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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl Geoffrey de Mandeville & Countess Rohesia de Vere & Baron Payn de Beauchamp

 756473352. Earl Geoffrey de Mandeville & 756473353. Countess Rohesia de Vere & 39979672. Baron Payn de Beauchamp.

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.

~1105, Geoffrey born in England, s/o 159918674. William de Mandeville & 159918675. Marguerite de Rei.

1112, Rohesia born in Hedingham, Essex, England, d/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice FitzRichard.

~1125, Payne born in England, s/o §§Baron Robert de Beauchamp.

By 1129, Geoffrey succeeded his father.

1130, ‘Gaufr de Manevilla’ in Oxfordshire owing £846. (S) Struggle for Mastery, Carpenter, 2003, P161.

1130, Geoffrey the constable of the Tower of London.

[–––Geoffrey & Rohesia–––]

~1131, ‘Galfridus de Mandavilla’ married ‘Rosam sororem Albredi de Oxenford’.

5/1133, Most of London including the church of St. Paul the Apostle was destroyed by fire.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; and starting a civil war.

1135, Richard fitz Urse witnessed a charter of King Stephen to Geoffrey de Mandeville. (S) Sinclairs of England, 1887, P161.

4/1136, King Stephen’s Charter of Liberties issued at Winchester. Geoffrey de Mandeville one of the many barons attending the great council. [There were rumors spread around about this time that King Stephen had died.]

1136, Geoffrey de Mandeville founded the Benedictine priory of Saffron Walden, Essex. (S) History – Abbey of St. Alban, Newcome, 1793, P504.

1136-37, King Stephen wintered in southeast England. At Westminster, King Stephen heard a court case involving the priory of Holy Trinity, London versus Hasculf de Tany, castellan of the Tower of London. Queen Mathilde, William Martel the steward, Robert de Courcy, Aubrey de Vere and Geoffrey de Mandeville where among those present. Hasculf de Tany lost the case to the priory.

1137, Geoffrey appointed castellan of the Tower of London. (S) King Stephen, Matthew, 2002, P178.

12/1137, Payne de Beauchamp held out in a long siege of the castle of Bedford by King Stephen. (S) House of Goldsborough, Goldsborough, 2011, P177.

9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England.

By 1140, ‘G de Magnavilla et Roeisa uxor eius’ donated property to Hurley Priory, Berkshire.

6-8/1140, Geoffrey made 1st Earl of Essex by King Stephen: “Stephen, King of the English … I have made Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of the County of Essex, hereditarily, …”. [This charter is the most ancient of the creation of an earldom in existance.] (S) Peerage Law in England, Palmer, 1907, P241.

8/3/1140, Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, and Waler of Meulan 2 of 5 counts that witnessed Queen Mathilde’s foundation of a new Savignac house at Coggeshall.

2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln.

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

6/1141, Geoffrey changed sides and received a new Earl charter from Empress Matilda; and appointed hereditary Justice and Sheriff of London, Middlesex, Essex and Hertfordshire; and Constable of the Tower of London.

7/1141 at Oxford, Baldwin de Redvers 1 of 5 of comital rank that were guarantees for an agreement involving Queen Matilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de Vere. [Empress Matilda: “I make this agreement … my lord the count of Anjou nor myself nor our sons will make any peace or concord with the burgesses of London, unless it be with the permission and agreement of the said Earl Geoffrey, for they are his mortal enemies.”] (S) King Stephen’s Reign, Dalton, 2008, P66. [Geoffrey insisted that the charters of the Empress be taken to Normandy and be ratified by her son and husband.]

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Mathilde of Boulogne. Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, was captured. Queen Mathilde pursued Geoffrey de Mandeville into Hertfordshire where he attempted to capture Stortford castle.

11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester.

12/25/1141, Robert de Ferrers attended King Stephen’s Christmas court where he witnessed the royal charter to Geoffrey de Mandeville. (S) Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000.

9/1142, King Stephen besieged Empress Matilda at Oxford [her brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, was out of the country.]

1142, Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, and Gilbert de Clare sent against Ely and the castle of Aldreth to expel the supporters of Bishop Nigel. (S) The Norfolk Circuit, Tymms, 1833, P81.

12/1142, Empress Matilda escaped Oxford castle. [Soon after, the Empress’ brother Robert returned to England with her son Henry. They may have returned with the charters to Geoffrey approved by her husband and son.]

1/1143 at Oxford, King Stephen, having captured the city, confirmed grant of Edward the Confessor, previously confirmed by William the Conqueror and King Henry I to the monks of Abingdon. Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, signed the confirmation 1st.

9/29/1143, King Stephen held court at St. Albans, ordering the arrest of Earl Geoffrey de Mandeville for supporting Empress Matilda.

10/1143, Geoffrey captured by William, earl of Surrey. He bought his freedom by surrendering the Tower, and Walden and Pleshy castles.

1144, Geoffrey revolted, sacked Cambridge, and besieged Burwell Castle, Cambridgeshire.

9/14/1144, Geoffrey, 1st Earl of Essex, died; shot with an arrow while attacking Burwell Castle; [1163] buried in Temple Church, Holborn. [Geoffrey was under excommunication, so his body could not initially be buried in a church.]

 [–––Payne & Rohesia–––]

1144, In Essex, Rohesia married 2nd Payne de Beauchamp.

1145, King Stephen defeated Empress Matilda’s forces at the battle of Faringdon.

6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never returning to England.

1150, Paganus de Bellocampo et uxor eius Rohaisa comitissa, founded Chicksand priory, for the soul of ‘Simonis de Bellocampo’.

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.

1155-56, Payne, sheriff of Worcester. (S) Battle Conference, 1991, P97.

By 1156, Ricardus de Bellocampo donated ‘ecclesiam de Lamerseia’ to Colne Priory, Essex, with the consent of ‘Adelin√¶ uxoris me√¶’, witnessed by ‘Pagano de Bellocampo, Stephano et Waltero de Bellocampo’.

By 1156, “Roisia, wife to Paganus de Bello Campo, translatid the college of the chanons irregulars onto Newenham, a college of chanons regular.”

By 1156, ‘Paganum et comitissam Roheis … sponsa mea’, donated property to Thorney Monaster.

1156, Payne died holding 40 manors; buried at St. Pauls, Bedford.

[–––Rohesia–––]

Aft. 10/21/1166, Rohesia, residing with the nuns at Chicksand, attended the funeral of her son Geoffrey. (S) Society of the Antiquaries of London, V4, 1867, P386.

1170, Rohesia witnessed a charter of her son Earl William..

Aft. 1178, William, earl of Essex, gives to Adilicia of Essex (39979821), his mother’s sister, in free dower, the town of Aincho, over and above lands given to her in dower [in 1178] by Roger fitz Richard, her lord. Witnesses: Roesia Comitissa (756473353), Simon de Beauchamp (19989836), Geoffrey de Say (39979668), Geoffrey and William de Vere [brothers of Adilicia] … (S) Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, 1889, P245.

Rohesia died.

(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Round, 1892. (S) King Stephen, King, 2011.

Children of Geoffrey and Rohesia:

i. Lady Maud de Mandeville (378236677), born 1138 in Essex, England.

Maud 1st married to Hugh de Bocland.

By 1158, Hugh died. [Hugh de Bocland, assumed to be his son, has succeeded him.] (S) Biographia Juridica, Foss, 1870, P103.

1160, §§Baron Piers de Lutegareshale married Maud.

Child of Piers and Maud: Geoffrey FitzPiers (189118338), born ~1161 in Northampton, England.

ii. Alice de Mandeville, born 1139 in Rycott, Oxfordshire, England.

iii. Geoffrey II de Mandeville, born 1142 in Rycott, Oxfordshire, England.

Geoffrey married Eustachia de Champagne.

1163, Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.

1166, Geoffrey de Mandeville of Essex, held 110 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

10/21/1166, Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, died at Chester while leading forces with Richard de Luci in an expedition against Wales; buried in Chicksand Convent. His brother William his heir.

iv. Ernulf de Mandeville, born 1140 in Highworth, Wiltshire, England.

~1160, Ernulf married Alice Doyly.

Bef. 4/1178 Ernulf died.

v. Robert de Mandeville, born 1143.

1189, Robert died.

vi. William de Mandeville, born 1144.

1166, William, 3rd Earl of Essex.

7/1175, Thomas Basset with the King and Prince Henry at a council at Woodstock concerning ecclesiastical vacancies. William de Mandeville, was also at this council.

1177–1178, William on a crusade with Philip, duke of Flanders.

Aft. 1178, William, earl of Essex, gives to Adilicia of Essex (39979821), his mother’s sister, in free dower, the town of Aincho, over and above lands given to her in dower [in 1178] by Roger fitz Richard, her lord. Witnesses: Roesia Comitissa (756473353), Simon de Beauchamp (19989836), Geoffrey de Say (39979668), Geoffrey and William de Vere [brothers of Adilicia] … (S) Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, 1889, P245.

1180 in Pleshy Castle, Essex, William married Hawise de Gros and became Earl of Aumale.

1185, William married Christina, d/o Robert FitzWalter. 

7/6/1189, William was with King Henry II when he died at Chinon, France. He was named joint-Justiciar for Henry’s son Richard I.

Bef. 11/14/1189, William died in Normandy, France; buried in Shouldham Priory, Albermarle, France. [His heir was his paternal aunt Beatrix (79959336).]

Child of Payne and Rohesia:

i. Simon de Beauchamp (19989836), born 1145 in England.

Charter founding Newenham priory: Paganus de Bello-campo as its founder, his wife Roisia, and their son Simon de Bello-campo, Lord of Bedford.

“Simon de Bello Campo, sonne to Paganus and Rohisia, confirmid and performid the acte of his mother. He Lyith afore the high altare of S. Paules Chirch in Bedeford.”

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