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Monday, August 10, 2020

Regent Edmund of Lancaster & Queen Blanche of Artois & King Henry III of Navarre

 11819892. Regent Edmund of Lancaster & 11819893. Queen Blanche of Artois & 11819398. King Henry III of Navarre

1/16/1244, Edmund born in England, s/o 11819392. King Henry III & 11819393. Eleanor of Provence.

1248, Blanche of Artois born in Artois, France, d/o 23639786. Robert, Count of Artois & 23639787. Matilda of Brabant.

1249, King Henry III of Navarre born in France, s/o 23638796. Thibaut IV, Count of Champagne & 23638797. Margaret of Burbon.

7/11/1253, Henry’s father died, his older brother Thibaut V the heir to Navarre and Champagne.

1/1255, with agreement of the French royalty and the Pope, King Henry III and Queen Eleanor proposed Edmund as the King of Sicily, which had previously been offered to Edmund’s uncle Richard of Cornwall, and Charles of Anjou married to his aunt.

1255, 11-year-old Edmund crowned King of Sicily by Pope Alexander III [renounced in 1263.]

4/12/1256, Henry’s mother died.

5/1257, King Henry and Queen Eleanor sent an emissary to Manfred, illegitimate son of Emperor Frederick II and remaining heir, to propose marriage of their son Edmund and his daughter.

1258, King Henry accepted the pope’s offer of the crown of Sicily for his 2nd son Edmund.

5/12/1264, Ralph de Tony’s marriage and custody granted to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and to Edmund, the King’s son.

1265 at Roxburgh castle, Scotland, Edmund [likely with his brother Edward who had pushed north in pursuit of rebel barons after the battle of Evesham] visited his sister Queen Margaret.

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, in free marriage of the latter, all his lands … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

1267, Edmund organized multiple tournaments.

6/30/1267, Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster, known as “Crouchback” – refers to his crusader’s cross worn on his back. Edmund granted the lordship of Builth, Monmouth and other lands in Wales.

3/6/1268, Edmund a witness to a charter of privileges of his father the king.

6/24/1268 at Northampton, lord Edward and Edmund took the crusaders cross.

11/20/1268, King Henry approved Edmund’s proposed marriage to Isabella de Fortibus, widow of William de Fortibus, earl of Albemarle; d/o Baldwin de Redvers, earl of Devon, and heiress to the Isle of Wight and the earldom of Devon. [She did not marry him.]

[––Edmund & Aveline––]

4/1269 in Westminster abbey, Edmund married Aveline, d/o Isabella de Fortibus, age 11. [ggd/o Richard de Montfichet (47282026).]

8/19/1270, From Dover, Lord Edward with his brother Edmund left on the 8th crusade in support of French forces that had already departed.

11/10/1270, Edward and Edmund in Tunis to find that King Louis had died, the crusader forces had been decimated by disease, and King Charles of Sicliy, his uncle by marriage, had already arranged a peace treaty with the emir of Tunis. The French fleet returned the next day; the English forces remained. King Edward, retreated back to Sicily.

By 5/1271, King Edward moved his forces to Acre; waiting for support to arrive [which never came.]

5/1272, Edmund left the crusade to return to England. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988, P78. [King Edward left 4 months later.]

[–– Henry & Blanche ––]

12/1270, Henry III succeeded as King of Navarre after the death of his older brother Thibaut V who died on crusade.

3/1271, Henry declared his brother’s successor at Pamplona, Spain.

1272, Henry III, King of Navarre, married Blanche.

5/1273, Henry crowned King of Navarre at Pamplona, swearing to uphoild the Fueros of Navarre [laws of the kingdom.]

1273, Henri traveled to France to do homage to King Philip III.

1273, Henry and Blanche’s only male heir died when dropped from the battlements of a castle by his nurse.

7/22/1274, King Henry III of Navarre, “le Gros”, age 25, died at Pamplona where he was buried.

[––Blanche ––]

1274, Blanche did homage to King Philip III for the county of Navarre.

1273-4, Aveline, age 15, died while Edmund was on crusade; buried in Westminster abbey [near Edmund.]

[–– Edmund & Blanche ––]

1274, Edmund returned to England from Burgundy. [King Edward went on to Paris.]

8/19/1274, Edmund attended the coronation of his brother Edward with a train of 100 knights.

5/1275, Blanche and King Philip III agreed to have her daughter Jeanne marry one of his sons. Blanche took her daughter to France to live in the royal court.

6/7/1275, Grant to Edmund, the king’s brother, who holds the lands and tenements late of Robert de Ferar[iis] until satisfaction … £50,000 sterling … as well … which Margaret de Ferar[iis] holds in dower of the inheritiance of the said Robert, … (S) CPRs.

1276, Earl Edmund married widow Blanche of Artois in Navarre; Blanche surrendering the regency of Champagne to Edmund.

10/29/1276, Confirmation of the dower which Edmund the king’s brother made to Blanche, queen of Navarre, his consort, … (S) CPRs.

7/25/1277, Edmund arrived with workmen at the site of Aberystwyth castle, Wales, and started construction on a new castle near by. The workmen came via Bristol with 40 measures of iron, 4 great chards of lead, 9 smiths, 120 masons, 120 carpenters, 9 quarrymen and 24 workmen. Completion cost £3885 17s 11½d.

9/20/1277, Edmund disbanded his southern army and returned to England. [Some construction workers remained at the site to finish the castle.]

10/13/1278 at Worcester, Edmund gave away Eleanor de Montfort, d/o Earl Simon de Montfort (deceased rebel leader), at the church door on her wedding to Llywelyn, Prince of Wales. King Edward paid for the wedding feast. [Eleanor was a cousin to Edmund and Edward.]

12/21/1278 at Lichfield, Charter of Roger de Meuland, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Edmund the king’s brother, and Blanche, queen of Navarre, his wife, … granting a plot of land … in Westminster street …

3/21/1279, Power to Edmund, earl of Lancaster and count of Champagne, the king’s brother, and John de Brittania, earl of Richmond, to exact from Philip, king of France, the king’s kinsman, the county of Ponthieu, which by the death of Joan, queen of Castile and countess of Ponthieu, falls by hereditary right to Eleanor, the king’s consort. (S) CPRs.

5/1279, King Henry of Navarre attended the tournament at Compigene. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P77.

5/26/1280, Acquittance to … for taking … by order of Edmund, count of Champagne, … to the use of … queen of Navarre, his consort, 16 bucks, 1 stag, 3 roebucks, and 1 boar in the forest of Dene. (S) CPRs.

5/24/1281, Edmund, the king’s brother, granted Eleanor, late the wife of Robert de Ferrariis, earl of Derby, the town of Gumecestre, for life, … Witnesses:- Laurence de Sancto Mauro, Richard Fukeran, Ralph de Sancto Mauro, William le Butiller of Werinton, Robert Banastre, … knights, … (S) CPRs.

6/28/1283, Edmund summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. [The Parliament held at Acton Burnell, near Shrewsbury, when David III was condemned to be hanged, drawn and quartered – ending the Welsh rebellion.] (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

6/1/1285, Confirmation of a charter … to the burgesses of St. Omer, Flanders, … with a further grant at the instance of Eleanor, the king’s mother, and of the queen of Navarre, the consort of Edmund, the king’s brother, that the said burgesses shall be exempt from murage throughout the realm … (S) CPRs.

1286, Edmund appointed Regent of England while King Edward I was away in Gascony. [King Edward and Eleanor traveled to Gascony where they would stay for almost 3 years.]

9/29/1286, Roberto de Lathum ‘, knight, witness (together with Sir William le Boteler, Sir Robert Banastre, Sir Robert de Holand and others) to charter of Edmund, earl of Lancaster to the prior and canons of Burscough for a market at the manor of Ormskirk.

6/1287, Rhys ap Maredudd began a rebellion in south Wales. Edmund sent Edmund, earl of Cornwall, to suppress the uprising.

7/8/1290 at Westminster, Earl Edmund, with a train of 100 knights and 6 ladies, attended the wedding of his niece Margaret.

9/8/1291, Edmund attended his mother’s funeral at Amesbury abbey.

12/30/1291, Grant to Edmund the king’s brother of the marriage of Matilda daughter and heir of Patrick de Cadurcis, tenant in chief, to the use of Henry his son … (S) CPRs.

5/1293, Edmund, earl of Lancaster, and Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, sent to King Philip IV to arrange a truce.

1293, Edmund founded a Poor Clares convent “without Aldgate”.

1294, Edmund again an envoy to King Philip IV. An agreement was reached when Edmund was supported by Jeanne, queen of France, and Marie, mother of Philip IV.

3/1294, Gascony was turned over to Philip. Once Philip had his knights in place, he kept possession against the arranged agreement.

1294, Esmon, fitz du Roy Henri d'Engleterre [son of King Henry III], a son chier cousin mon sire Johan de Seint Johan, chevaler, tenant en la duchie de Guyenne, le lieu de nostre treschere seigneur & frere, mon seigneur Edward, par la grace de DIEU, Roy d'Engleterre, seignur d'Irland, & due de Guyenn' & a sire Johan de Havering chevaler, seneschall de la dite duchie, & a tous les autres seneschaus du dist nostre seigneur le Roy & duc, es parties & es terres de la mesme duchie, saluz.

1295, Walter de Beauchamp the military paymaster for Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, in Gascony.

1296, Edmund sent to Gascony to take charge of expeditionary forces from John of Brittany. Blanch went with Edmund.

6/5/1296, Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster & Leicester, died at Bayonne during the siege of Bordeaux; his heart buried beneath the high alter of the Poor Clares convent. [Edward’s body was embalmed and kept in France for 6 months before being returned to England.]


11/17/1296, Safe-conduct for Blance, queen of Navarre, her household and company, coming from Gascony to the king in England. (S) CPRs.

By 1/18/1297, Blanche arrived back in England at Plymouth and returned to London. (S) CPRs.

7/3/1297, IPM of Edmund the King’s brother. Buckingham, Wilts, Dorset, Warwick, Leicester, Stafford, Derby, York, Lancaster, Berks, Northampton, Bedford, Lincoln, Nottingham, Northumberland. (S) CIsPM.

1297-98, Blanche returned to France to live with her daughter.

1298, Marie of Brabant, queen dowager of France, involved in the arraignment of the marriage of her grandaughter Isabella to Edward of Caernarvon [future King Edward II.] Blanche of Artois, the maternal grandmother was also a party to the negotiations. (S) Queen Isabella, Weir, 2006, P9.

6/7/1298, Protection with clause volumus, until Christmas, for Blanche, late the wife of Edmund, the king’s brother, going beyond seas. … (S) CPRs.

7/3/1298, Writ for IPM of Edmund the King’s brother. The said Edmund on the contract of marriage between him and Lady Blanche, queen of Navarre, Campania and Brie, countess Palatine (Palentine), granted to her by letters patent, confirmed by the king, a third part of all his lands &c., and his whole right in the earldom of Ferrers, to hold in dower for her life … [very long list of properties in multiple counties] … 20s. for her life to Sapientia formerly Sir Edmund’s nurse … (S) CIsPM.

6/28/1300, Simple protection for 2 years for Blanche, queen of Navarre, late the wife of Edmund, the king’s brother, staying beyond seas.

5/2/1302, Blanche died; Joan, queen of France [her daughter], named her executrix. (S) CPRs, 2/20/1303.

(S) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, Evergates, 1999.

Family notes:

·         King Henry IV is Edmund’s ggs.

Children of Henry and Blanche:

i. Queen Jeanne of Navarre (5909699), born 1273.

Children of Edmund and Blanche:

i. Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, born 1277-80 in England.

1294, Thomas married Alice de Lacy [12/25/1281–10/2/1348], d/o Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln.

7/22/1298, Thomas at the battle of Falkirk and the defeat of William Wallace.

1296, Thomas inherited 3 earldoms from his father.

2/1308, Thomas offered to defend King Edward II against the other earls in battle.

11/1308, Thomas left the court of Edward II.

1311, Thomas inherited 2 earldoms from Alice’s father. [Having a total income of about £11,000 a year, 2nd only to the King.]

6/19/1312, Thomas 1 of 3 earls involved in the murder of Piers de Gaveston.

5/1317, Alice ‘abducted” by her lover, Eubulo Lestraunge, a squire of John de Warren, Earl of Surrey; which started a private war between the earls.

1318, Thomas reduced in power by the “Middle Party” retired to his castle at Pontefract.

1321, Thomas led the opposition forces in the north in the Despenser war.

3/16/1322, Thomas defeated and captured at the battle of Boroughbridge.

1322, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, was beheaded by Edward II at this castle of Pontefract. [This execution of a powerful noble, uncle of his wife, who was not given a chance to defend himself, started the downfall of Edward II.]

ii. Henry of Lancaster (5909946), born 1281 in England.

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