~1030, Richard born in Normandy, s/o §§Comte Gilbert of Eu & Ctss Brionne ?.
~1045, Rohaise born in Normandy, d/o §§Comte Walter Giffard of Longueville & Ctss Ermendarde Flaitel, d/o §§Gerard Flaitel.
1040, [Richard’s father] Gilbert, count of Eu & Brionne, guardian of William the Conqueror, assassinated. Richard and his brother took refuge in Flanders.
1053, Richard, Seigneur de Bienfaite et d'Orbec, after William, duke of Normandy, restored these properties to him.
[––Richard & Rohais––]
~1063, Richard married Rohais in France.
1066, Osbert de Bolebec in the Conquest of England given grants in Gloucester, settled at Brimesfield [and assumed the name Gyffarde]. Osbert had a brother named Walter [Gyffarde], count of Longueville.
1066, Richard a councilor to Duke William in Normandy.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/14/1066, ‘Ricardus de Benefacta’ a commander at the battle of Hastings with William the Conqueror.
10/25/1066, William I crowned King of England.
1066-67, Richard de Clare was given control of 176 lordships, mainly in Suffolk [95 of which were attached to Clare Castle].
1068, Richard de Clare built the castle of Tonbridge. (S) Guide Kent & Sussex, 2011, P130.
1070, Richard witnessed a royal charter at Salisbury.
1073-4, Richard de Tonbridge, cousin of King William, joint chief justiciar.
1075, Richard de Clare and William de Warren, justices, jointy suppressed a revolt of barons.
1075, Richard, regent of England.
1075, Richard received the lordship of Chepstow as an escheat.
1076, Richard de Clare joint chief justiciar with William de Warren. (S) DNB, Stephen, 1909, P829.
1078-79, Richard and Rohais founded a priory at St. Neots as a Norman cell [which was finished around 1100]. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CIV.
1079, Charter of William I confirming to the abbey of Jumieges … benefactors named … Richard de Clare, son of count Gilbert. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, Round, 1899, P54.
12/25/1080, Richard at the Christmas court of King William at Berkeley.
1081, Richard at the court of King William at Winchester.
1085-86, ‘Ricardus de Tonebruge’ in the general survey of England; with his seat at Tunbridge, Kent; which he had exchanged with the Archbishop of Canterbury for the castle of Brione. (S) Magna Charta Barons, Browning, 2002, P93.
1085-86, Rohais Giffard, wife of Richard de Clare, had land entered in the own name as tenent-in-chief in the Domesday Book.
Bef. 1086, Richard de Clare enfeoffed Robert de Watteville of the manor of Salford. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P178.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. Duke Robert Curthose [the elder brother of the two] succeeded in Normandy.
1088, Hugh Broc held the church of Toppesfiled of Richard de Clare.
4/1090, Richard died fighting the Welsh; ‘Ricardo filio comitis Gisleberti’ buried at St. Neots.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1113, ‘Henrico regnante Dei gratia Rege Anglorum, Rohes uxor Richardi filii Comitis Gisleberti, dedit Deo, … concessit Gislebertus filius suus, uxorque ejus Aeliz, … Testibus: Willielmo Gyffart, … Fratribusque suis, Rogero, Waltero, Roberto, Eudone Dapifero …’ (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.
Rohais died; buried at Colchester.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) DNB, V10, Lee, 1887, P389. (S) Domesday People, Keats-Rohan, 1999. (S) Official Baronage of England, V1, Doyle, 1886, P391.
Rohaise’s brother Walter succeeded. Her brother William Giffard, bishop of Winchester [1100-29], and Chancellor of England [1094-1101]. 8/5/1100, Walter present at the coronation of King Henry I.
Originally a Norman family, they took their name from Clare in Suffolk where their first castle, and the seat of their barony, was situated.
10/14/1066, §§Walter I Giffard of Longueville at the battle of Hastings. King William I gave Walter 107 lordships, 48 of which were in Buckingham. His son Walter II (d.7/15/1102), brother of Rohais, became the 1st Earl of Buckingham (1097) [The only 1 of the 3 to be named ‘earl’]. Earl Walter’s son Walter III [(d.9/18/1164), never named as an earl].
1191, King Richard restored and confirmed to Richard de Clare (39979056, gggs/o Rohais), earl of Hertford, and William le Mareschal (94559174) and Isabella [(94559175), gggd/o Rohais] his wife, all lands of Walter Giffard [II], sometime earl of Buckingham, through his wife, in England and in Normandy. (S) Magni Rotula Scaccarii, Stapleton, P88. [Also see (S) The Ancestor, Vs1-12, 1905, P193. ‘Earldom of Buckingham’.]
Children of Richard and Rohais:
i. Rohais Fitz Richard de Clare (319837350), born ~1065 in Normandy, France.
ii. Roger Fitz Richard de Clare, born ~1067 in France.
4/1088, Roger and his brother Gilbert besieged at Tonbridge by King William II, and surrendered after 2 days. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P212.
1090, Roger succeeded his father as Seigneur de Bienfaite et d'Orbec.
1119, Roger saved the life of King Henry I at the Battle of Bremule.
Aft. 1131, Roger died; succeeded by his nephew, Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare.
iii. Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare (319832448), born ~1070 in England.
iv. Adeliza Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.
Bef. 1086, Adeliza married Walter Tyrol [murderer of King William Rufus, heir & s/o William the Conqueror]. Richard de Clare enfeoffed Walter with Laingaham, Essex.
1124, Walter died.
1130, Adeliz in possession of Laingaham, Essex. (S) Fuedal England, Round, 1895, P470.
1138, Adeliza died.
v. Avice Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.
Bef. 1086, Avice married Radulf de Filgeriis, seigneur de Fougeres, Brittany.
1124, Ralph died in Brittany.
vi. Walter Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.
Walter the founder of Tintern abbey.
1113, Foundation charter of St. Neot’s Priory: ‘… propria manu confirmavi. [seals] … Signum Walteri filii Ricardi. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.
vii. Richard Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.
Richard the Bishop of Ely.
1100-07, At the cathedral priory of Ely, in the Liber Eliensis, it was written of Abbot Richard fitz Richard, “When he went to the king’s court, he was feared second only to the king, for he was walled around by agreat crowd of relatives, who, as the whole of England knew and recognized, were of descent of the Ricardi and Gifardi.” The Ricardi were the family of Richard fitz Gilert de Clare, the Gifardi the family of Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham. (S) Birth of Nobility, Crouch, 2015, P145.
viii. Robert Fitz Richard de Clare (243396784), born by 1090 in England.