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Sunday, August 9, 2020

Earl Roger de Mortimer & Joan de Geneville

 1249358. Earl Roger de Mortimer & 1249359. Joan de Geneville

2/2/1286, Joan born in England, d/o 2498718. Peter de Geneville & 2498719. Joan de Lusignan.

5/3/1287, Roger de Mortuo Mari born in England, heir & s/o 2498716. Edmund de Mortimer & 2498717. Margaret de Fiennes.

1292, On the death of her father, Joan’s paternal grandfather placed her 2 younger sisters in Aconbury Priory, effectively disinheriting them and making Joan the sole heir. The family estates in England, Wales and Ireland were held intact and not distributed among coheirs.

9/20/1301 at Pembridge, Herefordshire, Roger married to Joan. [With her holdings Roger became one of the greatest land holders of Ireland, and held her lands in France.]

7/17/1304, Roger’s father was killed in battle in Wales. Roger’s wardship was granted to young, but influential with Prince Edward, Piers Gaveston.

7/25/1304, Writ for IPM of Edmund de Mortuo Mari. Buckingham: Crendon. A third part of the manor … Roger his son, aged 18 at the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross in the year abovesaid, is his next heir. … (S) CIsPM.

2/22/1306, Roger summoned to parliament as “Rogero de Mortuo de Wygemor”.

5/22/1306, Roger, 1 of 267 knighted by King Edward I in London at Westminster abbey.

[––Roger & Joan––]

10/6/1306 in Shropshire, Roger married Joan.

10/1306, Roger de Mortimer, Gilbert de Clare of Thomond, and Piers de Gaveston were among 21 English knights that attended a jousting tournament on the continent. King Edward I seized their lands for desertion.

1/23/1307, Roger and 15 other knights pardoned for attending the jousting tournament.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father, Edward I.

12/24/1307, Geoffrey de Geneville to surrender to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Joan his wife [and Geoffrey’s granddaughter] the lands and tenenments in Ireland, which he holds … of the inheritance of his late wife Matilda, and which after his death will reviert to the same Roger and Joan, as kinswoman and heir of Matilda. (S) CPRs.

12/15/1307, Protection with clause volumus, until Easter, for Robert de Mortuo Mari going beyond seas with the King. (S) CPRs.

1/25/1308 in Boulogne, France, Prince Edward married Isabella of France (age 12). Roger attended the wedding.

2/24/1308 at Westminster, Edward crowned King Edward II of England. Roger 1 of 4 bearers of the royal robes.

10/29/1309, Pardon to Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemore, of payment of 1000 marks, which he received as a loan from the king. (S) CPRs.

8/1310, Roger, with King Edward, left for Scotland with the earls of Gloucester and Surrey. The King’s expedition would last a year, spending several months at Berwick-on-tweed.

10/1/1310, Joan wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemore, staying in Ireland, has letters … (S) CPRs.

1311, Roger appointed castellan at Roxburgh, Scotland, agreeing to stay a year with 30 men-at-arms for £1000. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P50.

5/23/1313, King Edward and Isabella left from Dover for a trip to France.

1313, Roger served in Gascony.

7/15/1313, King Edward and Isabella arrived back in England at Dover.

4/28/1315, Licence … for Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wyggemore to grant 100 librates of rent in Norton … co. Worcester, … to John son of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, … with remainder failing such issue, to Margaret late the wife of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, for her life, … (S) CPRs.

1315, Roger fought against Llywelyn Bren. Edward Bruce defeated Roger at the battle of Kells.

1316, Roger involved in suppressing a revolt in Bristol.

11/23/1316, Appointment, during pleasure, of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wyggemore, to be keeper of the land of Ireland, and the king’s lieutenant there. By K. (S) CPRs.

12/9/1316, Grant to Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemore, king’s kinsman, for his service in Ireland, of the marriage of the son and heir of Nicholas de Audele, tenant in chief, a minor in the king’s custody. (S) CPRs.

1317, Roger defeated Edward Bruce’s invasion.

3/15/1319, Appointment, during pleasure, of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemor to the office of justiciary of Ireland. (S) CPRs.

5/10/1319, Thomas de Berkeley married to Roger’s daughter Margaret. Her maritagium included £2000 in money. Roger de Mortimer settled on Thomas and Margaret half of the manor of Awre [the other half already acquired by Thomas’ father Maurice], which was opposite Berkeley on the other side of the Severn river.

9/1320, Roger returned to England from Ireland and discovered the influence that Hugh le Despenser had over King Edward II.

2/1321, Roger was the last of the marcher lords to join against Edward II.

1/13/1322, Safe conduct … at the request of Thomas, the earl Mareschal, … the king’s brothers, … for Roger de Mortimer of Wigemor and other of his company to the number of 20, Bartholomew de Badelesmere excepted, coming to Betton Lestraunge, to treat with the said earls … (S) CPRs.

3/4/1322, Licence for Richard de Burgh, knight, … to go with Joan, the wife of Roger de Mortuo Marie of Wygemor, to the parts of Suthamton, to stay with her. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, At the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York, King Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords and Thomas of Lancaster.  The royalist forces were defending their position with dismounted men-at-arms and archers against an attacking calvary.

1322, Roger was captured and sent to the Tower in London. Joan was imprisoned with him. (S) UKNA, 1332: ‘Joan de Mortemer (Mortimer), widow of Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of March. ... Edward II had sued against her and her late husband while they were in prison.’ [Roger was dead by 1332.]


7/12/1332, To Joan, late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, to Mary [Marie de St. Pol], countess of Pembroke, to Elizabeth de Burgo, and Margaret, late the wife of Bartholomew de Badelesmere. Order to send, each of them, men-at-arms to the place where the king shall ordain at Michaelmas next to take passage to Ireland. (S) CCRs.

7/16/1322, Appointment … to pronounce judgement upon Roger de Mortuo Mari, ‘l’uncle,’ and Roger de Mortuo Mari, ‘le nevou,’ traitors of the king … prisoners in the Tower of London. (S) CPRs. [They were condemned to death.]

7/24/1322, King Edward communted their sentences to life in prison.

2/1323, Queen Isabela and Eleanor de Clare both petitioned King Edward II on behalf of Joan, “our dear and well-beloved cousin”.

1323, Joan’s mother died leaving her lands in France.

8/1/1323, Roger escaped from the Tower, took a ship from Portsmouth, and went to Paris where he was welcomed by King Charles IV of France, brother of Queen Isabella, wife of King Edward  II.

10/1323, Roger is known to be in Picardy, France, with his Fiennes kinsmen.

11/14/1323, Mandate, after the recital of the rebellion of Roger de Mortimer of Wygemor, his submission and conditional pardon, his imprisonment in the Tower … his incitement of aliens … his escape from the Tower, directed to … sheriffs, bailiffs and all other leiges, of all counties throughout England … prohibiting them from aiding the said Mortimer … (S) CPRs.

4/1/1324, Safe conduct … sheriff of Southampton, appointed to conduct Joan, wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wigemore, [to the castle of Skipton in Cravene, co. York] … Joan the daughter to the priory of Semplyngham, co. Lincoln, [daughter] Margaret to the priory of Shuldham, co. Norfolk, and [daughter] Isabel to the priory of Chikesand, co. Bedford. (S) CPRs.

3/1325, Queen Isabella of England traveled to France as an envoy of King Edward II. [Where Roger would become her consort.]

[––Roger & Queen Isabela––]

By 2/8/1326, Isabella was in a relationship with Roger de Mortimer. [Date of a proclamation of King Edward to the fact of the relationship.]

8/27/1326 at Mons, Edward [III]’s marriage contract with Philippa finalized, which included marrying within 2 years. Roger de Mortimer (1249358) and Edmund (2954858), earl of Kent were guarantees. (S) Edward III, Ormrod, 2013, P39.

9/24/1326, Roger and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joined up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

10/2/1326, King Edward and Hugh le Despenser sailed from Chepstow, attempting to reach Ireland. They stopped at Caerphilly castle, Hugh’s residence, where £14,000 in cash was later found.

10/27/1326, Roger and Isabella had Hugh le Despenser, the elder, Earl of Winchester, executed at Bristol [He was captured the day before.]

11/17/1326, Roger had Earl Edmund FitzAlan of Arundel beheaded in Hereford without a trial.

12/1326 at Wallingford castle Queen Isabella and Roger kept a “ryall Christmasse”.

1/7/1327, Parliament deposed Edward II.

1/13/1327, The lords mentioned came to the Guildhall, and in the presence of the Mayor, Aldermen and a great Commonality to the oath to safeguard Isabella, Queen of England, and Edward, eldest son of the king of England and heir-apparent, in their cause against Hugh le Despenser the younger and Master Robert de Baldock, … Earls: … Barons: Roger de Mortuo Mari, Hugh de Audele, … Henry de Percy, … William de Roos, … (S) CPR&Ms.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

2/1/1327, Roger present at the coronation of King Edward III [age 14], where 3 of his sons were knighted. [As the Queen’s consort Roger is said to have “ruled” England for the next 4 years.]

1327, Joan, wife of Roger de Mortemer, restored to her liberty of Trim. (S) UKNA, 1332.

9/14/1327, Roger received a letter at Abergavenny from William Shalford, his deputy justice in Wales, informing him of plots to free Edward II.

1327, Roger instigates a plan to have captured Edward II murdered. [There is a substantial amount of evidence that he actually escaped and a substitute body was buried.]

8/23/1327, The liberty of Trym in Ireland restored to Roger de Mortuo Marie and Joan, his wife, and her heirs. (S) CPRs.

12/27/1327, Grant, in fee simple, to Roger de Mortuo Mari, for service to queen Isabella and the king, … (S) CPRs.

6/1328, Roger and his lover Queen Isabella, stayed with Joan at Ludlow castle after the wedding of 2 of their daughters. [The same year their sons Roger and John died.]

9/29/1328, Roger became the 1st Earl of March.

11/4/1328, Appointment of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of march, to the office of justice of Wales, for life. (S) CPRs.

11/25/1328, Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March and Joan his wife granted a fair at Ludlow, Shropshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

12/1328, Roger made a grant for 9 chaplains to sing daily masses for the souls of Roger himself, Edward III, Queens Isabella and Philippa, Joan, and their children.

1/20/1329, The forces of Henry of Lancaster (5909946) and those of Roger de Mortimer met at Bedford. By arbitration Henry agreed to financial penalties, although some of his supporters were forced into exile.

2/22/1329, Release to Roger de Mortimer, earl of March, in fee simple, … (S) CPRs.

8/1329, Roger held a tournament at Wigmore associated with marriages of 2 more daughters.

3/14/1330, Roger had Edmund of Woodstock (2954858), Earl of Kent, and s/o King Edward I executed for attempting to rescue his half-brother King Edward II from prison. [This would be the downfall of Roger.]

3/21/1330, Acknowlegment of the king’s indebtedness to … merchants of the society of the Bardi of Florenc, in £1,000 paid by them at this request to Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March, in the aid of the marriage of his daughter with the eldest son of Thomas, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England; … (S) CPRs. [1334, Edward of Norfolk died.]

10/18/1330, Roger and 2 of his sons seized at Nottingham castle by King Edward III and a group led by William de Montacute.

10/26/1330, Commission … to survey the expenses of Joan wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of march, and of the ladies and children of her company in Lodelowe Castle, which the king has commanded the sheriff to defray out of the goods of the said Roger. (S) CPRs.

11/26/1330 at parliament, Roger de Mortimer, Thomas de Berkeley, Thomas Gurney, William Ockley, and Simon Bereford accused of the murder of King Edward II. [Roger appeared before parliament bound and gagged, and forbidden to speak. 8 of the charges against Roger mention “using his royal power to …”, but he was not a monarch.]

11/29/1330, Roger, Earl of March, hanged naked, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn [where common criminals were executed] in London for many crimes including complicity in Edward II’s murder; buried in the church of Grey Friars at Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Joan’s lands were taken by the crown.


3/4/1331, Joan late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of march, staying in England, has letters … (S) CPRs.

10/1331, Joan petitioned the King: be granted regard from the lands that were her husband's in aid of her sustenance as the lands of her inheritance in Ireland are destroyed by the Irish enemies and can take no profit from the land because of the costs of garrisoning ... to have Roger’s body removed from Greyfriars church at Coventry to be reburied at Wigmore ... requests that she can have livery of her lands of Trim ... requests that she may have the custody of her and his lands, as they are in the hand of the king by his minority ... (S) UKNA.

12/12/1332, Commitment to Joan late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari of the York wardship of 2 parts of the lands late of Edmund de Mortuo Mari (30421176), tenant in chief, extended at £191 14s. Id. a year, … (S) CFRs.

5/19/1336, Licence for Joan, late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of march, to grant to Geoffrey de Mortuo Mari, in tail male, with reversion to her ... manors of Staunton Lacy and Lodelawe, co. Salop, and Malmeshull Lacy, Ewyas Lacy, and Wolferlowe, co. Hereford. (S) CPRs.

1336, Joan granted a full pardon and had some of her lands restored. [The delay implies that the King believed Joan somewhat complicit in the activities of her “estranged” husband.]

4/16/1340, Joan late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari [and daughter of Peter de Genevill] staying in England … attorneys in Ireland for 3 years. (S) CPRs.

1346, Joan received a papal indult of plenary remission [forgiveness for penalties imposed by the Pope].

1354, King Edward III reversed all charges against Roger, making Joan the Dowager Countess of March [her grandson Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, high in the favor of the King.]

11/6/1351, Whereas the king, at the supplication of Joan late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of march, complaining of her losses … lately granted the her liberty of Trym, in Ireland, should not in her life time be taken … (S) CPRs.

6/10/1353, Grant by Joan, formerly wife of Ralph de Mortuo Mari to Hugh de Sulgrave and Joan her daughter [granddaughter?], and to the heirs of their bodies, of all her tenements in Helpiston, for term of the said Joan's life and if they die without issue, during Joan's life, they shall remain to Margery, mother of the said Hugh and to Roger her son, with remainder after Joan's death to the right heirs of her late husband. (S) UKNA. [9/5/1388, Hugh de Sulgrave and Joan his wife, ... to church of Helpeston.]

1354-55, Joan, late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March, to grant land and rent in Ludlow and Hawkbatch [in Dowles] to the prior of the hospital of St. John, Ludlow. (S) UKNA.

10/19/1356, Joan died. IsPM: Worcestershire, Shropshire, the adjacent March of Wales, Herefordshire. (S) UKNA.

10/24/1356, Herefordshire IPM of Joan, wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, Earl of March. Worcester: Bremesgrave and Norton. The manor held for her life … She died on 19 October, 30 Edward III. Roger de Mortuo Mari, now earl of March, aged 28 years and more, is her heir. … Salop: Staunton Lacy by Lodelowe. The manor. … by service of half a knight’s fee, by gift of Geoffrey de Genevill (grandfather) and Maud his wife by fine levied in the king’s court to Peter de Genevill, father of the said Joan, whose heir she was, … Dolvareyn. The castle and the land of Kedewyng in Wales … The land of Kery … worth yearly £220 … Hereford: Malmeshull Lacy and Wolfreslowe. The manors … Walterston. The manor, … Penbrugg, Kyngeslane and Orleton. The manors … Maurdyn and Wynferton. The manors … 23 knights’ fees … (S) CIsPM.

Family notes:

·         Joan grandmother of the Earls of Pembroke and March; and mother-in-law of the Earl of Warwick, and lords Berkeley, Charlton and Braose.

(S) Queen Isabella, by Alison Weir, 2005. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P592. (S) Edward II, Warner, 2017.

Children of Roger and Joan: [4 sons, 8 daughters]

i. Margaret de Mortimer (2954873), born ~1308 in England.

ii. Edmund de Mortimer (30421176), born 1310 in England.

1/1332 Edmund, Lord Mortimer, died at Stanton Lacy, Shropshire. [Before his mother and paternal grandmother. His brother Roger became the heir.]

iii. Maud de Mortimer (7606063), born ~1312 in England.

iv. Joan de Mortimer (5910467), ~1314 in England.

v. Katherine de Mortimer (624679), born ~1320 in England.

vi. Roger de Mortimer, born 1328 in England.

6/3/1336, Grant to William de Monte Acuto, for a fine of 1,000 marks … the marriage of Roger, son and heir of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, tenant in cliief, a minor in the king's ward … (S) CFRs.

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