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Friday, August 28, 2020

Earl Henry de Bohun & Countess Maud fitzGeoffrey de Mandeville

 94559168. Earl Henry de Bohun & 94559169. Countess Maud fitzGeoffrey de Mandeville

1176, Henry born in England, heir & s/o 189118336. Humphrey de Bohun & 189118337. Margaret of Huntingdon.

~1180, Maud born in Warwickshire, England, d/o 189118338. Earl Geoffrey FitzPiers & 189118339. Beatrice de Say.

1183–1187, Henry witnessed a charter of his mother to Bradenstoke Priory.

1187, Henry’s paternal grandfather died as Earl of Hereford and Lord Constable of England.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1195-6, Henricus de Bohun paid 10s ‘dimidium militem’ in Berkshire. (S) FMG.

9/1197, Confederation between Richard of England and Baldwin, count of Flanders and Hainaut, against Philip, king of England. … Henry de Bohun … The above witnesses were sworn in Normandy, before the king of England and the Count of Flanders … (S) Life of Philippe Auguste, Rigord, 1826.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1199, Henry de Bohun, earl of Hereford, held the town of Cheltenham. (S) Royal Spa at Cheltenham, Moreau, 1789, P12.

4/28/1200 at Porchester, Henry created Earl of Hereford by charter. (S) Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper, Vs31-2, 1870, P6. [Henry granted £20 yearly from the third penny of the county of Hereford, on conditions associated with an heir being born to King John.]

1200, Henry sent to Scotland with other nobles to summon his mother’s brother, King William the Lion, to do homage to King John.

1200, Henry de Bohun obtained a market charter for his caput of Trowbridge and had his officials lay out the market place in burgage plots. [He had also modernised Trowbridge Castle and built a new church outside the castle, St James.] 

[––Henry & Maud––]

By 1200, Henry married Maud.

1201, Henry, earl of Hereford, claimed to hold all or part of Heddington. [Henry held all of Heddington by 1212.] (S) History of Wiltshire, V17, Calne, 2002.

5/5/1203 at Porchester, Henry, Count of Hereford, a witness to King John’s specification of Queen Isabela’s dower. (S) Epistolæ.

5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … Earl Roger le Bigot; W. Earl of Arundel; … Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford; … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.

1204, Henry paid 50 marks and a palfrey [horse] to have 20 knights’ fees of the honour of Huntendon, given by King Henry II to his mother. (S) Magna Charta of King John, Thomson, 1829, P278.

4/1205, Walter de Clifford named sheriff of Herefordshire.

1208, Henry de Bohun pardoned his debts in “Queen’s Gold”, written off against other credits. (S) King John, Church, 2003, P192.

6/6/1210, King John launched successful attacks in Ireland with 700 ships. Earl Henry’s retinue had 10 knights [of his 30 fees held.] (S) Studies in Taxation, Mitchell, 1914, P97.

1210, Henry, earl of Hereford, a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse.

1211, Henry charged scutage for 17 knights’ fees [and holding 14 others]. (S) English Baronies, Sanders, 1963, P7.

4/29/1212, Henry de Bohun, earl of Hereford, sued “curia regis” by the William Longespee, earl of Salisbury, over the honour of Trowbridge. (S) King John, the Braoses, and the Celtic Fringe, Holden

6/1213, Henry de Bohun tried to plead sickness [inadmissible in a plea of service] for absence from a hearing about Towbridge; the honour of Trowbridge was taken into the king's hands. (S) Magna Carta, Holt, 1992, P206.

1213-19, Grant of Maurice de Gant, …. Witnesses: Robert Fitz Walter, Saier de Quincy, and Henry de Bohun.

1215, Prince Louis of France was approached by a group of English barons who offered support in the overthrow of King John of England.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

10/11/1215, Henry de Bohun, earl of Hereford, in an agreement with the convent of St. Pancras of Lewes. (S) Reports of Commissioners, 1874, P3.

11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, Henry elected as one of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.

12/16/1215, Henry excommunicated with the other Surety barons. His lands were seized.

5/20/1216, Prince Louis crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops.

6/2/1216, Prince Louis proclaimed King in London. (S) A Primary History of Britain, Smith, 1873, P66.

6/14/1216, Louis captured Winchester, and controlled half of England.

10/18/1216, King John died.

1216, After the death of King John, Henry supported Louis of France as the next King.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/20/1217, Louis’ forces, combined with rebel English barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall. Henry was captured at the battle. (S) FMG.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

6/1218, King Henry’s Council informed the sheriff of Hereford [and of other counties] that they recognized the right of Jews to live in certain towns and have their own communities. (S) Jewish Communities of Medieval England, Dobson, 2010.

1219, Henry left on a crusade to join a multinational force in Egypt.

6/1/1220, Henry died on crusade; his body buried at Llanthony Priory near Gloucester. (S) FMG.


1222, Maud relict of Henry Earl of Hereford released to  William LongespĂ©e and Ela all her right to dower in the manor of Trowbridge. (S) History of Wiltshire, V7, 1953.

1222, Heddington held in dower by Maud with the assent of Ela and her husband William Longespee. (S) History of Wiltshire, V17, Calne, 2002.

1227, Maud heiress to her brother William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, becoming Countess of Essex.

By 1228, Maud married Roger de Dauntsey.

2/22/1228, A fine paid by ‘Rogerus de Antese et Matildis comitissa Herefordie uxor eius’ for a debt of ‘W. comes Essexie frater ipsius comitisse.’ (S) FMG.

1229, Maud received manors in Essex and property in Hampshire by settlement with her half-brother John Fitz Geoffrey (9954822).

1232, Henry de Kemeseck brought a suit against Roger de Dauntesia and maud his wife for the advowson of East Tilbury church. [Maud tenet in capite of East Tilbury.] (S) Transactions, Essex, 1906, P103. [The next year Henry sued Maud’s half brother John fitz Geoffrey over East Tilbury, citing this suit.]

4/24/1233, Maud divorced from Roger [no children from marriage.]

1/25/1235, Grant to Maud, countess of Essex, that in the event of the death of H. earl of Hereford, her son, to whom she had granted certain lands of her fee to discharge her debts, all the lands shall revert to her. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 7/1236, Maud’s divorce was revoked. (S) FMG.

8/27/1236, Maud died. (S) FMG.

(S) Royals and Nobles: A Genealogist’s Tool, Dillon, 2002, P90. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P99.

Children of Henry and Maud:

i. Humphrey de Bohun (47279584), born by 1201 in Essex, England.

ii. Grace de Bohun, born ?.

Grace married Robert de Dunstanville.

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