon de Dammartin.]

1221, Robert owed scutage for the English army mustered to besiege the count of Aumâle’s castle at Bytham at the rate of 10s. for each of his Oxfordshire knights’ fees.

3/18/1222, Robert’s mother died.

7/14/1223, Louis VIII succeeded as King of France.

3/25/1224, The sheriff of Berkshire [England] ordered to give Robert, comte de Dreux, a respite on the £42 that he owed the king until the next account of the Exchequer.

6/1224, King Louis launched an invasion of Poitiu, taking the county in 2 months.

1224, King Louis granted the manor of Hautefontaine (Alta Fontana) on Robert, Comte de Dreux et de Braine; with that of Bonneuil en Valois, for a rent of 50 hogsheads of corn. (S) Duc de Lauzun and the Court of Louis XV, V1, Maugras, 1895, P287.

10/29/1224, King Henry III of England took all lands and stock of Robert de Dreux in Berkshire. [Written in the same manner to sheriffs of Hampshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire, and Middlesex.]  (S) FRsHIII. [This in response to the invasion of Poitou.]

2/3/1225, The sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire [England] ordered to render to Hareng the services that he took from the knights’ fees that are held of Count Robert de Dreux.

3/8/1225, Robert secured a letter of safe passage to appeal his losses to the King of England.

4/9/1225, A ‘letter close’ was issued which reversed the confiscation of Robert’s property and ordered Hareng to give the Robert full seisin of all his lands.

5/4/1225, King Henry sent William Blome with a ‘letter close’ to Robert, count of Dreux, and to the counts of Brittany and St. Pol.

1226, Robert, count of Dreux, gave Studley in Oxford, England, the church of Beckley.

1226, Robert paid £50 at the English Exchequer, with an outstanding debt of £430 6s on his English inheritance, and that of his wife.

1226, Robert a member of the Albeigensian crusade besieging Avignon.

12/26/1225, 2 ‘letters close’ issued to the bailiffs of Southampton and Portsmouth [England] respectively ordering them to allow ships laden with merchandise to go to ‘the land of Robert, count of Dreux.

9/5/1226, The sheriffs of Oxfordshire and Middlesex [England] ordered to take into the king’s hand all the lands that the Robert held of the king.

11/29/1226, King Louis IX, age 12, succeed his father as King of France. Robert and his brother Pierre rebelled against the regency of Queen Blanche of Castile.

12/1226, ‘Robertus comes Drocarum et dominus de sancto Walerico et Alanora uxor eiusdem comitis filia et hæres Thomæ de sancto Walerico’ made donations to Stodely nunnery, Oxfordshire, England. (S) FMG.

1227, All of Robert’s continental lands were in the hand of the King of France. (S) The King and His Courts, Turner, 1968.

6/13/1227, King Henry III of England committed to Ralph Hareng all lands and fees of Count Robert de Dreux to keep [written in the same manner to the sheriffs of Middlesex, Berkshire, and Oxfordshire.] (S) FRsHIII.

1228, Philip Hurepel, count of Boulogne, in an alliance with Robert, count of Dreux, and Robert de Courtenay, disputed the regency of Blanche of Champagne. (S) Chronicle of William of Puylaurens, 2003, P81.

8/28/1228, King Henry’s brother Richard given all the lands formerly of Robert, count of Dreux.

1229, Peter, duke of Brittany, with the counts of Boulogne and Dreux [Robert, Peter’s brother] attacked Champagne. (S) Aristocratic Life in Medieval France, Baldwin, 2002, P64.

1230, Robert, count of Dreux, did not swear to the rule distributing rights over Jews throughout France [Thibaut, count of Champagne did.] (S) Toward a Definition of Antisemitism, Langmuir, 1996, P162.

1230, Robert [rumored] to have created an alliance with King Henry of England.

3/3/1234, Robert died; buried at S. Yved de Braine; his son John the heir. [The artisan who incised Robert’s tomb with a field of “fleur de lis” left his name – “Letarovs”. (S) Dresses and Decorations of the Middle Ages, Shaw, 1843. The slab is now in the Palais des Beaux Arts, Paris.]


8/1234, ‘Alanora comitissa Drocarum et domina de sancto Walerico’ made a gift to Stodely nunnery, Oxfordshire, England. (S) FMG.

2/1235, King Louis ordered Thibaut, count of Champagne, to return to Eleanor, countess of Dreux, her Jews staying in his lands. (S) Toward a Definition of Antisemitism, Langmuir, 1996, P162.

1237, Eleanor married 2nd Henry I, sire de Sully.

1/1238, ‘Henricus dominus Soyliaci’ acknowledged owing Louis IX King of France money for the repurchase of ‘comitatus Drocensis et terre … uxoris mee comitisse Drocensis [Eleanor].’ (S) FMG.

4/27/1240, ‘Henricus de Soliaco dominus et Aanor comitissa Drocarum et domina Sancti-Walerici uxor mea’ in an agreement with ‘Johannem filium Roberti condam comitis Drocarum’ which specifies that ‘Aanor’ was the mother of John. (S) FMG.

11/15/1250, ‘Aanor comitssa Drocarum et domina Sancti Valerici’ died.

(S) Description of the Patent Rolls in the Tower, Hardy, 1835, P76ff. (S) Fine Rolls of King Henry III.

Family notes:

1191, Thomas, lord of Saint-Valery, succeeded on the death of his father, who died on crusade in the Holy Land.

1196-97, Thomas’ English lands confiscated after he supported the French against the English.

1215, Thomas made peace with King John for a fine of over £766.

The honour of St. Valery comprised 23½ knights’ fees, most within the borders of Oxfordshire, extending into the neighbouring county of Berkshire; with Beckley, 4 miles east of Oxford, as the seat. 4 other manors were held in demesne: Willaston, Blackthorn with Ambrosden, Asthall and Yarnton.

Children of Robert and Aanor:

i. Yolande de Dreux (94562671), born ~1213 in Dreux, France.

ii. John de Dreux, born 1215 in Dreux, France.

3/3/1234, John succeeded his father.

1249, John died in Nicosia.

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