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Monday, August 24, 2020

Viceroy Richard de Burgh & Lady Egidia de Lacy

 243380824. Viceroy Richard de Burgh & 243380825. Lady Egidia de Lacy

~1195, Richard Mor de Burgh born in Ireland, s/o §§William de Burgh & More O’Brien.

5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.

7/1205, Richard’s father died; Richard still a minor.

1209, King John granted Richard all the land of Connacht [central, west-coast Ireland], which William his father held of the king.

~1210, Egidia born in Ireland, d/o 19989748. Walter de Lacy & 19989749. Margaret de Braose.

6/6/1210, King John launched successful attacks in Ireland [which he split Ireland into shires ruled by the crown from Dublin]. King John launched 700 ships in the attack. [Walter, Egidia’s father, and Hugh her uncle were exiled for their support of the rebellion of William de Broase.]

7/11/1214, Richard granted livery of his father’s lands in Ireland.

3/16/1215, Walter de Lacy [Egidia’s father], restored to his lands in Ireland, except Ludlow castle.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

1215, Richard a member of the household of Hubert de Burgh, his uncle, chief justiciar of England.

7/5/1215, Richard de Burgh given seizin of the castle of Askelon in Ireland for a fine of 100 marks.

9/13/1215, Grant to Richard de Burgh of all the land of Connac’ which William his father held of the K. … rendering 300 marks yearly …

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England. [William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, named regent during the minority. Richard de Burgh led the baronial support for William’s regency. (S) Ireland 1170-1509, Society and History; Keenan, 2010, P433.]

1/17/1217, Mandate to Richard de Burgh to deliver the castle of Karlingeford to Geoffrey de Mariscis, justiciary. [Richard did not hold the castle, it had been taken by William de Lacy, son of Hugh de Lacy, ‘the king’s enemy in Ireland’.]

2/1217, The Magna Carta extended to Ireland.

5/14/1219, William, Earl of Pembroke, died; Richard’s uncle Hubert de Burgh, then chief justiciar, becoming effective regent of England. William’s son William became earl of Pembroke and marshal of England.

1219, Richard summoned to England.

9/21/1219, Richard de Burgh, by the K.’s order has come to England, and remains in the K.’s service.

9/22/1219, Richard de Burgh has offered the K. for the land of Connaught which he claims as his right, 3 cantreds, in addition to the 2 cantreds which the K. has in Connaught, … after the death of the King of Connaught, Richard shall have the whole of the land … for this he has offered £1000 sterling.

1220, Walter de Lacy, with the English of Meath, crossed the Shannon near Ballyleague and built a castle on the Connaught side of the river.

8/11/1220, Agreement made at Oxford, … between the K. and Geoffrey de Mariscis, justiciary of Ireland, … custody shall be surveyed by councel of the Archbishop of Dublin, Thomas fitz Adam and Richard de Burgh …

8/14/1220, Richard granted seisin of all the lands of his father which had been disseised by King John.

7/17/1221, The K. to Richard de Burgh [and also sent to others] … The K. desires that Geoffrey de Marisco no longer preside over Ireland; Henry, archbishop of Dublin to have custody.

10/2/1222, Richard de Burgh on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostello.

6/5/1223, Custody of Limerick castle, and office of seneschal of Munster, granted to Richard, who would be the K.’s baliff under the justiciary.

6/17/1223, Richard crossed to Ireland from Bristol at the king’s expense.

1223, Hugh de Lacy [exiled with Walter in 1210] attacked Ulster attempting to regain his lands.

1223, Cathal the Bloody-handed, King of Connaught, died. (S) Journal of Co. Kildare, V4, 1905, P470.

1224, Richard claimed all the land of Connacht [central, west-coast Ireland], which had been granted to his father but never handed over. [Walter de Lascy opposed Hubert de Burgh over the surrender of some of the castles.]

1224, William Marshall named justiciar of Ireland; replacing the Archbishop of Dublin.

[––Richard & Egidia––]

4/21/1225, Richard married Egidia, endowering her with the manor of Tiperacht, Concridan, the mills of the burgh of Clomele, the manor of Listrothorach, manor of Oleithach, manor of Lother, manor of Grellach and land in Tristelaveran and Balyhodan [worth over £100].

4/21/1225, William de Wigorn given 4 cantreds in Munster … saving to Richard de Burgh the fifth cantred, namely the cantred of Eoghanacht Cashel, which Walter de Lacy gave to him in marriage with Egidia, his daughter. (S) FRsHIII.

7/30/1225, Richard granted a yearly fair of 7 days in the town of Clonmel.

1226, Hugh de Lacy [Egidia’s uncle] restored as earl of Ulster.

7/5/1226, The K. commits to Richard de Burgh the house which belonged to William le Noreis in Waterford, to lodge Richard and his family; and seisin of the land of Connaught by judgement of the K.’s court in Ireland.

8/1226, The King of Connaught was summoned to King Henry III at Dublin under the safe.

12/18/1226, The lands of Thomas fitz Anthony granted to Richard, together with the counties of Cork and Waterford, and the castle of Dungarvan.

1/1227, King Henry III formerly took control of England from his regent.

5/21/1227, Grant in fee to Richard de Burgh of all the land of Connaught … on account of the forfeiture of Oethus, late the King of Connaught.

2/13/1228, The K. has committed the office of justiciary of Ireland and the K.’s lands and castles to the custody of Richard de Burgh.

3/9/1228, Richard de Burgo, justiciar of Ireland, is ordered to take into the King’s hand the castle of Trum, and lands of Walter de Lascy in Ireland, unless the said Walter keep the terms made with the king for payment … (S) Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper, Vs23-27, P70.

11/27/1228, The K. grants to Richard de Burgh  justiciary of Ireland, the service of Ireland fo 40 days, to aid in fortifying castles in Connaught.

6/3/1229, Mandate to Richard … that if it be to the advantage and honour of the K. to take a ransom form Iviena, who was the wie of the King of Connaught, for her release from prison, he take it; but if not, he suffer her to go free.

1230, Richard unsucessfully laid siege to the castle of Galway. (S) Irish Chieftains, Blake-Forester, 1872, P180.

4/6/1231, William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, died; succeeded by his brother Richard.

1231, Richard captured King Fedlimid O Conchobair at Meclick. [Richard had installed Fedlimid as king the previous year.]

7/27/1231, Mandate to Richard de Burgh, justiciary of Ireland, to forthwith send to the K. in England all the K.’s money which he has in his possession.

6/21/1232, Richard bought the lands of Theobald Walter, former butler of Ireland, with the marriage of the heirs, from Richard, Earl of Cornwall.

7/1/1232, Grant to Hubert de Burgh of the office of justiciary of Ireland … mandate to Richard de Burgh to be intentive.

9/1232, Richard began building Galway castle, near his seat of power at Loughrea.

1/13/1233, Mandate for the third time to Richard de Burgo to deliver to Maurice son of Gerold, justicary of Ireland, the king’s castles in Ireland which he still holds … (S) CPRs.

5/28/1233, King Henry III took back possession of Connacht.

8/26/1233, Safe conduct until Easter for Richard de Burgo, coming to England. (S) CPRs.

1/1234, Richard Marshall, earl of Pembroke and lord of Leinster, who was in insurrection in Wales, landed in Ireland to protect his Leinster lands. [Known as the Irish War.]

4/1/1234, Richard de Burgh with Maurice fitz Gerald, justiciar of Ireland, Hugo de Lacy, earl of Ulster, and Walter de Lacy, lord of Meath, suppressed the uprising of Richard Marshall at the battle of Curragh; Marshall wounded in the attack and his associate Geoffrey de Marisco captured. Richard took many prisoners and held them for ransom. [Richard Marshall died at Kilkenny from his wounds 4/16/1234.]

5/19/1234, The K. to Richard de Burgh. Thanks him for his defence of Ireland, and for his strenous resistance to Richard Marshall, late earl of Pembroke.

10/7/1234, Richard de Burgh has made a fine of 3000 marks to have such seisin of his land of Connaught as he had when the king deseised him owing to his account at the time when he was justiciary of Ireland, and the strife with Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, his uncle. … with the service of 20 knights … On account of his faithful service in the war with Richard Marshall, late Earl of Pembroke, … Richard shall give security to the K. by hostages …

6/1235, Richard summoned the whole feudal host of the Norman barons to aid him and expelled Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair, the native king, from Connacht.

1235, Hugh de Lacy, earl of Ulster, crossed the Shannon at Athlone and burnt Roscommon, then Elphin [in Connaught.]

6/11/1236, Safe conduct for Richard de Burgh and his retinue in coming to confer with the K. at Winchester.

10/1236, Richard campaigns in Connacht and starts building Loughrea castle.

10/23/1237, Grant in fee to Richard de Burgh of weekly markets in his manors of Tybract’ and Gallys, and at Castle Cuvyn, … manor of Clunmel’ … manor of Kilfeele … warrens in his demesne land in Kilsilan, Lisser, and Kilfecle.

6/1238, in Ireland, John fitz Lambekin attorns Robert Foliot against Richard de Burgh in an assize of Mort d’ancestor, of land in Arsalach.

11/5/1239, Mandate to the justiciary [of Ireland] to distrain Richard de Burgh to render the arrears due by him for the land of Connaught.

7/5/1240, Grant to Richard de Burgh, that of the 500 marks which he yearly owes for the land of Connaught … respite till the K.’s arrival in Ireland at Easter …

2/24/1241, Egidia’s father, Walter, Lord of Meath in Ireland, of Weobley, Herefordshire, died in Meath.

By 5/1242, Mandate to … justiciary of Ireland, to cause Richard de Burgh to have at the K.’s cost come good and safe ships with whatever may be necessary for him to come with horses and arms to Bordeaux.

5/20/1242, King Henry III with his brother Richard arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

7/19/1242, Richard fought with King Henry III at the battle of Taillebourgh.

9/7/1242 at Bordeaux, France, Grant to Richard de Burgh, so long as he shall be in parts beyond the seas, of respite of all debts due to the K. [9/11/1242, the K. pardoned 300 marks of Richard’s debts.]

12/19/1242, The K. for the good service in parts beyond the sea of Richard de Burgh, pardons to Sir Stephen le Arcediacne, Richard’s knight, £53.

1/2/1243, Richard with the King at Bordeaux pardoned of 100 marks of debts. (S) Ireland and Her People, Fitzgerald, P242.

3/7/1243, Extent of the manors which belonged to Richard de Burgh in Munster … over £217 for 2/3rds of the lands.

2/17/1243, Richard died; his son Richard succeeding; Egidia surviving. The justiciar of Ireland ordered to send Richard’s 3 children to England.


12/19/1243, Mandate to assign to Egidia, who was the wife of Richard de Burgh, her dower.

Bef. 2/19/1244, Egidia’s mother died.

5/28/1244, Mandate to Maurice fitz Gerald, justiciary of Ireland, to cause Egidia, who was the wife of Richard de Burgh, to have such seisin of her marriage lands as when Richard came to the K.’s service in parts beyond seas.

6/13/1244, Mandate … if those whom Egidia de Burgh claims her dower in Ireland call to warranty Richard, son an heir of Richard de Burgh, in the K.’s custody …

8/19/1244, Mandate .. to cause to be allowed to Egidia de Burgh, in the debts which she owes to the K. … all the issues of the lands which she holds in dower in Ireland …

Aft. 1244, Egidia married Richard of Rochester. (S) Journal of R.S. of Antiq’s of Ireland, 1898, P414.

10/8/1249, The Dom. Friars of London have shown that Egidia, who was the wife of Richard de Burgh, senior, received 180 marks … which Hubert de Burgh, late Earl of Kent, left by his will to the friars, and that Richard of Rochester, who subsequently married Egidia, wasted her chattles, … Mandate … to take possession of Egidia’s chattles … in Ireland, … cause the money to be paid to the Friars. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Ireland, 1875, P450.

Egidia died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P150. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Ireland, GBPRO, 1875.

Family notes:

§§William de Burgh [brother of Hubert de Burgh, justiciar of England and Ireland], s/o Walter de Burgh.

1185, Prince John sent to subdue [unsuccessfully] rebellious chieftains in Ireland. William de Burgh was a member of the expedition.

1/1201, For a fine of 5000 marks, William de Braose granted the honour of Limerick in Ireland; excepting the city of Limerick and the lands of William de Burgh.

7/1205, William, governor of Ireland, died.

Children of Richard and Egidia:

i. Richard de Burgh, born 1225-26 in England.

6/13/1244, Richard, son and heir of Richard de Burgh, in the K’s custody, called to warranty.

2/1246, Richard of age, in possession of his estates.

2/22/1247, The K. takes the homage of Richard, son and heir of Richard de Burgh.

9/17/1247, The K. having restored to Richard de Burgh all his lands … in the K.’s hands while Richard was under age, …

10/22/1248, Grant to Richard de Burgo that if he should die at preset, he may make his will of £100 of his rents of Easter term next. (S) CPRs.

Bef. 10/6/1249, Richard died. (S) CPRs.

ii. Walter de Burgh (121690412), born ~1227 in England.

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