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Monday, August 10, 2020

Earl John de Warren & Countess Alice de Lusignan

 23639780. Earl John de Warren & 23639781. Countess Alice de Lusignan

1233, John born in Warren, Sussex, England, s/o 47279560. William de Warenne & 47279561. Maud Marshall.

~1235, Alice born in France, d/o 47249562. Hugh X de Lusignan & 23638785. Isabella of Angouleme. (S) Collins’s Peerage, V2, 1812, P238.

1240, John’s father died.

9/25/1241, Grant, during pleasure, to P. de Sabaudia of the lands of John de Warenna in Sussex and Surrey, and of the honor of Laigle. (S) CPRs.

1/10/1242, Grant to Fulk de Castro Novo … of 80 marks … during the minority of John de Warenna, son and heir of W. earl of Warenne, for his maintenance. (S) CPRs.

1/16/1245, Grant to Amadaeus, count of Savoy and marquess in Italy, for the homage which he has done to the king for the castle of Avyllan, the town of Susa, … the town of St. Maurice in Chablais, … to him also that the king will marry one of the daughters of the count’s daughter, whom he shall send to England, either to John de Warenna, who will be earl of Warenne, or the Edmund de Lacy, who will be earl of Lincoln [Edmund married Alice, d/o Manfred de Saluzzo], who are boys in the ward of the king. (S) CPRs.

4/16/1246, The sister of his lordship the King, on the mother's side, the daughter of the Count de la Marche [Alice], came to London, and was [eventually] married to the Earl of Warenne [John]. (S) Chron’s of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, 1863.

[––Alice & Gilbert––]

1253, Alice [~age18], d/o Hugh X de Lusignan & Isabella of Angouleme [wife of King John], 1st married to Gilbert de Clare (4997382, age 10). [Never consumated.]

1253, Ebor … Dominus Eadwardus filius domini regis. Robertus de Vertri Ponte. … Willelmus de Ros. Robertus de Nevill. Rogerus de Mubray. … Johannes de Warenna. … Petrus de Brus. Henricus de Percy. … Willelmus de Stotevill. … Adam de Everingham, … Simon de Steyngrif. … (S) Survey of the Co. of York, 1867, P432.

[––John & Alice––]

1254, John, of age, earl of Warren and Surrey, took possession of castle Conisbrough in York. [And married Alice]

5/3/1254, Protection with clause volumus for the following who are going with the queen to the king in Gascony ; … John de Warenna … (S) CPRs. [Prince Edward would marry Leonore at Las Huelgas in Burgos, which the queen attended.]

9/7/1255, John de Warrenna granted market and fair at Cuckfield, Sussex. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

6/11/1258, At the parliament of Oxford, King Henry was pressed by the barons to seek guidance from a council of barons. John, earl of Warrenne, and William de Valence (11820102, Alice’s brother) opposed the barons. (S) The Old South Leaflets, Mead, 1891, P4.

1258, King Henry forced to sign the Provisions of Oxford granting parliament administrative reform. [The beginning of the Baron’s Revolt.]

8/1258, Marcher lords Roger de Clifford (4997408), Hamo Lestrange and John de Vaux (4997498) were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England” including Henry of Almain, John de Warren (23639780) and Roger de Leyburn], and distrusted and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001, P163.

5/13/1260 at Mortlake, Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, John, earl of Warren, Roger de Leyburn, Peter de Monte Forti, Roger de Clifford, and Hamo Lestraunge witnessed a charter of Edward, the king’s eldest son, to Robert de Tybetoto for his homage and service. (S) CChRs, 1906, P147.

12/7/1261, Notification that the king has made peace with the barons, and they are not to be charged with anything unless any of the following have not put his seal to the said peace withing 15 days, … [Roger Bigod] the earl Marshal, [Simon de Montfort] the earl of Leicester, [John (23639780)] the earl of Warenne, Roger de Mortymer (4997432), Hugh le Despenser (11819496), William Bardolf (243382144), John de Burgo, Henry de Hastinges (11820100), John le Fiz John, Robert de Vespont, William de Muntchenesy, John le Fiz Alezn (47279552), Nicholas de Segrave (121688174), Geoffrey de Lucy. (S) CPRs.

1259, Marcher lords Roger Clifford, Hamo Lestrange and John de Vaux were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England” including Henry of Almain, John de Warren and Roger de Leyburn], and distrusted and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001, P163.

5/14/1264, John fought for Henry III at the battle of Lewes. He was stationed on the right wing. John fled to France after the loss with William de Valence.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, effectively ruled England.

2/1265, John de Warenna and William de Valencia organized 120 fighting men and joined Queen Eleanor in Gascony where she was organizing an invasion force.

5/1265, John de Warenna and William de Valencia returned to England with a strong force, landing in Pembrokeshire. Queen Eleanor told them to link up with Gilbert de Clare, who was now with the Welsh barons against Montfort. They went on to fight at Gloucester and Kenilworth.

6/28/1265, … Whereas Edward the king’s son and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, together with John de Warenna, William de Valencia, Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele, and other rebels now hold certain towns and castles throught the land … (S) CPRs.

7/31/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Simon de Montfort’s son Simon at the battle of Kenilworth, Warwickshire. Most of Montfort’s forces were captured, Simon taking refuge in the castle. [Simon eventually escaped and joined other opposition forces at Axholme.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. [Queen Eleanor had sent archers from her mother’s county of Ponthieu in France.]

5/1266, John de Warenna and William de Valencia attacked Bury St. Edmunds.

6/21/1266, William and John de Warren at the siege of Kenilworth.

6/21/1266, The siege of Kenilworth in Gloucester, ongoing, became the largest siege in the history of England. A garrison of over a thousand surrendered 12/13/1266.

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester; John de Warenna, earl of Surrey; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

3/14/1268, Pardon to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, and those of his household and fellowship of all trespasses committed by them by occasion of the non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford, … (S) CPRs.

1268, John de Warrenne, earl of Surrey, and Henry de Lacy [future earl of Linclon] became involved in a violent land dispute. (S) The Flowers of History, V2, 1853, P449.

12/28/1268, Charter, grant to Edward the king’s son, with the assent of Queen Eleanor, the honor of Elge’ … Sealed with the seal of the king and in testimony of her good will, with the queen’s seal. Witnesses: – Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John de Warenne, earl of Surraye, William de Valenz, lord of Pembroc, … (S) CPRs.

6/19/1270, Engaged in a lawsuit with John de Warren, earl of Surrey; Alan la Zouche and his son Roger attacked and wounded by the Earl before the Justices of Westminister Hall in London. John fled to the castle of Ryegate, pursued by Prince Edward.

8/4/1270, John de Warren, Earl of Surrey made peace with the crown and agreed to pay a compensation to the Zouche family.

7/1271, Gilbert de Clare formally separated from Alice. [Alice had previously been pledged to Gilbert.]

2/16/1272, Grant to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, that he shall pay the 10,000 marks in which he is bound … trespass … in the king’s court … between the earl and his men and Alan la Zuche … 200 marks yearly … (S) CPRs.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

8/19/1274, John, Earl of Warren, attended the coronation of King Edward I with a train of 100 knights. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854, P219.

1274-5, John claimed the market at Gimingham, Norfolk. (S) Gazetteer.

1278, John held the market and fair at Dorking, Surrey. (S) Gazetteer.

1279, John, earl of Warrenne, claimed certainrights and privileges which were conceded to him as the lord of Dorking. (S) Dorking, A History of the Town, Bright, 1876, P6.

1281, John held the market and fair at Grantham, Lincolnshire. (S) Gazateer.

1282, John laid out the castle and town of Holt, Wales. (S) Gazetteer.

6/28/1283, John summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. [The Parliament held at Acton Burnell, near Shrewsbury, when David III was condemned to be hanged, drawn and quartered – ending the Welsh rebellion.] (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

5/1285, Gilbert wholly absolved of his marriage to Alice, granting her multiple estates.

12/15/1286, John’s son and heir William died [his heir would be William’s son John.]

5/1290, Alice died in Warren, Sussex; buried in the Priory at Lewes. (S) The Gentleman’s Magazine, 1845, P584. [Alice  half-sister of King Henry III.]


8/28/1290, Appointment by prince Edward, with the king’s consent, of John, earl of Warrenne, as his proctor to contract marriage in his name with Margaret queen of Scotland. (S) CPRs.

1/12/1296, Appointment of Henry le Galeys, Stephen Asshewy, … to make ordinances and dispositions with the counsel of John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, keeper of the realm and land of Scotland … touching the site and state of the town of Berwick on Tweed and the port of that place, and to assess and arrent the houses and plots of the town, … (S) CPRs.

4/27/1296, John, Earl of Surrey, commanded the English forces at the battle of Dunar, near the mouth of the Firth of Forth, in defeating the Scottish forces under command of the Earl of Athol. Scottish casualities were in the thousands. [Letters existant from John to the king about the battle.] (S) All the Year Round, Vs1-2, Charles Dickens, 1859, P201.

8/22/1296 at Berwick upon Tweed, Scotland, The noble men the Lords John earl of Warenne, Roger earl of Norfolk, William earl of Warwick, Patrick earl of Dunbar and March, and Gilbert earl of Angus, Lords John de Hastings, John Wake, Hugh le Despenser, …, barons, witnesses, having been specially called in person … came to the full parliament of the lord king of England … [to revocate any previous agreements between Scotland and King Philip IV of France.]

1297, John was entrusted the care and protection of Scotland. John wrote to King Edward complaining of the climate, and moved himself further south into northern England. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P142. [King Edward was preparing and army to invade France via Flanders.]

7/1297, John took the surrender of Scottish forces at Irvine.

9/11/1297, John, Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham [Treasurer of Scotland] were attacked and defeated by William Wallace crossing the forth near Stirling. John had ordered his forces to cross a long, narrow bridge. Wallace waited until about 5000 had crossed the bridge, and the rest were bunched up on or behind the bridge. Wallace ambushed the vanguard forces with his superior force. Hugh was killed, and an estimated 6000 English slain or wounded, in the loss known as the battle of Stirling Bridge. [William Wallace was knighted for this success and put in sole command of Scottish troops.]

7/22/1298, John fought in the victory at Falkirk against William Wallace. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. King Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. Edward the brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, …” (S) UKNA.

7/9/1300, John, the good earl of Warrenne, commanded the second squadron at the siege of Carlaverock castle. (S) The Annals of England, Flaherty, 1876, P178.

2/12/1301, John a signer of the Baron’s letter to the Pope. (S) Proceeding and Papers, Lancashire and Cheshire, Vs3-4, 1851, P53.

1301-2, Edmund Fitz Alan’s wardship and marriage granted to John de Warren, Earl of Surrey.       

9/27/1305, John, Earl of Surrey, Earl of Warren, died in Surrey.  

(S) DNB, Stephen, 1900. (S) Dictionary of Battles, Eggenberger, 1967. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

Children of John and Alice:

i. Eleanor de Warren (121691307), born ~1253 in England.

ii. William de Warenne (11819890), born ~1260 in Warren, Sussex, England.

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