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Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Baron John de Courtney & Lady Isabel de Vere & Baron Oliver de Dyneham & Lady Isolda de Cardinham

 60841856. Baron John de Courtney & Lady 60841857. Isabel de Vere & 30422336. Baron Oliver de Dyneham & 30422337. Lady Isolda de Cardinham.

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.

7/26/1224, John born in England, heir & s/o 121683712. Robert de Courtenay & 121683713. Mary de Vernon.

~1233, Isabel born in England, d/o 47279564. Earl Hugh de Vere & 47279565. Hawise de Quincy.

1234, Oliver born in England, s/o 60844672. Geoffrey de Dynham.

~1235, Isolda born in England, d/o 60844674. Andrew de Cardinham. [Her older brother Hugh the heir, who died by 1259 leaving Isolda as his heir.]

5/17/1242, Protection so long as he be with the king beyond seas … Robert de Curtenay, who has sent John his son with the king into Poitou. (S) CPRs.

5/20/1242, King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.

7/22/1242 at Saintes, the 2 armies met with the superior sized French force winning.

9/27/1242, King Henry returned to England arriving at Portsmouth.

1242, John, age 18, heir to his father.

1243, Richard de Langeford held of John de Curtenay of the honour of Okemeton. (S) Reports and Transactions, Devon, Vs61-62.

1244, Alexander II of Scotland invaded north England.

5/25/1244, Protection for the following, going on the king’s service to Scotland and Wales … John de Curtenay. (S) CPRs.

8/28/1246, Grant to John de Curtenay of the custody [for 2500 marks] during the minority of the heirs of and land and heirs of John de Nevill [brother-in-law], with the marriage of the heirs … saving only this that Hawise late the wife of the said John may not marry without the king’s licence. (S) CPRs.

8/8/1248, Protection with clause volumus, going to Gascony on the king’s service … John de Curtenay … (S) CPRs. [King Henry sent Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, as Seneschal to put down a baronial revolt in Gascony.]

[–––John & Isabel–––]

~1250, John married Isabel; her maritagium included the manors of Hillesdon and Wavendon, Buckinghamshire.

1252-54, Isolda’s father died.

5/30/1253, Protection for the following going with the king to Gascony … John de Curtenay. (S) CPRs.

8/6/1253, King Henry left for Gascony from Portsmouth with 300 ships.

2/18/1254, at Bazas, France, Grant to John de Curtenay of 50 marks a year. (S) CPRs.

9/26/1254 at Bordeaux, France, John granted a market and fair at Newton Poppleford, Devon. (S) CPRs.

1/16/1255, Pardon, at the instance of John de Curtenay, who served the king well in Gascony, to … (S) CPRs.

1257-8, John served in Wales.

1258, Oliver age 24 at the death of his father. (S) Transactions of Devonshire Assoc., V34, 1902, P423.

1258, King Henry III forced to sign the Provisions of Oxford granting parliament administrative reform.

[––Oliver & Isolda––]

1259, Oliver married Isolda.

1259, Oliver was conveyed the honor of Cardinan, consisting of 71 fees, from Isolda, widow of Robert de Cardinan, a realtive of Isolda. (S) Reports and Trans., Devonshire, V38, 1906, P345. [Isolda (b.~1190) the grandmother, and likely godmother, of this Isolda.]

4/25/1260, John de Curtenay presented William de Stanford as custodian of Bronescombe. (S) Transactions of the Devonshire Assoc., V30, 1898, P415.

3/29/1261, John granted a market and fair at Iwerne Courtney, Dorset.

11/16/1261, Appointment during pleasure of John de Curtenay to keep the castle and town of Tottenes. (S) CPRs.

4/1262, Thomas de Wymundham instituted as Rector at Carswell by John de Courtenay. (S)

12/14/1263, John granted a market and fair at Faulkland, Devon. (S) Ecclesiastical Antiquities in Devon, Oliver, 1840, P39.

3/28/1264, Oliver pardoned for non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford.

5/14/1264, Lord Edward and his father King Henry captured by Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes.

6/12/1264, Safe conduct for John de Curtenay, who has been commanded to come to the king with all speed, and the king is sending John de Eyvile, nephew of the said John, to conduct him. (S) CPRs.

12/23/1264, R(ex) perdonavit Johanni de Curtenay c libras de fine cccclxvi £ … pro custodia et maritagio Hugonis filii et heredis Johannis de Neville habenda. (S) De Antiquis Legibus Liber, 1846, P61.

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity, and went to the isle of Axiholm where John de Curtenay and others joined him. (S) CPRs, 1/18/1266.

1265, Oliver fought for the King in the west against Simon de Montfort.

7/31/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Simon de Montfort’s son Simon at the battle of Kenilworth, Warwickshire. Most of Montfort’s forces were captured, Simon taking refuge in the castle. [Simon escaped.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

11/23/1265, Ratification of a peace entered into and promised by Nicholas son of Martin, Oliver de Dinah, Henry de Campo Arnulphi in the name of the king or Edward his son and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Henry Pyrot when the said Henry delivered to them the castle of Lanchaveton which he held for Simon de Monteforti … (S) CPRs.

11/28/1265, Grant to Oliver de Dyneham of the farm which Master Richard Toriz, archdeacon of Exeter, the king's enemy had from the manors of Harpeford and Nutewell. (S) CPRs.

1/8/1266 at Northampton, John de Curtenay and Robert de Briwes mainperned for Hugh de Nevill. (S) CPRs.

6/21/1266, The siege of Kenilworth in Gloucester, ongoing, became the largest siege in the history of England. A garrison of over a thousand surrendered 12/13/1266.

6/9/1268, Confirmation of gift of Richard, King of the Romans of a gift by Isolda de Kardinan (gm/o 30422337), widow, in her independent (ligia) and free widowhood, to Oliver de Dinaunt (30422336) … de maneriis de Cardinan et Botardel … testibus … Philip de Bodrigan (121689288), Roger de Bodrigen (60844644) … (S) UKNA.

4/6/1269, Letters patent … Edward, the king’s eldest son, William de Valence, Philip Basset, Alan la Zusche, Robert Aguilon, Matthew de Columbers, John de Curtenay and Ralph de Gorges have undertaken for Eleanor, queen of England, to pay Lady Isabel de Forz, countess of Aumale, £1000 of half the marriage of Avelina her daughter, heir to William de Forz, … (S) CChRs, 5/7/1269.

6/14/1269, Protection with clause volumus, until Michaelmas, for Oliver de Dyneham, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

2/23/1270, Matford hamlet purchased by Oliver de Dynham for 30 marks. (S) Reports and Transactions, Devonshire, V47, 1915, P220. [Which would be held by son Joce in 1301, and grandson John in 1332.]

Bef. 1271, Philip Basset enfeoffed John de Curtenay and Isabel his wife of the manor of Wootton. (S) Honors and Kinghts’ Fees, Farrer, 1923, P135.

9/19/1271, Odo de Prydies, deacon, presented to Cardinham by patron Sir Oliver de Dynham. (S) Registers of Walter Bronescombe, V1, 1889, P122.

1272, Oliver took possession of Hartland Abbey while the bishop of Bronescombe was absent abroad. (S) Monasticon Dioecesis Exoniensis, Oliver, 1846, P204.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1273, Oliver in the army of Wales. [The death of king Henry, while King Edward was still on crusade, provided opportunities for the Welsh to attack English Marcher lords.]

1274, John, knt. of Okehampton, Devon, died ; buried at Ford abbey.


5/11/1274, IPM of John de Corteney alias de Curtnay. Buckingham: Hildesdon. A capital messuage, lands, wood and rent  were given to Isabel sometime his wife in free marriage … Hugh, his son, aged 24, is his next heir. Wavendon. A messuage, lands, wood and rent [also given to Isabel]. Devon: Popelsford. The borough … Okumpton. The borough … Okumpton. The manor, including a place called the castle of Okumpton which is nothing but an old motte, held of the king in chief as head of his barony, doing service of 2 knights, together with his own service, or 4 esquires in time of disturbance, at his own cost for 40 days, and beyond at the king's cost. The advowson of the church … 92 knights' fees pertain to this barony. Exeter. Mills and free tenancies outside the city … 30 acres held by John Floyer, rendering a pot of wine whenever the said John de Curtenay or any of his heirs would dine or feast in the Isle of Exeter … Cowyk. The priory, … St. Mary of the Marsh. The priory, … [many manors] … Chulmelegh [with the borough] … Duwelton [28 tenants] … Haregrave. Hawis de Curtenay (243367425) gave to the said abbey the whole land of Hargrave in frankalmoin for maintaining 3 poor persons in the infirmary of the said house, and Robert de Curtenay  (121683712) her son and heir confirmed the gift. John de Curtenay was never seised thereof … Berks: Sutton. The manor …  Somerset: [multiple manors] … Cruk. The manor … William de Vernoun (243367426), earl of the Isle, gave the manor to Robert de Curtenay, father of the said John, in free marriage with Mary (121683713) his daughter. … Dorset: Iwern Curtenay. The manor … (S) CIsPM.

6/16/1274, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to deliver to the said Hugh de Curtenay the lands late of his said father, he having done fealty; saving to Isabel, late the wife of the said father, her dower. (S) CFRs.

[–––Oliver & Isabel–––]

1274-5, Oliver married Isabel. [2nd marriage for both].

5/28/1275, Order to Oliver de Dynaunt to deliver to Geoffrey de Schanketon the isle of Lundeye. (S) CFRs.

7/9/1275, Commitment during pleasure to Oliver Dinaunt of the isle of Lunday at the rent of 20s. a year. (S) CFRs.

5/10/1276, Plea of assize … Oliver de Dynham, Thomas le Franceys, … (S) Somersetshire Pleas, V41, 1926, P36.

1/24/1277, Protection … going to Wales on the king’s sevice … John de Brus, going with Oliver de Dyneham. (S) CPRs.

1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

3/13/1277, Oliver presented to the church of Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire.

12/8/1277, IPM of Alice Giffard and Emma her daughter, who were insane, as is said. Devon … ½ knight's fee held of Sir Oliver de Dineham by reason of the dower of Isabel de Curtenay his wife, worth 40s. yearly; … (S) CIsPM. [Emma d/o Hugh de Widworth, age 16, her heir, married to Robert de Dineham, likely a realtive of Oliver. (S) FMG.]

6/26/1278, Commission of oyer and terminer to Walter de Wynburn and Oliver de Dynham, by jury … Devon … (S) CPRs.

1/29/1279, Patron Oliver de Dinham presented John de Dineworth at Carswell. (S) Ecclesiastical Antiquities in Devon, Oliver, 1840, P39.

5/19/1280, Oliver paid a fine of £100 for marrying Isabel without the king’s licence. (S) CFRs. [Unpaid fines were copied over in order each year until they were collected. Fines moved up the list and became more visible as uncollected over time. This fine was likely enrolled in 1274.]

7/3/1281, Oliver and Isabel granted a market and fair at Hartland, Devon. (S) Hartland Church Accounts, V1, 1950.

6/28/1283, Oliver summoned to attend the King at Shrewsbury.

1283, King Edward continued his Welsh campaign, capturing and executing Dafydd, brother of Llewelyn; completing the conquest of Wales.

1/1/1285, Association of Humphrey le Kael with Oliver de Dinham … commission to enquire, … Exeter … (S) CPRs.

3/1/1285, Oliver de Dunham, Knt., presented Walter de Bridewelle as subdeacon of Bronescombe. (S) Transactions of the Devonshire Assoc., V30, 1898, P416. [John de Curtenay presented in 1260.]

2/20/1286, Oliver granted a fair at Herton, Devon. (S) CChRs.

1/1288, Oliver in the army of Wales. The Welsh, in rebellion, had taken Newcastle Emlyn castle by siege ; and the English re-captured the castle.

4/12/1288, Grant of gift of the marriage of Margaret de Hydon, heiress of Sir Richard de Hudon, by Hugh de Courtenay to Sir Oliver de Dinham.

5/8/1290, Commission of oyer and terminer to Oliver de Dynham, Gilbert de Knovill, … at Modbury, co. Devon … (S) CPRs.

By 8/11/1290, Isabel died ; buried at the Church of the Black Friars, Exeter, Devon.


1/24/1292, Commission of oyer … to Oliver de Dynham and Henry de Ralegh … (S) CPRs.

6/24/1295, Oliver summoned to parliament by writ.

9/14/1295, Joice de Dyneham, grandson of Oliver, baptized the same day in the church of St. Mary, Limeneston, by Jordan, chaplain to Sir Oliver de Dyneham. Gervase de Ralegh, knight, at Notewille to ask Sir Oliver de Dyneham to be present at his nuptials with his wife Joan. Nicholas de Kyrkham, knight, asked by letter by Sir Oliver to be present at the churching feast. Oliver de Dyneham gave, on the day of the said John’s birth, the wardship and marriage of Bartholomew, son and heir of Oliver de Bykelegh, to Alice the wife of the said Oliver [de Bykelegh]. (S) Proof of age of Joice (7605584).

8/26/1296, Oliver summoned to parliament by writ.

4/5/1297, Letters for Oliver de Dynham, on account of his debility and his good service to Henry III and the present King, nominating Peter de Fysacre his attorney for life. (S) CPRs. [Peter de Fysacre would also be the attorney for Oliver’s son Josce in 1301.]

2/26/1299, Oliver, Lord of Dinham, died; buried with Isabel; his heir Josce 24 years and upwards.

3/2/1299, Order to take into the king's hand the lands late of Oliver de Dyneham, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P233. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

Child of John and Isabel:

i. Hugh de Courtenay (30420928), born 3/25/1251 in England.

6/15/1274, Hugh de Curtenay, son and heir of John de Curtenay, deceased, tenant in chief, has made fine in 80 marks for not going to the king to have seisin of his inheritance, which fine he will pay in Devon. (S) CFRs.

Child of Oliver and Isolda:

i. Johanna de Dinham (30422305), born ~1265 in England.

Child of Oliver and Isabel:

i. Josce de Dynham (15211168), born 1274-75 in England.

4/2/1299, Order to deliver to Joyce, son and heir of Oliver de Dinham, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

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