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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Viceroy Richard de Lucy & Lady Rohese of Boulogne

 79958684. Viceroy Richard de Lucy & 79958685. Lady Rohese of Boulogne

~1105, Richard born in Normandy. [Richard related to Abbot Geoffrey of St. Albans (1119-46). Richard’s brother Walter became the Abbot of Battle in 1339.]

~1110, Rohese born in Belgium, d/o 159917370. William of Boulogne.

~1128, Richard married Rohese.

1130, Rohese’s father died, her brother Faramus the heir.

2/1130-31, Henry I in charter for Séez Catherdral mentions Richard de Lucy and his mother Aveline, the neice and heiress of William Goth of Laleu (Orne, France). (S) English Hist. Rev., 1919, P560.

Bef. 1135, Richard, of Domfront, Normandy, acquired lands in England; apparently as an inheritance of his family.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.

10/1138, Richard, Governor of Falaise, Normandy, defended it against attacks by Geoffrey Plantagenet. (S) Account of a Tour of Normandy, Turner, 1820, P272. [Richard held the castle for Waleran, count of Meulan, seneschal in Normandy for King Stephen.]

1139, Richard was influential in getting his brother Walter appointed as abbot of Battle abbey.

1140, Richard de Lucy resigned possession of the castle of Truro to Reginald, earl of Cornwall. (S) Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, V10, 1891, P153.

12/1141, Richard de Lucy a witness to a charter of King Stephen at his Christmas court. (S) Alfred The Great to Stephen, Davis, 1991, P216.

9/26/1142, Richard supported King Stephen at the Battle of Oxford. Initially capturing the town, a 3-month siege began of the castle where Empress Matilda resided. Matilda escaped and the castle fell the next day. (S) Henry II, Warren, 1977, P55.

1143, Richard de Lucy given wide-ranging authority in Essex and Middlesex. (S) Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000, P327.

1143-48 at London, ‘Ric de Luci’ witnessed the restoration to Holy Trinity priory, London, of its land in Smithfield. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V10, 1888, P48.

1152, Richard, Justiciar, and constable of Windsor castle and the Tower in London.

1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships.

1153, Richard de Lucy constable of Windsor. (S) Annals of Windsor, Tighe, 1858, P24.

8/1153, King Stephen’s son and heir Eustace died while dining on eel. [The other heir, William, was a teenager and in no position to oppose Duke Henry.]

1153, Richard de Luci switched allegiance to Duke Henry, and advised King Stephen to make peace.

By 1153, Rohese died.


By 1153, Certificate of Richard de Lucy to T. archbishop of Canterbury, Walter bishop of Rochester, and all men of Kent that he has granted to the canons of Holy Trinity, London, in frank almoin, 20s yearly rent from Niwetone for the soul of Roheis his wife, who is buried in their church, to be received at the equinox before Michaelmas out of the first sums for rent he receives from the aforesaid town. Witnesses: Matilda Queen of England, Earl Eustace son of the King. (S) UKNA.

10/1154, King Stephen of England died.

11/1154, Richard handed over the Tower and Windsor castle to Duke Henry [this was part of the King Stephen’s peace treaty with Duke henry.]

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England. Richard attested the Charter of Liberties issued on his coronation.

1154, Richard named Justiciar of England jointly with Robert de Beaumont [brother of Waleran, count of Meulan].

1/13/1155 at Oxford, Richard de Lucy at a trial conducted by the King and Robert, earl of Leicester. [Richard attested many charters over many years.]

6/1155, Richard de Lucy with King Henry II at the siege of Bridgnorth in suppression of the revolt of Hugh de Mortimer.

7/1155, Richard and his brother Walter sought the help of Reginald, earl of Cornwall, and Richard de Hommet, constable of England, in a dispute with the Bishop of Chichester. [They were also supported by Chancellor Thomas Becket.]

11/1155, Richard de Luci, Fermor of Windsor, charges £4 15s 5d ‘in corredio Regis.’ [Cost associated with the King’s visit.]

1156, Richard, sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire; held £20 of lands in Oxfordshire, and £60 in Berkshire.

2/1156, Richard de Lucy traveled to Normandy with King Henry where he besieged [for 3 months] Mirebeau in Poitou, and Chinon in Touraine. [In July, Richard witnessed the terms of agreement between King Henry and his brother Geoffrey.]

8/29/1156 at Saumur in Anjou, Richard de Lucy is with the King and Queen at a meeting with the Abbot of Battle.

5/1157 at Colchester, Richard de Luci and Robert de Beaumont in council with King Henry II.

1157, Richard advised the king to uphold the franchises of Battle Abbey in a dispute with the bishop of Chichester.

9/1157, Richard gave up the office of sheriff of Essex.

9/1157-9/1163, Ricardus de Luci omnibus … concessisse Radulfo Britoni terram Chiggewillae … per servicium unius militis … Testibus: Waltero abbate de Bello; Roberto de Luci fratre suo; Roberto de Luci nepote eorum; …

12/1157 at Stamford, Richard de Luci and Richard de Canvill attested a royal charter to the Lepers of St. Lazaraus of Jerusalem.

1/1158, Richard de Luci attested 4 royal charters at York.

8/1158 at Niweham, Royal charter to Richard de Luci, 100 acres of ‘essarts’ free of pleas, attested by Thomas [Becket] the Chancellor; Robert, earl of Leicester; Richard de Humez, Constable; Warin fitz Gerald; and Manasser Biset, Dapifer. [Concedo quod Richardus de Luci habeat c acras de essartis in foresta de Stanford et de Grenested et de Angra.]

3/23/1159, Richard de Lucy made a gift of a gold ring to William, earl of Gloucester, and Hawise his wife, witnessed by William’s seneschal Richard de Kerdiff. (S) Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1889, P216.

1159, Richard given Chipping Ongar, Essex, by William, s/o King Stephen, consisting of 30 knight’s fees. [William died in October.]

1159, Richard and Thomas Becket issued charters while accompanying King Henry II on his Toulouse campaign [June-Sept.].

12/1160, Richard de Luci attended the King and Queen’s Christmas court at Le Mans, Normandy.

1/1161 at Rouen, Richard de Luci witnessed a royal charter to the Norman abbey of St. Barbe-en-Auge.

3/1161 at Lyons, Richard de Luci is the sole witness of a royal charter to the abbey of St. Mary of Lonlay.

5/1162, Richard de Luci a messenger to Canterbury from the King, to enjoin them to elect Thomas Becket as archbishop.

3/8/1163 at Westminster, Richard de Luci an Assessor of the King in a suit before the Curia.

4/1163, Richard de Luci accompanied King Henry on his expedition into Wales. [Henry marched into south Wales to capture Prince Rhys of Deheubarth who had seized the royal castle at Llandovery.]

1163, Richard de Lucy, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.

1/1164, By the Constitutions of Clarendon, King Henry tried to subordinate the church courts and came into conflict with archbishop Thomas Becket … in the presence of the following: [10 earls], Richard de Luce, …, Roger Bigot, Reginald de Warren, …, William de Braiose, Richard de Camville, Nigel de Mowbray, Simon de Bello Campo, … and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.

11/1164, Richard de Lucy sent by the king to the Court of Flanders. [During the trip, Richard met with Archbishop Becket at St. Bertin, trying to get him to reconcile with King Henry.]

9/1165, Traveling with the king through Staffordshire: ‘Et Willelmo filio Adelini et Clerico Johannis de Oxinford per Richardum de Luci £10 ad faciendas liberaciones familiae Regis, per breve Regis.’

1166, Richard one of the principal counselors sent to the shires to oversee the Assize of Clarendon. Richard and Earl Geoffrey de Mandeville visited 17 counties. [The beginnings of judicial circuits.]

6/12/1166, Archbishop Becket, from the pulpit of Vezelay, utters the sentence of excommunication against … John of Oxford … Richard of Ilchester … Richard de Luci and Joceline de Baillol for stimulating King Henry’s tyranny and fabricating the “heretical Customs.” [The King sent orders to Richard to appeal to Rome against the excommunication.]

1166, Richard held 30 knights’ fees in centered at Ongar in Essex. (S) Who’s Who in Medieval England, Tyerman, 1996, P213.

10/21/1166, Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, died at Chester while leading forces with Richard de Luci in an expedition against Wales.

1167, By writ of Richard de Luci, William de Bello Campo rendered £4 3s 8d for privisions for the castle of Chirk.

1167-74, Richard de Luci acquired Greensted from Walter, earl of Gloucester, for the service of 10 knights: ‘W comes Glowecestrie … concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Richardo de  Luci totam villam meam de Grenested’ …’.

3/1168, King Henry at Pacy, called to the south, left Richard de Humet, constable of Normandy, the archbishop or Rourn, and Richard de Luci, justiciatry of England, to conclude peace talks.

4/5/1168, Robert de Beaumont died, Richard remained as Chief Justiciar [and served as Viceroy of England when the king was overseas.]

1168, Richard de Luci singly held Pleas and Conventions at Carlisle. [Domino Ricardo de Luci et aliis Baronibus de Scaccario.]

5/29/1169, Archbishop Becket excommunicated the Archdeacon of Canterbury; and his vicar; the Archdeacon of Poictiers; Richard de Luci [Chief Justice of England]; William Giffard; and Adam de Cheringes.

12/29/1170, Henry complicit in the murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Cantebury. Richard excommunicated with the King over the murder of Becket.

7/1171, King Henry gave Richard de Luci the Vill of Grinsted.

11/1172, Richard de Luci the Chief Justice of England: ‘Et in liberacione … Andreas clericus thesauri duxit £7 10s per breve Richardi de Luci.’

4/15/1173, K. Henry held his Easter court at Alencon. Notable supporters in attendance: … Hugh de Lacy, … Richard de Luci … Humphrey de Bohun. [This court addresses the revolt of the King’s eldest 3 sons.]

4-6/1173, Richard de Luci, Viceroy of England. [During this time Richard sent a ship with the king’s treasure across the sea to the king who was dealing with the rebellion of his sons in Normandy.]

7/22/1173, Reginald de Dunstanville, Joint Commander of the royal army of Leicester, and sheriff of Devon, with Richard de Lucy, justiciar of England, besieged and burned the city of Leicester, which was in revolt. They were unable to capture the castle.

9/1173, Richard de Luci, viceroy of King Henry II, wiith Humphrey de Bohun, constable, operating against the King of Scotland and devastating the Lothians.

10/17/1173, Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester, at Fornam, St. Genevieve, defeated the combined forces of Richard de Lucy, Humphrey de Bohun and the earls of Cornwall, Gloucester and Arundel.

5-6/1174, Richard de Luci, chief justice, at the siege of Huntingdon assisted by Simon, earl of Northampton.

9/23/1174, King Henry grants to Richard de Lucy the Hundred of Ongar in Essex, ‘whose services in the late rebellion had been so conspicuous.’

7/1175, Richard de Luci witnessed multiple royal charters at Woodstock.

10/6/1175 at Windsor, Richard de Lucy witnessed King Henry’s agreement with the King of Connaught [Ireland].

5/1176 at Winchester, Richard de Luci witnessed multiple royal charters.

9/1176, King Henry seizes Richard’s castle of Angra, Essex, and other castles in England. [The king was seizing castles of barons who were against his re-invoking cancelled the Forest Laws.]

3/15/1177 in London, King Henry arbitrated a border dispute between Castile and Navarre through emissaries of each king. Witnesses … Richard de Luci [1st name after the earls] …

1177, Richard de Luci held New Pleas in Hampshire and Middlesex.

8/15/1177, at Winchester while the King was ill, Richard de Luci witnessed a royal grant to Richard Rufus, chamberlain.

3/1178, Prince John and his half-brother Geoffrey, bishop elect of Lincoln, sent from England to Normandy by Richard de Luci, viceroy of England.

1178, Richard de Luci; Geoffrey, bishop of Ely; John, bishop of Norwich; and William Basset justiciars of the Exchequer.

12/1178, Richard de Luci attended the King’s Christmas court at Winchester.

3/1179 at Gloucester, William de Albini, earl of Sussex, witnessed the king’s confirmation of the foundation of Westwood abbey by Richard de Luci. [The next month Richard left his offices and retired to Lesnes Abbey, Kent.]

7/14/1179, Richard died in cloisture at Westwood-in-Licesnes; buried at Lesnes Abbey. [Modern SE London.]

(S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Accession of Henry II, Amt, 1993. (S) Transactions of Essex, 1900, P147ff.

Family notes:

·         Richard de Lucy witnessed 135 charters of King Stephen.

·         While defending the Battle Abbey over one of its “unsealed” charters, Richard pointed out that in the old days “not every little knight had his own seal, but only kings and really important people.” [Richard chose a pike fish, or “Luz” for his seal.]

·         1213, Grant to Rose de Dover of her inheritance from the lands of Richard de Lucy, her grandfather. (S) UKNA.

·         Sons named Geoffrey & Godfrey –names of Rohese’s grandfather and granduncle.

Children of Richard and Rohese:

i. Geoffrey de Lucy (39979342), born ~1130 in Normandy.

ii. Godfrey de Lucy, born ? in Normandy.

3/10/1179, Godfrey de Lucy attended a Great Council at Windsor.

4/1179, Godfrey de Luci appointed a justiciar in Yorkshire.

12/25/1179, Godfrey attended the Christmas court of King Henry at Nottingham.

9/1180 at Valognes, Godfrey attested a royal charter to the abbey of St. Mary de Longues.

1181, Godfrey had the wardship of his nephew Herbert, son and heir of Geoffrey.

12/1/1181, Godfrey a member of the Curia Regis at Westminster.

2/22/1182, Godfrey was at the king’s Council at Bishops Waltham where the king made out his will.

5/31/1185, Godfrey a member of the Curia Regis at Westminster.

1186, Godfrey received a royal grant.

6/14/1188, Godfrey was with the King at Gaitinton.

1/20/1189, Godfrey a member of the Curia Regis at Oxford.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

9/1204, Godfrey died.

iii. Reginald de Lucy (94564644), born ~1140 in England.

iv. Aveline de Lucy (94564053), born ~1143 in England.

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