10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
8/4/1222, Richard born in England, s/o 19989528. Gilbert de Clare & 19989529. Isabella Marshall. [filium Ricardum (born to) Gilberto…Gloucestriæ et Hertfordiæ comes & domina Isabella filia Willielmi Marescalli senioris, comitis de Pembroke.]
1223, Maud born in England, d/o 19989530. John de Lacy & 19989531. Margaret de Quincy.
10/25/1230, Richard, a minor, succeeded as earl of Clare to his father.
3/30/1231, Isabella, Richard’s mother, married 2nd Richard of Cornwall, brother of King Henry III.
1231, Richard’s wardship granted to Hubert de Burgh.
[––Richard & Megotta––]
1232, Richard 1st married to Megotta [Margaret], d/o Earl Hubert de Burgh & Margaret of Scotland, d/o King William I of Scotland. [No children.]
10/21/1235, Richard contesting a new market because it might interfere with his market at Clare, Suffolk. (S) Gazetter.
1237, Richard divorced Megotta. [The marriage had been approved by the king – see next record.]
10/26/1237, Grant, with the counsel of Earl Richard, the king’s brother, … to J. earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, … if the king cannot attract the count of La Marche to his service by the marriage of Richard de Clare to the use of one of the count’s daughters … then the said earl of Lincoln shall have the said marriage … for 5,000 marks … (S) CPRs.
11/1237, Margareta filia Huberti de Burgo died. [Any agreements of the divorce would no longer apply.]
[––Richard & Maud––]
1/25/1238, Richard [Ricardus de Clare] married [circa Purificationem beatæ Virginis] Maud [M filiam J de Laci comitis Lincolniæ].
2/14/1238, Presentation … the king’s gift … by reason of the lands of Richard de Clare being in his hands. (S) CPRs.
1/17/1239, Richard’s mother died.
9/27/1243, Richard took livery of his vast estates; “the foremost baron of England.”
1244, Richard defeated by the Welsh.
7/9/1244, Mandate to J. de Munemuth to deliver the hostages of Mereduk son of Res in his custody to Richard de Clare, to whom the king has committed them … (S) CPRs.
12/27/1244, Power to Richard de Clare and Morgn de Karliun to receive Meredue Apres to the king’s peace and service … (S) CPRs.
6/4/1245, Richard knighted by the King in London.
1245, Richard coheir to his uncle Anselm Marshal, Earl of Pembroke.
1246, Richard took into his own hands the mesne lordship of Miskin, Wales, and built a castle at Llantrisant. (S) National Library of Wales.
By 1248, Richard created earl of Gloucester.
4/20/1248, Protection with clause volumus, … for Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, Thomas de Bello Campo, … Roger de Clifford, … who have gone on pilgrimage [to Santiago]. CPRs.
6/14/1248, Acknowldegement of the receipt … of £40, the proportion of Richard, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, for the 32nd year of £200 a year which the king pays for the said earl and the co-heirs of Walter Marshal, earl of Pembroke, to his sister Eleanor, countess of Pembroke, for her dower in Ireland. (S) CPRs.
1248, Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, founded the friars of St. Augustine of Clare. [Matilda, as a widow, made a further grant to them for the souls of herself and Richard.] (S) Women of English Nobility, Ward, 1995, P199.
12/1248, Richard held his court on the Welsh border.
3/4/1250, Protection with clause for Walter de Escoteny and Roger de Clifford, knights of R. de Clare, earl of Gloucester, going with the earl on pilgrimage beyond seas [to Champagne]. (S) CPRs.
1252, Richard traveled overseas to defend the honor of his brother William, who had lost his arms and horses in a tournament.
9/1252, Richard attened the Round Table tournament at Walden.
1253, Richard declined to join Henry III’s expedition to Gascony, instead going to Ireland.
5/3/1254, Protection with clause volumus for the following who are going with the queen to the king in Gascony ; … The earl of Gloucester … (S) CPRs. [Prince Edward would marry Leonore at Las Huelgas in Burgos, which the queen attended.]
1254, Richard created earl of Hertford.
11/20/1254 at Orleans, France, Charter … Witnesses:- Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, … John de Plessitis, earl of Warwick, Geoffrey and William de Valencia the king’s brothers, … [This charter sealed under the great seal again on 8/13/1355.] (S) CPRs.
12/10/1254, at Paris, France, Charter … Witnesses : Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John de Plessitis, earl of Warwick, … (S) CPRs.
1255, Posing as knights of Robert de Roos, Richard and Roger le Bigod entered Edinburgh castle where King Henry’s daughter complained that she was being kept separated from her husband King Alexander. They arranged for multiple knights to enter the castle and escaped with Alexander and Margaret.
9/9/1255, Notification by G. de Lezygnan and William de Valencia, the king’s brother, R. de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, R. le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, … received into safe conduct … Alexander, king of Scotland and Margaret, queen of Scotland, his wife, … to the king at Werk … (S) CPRs.
9/24/1255, Pardon, at the instance of Alexander, king of Scotland, and Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, … (S) CPRs.
1256, Richard founded the house of Black Friars outside the west gate of Cardiff.
7/8/1256, Protection, with clause, for Richard, earl of Gloucester, gone to Almain as the king’s envoy. (S) CPRs.
6/15/1257, Bond by the king, Queen Eleanor and Edward their first-born son, to … citizens and merchants of Florence … in 10,000 marks … satisfy the king’s envoy to the court of Rome to the amount of 10,000 marks … Richard earl of Gloucester, William de Valencia, … Philip Lovel the treasurer, … the chancellor, have sworn on the gospels to see that these conditions are kept. (S) CPRs.
1257, Richard defeated by the Welsh.
9/4/1257, Power to Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, and Nicholas de Molis to admit into the king’s peace, Mereduk son of Res. (S) CPRs.
1258, Richard was a leading member of the reforming party of barons in England. King Henry III’s reliance on foreign advisers had antagonized many of the barons who regarded the royal policy as diminishing their own power and influence. Richard expelled the Welsh rulers from the western valleys of Glamorgan, as far as the Rhonda. A neighboring baron involved in the baron revolt was Llywelyn ap Gruffydd – prince of Gwynedd. [He would be influential in the life of Richard’s son.]
7/1258, Richard and his brother poisoned by his steward, Walter de Scotenay. Richard recovered with the loss of hair and nails, but his brother died.
12/24/1258 at Westminster, Appointment … by the counsel of magnates … Present, Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, Hugh le Bigod, the justicary, … Richard de Grey, and others … (S) CPRs.
1259, Richard disagreed with Simon de Montfort and returned allegiance to the King.
2/7/1259, Licence for Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, to fortify the island of Portlaund with stone and lime and to crenellate it in the manner of a castle. (S) CPRs.
1259, Walter de Scotenay tried and hanged for administering poison to Richard and his brother William [William died.] (S) Notes & Queries, 1869, P333.
7/29/1259, Appointment of Roger de Monte Alto, … touching interruptions of the truce made between Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, and Roger de Mortuo Mari … (S) CPRs.
9/10/1259, Collation to Bozo son of Richard, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, of the deanery of Stafford. (S) CPRs.
5/20/1260, “Grant to Barons of Cinque Ports, in recognition of their praiseworthy service in transporting the King to France and bringing him back, … Witnesses: Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester …” (S) UKNA.
6/20/1260, Whereas divers contentions were moved between Edward the king’s first-born son and Richard de Clare, earl of Goucester and Hertford, … (S) CPRs.
1261, The king lent a galley to Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, which he returned at Winchelese. (S) CPRs.
7/15/1262, “Ricardus de Clare comes Glocestriae”, 8th Earl of Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and 5th Earl of Hertford, died of poison at the table of Peter of Savoy, the Queen’s uncle; buried in Tewkesbury, in the choir. (S) The History of Tewkesbury, Bennett, 1830, P173. The Bishops of Worchester and Landaff, 12 abbots, and a large number of Barons and Knights were present at the funeral. His tomb was erected by his widow Maud [it no longer exists.] His effigy was inlaid in silver.
7/8/1263, Grant to William de Valencia the king’s brother, … lands late of R. de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … and to Maud late the wife of the said earl the fruits in the manors of … (S) CPRs.
3/26/1267, Although Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, lately impleaded Maud his mother before the king touching the castle of Uske and certains lands in the March … (S) CPRs.
1270, Bond given by Roger le Strange and Maud de Mumbray to Maud de Clare, countess [of Gloucester and Hertford], for payments in respect of the marriage of Roger son and heir of Sir Roger de Mumbray with the daughter of the said countess. Witnesses:—Sir Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Sir Thomas de Beauchamp (Bellocampo), Sir Walter de la Hide, and Sir Henry de Umframvile, knights. (S) Ancient Deeds, V6, 1915, C.6087.
11/12/1275, Judgement was rendered between Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester, and Isabella de Fortibus, countess of Albemarle, concerning the manor … (S) CCRs.
5/22/1279, Thomas, son and heir of Richard de Royly quitclaimed to Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester and Hertford, the market rights of Manningtree. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
1280, Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester and Hertford, donated the manor of Sydinghow to the priory of Legh, Devonshire, for the soul of Richard formerly her husband, earl of Gloucester and Hertford.
1284, Maud founded an Augustinian nunnery for 40 nuns in Devon.
8/6/1285, The underwritten have acquittance of the common summons in co. Northampton … Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester. (S) CCRs.
8/20/1285, Commission … touching the persons who broke the park of Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester and Hertford, at Hovenden, co. Suffolk. (S) CPRs.
1286 & 1287, Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester, named in the IPMs of the Abbess of Legh. (S) CIsPM for Cornwall and Devon.
9/26/1287, Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester, staying in England, has letters nominating … for 2 years. (S) CPRs.
Bef. 3/10/1288, Maud died. [In her will Matilda de Clare left her copy of Ancrene Wisse, composed especially for religious women, to the Abbey of Canonsleigh.]
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P196.
Children of Richard and Maud:
i. Gilbert de Clare (4997382), born 9/2/1243 in England.
ii. Thomas de Clare (2498706), born ~1245 in England.
iii. Isabel de Clare, born ~1247 in England.
3/28/1257, Isabel married William II, Marquis of Monferatto.
iv. Bogo de Clare, born 7/21/1248 in England.
1294, Bogo died.
v. Margaret de Clare, born 1250 in England.
10/6/1272, Margaret married Edmund of Almain, s/o Richard, King of the Romans & Sanchia of Provence.
1290, Edmund excommunicated by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1293-4, Margaret divorced from Edmund.
1300, Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall, died. [No children.]
Bef. 9/16/1312, Margaret died.
vi. Rohese de Clare (11820321), born 10/17/1252 in England.