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Monday, August 10, 2020

Count William of Hainaut & Countess Jeanne de Valois

 2954850. Count William of Hainaut & 2954851. Countess Jeanne de Valois

1286, William born in Nord, France [Belgium], s/o 5909700. Count John II of Hainaut & 5909701. Philippa of Luxembourg.

1293, Jeanne born in France, d/o 5909702. Charles de Valois & 5909703. Margaret of Naples.

1299, William’s father united Holland, Zeeland, and Hainaut.

1299, Jeanne’s mother died.

7/11/1302, William’s older brother John slain at the battle of Courtrai; brother Henri the heir apparent.

1303, William’s brother Henri died.

1304, William defeated at the Battle of Duiveland by Guy of Namur [who conquered most of Zeeland and Holland. Successive battles that year recovered most territory.]

8/22/1304, William “the Good”, succeeding his father, became Count of Zeeland.

5/19/1305 at Chauny Aisne, France, William married Jeanne [sister of future King Philip VI of France, granddaughter of King Philip III of France.]

7/1315, King Edward II sent a letter to William asking for payment on the lands of his sister Elizabeth in dower in Holland, just as he would pay William’s sister, widow of the Earl of Norfolk, in England.

8/1317, Willemet ‘who copied the missal’ received money to travel from the The Hague to Hainault, where Jeanne was staying at the time. [Likely funded by Jeanne, who is known for her interest in writing.]

12/7/1318, Appointment of W. bishop of Exeter, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and constable of England, … to treat with R. count of Flanders, and W. count of Hainault, Holland and Seland and lord of Friesland, for the settlement of disputes and the benefit of trade. (S) CPRs.

1323, William signed the peace of Paris at which the Count of Flanders renounced all claims on West Zeeland; William renounced all claims on Imperial Flanders.

1324, Jeanne did not approve of the marriage arranged for her daughter Margaret to a widowed Emperor who already had children.

1325-6, William was visited by Queen Isabella and Roger de Mortimer and provided support for their invasion of England. [William’s daughter Philippa would marry Isabella’s son, Edward III.]

9/5/1325 at Valenciennes, 38 solidi paid from Jeanne’s expenses for a book that a clerk of the abbot of Vicogne brought to Jeanne. [William and Jeanne were there for a tournament.]

11/1325, Jeanne bought her son William toys in Saint-Amand. [bows & arrows, wooden swords …]

11/1325, Jean le clerc, at the request of Jeanne, bought ‘layette … à metre ses livres’ for her son William (~age 8).

12/16/1325, Jeann’s ill father died. Jeanne travelled to Paris for his funeral, taking her daughter Philippa with her. There they met with Queen Isabella (her 1st cousin), wife of King Edward II of England. [Eventually Philippa would marry Isabella’s son Edward (III).]

3/1326, Jeanne order her almoner to buy a psalter, about £6.

4/3/1326, Jean paid about £9.5 for the copying of a romance, of 52 solidi total to cover costs of parchment for 2 copies. [During this time, Febr.-May, her daughter Joanna was visiting her.]

4/1327, Jeanne paid poet John de Conde about 25 solidi.

7/2/1327, Poet Brisebare paid 48 solidi by Jeanne. [Known in France since 1319, the poet had been commissioned by multiple groups, and even the French Queen.]

8/1327, The Pope granted dispensation for daughter Philippa to marry King Edward III of England.

10/1327, King Edward III of England married daughter Philippa [by proxy, sending the Bishop of Coventry] in his name in Valenciennes, France. [40+ knights escorted Philippa to her wedding, headed by her paternal uncle John of Beaumont.]

5/29/1328 at Reims, Jeanne’s paternal uncle Philip crowned King Philip IV of France.

7/1328, Jeanne had expenditures for 30 furs at a cost of £30. 4s.

1329, Jeanne visited her daughter Joanna.

1330, The Edgmond chronicler William Procurator, on finding that both daughters Margaret and Philippa were pregnant, wrote that Jeann could become the grandmother of kings.

4/1331, Jeanne returned to Hainaut after spending 7 months in France.

1331, Jeanne made 2 payments to poet Jean de Conde.

4/25/1331, Jeanne received cloths of “green and crimson sandal” at at a cost of £50. 15s.

1332, William summoned, but unable to attend because of illness, the knighting of Jean de France [future king Jean the Good.]

10/31/1333, William and some companions paid for 52 “ells of cloth” at The Hague.

1335, Jeanne received livery of cloth from Jean of Burgundy, Queen of France.

1335, Jeann’s clerks recorded her payroll records for the year. [Surviving document.]

1335-6/1336, Poet Jean de Conde on Jeanne’s payroll as a member of ‘gens Madame.’

6/7/1337, William, “father-in-law” of Europe, III of Count of Avesnes, II of Count of Hainaut, IV of Count of Holland, III of Count of Zeeland, died of kidney failure in Valenciennes, France.


1337, Jeanne visited by her daughter Queen Philippa.

Jeanne had poet Jean de Conde write ‘Dit du bond comte Guillaume’ in memory of her husband.

3/7/1342, Jeanne died in Fontenelle Yonne, France.

(S) The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910, P608. (S) The Princely Court, Male, 2004, P129. (S) Philippa of Hainaut, Queen of England, White, 1914, Univ. of IL, Thesis. (S) Foreign Women’s Writing, Dijk, 2004, P61. (S) Edward III, Ormrod, 2013.

Children of William and Jeanne:

i. Empress Margaret of Hainaut, born 6/24/1310 in Europe.

Margaret married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

7/1331, Margaret visited her sister Queen Philippa in England.

9/7/1346, Louis IV of Bavaria, Emperor of the Holy Germanic Empire bestows for himself and his heirs, in the name of his spouse, the empress Margaret, to never cede, divide or bestow the counties of Hainault, Holland, Zeeland and the palatine of Frisia, which belong to his wife, Margaret II (of Avesnes), Countess of Hainault and to her heirs, excepting the rights of her sisters.

10/11/1347, Louis died. Margaret resigned her sovereignty in favor of her son William in exchange for an allowance.

1351, At war with her son, and after multiple losses, Edward III and her sister Queen Philippa won for her a naval battle of of Veere.

1354, King Edward dropped his support to Margaret’s claims.

6/23/1356, Margaret died at Le Quesnoy Castle of infectious tuberculosis.

ii. Queen Philippa of Hainault (1477425), born 6/22/1311 in France.

iii. Joanna of Hainaut, born 1315 in Europe.

1324, Joanna married to William V, Duke of Julich.

9/15/1369, Joanna died.

iv. William of Hainaut, born 1316 in Europe.

1331, William married Joanna, Duchess of Brabant.

1137-1345, William an ally of his brother-in-law King Edward III in his French wars.

1340, William created earl of Cambridge by King Edward III.

9/26/1345, William killed at the Battle of Warns against the Frisians.

v. Louis of Hainaut, born 8/1325 in Europe.

10/1327, Louis died.

Child of William and a mistress:

vii. Elizabeth of Hainaut (7605701), born ~1315 in Europe.

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