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Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Earl Walter de Burgh & Countess Avelina Fitz John

 121690412. Earl Walter de Burgh & 121690413. Countess Avelina Fitz John

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

~1227, Walter born in England, 2nd s/o 243380824. Lord Richard de Burgh & 243380825. Gille de Lacy.

~1238, Aveline born in England, 3rd d/o 9954822. Sir John Fitz Geoffrey & 9954823. Isabel le Bigod.

1243, Walter’s father died; his brother Richard succeeding.

Bef. 10/6/1249, Walter succeeded his brother Richard; the lands initially given in custody to Peter de Birmingham.

1249, For a fine of 300 marks, Walter allowed possession of some of his lands and titles; with agreement that he would not marry without the king’s consent.

10/8/1249, Writ to the justiciary and treasurer of Ireland, for payment out of the Irish treasure … to the use of Walter de Burgh, of 20 marks for Walter’s expenses in coming to the K in England.

5/27/1250, The K. for a fine restores to Walter, brother and heir of Richard de Burgh, all the lands, tenements, and castles of the latter in Ireland, saving Walter’s marriage. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Ireland, GBPRO, 1875, P454.

6/11/1250, Mandate to Peter de Birmingham to assign to Alice, who was the wife of Richard de Burgh, her dower out of the services of knights holding of Walter de Burgh, brother and heir of Richard, who is in custody of the K.

7/1/1250, Letters of protection, for 1 year, in Ireland, for Walter de Burgh.

7/31/1250, Mandate to the keeper of the K.’s forest of Slescho, Ireland, to cause Walter de Burgh, grom of the K., to have out of that forest 4 stags of the K.’s gift.

9/6/1251, Simple protection for 4 years for Walter de Burgo. (S) CPRs.

1253, Walter arraigned Maurice fitz Gerald. (S) Ireland Under the Normans, Orpen, 1968, P243.

8/6/1253, Walter with King Henry, leaving for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships to suppress a rebellion.

10/23/1253, Henry’s army in camp in France at Benauge; then Bazas, Meilhan, Bordeaux; then in 1254, Orleans.

1/1255, King Henry returned his army to England.

1255, On the borders of Roscommon and Galway, Ireland, Walter made a peace agreement with Aedh, s/o King Felim O’Conner. (S) The History of Ireland, Wright, P148.

2/25/1256, Notification … pope Alexander letters … directed to the bishop … of Kilfenora, that Maruice son of Gerald, Walter de Burgo, … knights, … in Ireland cease from entertaining ecclesiastical questions in their courts … (S) CPRs.

1256, Walter led 20,000 men from Clanrickard against the native Irish in Connaught, who were led by the O’Flahertys; taking possession of Lough Corrib.

[––Walter & Aveline––]

By 1257, Walter married Aveline. (S) The Legacy of the de Lacy Family, Lacey, 1994, P57.

1257, A peace truce was made between the people of Connaught and Walter.

11/23/1258, Avelina’s father died; her brother Richard succeeding. [1297, Avelina would be a co-heiress of her brother.]

1/8/1259, Recognizance by Walter de Burgh, of Ireland, to Adam de Basing, citizen of London, made before the K. … to be repaid at Ross, Ireland, …

10/28/1259, Of those who are crossing with the king to France and have protection … Walter de Burges [1st name on the list] … (S) CPRs. [French King Louis and Queen Margaret hosted a family Christmas gathering in Paris that included King Henry III and Queen Eleanor. Margaret and Eleanor were sisters.]

1260, Walter attacked Roscommon, Ireland.

8/1261, Fedhlim O’Conor, King of Connaught, … restitution for the losses which Walter de Burgh had caused in his land of Tyrmane … to the amount of 6,000 marks …

1262, Walter again attacked Roscommon, Ireland, as part of an English expedition.

1263, Walter de Burgh built a castle at Ath Anghaile in Corran. (S) Ireland Under the Normans, V3, Orpen, 1968, P243.

7/13/1263, Walter de Burgh at Bristol in the service of lord Edward.

7/15/1263, Walter, earl of Connaught, created 2nd Earl of Ulster by lord Edward in exchange for the manor of Kilsheelan and other Munster lands. (S) Down Cathedral, Rankin, 1998, P69.

5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”; Simon de Montfort effectively ruling England.

1264, Walter de Burgh at war with Maurice fitz Gerald in Ireland. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy, Given-Wilson, 2008, P140.

1265, Walter gave his brother William as a hostage as part of an agreement with the King of Connaught. Walter slew Turlough O’Brien in battle; and William was put to death.

6/10/1265, Whereas … liberation of Edward the king’s son [hostage after the battle of Lewes] … has transferred himself to certain marchers and other rebels, and by so doing has shown himself an enemy, … the king commands all persons of Ireland to be indendant to H. bishop of Meath … and not to the said Edward … to Walter de Burgo … the discords between him and Maurice son of Gerald have been appeased, … (S) CPRs.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham; ending the barons’ revolt in England.

6/14/1266, Grant to Walter de Burgo, earl of Ulster, … forfeiture which Peter de Gousil, knight … (S) CPRs.

6/1266, Walter de Burgh dealing with contrariants in the midlands of England.

1268, Connor O’Brien repulsed Walter de Burgh at Shannon harbor. (S) Catechism of the History of Ireland, Brennan, 1878, P139.

1269, Aedh Buidhe O'Neill acknowledged that he held his authority from Walter de Burgh, earl of Ulster. (S) Ireland, Keenan, 2010, P455.

1270, A general war broke out between Hugh O’Connor of Connaught and the English, Walter suffering serious defeats.

7/28/1271, Walter, Lord of Connaught and Munster in Ireland, died at Galway castle after a weeks illness; buried at Dunmow Priory.


4/1273, The K. to William fitz Warin, seneschal of Ulster, … after the death of Walter de Burgh, late earl of Ulster, [James de Audley] unwisely endowed Avelina who was his wife with 5 of his castles in the marches of Ulter now in a hostile state … as dower … re-called … Avelina having thereupon complained to the K.’s lieutenants in England … the K. wills … her reasonable dower be assigned to Avelina. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Ireland, 1877, P165.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P150. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Ireland, V1, 1875. (S) 13th Century England, Coss, 1986, PP161-7.

Family notes:

·         1236-1247, There is a Walter de Burgh(es) in historical records in Somerset and Dorset; and later as marshall of the king’s household.

Childn of Walter and Aveline: [4 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Richard de Burgh (60845206), born 1258 in Ireland.

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