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Friday, August 28, 2020

Lord Robert de Courtenay & Mary de Vernon & Peter le Prouz

 121683712. Lord Robert de Courtenay & 121683713. Mary de Vernon & 67224568. Peter le Prouz

[Unknown], Peter le Preaux of Eastervale born in England.

1174, Robert born in England, s/ 243367424. Reginald de Courtenay & 243367425. Hawise d’Aincourt. (S) Peerage of the People, Carpenter, 1837, P202.

~1190, Mary born in England, heiress & d/o 243367426. Earl William de Vernon de Redvers & 243367427. Matilda de Beaumont.

9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded Henry II as King of England.

9/7/1194, Robert’s father died.


~1194, Robert 1st married unknown wife.

5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.

1209, Robert heir to his uncle Robert of lands in Sutton, Berkshire.

[––Peter & Mary––]

~1213, Peter married Mary. (S) Chorographical Desc. of Devon, Risdom, 1811, P124.

1214, Robert, Governor of Bridgenorth, Shropshire.

1215, Robert, sheriff of Oxford and governor of the castle.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

1215, Mary’s father died.

8/13/1215, Robert de Courtenay succeeded to Sheriff of Devon. (S) Notebook of Tristram Risdon, 1897, P86. [Robert also given responsibility for the coinage of tin in Devonshire and Cornwall.]

5/20/1216, Prince Louis of France crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops. Louis quickly captured all the Cinque Ports except Dover. Louis captured the town of Lincoln, but not the castle.

6/2/1216, Louis proclaimed King in London. (S) A Primary History of Britain, Smith, 1873, P66.

1216, Robert de Courtenay and William Briwere were commanded by King John to defend the city of Exeter, if it could be done, otherwise to betake themselves to the castle. (S) Magna Britannia, Lysons, 1822, P190.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

1216-17, Robert de Courtenay’s lands in France forfeited after he did not support the invasion of Prince Louis in England.

1217, Robert de Courtenay of Oakhampton, the king’s “kinsman”, asked to surrender Exeter castle to Queen Isabella. [Robert was given custody of the castle of Plympton.]

5/1217 at Exeter, Robert de Courtenay witnessed Queen Isabella’s charter in favour of the monks of St Nicholas Exeter. (S) King John, Church, 2003, P202.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

4/6/1218, Item, concerning the hundred of Redlane which Robert de Courtenay says is his and pertains to his manor of Iwerne, which hundred, and the hundred of Gillingham, was withdrawn from him and his ancestors, and he offers 5 m. to have a jury. (S) FRsHIII.

1218, Henry of Cornwall and Robert de Courtenay in a suit over the rights to Exeter castle. (S) City and Ecclesiastical History of the City of Exeter, Jenkins, 1841, P36. [Initially given to Henry.]

3/28/1219, King Henry gave Exeter castle to Robert de Albermarle.

5/1219, King Henry gave Exeter castle back to Robert.

Aft. 1219, Peter died.


By 8/14,1219, Robert’s mother died; “Order to the sheriff of Devon to take into the king’s hand all lands and tenements with their appurtenances in his bailiwick formerly of Hawise de Courtenay, who is dead as the king has heard.” (S) FRsHIII.

1219, Robert, son of Reginald and Hawisia, gives 500 marks and 5 palfreys to have livery of the honor of Okehampton. … [Robert paid the fine for the Lordship of Okehampton, with the custody of the castle of Exeter and the whole of the county as “Vice-Comes.” Robert also agreed to serve the crown for a year at his own expense with 20 men-at-arms and ‘arquebussiers’.] (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P281.

1219-20, Robert de Courtenay to Hubert de Burgh, justiciar: His mother (Hawys de Courtenay) is dead and, as sheriff, he has taken her lands in Devonshire into the king's hands. The justiciar will remember that he did homage for them to King John and paid his relief, and by his grant took the homage of the knights and free tenants. Peter de Maulay has given him seisin of the lands in his bailiwick but he will not enter on those in his own without the justiciar's consent. Besides, he is impleaded before the bishop of Bath and his fellow justices by the Pope's bull, about a load of salt, seized at Topsham by the king’s servants, as the property of William de Wrotham, the king’s envoy, and claimed by the brethren of the hospital of Portsmouth. If the justiciar thinks it right, will he prohibit them from proceeding? Again, the justices in eyre in Devonshire have sent him a summons to bring half the amercements made before them to Westminster on the Morrow of Lammas. This was impossible before Lammas and because of the poverty of the persons amerced. He has raised what he could by the hands of 2 knights of the county, but both himself and those amerced need respite until the Morrow of Michaelmas when he shall be able to answer for the sum. (S) UKNA.

1220, Charter. Robert de Curt' (Courtenay) and Mary his wife to his burgesses of his free borough of Okem' (Okehampton). (S) UKNA.

9/6/1220, Devon. Robert de Courtenay gives the king a palfrey for having an annual 2-day fair at his manor of Okehampton on the eve and feast of St. James the Apostle. (S) FRsHIII.

10/29/1220, Robert de Courtenay for rendering his relief, … to have full seisin without delay of all lands and appurtenances formerly of Hawise de Courtenay, his mother, which fall to him by inheritance. (S) FRsHIII.

1220-21, Robert the High Sheriff of Devon. (S) Western Antiquary, V9, 1890, P55.

1222, John de St. Helen received confirmation from Robert de Courtenay of half a hide of land which his father John de St. Helen had held of the Crown at the time Henry II granted Sutton to Reynold de Courtenay. (S) History of the County of Berkshire, V4, 1924.

6/24/1222, Robert holds the manor of Shaftsborough, Devon, which is to be taken into the king’s hands. (S) FRsHIII.

[––Robert & Mary––]

By 1223, Robert married 2nd widow Mary.

11/29/1223, Geoffrey Taverner gives one mark for doing justice against Robert de Courtenay and others to render him the money that he exacts from them. (S) FRsHIII.

1223, King Henry confirmed possession of Exeter castle to Robert. (S) History – City of Exeter, Jenkins, P37.

1223, Robert allowed to pay a fine to the king through expenditures on the castel of Exeter. (S) Chapel and Prebends in Exeter Castle, Obrien, 2014.

1224, Faukes de Breaute to Hubert de Burgh, justiciar: his inability to provision the castle of Plymton, Devon due to Robert de Courtenay’s arrest of the goods being shipped there; requests that Robert be ordered to allow the provisioning. (S) UKNA.

5/8/1224, Robert de Courtenay … to be allowed the costs he incurred, by order of the king and the same justiciar, to re-fill a breach in the wall of Exeter castle. (S) FRsHIII.

6/1224, Robert attended King Henry at the siege of the castle of Bedford, lasting 3 months. The rebellion was led by Fawkes de Breaute.

8/18/1224, The King at Bedford in the presence of … William Earl Warren, Gilbert Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, Hugh Earl Bigod, Humphrey Earl of Hereford, Henry Earl of Warwick, … William Briwer, …, Thomas de Multon, J. de Monmouth, Robert de Courtenay,  … Relaxation of the subsidy granted to the king by the clergy, for the siege of Bedford. (S) Manuscripts of the Duke of Beaufort, 1891, P556.

1224, After a 15-day siege, Robert, in the name of King Henry, captured Plympton castle. (S) Gate Records of Plympton Castle.

By 1226, Robert witnessed a grant by Richard de Pyro to William Briwer’. (S) Reports from Commissioners, 1874, P27.

1227, Exeter castle given by King Henry to Richard, earl of Cornwall.

By 1227, Robert de Courtenay gave Plympton priory’s cell at Marsh Barton 56 acres and a water conduit from his lands at Alphington. (S) Plymbton Priory, Fizzard, 2008, P63.

10/29/1228,  The king has committed the manor of Sedborough with appurtenances to Mary, wife of Robert de Courtenay … (S) FRsHIII.

1229, Robert de Coutenay ordered to produce 5 knights for military service. (S) Feudal Military Service, Sanders, 1956.

1232, Robert de Courtenay, sheriff of Devon and Governor of Exeter Castle. (S) Courtney Chronicle, Vs12-14, 1994.

1232, Robert disseized of the office of Sheriff of Devon and of Governor of Exeter castle.

6/12/1233, Whereas in the king’s court, before the justices at Westminster, Robert de Courtenay claimed the manor of Aylesbeare with appurtenances against William Brewer junior, … William has now died without heir of his body, and his other heirs have agreed that Robert shall have seisin of the aforesaid manor. (S) FRsHIII.

9/3/1235, Appointment … as justices in eyre for all pleas in the counties of Dorset and Somerset … Robert de Curtenay … (S) CPRs.

1238, The prebend of Ash Clist bestowed by Robert de Courtenay on Torre abbey. (S) Report and Transactions, Devonshire, V30, 1898, P283.

4/6/1239, The king has granted to Robert de Courtenay that, of the £20 at which he was amerced before the itinerant justices in Devon , he may render … (S) FRsHIII.

1241, Robert’s older brother William died without heirs.

4/25/1242, Licence for Robert de Curtenay to lease his manor of Sutton for 3 years. (S) CPRs.

5/17/1242, Protection so long as he be with the king beyond seas … Robert de Curtenay, who has sent John his son with the king into Poitou. (S) CPRs.

7/16/1242, Robert died at his manor of Iwerne, Dorset; buried August 3rd at Ford abbey.


Mary became an abbes of Pratelle and Quarr. (S) Western Antiquary, V9, 1890, P55.

(S) The Shadow of the White Rose, Taylor, 2006, P-XIII.

Child of Robert and ?:

i. Hawise de Courtney (19962463), born ~1195 in England.

Child of Peter and Mary:

i. William le Pruz (33612284), born ~1219 in England.

Child of Robert and Mary:

i. John de Courtney (60841856), born 7/26/1224 in England.

5/11/1274, IPM of John de Corteney … Devon: … Haregrave. Hawis de Curtenay (243367425) gave to the said abbey the whole land of Hargrave in frankalmoin for maintaining 3 poor persons in the infirmary of the said house, and Robert de Curtenay (121683712) her son and heir confirmed the gift. John de Curtenay was never seised thereof … Somerset: … Cruk. The manor … William de Vernoun (243367426), earl of the Isle, gave the manor to Robert de Curtenay, father of the said John, in free marriage with Mary (121683713) his daughter. … (S) CIsPM.

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