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Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Earl Reginald de Dunstanville & Countess Beatrice fitz Richard & Countess Amicia of Cornwall

 973469710. Earl Reginald de Dunstanville & 973469711. Countess Beatrice fitz Richard & 1596990735. Countess Amicia of Cornwall

~1112, [Arthur] Reginald fitz Roy born in England, natural s/o 189110274. King Henry I & 79959633. Sybilla Corbet.

~1118, Amicia born in Cornwall, England, heiress & d/o of §§Condor of Bradninch, Earl of Cornwall. (S) Gen. Rpt. from the Board of Comm’s on the Public Records, 1837, P434.

~1120, Beatrice born in Cornwall, England, heiress & d/o §§Lord William Fitz Richard of Cardinham, Cornwall.

Aft. 1130, Beatrice’s father died.

[Undated] ‘Sciant persentes et future quod ego Arthurus Reginald Comes Cornubie dedi et concessi … burgenisibus meis de Bradninch burgariam … Hiis testibus, Henric. Fil. Regis, Joh. Malerbe, Ric. Malerbe, Rog. Champneys, … et multis aliis. (S) Gen. Rpt. from the Board of Comm’s on the Public Records, 1837, P434. [Earl in right of his wife.]

12/2/1135, King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy after over-eating lampreys. Count Geoffrey claimed the crown in right of his wife; but Matilda and Geoffrey were unpopular.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England. [Ursurping Reginald’s sister Empress Matilda and starting a long civil war.]

4/1136, King Stephen’s Charter of Liberties issued at Winchester. At this court, Reginald appears among those who submitted to the King.

1136, Reginald travelled to Argentan and alligned himself with his half-sister, Empress Matilda. [Reginald’s good friend Baldwin de Revières had been sent into exile by King Stephen.]

[––Reginald & Amicia––]

~1136, Reginald married Amicia.

1137, Reginald known as ‘Rainaldus de Dunstanivilla’ to Orderic Vitalis.

2/1137-38, Reginald and Baldwin performed activities as militant supporters of the Empress in the Cotentin, until Baldwin's capture by Enguerrand de Say.

9/30/1139, Empress Matilda landing at Arundel in Sussex [her step-mother’s castle], invaded England. [Matilda’s brother Robert had secretly advanced to Bristol to set up her court there.]

1140, ‘Reginaldo comite Cornubiæ’ – named Earl of Cornwall by King Stephen. [King Stephen attempting to win Reginald to his alliance.] On learning of his true alliance, the Earldom was subsequently given by King Stephen to Alan, earl of Brittany.

2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured by her half-brother Robert and brought to Matilda. Reginald fought with Robert against the King. [Alan of Brittany was also captured in the battle. Reginald retained control of Cornwall for the rest of his life; ruling Cornwall as an appanage, having control over the sheriffs, who did not answer at the exchequer.]

3/3/1141, at Winchester, Reginald of Cornwall witnessed a charter of Empress Matilda. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P156.

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

4/1141, Matilda and Robert of Gloucester reconfirmed their half-brother Reginald as earl of Cornwall.

1141 at Oxford, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed the creation by Empress Matilda of Milo of Gloucester as earl of Hereford. [Other witnesses were King David of Scotland, and Robert, earl of Gloucester.]

1141, Reginald married Beatrice.

9/14/1141, Reginald a member of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Mathilde of Boulogne. Robert, earl of Gloucester, was captured. Reginald led the forces that escorted Matilda to safety. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.]

12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]

[––Reginald & Beatrice––]

By 1142, Reginald married Beatrice.

1145, King Stephen defeated Matilda’s forces at the battle of Faringdon. After the battle a truce was agreed to between Matilda and Stephen.

1145, Reginald and his household captured by King Stephen’s nephew Philip in violation of the truce. Philip released him not long afterwards when the king expressed his annoyance that Reginald’s safe conduct had been broken.

1146, Reginald acted as intermediary between Empress Matilda and King Stephen.

1149, Earl Reginald supported Duke Henry’s campaign in England. Henry [Reginald’s nephew] captured the harbour of Bridport before returning to Normandy.

4/1152 at Devizes, Reginald witnessed  a grant of Henry, duke of Normandy, to Ranulph, earl of Chester.

1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships. Supported by Reginald and the Earl of Chester, they captured Malmesbury, and relieved Wallingford where King Stephen’s men held the north bank of the Thames.

4/9/1153, at Stockbridge, Hampshire, Reginald, earl of Cornwall; the earl of Gloucester; Patrick, earl of Salisbury, and other barons met with the archbishop of Canterbury, and the bishops of Winchester, Salisbury, Bath and Chichester, to discuss peace in England, and the restoring the castle of Devizes to the diocese of Salisbury. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P272.

8/1153, King Stephen’s son and heir Eustace died while dining on eel.

Winter/1153, with Henry, duke of Normandy, and King Stephen’s forces facing each other in snow and cold, a peace agreement was made.

11/6/1153 at Westminster, Reginald a witness to the Treaty of Wallingford in which Henry was named as Stephen’s heir. [King Stephen had another son William, who would died in 1159.]

1154, Reginald attended Duke Henry at Eu and Rouen in Normandy.

10/1154, King Stephen of England died at Canterbury.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England. Reginald attended the coronation and attested a gift to William, earl of Arundel, the castle and honour of Arundel and the ‘tertium denarium of Sussex’ [created earl of Sussex.] 

4/1154, King Henry returned to Normandy, appointing Reginald as his agent in England during his absence.

1155, Reginald traveled with the King around England attesting charters in most months.

3/1155 at Westminster, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed charters to the Blomefield priory, citizens of Exeter, Godstow Nunnery, Norman Abbeey of St. Sauveur le Vicomte, and Roger, earl of Hereford.

7/1155, To suppress the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer, King Henry besieged Cleobury, Wigmore, and Bridgnorth. Reginald participated and witnessed a charter to Stoneley abbey, Warwickshire, at the siege of Bridgnorth. [July]

9/29/1155, Reginald witnessed 3 of 5 charters of the Great Council at Winchester, where King Henry proposed to conquer Ireland.

1/1156 at Dover, Reginald witnessed a royal charter to St. Mary’s Abbey at Leiciester.

2/5/1156, Reginald on the border of France and Normandy with King Henry who made peace with King Louis.

1157, King Henry granted £10 to the mother of Earl Reginald.

12/1157 at Stamford, Earl Reginald witnessed a royal charter to the ‘Lepers of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem.”

1/1158 at Nottingham, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed a royal charter to Robert, bishop of Lincoln.

1159, Rhys ap Gruffydd attacked Carmarthen, which was relieved by Reginald, earl of Cornwall. (S) DNB, V16, 1909, P975.

10/1159, King Henry, at Limoges,  married Sara, daughter of Reginald, earl of Cornwall, the King’s uncle, to Ademar V. Vicomte of Limoges.

1162, King Henry appointed Thomas Becket as Archbishop of Cantebury.

6/1162, at Chinon, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed a royal charter to the monks of St. Peter of Gant.

2/1163 at Oxford, Reginald witnessed a royal confirmation to Warner de Lusoriis of a grant of King Henry I.

1163, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, and Robert de Dunstaville, and 3 others named in a grant to archbishop Becket.

7/1/1163, at Woodstock, Earl Reginald witnessed a royal charter confirmation of a grant by Robert, earl of Leciester.

Aft. 1163, ‘Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ’ granted property to ‘Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ’ which he had granted to ‘Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri … predicti Willielmi’ on his marriage.

1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: Robert count of L`eicester, Reginald count of Cornwall, Conan count of Bretagne, John count of Eu, Roger count of Clare, count Geoffrey of Mandeville, Hugo count of Chester, William count of Arundel, count Patrick, William count of Ferrara, …, and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.

1164, Richard, earl of Cornwall, and the Earl of Leicester summoned archbishop Thomas in the king’s name to come and answer charges brought against him. [Archbishop Thomas escaped to France.]

11/1165 at Westminster, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, attested a royal charter to St. Catherine’s priory, near Lincoln.

1166, Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, had 215 knights’ fees in Devon and Cornwall. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

1169, Richardus Dapifer, steward of the household of Reginald, earl of Cornwall, founded a Benedictine priory.

10/5/1170 at Westminster, Earl Reginald of Cornwall appointed an assessor for King Henry the Young.

12/28/1171, Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered at Canterbury cathedral.

1173, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, owed the crown £358 for past military assessments. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P118.

1173, Reginald de Dunstanville, Earl of Cornwall, 'to my free burgesses of Truro … to the barons of Cornwall, and all men both Cornish and English'. (S) Cornwall Heritage Turst.

7/22/1173, Reginald, Joint Commander of the royal army of Leicester, and sheriff of Devon, with Richard de Lucy, justiciar of England, besieged and burned the city of Leicester, which was in revolt. They were unable to capture the castle.

10/17/1173, Reginald at the battle of Fornham and the defeat of Robert, earl of Leicester, who was in revolt in support of Henry the young king.

1174, Reginald de Dunstanville and Richard of Ilchester, bishop of Winchester both witnessed a charter of the king. (S) Feudal Military Service of the King, Sanders, 1956.

6/15/1175, Reynald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed a royal charter to Cerne abbey.

7/1/1175, Reginald, Earl of Cornwall died at Chertsey, Surrey; buried at Reading.

(S) History of the Manor and Ancient Barony of Castle Combe, 1852, PP21. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Family notes:

The residence of ‘Reginaldus filius Regis, Comes Cornubiae’ was at Trematon in Cornwall.

Reginald witnessed 309 royal charters in England, and 9 in France. Of these, Reginald was the only witness in 76. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15.

4/15/1123, King Henry I restored churches in Cornwall and Devon to Exeter Cathedral … Witnesses … William fitz Richard [Beatrice’s father] … (S) FMG.

Children of Reginald and Amicia:

i. Joan of Cornwall (798495367), born ~1138 in England.

ii. Ursula of Cornwall, born ? in England.

Ursula married Walter de Dunstanville, s/o Robert [found in many records with this Reginald.]

Children of Reginald and Beatrice:

i. Maud de Dunstanville (486734855), born 1143 in Dunstanville, Kent, England.

ii. Sara of Cornwall, born 1144 in England.

1159, Sara married Ademar V. Vicomte of Limoges.

11/21/1216, Sara buried at Ared de la Perche.

[3 sons: Guy, William, and Ademar.]

iii. Dionysia de Dunstanville, born ? in England.

Dionysia married Richard de Redvers, 3rd Earl of Devon [died 1161].

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