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Monday, August 10, 2020

Regent Philip Basset & Hawise de Louvain

 23638994. Regent Philip Basset & 23638995. Hawise de Louvain

~1210, Philip born in England, s/o 47277988. Alan Basset & 47277989. Alice de Gray.

~1220, Hawise born in England, d/o 47277990. Sir Matthew de Loveyn.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

[––Philip & Hawise––]

Philip married 1st Hawise.

1233, Philip joined the insurrection of Richard Marshall, earl of Pembroke. [Brother of William Marshall, a leader in the baronial revolt against the foreign influence on King Henry.]

8/15/1233, Concerning committing to divers people the lands of divers people who were with the Earl Marshal at Wycombe with horses and arms … sheriff of Essex for Everard de Castello Vilani, concerning the land of Phillip Basset in his bailiwick … (S) FRsHIII.

4/1234, On the death of Richard Marshall, earl of Pembroke, the baronial revolt subsided.

9/2/1234, Prohibition … tournament at Northamption … to go to … or any other … W. Longespe. … Ralph de Touny. Philip Basset. … Hugh Wake. John de Grey. Richard de Grey. (S) CPRs.

10/30/1234, Order to the sheriff of … [Essex and Northamptonshire], … he is to cause to the houses of [Phillip Basset], … in his bailiwick to be pulled to the ground without delay, to cause their gardens to be totally uprooted, and to cause their woods to be sold by the view and testimony of law-worthy men and the king’s advantage … (S) FRsHIII.

3/9/1235, Inspeximus … charter of Hubert de Burgo, earl of Kent, giving to Philip Basset, son of Alan Basset, … for his homage and service, … land in Saham … (S) CChRs.

6/12/1237, Pledges for Bartholomew Peche … Phillip Basset for 20m.  … (S) FRsHIII.

6/1240, Gilbert Samford (47279566) witnessed a grant of the manor of Wootton, Somerset, to Philip Basset. [Gilbert a nephew of Philip.]

1240, Philip succeeded his brother Gilbert [and Gilbert’s son] as Baron of Wycombe.

5/20/1242, King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

8/28/1242, Appointment of William de Cantilupo the younger, John de Gray, Philip Basset, and Paulinus Peyvre as constables and leaders of the knights crossing this time to Poitou by order of the king. (S) CPRs.

9/27/1242, King Henry returned to England arriving at Portsmouth.

10/1243, Philip had custody of the lands and heir of Matilda de Luci.

6/8/1245, Protection … for R. le Bygod, earl of Norfolk, who has gone to the court of Rome on the king’s affairs, and for … William de Munchanesy, … Philip Basset, … and William de Cantilupo, … Signification to the pope that the king has appointed William de Cantilupo, John son of Geoffrey, Ralph son of Nicholas, his proctors … (S) CPRs. [Sent to the Council of Lyons to complain of “Papal exactions” in England.]

[––Philip––]

~1250, Philip married 2nd  widow Ela Longspee, d/o Earl William Longespee (19989838), widow of Thomas de Beaumont, earl of Wawick (d.1242). [Philip’s brother Fulk, Bishop of Dublin, got the Pope’s approval, even though they were within a prohibited degree of consanguinity.]

1251, Fulk and Philip Basset with the earl of Cornwall supported Henry of Bath when King Henry wanted him removed as a justice. (S) The Reign of Henry III, Carpenter, 1996, P84. [Henry married to Alina Samford, Philip’s great niece.]

11/2/1252, Philip granted a weekly market at Kersey, Suffolk; and free warren in the demesne lands in Somerset, Buckingham, Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex. (S) CChRs.

12/1252, Philip had custody of the lands and heir of Richard de Ripariis.

2/6/1255, Letters patent … agreement made between Sir Philip Basset … Sir Richard de Tany … Philip demised to the said Richard the marriage of John de Ripariis son of Richard de Ripariis and the heir of lady Maud de Lucy for the use of one of the daughters of the said Richard, and the marriage of Maud sister of the said John … (S) CChRs.

1255, Philip Basset, a member of the king’s council, and a relative-by-marriage of Henry of Bath, involved in the resolution of an affair of the high-priest of the London Jewry. (S) Studies in 13th Century Justice, Meekings, 1981, P177.

8/30/1256, Philippa countess of Warwick gives the king 40s. for having a writ of entry at the Bench against John de Plessy earl of Warwick [in right of his wife] and for having two other writs, namely one against the abbot of Oseney and another against Philip Basset. (S) Fine  Rolls of Henry III.

1257, Demise by Robert Punsod, to Sir Philip Basset, for 4 years, of all his land and tenement in Warwe. Witnesses:—Sirs William de Monte Acuto, Henry Luvel, and Martin de Leye, and others. (S) Ancient Deeds, V3, 1900.

1257, Philip served in Wales.

8/25/1257, Admission to the king’s peace of David son of Griffin, … and Oweyn his brother … shall keep the lands … which Llewelin son of Griffin, their brother now holds, … By K. Edward his son, William de Valencia, John son of Geoffrey, Philip Basset, Robert Walerand, Peter de Monte Forti and Roger de Monte Alto, steward of Chester. (S) CPRs.

11/1257, The manor of Dimmock granted to Philip and his wife Ela.

6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform.

10/1259, Philip Basset an arbitrator in the case of Simon de Montfort against the heirs of William Marshall, earl of Pembroke.

1260–61, Philip named governor of the castles of Bristol, Oxford, Corff, and Shireburn.

7/1261, Philip named justiciar [until 7/1263]. (S) Studies in 13th Century Justice, Meekings, 1981, P31.

4/24/1261, Philip, a royalist, appointed Justiciar of England, sharing power with his son-in-law Hugh le Despenser.

1261-2, Grant by Robert de Ros, lord of Beauvier, to Sir Philip Basset, for 40 marcs, of the wardship and marriage of John, son of William de Goldingham, … (S) UKNA.

1262, Philip became sole Justiciar [and Regent] of England. While the king was absent all mandates were signed by Philip, and he presided at Council. His son-in-law Hugh le Despenser was not happy with this decision and destroyed Phillip’s house as well as those of other nobles in the revolt. Philip stayed loyal to the king in the revolt of Simon de Montfort.

2/6/1262, Philip granted a market and fair at Upavon, Wiltshire: Note of charter: “All pardoned and the chancellor took the charter to himself.” [This market would be claimed by Ela, his widow after he died.] (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

3/1262, King Henry repudiated the Provisions of Oxford.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, began a rebellion of young barons.

4/1263, Philip Basset, justiciar of England, 500m. for Easter term year 47 of 1,000m. p.a. to maintain himself in the office. (S) CLRs, VI, 2310.

11/6/1263, Pardon to Philip Basset of 125 marks of £100 which he mainprised to pay … for Margaret, countess of Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

12/1263, In a letter about the Provisions of Oxford sent to the King of France, Philip Basset is not identified as a justiciar [as others named like Hugh le Despenser were.]

1264, Philip’s house and possessions in London fell to the rebel barons led by Hugh le Despenser (11819496).

4/6/1264, King Henry and Prince Edward attacked Northampton, the garrison surrendering the next day. Philip assisted the King in taking Northampton.

5/14/1264, A wounded Philip [and the King] taken prisoner at the battle of Lewes [by his son-in-law Hugh]. They were taken to Dover castle.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. [Queen Eleanor had sent archers from her mother’s county of Ponthieu in France.] The town of Henley and the castle were burned down by Royalists.

1265, Philip again appointed as chief justiciar of England. (S) A Short History of the English Parliament, Bisset, 1882, P35. [His son-in-law Hugh, who was chief justiciar under Simon de Montfort, was killed at Evesham.]

1265, Lord William de Oddingseles witnessed a charter of Philip Basset & Ela Longespee.

10/5/1265, Grant, for life, in consideration of the service of Philip Basset, to Alina late the wife of Hugh le Despenser, daughter of the said Philip, of the manors of … late of the said Hugh … (S) CPRs.

1265-66, Grant by Henry III to Philip Basset of lands, etc, late of Hugh le Despenser, a rebel, in [many places] (S) UKNA.

8/24/1266, King Henry called parliament at Kenilworth. The barons proposed a peace settlement between the king and the disinherited.

10/31/1266, Philip one of several appointed to implement the “Dictum of Kenilworth”.

10/13/1267, Because it is testified before the king by Philip Basset, Benedict de Blakenham, John Gravenel, Robert Malet and others, adherents of the king during the late disturbance, … (S) CPRs.

1268, Grant by Philip Basset to Lady Lora de Ros … Witnesses :- … Sir Robert de Bosco, … (S) Ancient Deeds, V1, P405.

10/13/1269, Philip Basset one of those supporting the remains of Edward the Confessor as they were moved to be reinterred in a new shrine in Westminster abbey. (S) Select Specimens of Gothic Architecture, V1, Caveler, 1835.

2/1270, Philip listed as a member of the King’s Council.

10/1271, Philip died.

11/2/1271, The constable of castle Devizes is ordered to give it up “because Philip Basset, his lord, is gone the way of all flesh.”

11/6/1271, IPM of Philip Basset. He died on the morrow of SS. Simon and Jude last. Aline his daughter, wife of Roger Bygod earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, late the wife of Sir Hugh le Despensir, age variously stated as 22, 24, 26,  30 and more, is his heir. Surrey: Wocking manor … Cambridge: Oxecroft manor … Saham manor … Wilts: Cumpton Basset manor … Berewyk manor … Wotton Basset free manor … Oxford: Kertlinton manor, … Elsefeld manor, … Karsinton manor, … Southampton: Mapelderwelle manor. … Essex: Lammers manor … Toleshunte manor … Suffolk: Ewstone manor … Kers[eie] manor … Wyk[es] manor in the hundred of Tendring … held, by the courtesy of England, of the inheritance of Helewisa his wife, in chief of Sir Matthew de Luviayn alias Luvayn … Buckingham: Clinton Aston manor … (S) CIsPM.

(S) The Judges of England: With Sketches of Their Lives, Foss, Publ. 1848. (S) DNB, Stephen, 1893. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of England, Campbell, 1874.

Family notes:

·         Philip Basset was the last Capitalis Justiarius Angliae, the last Chief Justiciary of England. This office acted as Regent when the king was absent from the realm. 1268, Robert de Bruis was appointed the first Chief Justice of the King’s Bench.

Children of Phillip and Hawise:

i. Aline Basset (11819497), born ~1241 in England.

ii. Margery Basset, born ? in England.

Margery married John fitz John, s/o 9954822. Sir John Fitz Geoffrey & 9954823. Isabel le Bigod.

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